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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 30531 matches for " Community Economic Development "
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El problema de la sustentabilidad
Cruz García,Lirios;
Diversitas: Perspectivas en Psicología , 2007,
Abstract: the (sustentability), being more a project of economic growth that a human development, implies the state like its main obstacle. thus same, its main solution is founded in the management impelled into the communities. nevertheless, in front of the deficiencies of the state, the ecological competitions between individuals have considered in order to conserve the natural resources dosing their consumption, diversifying their use and recycle their physical structure.
Off Balance: Reflecting on the Economic Impacts of Pregnancy in Aboriginal Youth
Wanda Wuttunee
International Indigenous Policy Journal , 2013,
Abstract: Many Aboriginal leaders are focused on holistic approaches to bring physical, mental, and spiritual health to their citizens, allowing them to participate fully in a community’s future. However, teen pregnancy brings specific challenges that need to be addressed if, indeed, children are the future of Aboriginal communities. This commentary looks at how the tools of community economic development (CED) can be applied to move young parents into positions from which they can participate in local economies. CED can be used to address contributing factors to teen pregnancies that are supportive of youth and appropriate to the community in question. Young parents need support to develop the necessary independence and resilience. This brings challenges to community leadership to take steps to encourage the development of healthy sexuality and lifestyles, and to provide the needed education, training, and other community supports. If youth are the future of Aboriginal communities, the cost of ignoring young parents and their children is much too high to ignore.
Traditional Institutions and Knowledge of Siberian Aboriginal Community  [PDF]
Svetlana Panakarova, Maxim Vlasov
Modern Economy (ME) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/me.2013.49061
Abstract:

The purpose of this paper is to discuss the perspectives of the use of traditional knowledge in national socio-economic development in general and in the development of local communities of aboriginal nations of Siberia in particular. This study aims to analyze the traditional economic activity with the help of the questionnaire of 1500 respondents (from different ethnic groups) in different parts of the Siberian region—Khakasia. The results of empirical research have shown that in Khakas communities traditional kinds of activity are extended and they are of great importance for people as earlier. The comparative analysis of labor productivity in animal husbandry and wildlife management allows to draw a conclusion of the positive influence of traditional knowledge in these fields of activity. Some clusters of traditional economic institutions of the indigenous people of Southern Siberia have been identified such as: institutions for corporate property of land, institutions for private property of cattle, institutions for labor mutual aid, institutions for wandering, institutions for communal managements. The results of evolution of traditional institutions and their current state are presented. Even the transformed institutions are accepted by members of national communities as earlier. Therefore they can become the effective instrument of social and economic development of indigenous people territories. The spiraling process of traditional knowledge of Khakas people is explained in the SECI Model. According to the research, regarding the Khakas community, the management process of knowledge has to include three types of economic agents: local government authorities, entrepreneurs, members of Khakas community. Three strategies to manage the traditional knowledge are recommended such as: animal husbandry development, commercialization of traditional wildlife management, realization of a state policy taking into consideration the existence of traditional institutions. The research demonstrates the traditional knowledge may be the factor of economic increase and social development for local society. Moreover, it is a national heritage and it needs to be managed.

EXTERNAL FACTORS THAT INHIBIT COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN DEVELOPMENT
Muhammad Shakil Ahmad,Dr. Noraini Bt. Abu Talib
International Journal of Economics and Research , 2011,
Abstract: Can public participation and public assets management can be enhanced with decentralization initiatives in country. World Bank and other donor agencies appreciating as well as promoting Community based development for sustainable development. New good governance practices have taken initiatives to involve citizen in decision making process for public asset management, aim to wider the citizen representation in society because consumer need base development is more preferred than politically imposed development. This paper addresses the external factors which segregate the citizen involvement in development. To test the claim that decentralization and good governance may be widening the horizon of citizen participation, this paper uses the case study of Citizen Community Boards (CCB’s) in Pakistan. Results shows that the segregating factors resist the community empowerment. The current system fails to address the basic needs of local community. Involvement of minorities may improve the situation, if these groups are provided an opportunity to participate in decision making. Recommendation provided to policy makers to lessen the political intervention and elite community members for true participation of local citizen
More Research Needed!
White, Jerry P.
International Indigenous Policy Journal , 2012,
Abstract: We feel it is important to identify research areas that are understudied. Certainly, the impact of economic development on or near Indigenous lands is one such area.In this issue, we have three feature articles that approach the issue of economic development in terms of policies, impacts, and benefits.What is clear is that we need a much better understanding of the benefits and perils that come with development. We also need better cooperation between governments, corporations, and Indigenous communities in order to develop effective legislation and fair land use and resource agreements.IIPJ wishes to encourage those who have studied development issues to submit their work. We will shortly be announcing our intent to create an international database of quality research across a wide range of important subjects. The purpose will be to create an ever expanding, open-access source of research. This database may also contain examples of agreements and rigorous assessments of the projects in order to advance our understanding of the challenges that come with economic development.
