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Colour as an Element of the Creativity in Education of Design  [PDF]
Zoran Markovic
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2014.25015
Abstract: Education of Design is creativity based process. From Kansei Engineering to Emotional Design, there are several different approaches in involving feelings and emotions in designing process. Analysing all tools and techniques used by designers, colour has one of the biggest psychological impacts on the final users. Colour has the power not only to change the existing architectural language, but also to be a language on its own. Within architectural semiology, colour has a very important role. The paper presents the preliminary results of the research on cultural background and its influence on the psychological impact of the colour in design (architectural, interior, etc.). The research started in the beginning of 2012 and it has been conducted in Serbia, Botswana, Kenya (fully finalized), India, Slovenia, Brazil (ongoing), Singapore, South Africa and Malaysia (in the preparation stage), Japan, China, Russia, South Korea and Mexico (organization started). The Research objective is to describe, analyse and present importance of the emotional creativity in education, the current status of the role cultural background plays in colour choices in design, as well as to analyse psychological (personal) and social (group) impact and influence of colour. Moreover, the experiments planned are intended not only to outline contemporary cultural influence on colour preferences but also to revisit, revive and expand on the existing research in this field (e.g. [1] Kaya/Epps research at University of Georgia, USA, etc.) by adding the notion of multi-cultural background.
Caracterización fenotípica del genofondo avícola criollo de San Andrés, Pinar del Río, Cuba
Valdés Corrales,R.J.; Pimentel,O.; Martínez,K.; Ferro,E.M.;
Archivos de Zootecnia , 2010, DOI: 10.4321/S0004-05922010000400013
Abstract: the objective of this work was to estimate by observation methods, the appearance's frequency of some phenotypic features in creole hen (gallus gallus) in three regions of san andrés, province of pinar del río, in order to contribute at phenotypic characterization of creole poultry's genetic basis. as a result were identified 28 characters contained in 8 phenotypic features (plumage's color, plumage's type, crest's type, paws's color, presence of feathery paws, skin's color, color of the pick and color of ears). the results of this work have guided the development of other investigations with the purpose of evaluating the adaptability and productivity of the poultry's genetic basis and their possible association with the phenotypic features founded.
Accurate Colour Reproduction in Prepress
ákos Borbély
Acta Polytechnica Hungarica , 2008,
Abstract: The adjustment of colour to achieve an acceptable match between the displayed(soft copy) and printed (hard copy) document is an important task in prepress. In order toachieve such match colour management systems are used, these systems implementstandards established by the International Colour Consortium (ICC).A key step of the colour management process is the calibration of display and outputdevices, the definition of the relationship between the native colour space of the device anda standard device-independent colour space. In this work the usability of the ICC colourmanagement standard was investigated in case of flat panel LCD display calibration.
Leaf Colour Chart vis-a-vis Nitrogen Management in Different Rice Genotypes  [PDF]
Avijit Sen, Vinod Kumar Srivastava, Manoj Kumar Singh, Ram Kumar Singh, Suneel Kumar
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2011.22024
Abstract: A field trial comprising 3 rice varieties (NDR-359, Sarju 52, HUBR 2-1) and 4 LCC scores (≤ 2, ≤ 3, ≤ 4, ≤ 5) along with the recommended dose of N was conducted in a split plot design to calibrate the LCC for nitrogen requirement of rice. Maximum grain yields of NDR-359, Sarju 52 at LCC ≤ 5 and HUBR 2-1 at LCC ≤ 4 were found to be 47.10, 40.66 and 36.04 q/ha respectively. The critical LCC score for real time nitrogen requirement for NDR 359 and Sarju 52 was found to be ≤ 5, while for HUBR 2-1 it was ≤ 4. Agronomic and recovery efficiency of nitrogen also followed the same trend. In the functional relationship between SPAD value and LCC score, while it was linear in NDR-359 and Sarju 52, for HUBR 2-1 it was quadratic. Further a positive correlation between SPAD values and LCC score was observed in all the 3 varieties.
An unusual case of ovarian torsion with infarction simulating malignancy in an adolescent girl  [PDF]
Madhu Jain, Kusum Lata, Shivi Jain
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2011.13022
Abstract: Torsion of the ovary is an uncommon condition. It is the 5th most common gynaecological emergency. It most commonly occur in reproductive age group, on right side, often in presence of congenital abnormalities of adnexa but may occur in their absence too. Adnexal torsion often poses a diagnostic challenge because of non specific symptoms of presentation. Ultrasound with colour Doppler may be helpful.
