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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 20525 matches for " Community-Based Tourism "
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THE NATURE OF CULTURAL CONTRIBUTION OF A COMMUNITY-BASED HOMESTAY PROGRAMME
Kalsom Kayat
Tourismos : an International Multidisciplinary Journal of Tourism , 2010,
Abstract: An exploratory study utilizing qualitative approach was undertaken in 2005 to better understand the cultural contribution of a community-based homestay to both the rural communities and the visitors. The particular homestay, namely the Kampung Pelegong Homestay Programme (KPHP), is located in Negeri Sembilan, Malaysia. The study finds that while living culture is the core product component, education, entertainment and enrichment are important contributions of the cultural rural tourism product of KPHP to the visitors. In addition, an important finding indicates that this particular tourism product is unique as it stresses on establishing relationship (‘Sillatul-rahim’ in Malay) between hosts and guests whereby these relationships continue for years through letters, phone conversations, and emails. The programme also increases social cohesion among the hosts and contributes to their commitment to preserve and to provide knowledge on local customs and daily routine to enhance tourist experience.
Turismo comunitario en Ecuador. Comprendiendo el community-based tourism desde la comunidad
Ruiz, Esteban,Hernández, Macarena,Coca, Agustín,Cantero, Pedro
PASOS : Revista de Turismo y Patrimonio Cultural , 2008,
Abstract: The growing impetus of community-based tourism (CBT) as a means of achieving sustainable tourism and a strategy for social development forces us to seek a deeper understanding of this phenomenon. This paper proposes an analytical focus on the community as a theoretical/methodological tactic. The empirical reference point in this research paper is the concept of turismo comunitario (TC) in Ecuador, where five communities were chosen to conduct an in-depth ethnographic study. By means of a conclusion, a comprehensive framework is put forward for TC, founded on three main pillars: the analy-tical centrality of the communities; the consideration of TC as a ‘translation’ rather than an ‘adaptation’ to the market; and the fortifying - rather than debilitating - nature of TC for the communities involved. This provides a series of factors that can be used to gain a general understanding of CBT, from a theore-tical point of view, and which can also be used to evaluate the social viability of CBT projects and expe-riments.
The local community development and the community-based tourism : a comparative conceptual analysis
Sylvie PARENT,Juan-Luis KLEIN,Louis JOLIN
Essachess : Journal for Communication Studies , 2009,
Abstract: According to the authors of this paper, mass tourism does not generate the development of local communities but rather their devitalization. This paper presents a cross-literature survey on community-based tourism and local community development. It proposes some links between these two approaches and asserts that community-based tourism can be a strategy to trigger local community development. It address the conditions under which the convergence of these two approaches may allow the launching of development initiatives liable to counter the devitalization and impoverishment process which characterizes certain mass tourism oriented places.
Empresas sociales y ecoturismo en Bahías de Huatulco, México: Diagnóstico de la gestión empresarial
Fernández Aldecua,María José; Castillejos López,Berenice; Alfonso Ramírez Luna,Jorge;
Estudios y perspectivas en turismo , 2012,
Abstract: the emerging social enterprises in rural communities face a number of problems impeding their growth and survival. the constraintsare those of management. this paper describes the main problems of five ecotourism social enterprises. based on a qualitative methodology a swot diagnosis was developed, which allowed to find common problems: weak profitability, empirical and improvised performance, no marketing strategies, no competitive strategies, lack of marketing strategies and competitiveness, lack of trained and efficient human capital, poor tourism culture among others.
COMMUNITY - BASED TOURISM IN DEVELOPING COUNTRIES: A CASE STUDY
Tomás López-Guzmán,Sandra Sánchez-Ca?izares,Víctor Pavón
Tourismos : an International Multidisciplinary Journal of Tourism , 2011,
Abstract: Community-based Tourism is gaining prestige all over the world as an alternative to mass tourism. This new type of tourism favours a contact with the local community and the experimentation of different sensations. In this paper we show a study carried out in El Salvador about the opinions that residents have in order to develop a tourist destination based on the hospitality of hosts, on the remarkable ecologic resources of the area, and in the important of the role of the residents. The methodology is based on an empirical study realized in a rural area from September to November 2008. Most outstanding result is the local community perception that tourist development can create jobs and generate wealth, although it is necessary previous technical training from private and public institutions to fulfil these objectives.