THE ROLE OF LOCAL COMMUNITY IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF SMALL AND MEDIUM COMPANIES
Nenad Koprivica
Zbornik Radova Ekonomskog Fakulteta u Isto?nom Sarajevu , 2011,
Abstract: We are witnesses of the change ineconomic system, and the transition fromcooperative to market economy and the era ofprivate capital. Major business systems that used tobe the foundation of development mostly do notwork today. The privatisation of the companies didnot give any results. Small and medium companiesshould be a replacement for the major systems andemploy a great number of the workers that havebeen left unemployed. Central authorities havedone very few things for the support anddevelopment of small and medium companies. Thechange in the role of local community has alsohappened, and it has a key role in providing morequality living, through the development of economyof the growth and development of small andmedium companies and decrease in unemployment.The increase of employment can be achieved byincreasing the number of companies or byexpanding the existing ones. Local communitiesshould take various measures to establish abeneficial environment for their development,including various programs, supports, allowances,facilities for potential investors, etc. It is necessaryto ascertain the models of cooperation and supportwith the aim of their development and increase incapacities. The aim of this paper is to show that alocal community which uses the instruments for thedevelopment of institutional, entrepreneurial andmaterial infrastructure for the growth anddevelopment of companies can improve theirdevelopment, and also the economic and generaldevelopment, and thus provide a more quality lifeof its inhabitants.
THE INTELLECTUALS’ OPINION REGARDING THE INTEGRATION OF ROMANIA INTO THE EUROPEAN UNION
MARIANA ANGHEL,VASILE CIOCODEIC?
Annals of the University of Petrosani : Economics , 2010,
Abstract: The sociological study emphasizes the fact that the investigated persons are sceptic as regards the carrying out of the objectives of integration into the European Union.In order to have a more stable economy premises closer to the European ones should be provided; the de-inflation process should be continued and a stricter financial discipline should be observed by companies with a view to maintaining a proper economic policy and attaining economic stability. The major changes that are going to occur in Romania should take into account the increase of labour productivity and the quality of products and services. A collective effort must be done in order to accomplish transition and head towards a modern society.
How Should We Manage China’s National Parks? A Comparative Analysis between National Parks in China and the US  [PDF]
Linghong Kong, Yangcui Ning, Long Chen
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1104030
Abstract:
This paper analyses the differences between policies in Chinese and American national parks, including the role of communities, the permitting and reservation system, and camping. It also describes additional recom-mendations related to developing community-based tourism, the e-commerce market, and data statistics tools. What is the best way to support communities economically at the boundaries of national parks? The American experience shows that tourism and ecotourism can be an important economic opportunity for local communities in China. Communities can provide tourism services. They can bring in revenue by operating facilities like hotels, restaurants, groceries, gas, and transportation services. While establishing Chinese National Parks, the government will need to pay close attention to developing and supporting economic development in and near parks, with a special emphasis on building strong relationships with communities. By comparing case studies of American and Chinese national parks, this paper will explore how communities can drive economic development.
SISTER CITIES AND ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT: A NEW ZEALAND PERSPECTIVE
Brian CROSS
Transylvanian Review of Administrative Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: Sister City relationships, originally built on cultural understanding and peace through citizen diplomacy, are evolving in today’s society. Politicians increasingly demand real returns where local government is actively involved. Meaningful sister city links are an asset for any community and its nation. However full utilisation requires skills and commitment talked about but often lacking in delivery. Increased emphasis on economic development as primary motivator for having sister cities provides opportunities, but also presents risks as policy emphasis shifts from relationship-building to pragmatic, shorter term goals. New Zealand’s portfolio of sister cities re ect its place on the Paci c Rim and its political/ economic positioning as “part of Asia”. An upsurge in interest from and in China as the place to do business has coincided with a levelling off of sister city activities when they should be increasing. The reasons are varied, but demonstrate the challenges New Zealand faces in continuing as a front-runner in the sister city movement. Sister city policies require honest assessment. Limited resources demand better investment where opportunities are identi ed or disassociation where they are not. Success requires robust policy development, professionalism and an effective public relations campaign informing communities concerned of the possibilities their international links can present.
Community Fragmentation? A 15-Year Study of Residents Perception on Tourism Development  [PDF]
Xinqi Wu, Hong Hui
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2018.116041
Abstract: Tourism development may result in polarization among the community residents with simple social relations, mutual misunderstanding or even hostility between the foreign residents and indigenous residents. Such conflict and estrangement between resident relationship is called the “effect of community fragmentation” of tourism development. Based on a study of Ciqikou, which is an ancient town, this paper found that, the “effect of community fragmentation” did exist and such effect may cause the “crowding-out effect”, which would influence the continuous development of tourism. Therefore, the paper proposes that a new benefit mechanism for tourism must be explored, to benefit all the residents in scenic region from the tourism development; to avoid the “crowding-out effect”, legislation based on house reservation to indigenous residents must be enacted to ensure their residences would not be occupied by external capital; tourism development must take the realization of community development as the basic target.
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