Placing the commons at the heart of community development: Three case studies of community enterprise in Caribbean islands
Sarah McIntosh,Yves Renard
International Journal of the Commons , 2010,
Abstract: This paper examines experiences in developing, supporting and sustaining community-based enterprises that are based on the use of forest, coastal and marine resources in the insular Caribbean, with a focus on the eastern Caribbean, and draws lessons from that experience. The three cases reviewed include community-based enterprises involved in forest conservation, turtle protection, tour guiding and fisheries. Other experiences are also used to inform the lessons and conclusions of the paper. The paper first identifies some of the cultural, social or economic factors that have favoured or hindered the development of these enterprises, highlighting the conditions that are specific to Caribbean societies, where the majority of the people have throughout history been denied access to valuable natural resources, where production is largely driven by external markets, and where there is not a long tradition of community natural resource management. It then examines the extent to which the economic success of individual business ventures contributes to or hinders the achievement of the broader community social, political, cultural and environmental goals. On the basis of these analyses, the paper proposes a number of enabling conditions that may be required, in the context of the insular Caribbean, for these initiatives to flourish.
How Should We Manage China’s National Parks? A Comparative Analysis between National Parks in China and the US  [PDF]
Linghong Kong, Yangcui Ning, Long Chen
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104030
Abstract:
This paper analyses the differences between policies in Chinese and American national parks, including the role of communities, the permitting and reservation system, and camping. It also describes additional recom-mendations related to developing community-based tourism, the e-commerce market, and data statistics tools. What is the best way to support communities economically at the boundaries of national parks? The American experience shows that tourism and ecotourism can be an important economic opportunity for local communities in China. Communities can provide tourism services. They can bring in revenue by operating facilities like hotels, restaurants, groceries, gas, and transportation services. While establishing Chinese National Parks, the government will need to pay close attention to developing and supporting economic development in and near parks, with a special emphasis on building strong relationships with communities. By comparing case studies of American and Chinese national parks, this paper will explore how communities can drive economic development.
Turismo rural comunitario y diferenciación campesina: Consideraciones a partir de un caso andino
Gascón,Jordi;
Mundo agrario , 2011,
Abstract: in the last years, community-based tourism has created expectations in many latin american rural communities as an strategy to increase their income and to diversify the sources of this income. but it is an activity that is not free of risks. from a specific case (amantaní island, titikaka lake, peru), the article studies one of these risks: the impact of tourism in the socio-economical communitarian cohesion.
A Rural Community Pauses to Gauge Attitudes on the Road to an Alternative Economic Strategy
Teresa Trumbly Lamsam,Diane Montgomery
Online Journal of Rural Research & Policy , 2010, DOI: 10.4148/ojrrp.v5i3.201
Abstract: This community-based research uses Q methodology to examine perceptions of tourism and downtown development in a lower Midwest town that has experienced continual economic downturn and decreasing population. With memories of the thriving ranching and oil heyday, some community members are approaching tourism as the new black gold. At the same time, there is a perception of a fractious community characterized by a heritage of racism, cultural tension, and an aging, burned-out volunteer base. One of the goals of this study was to help community planners make sense out of what they perceived as a jumble of viewpoints. The results of a Q study can help planners determine in a systematic way the significant, persistent attitudes surrounding the issue of tourism development from a broad community perspective. The Chamber of Commerce board members, community leaders, and volunteers used this study as a building block for their strategic plan in tourism.
The value of avitourism for conservation and job creation-An analysis from South Africa
Biggs Duan,Turpie Jane,Fabricius Christo,Spenceley Anna
Conservation & Society , 2011,
Abstract: Tourism directed at bird watching (avitourism) has become increasingly popular. In many lower and middle-income countries, including South Africa, avitourism is being applied in an effort to simultaneously achieve community development and biodiversity conservation. This paper presents the results of an exploratory investigation of 11 community-based avitourism projects in South Africa. Conservation benefits were measured with the Threat Reduction Assessment tool. We calculated the Gamma (G) correlation coefficient to explore the relationship between conservation and income benefits and project characteristics. The projects were successful at reducing threats to sites where conservation was an explicit objective (n=11, G=0.609, P=0.03). The level of income benefits did not correlate with success in reducing threats to conservation. Once involved in avitourism projects, the average monthly income earned by local bird guides increased from USD 114 to USD 362. The extent of income benefits was positively related to the extent of support to projects (n=10, G=0.714, P=0.01). Participants in the projects reported substantive capacity building and empowerment benefits. Success in delivering conservation, income and empowerment benefits was challenged by the local guide′s limited previous exposure to tourism and business, the guide′s lack of self assurance, cultural differences, and a requirement for sustained mentorship and support to overcome these barriers. We conclude that with adequate long-term support, avitourism projects can be a cost-effective way to create jobs and deliver conservation and human development benefits.
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