Coloured materials in surface water in the sub Arctic Zone: An overview of its formation, properties and environmental changes  [PDF]
Egil T. Gjessing
Natural Science (NS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2013.53053

Natural organic matter (NOM) is present in most all surface water. This material is governing all chemical and all biological processes in the aquatic environment, and play a practical role in the drinking water industry From an increasing number of international reports, it is clear that the amount of this coloured matter is increasing in areas of the northern hemisphere. We is asked why and we suggest a combination of the following four reasons: 1) Climate (temperature, humidity, nature and frequency of precipitation); 2) Quality and quantity of precipitation; 3) Nature of catchment (topography and geology), and due to changes in local climate and 4) Quality and intensity of global radiation. In the early 1960s, there were reports from Scandinavia about the decline of coloured matter in lakes. The present increase in colour in our lakes and rivers is partly due to the fact that there are less mineral acids in precipitation. However, change in climate, most probably, plays an even more important role in many regions. As a consequence of the temperature increase, there will also be a change in the amount of precipitation and change in its regional and local distribution. As NOM is “produced” in soil and as the development is based on chemical and microbiological decomposition of plant residues, an increased temperature and more rain will extend the “production-area”. The “global dimming will also have a significant impact on an increased colour in surface water, as less photo-degradation and less bio-available organic matter is resulting. The positive correlation between the colour increase in surface water and the amount of precipitation, may indicate, that there might be a limited amount of water-extractable coloured material in the catchment. It is argued that that the “production” of the coloured matter will increase and that natural losses, such as “bleaching” etc. will be reduced down flow. Most probably a number of different environmental “elements” “mechanisms” are acting simultaneously and/or separately and differently.

Reliable Colour Detection for Matching Repaint Application  [PDF]
Ibrahim Al-Bahadly, William Wilkinson
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2019.71009
This paper presents the design and development of a system that creates the optimal conditions to sense colour for matching repaint application. The effectiveness of eliminating, and then recreating the lighting conditions to a desired level in a controlled enclosure is explored. The desired artificial light is introduced into the enclosure, providing optimal, constant conditions to measure surface reflectance. The tests conducted showed that the proposed system worked well. The testing results were good and showed that the relative results between samples taken at exactly the same location were an accurate match and consistent.
Applicability of White-Balancing Algorithms to Restoring Faded Colour Slides: An Empirical Evaluation
Denis Nikitenko,Michael Wirth,Kataline Trudel
Journal of Multimedia , 2008, DOI: 10.4304/jmm.3.5.9-18
Abstract: In this paper we investigated the applicability of commonly used white-balancing algorithms to restoring faded photographic colour slides. We have used three sets of synthetic data that simulated colour damage in Kodak Ektachrome slides, as well as three sets of real digitized faded Kodak Ektachrome slides. We have restored all the data sets using nine different algorithms and evaluated restoration results using human participants. In addition, we have conducted an evaluation of the restored synthetic data using a distance metric .We found that while some algorithms provided acceptable restoration of synthetic images, none were found by the human participants to adequately restore real-world data. In addition, we found no correlation between human-based and metric-based evaluation results on 2 out of 3 synthetic data sets. Our results form a strong indication that commonly used white-balancing methods are inadequate for restoring faded colour slides and that simple colour distance metrics do not necessarily correspond to human perception of colour quality.
Reindeer coat colour variants in Finland
Jean J. Lauvergne,Mauri Nieminen
Rangifer , 2010,
Abstract: A research program based on reindeer coat colour had its first field survey in Finland after the calving season of May 2009. This short notice advances the main observations of the survey where, besides the wild allele, a new mutant could be identified, at least at three colour loci: Agouti (A), White Spotting (S) and White (W). Poron turkin v rityypit Suomessa Abstract in Finnish / Lyhennelm : Tutkimusprojekti poron turkin v reist alkoi kentt tutkimuksilla Suomessa vasonnan j lkeen toukokuussa 2009. T m lyhyt tiedonanto osoittaa, ett porolla on villialleelin lis ksi my s uusi mutanttialleeli v hint n kolmessa v rilokuksessa: Agouti (A), T plik s (S) ja Valkoinen (W). Fargevarianter av reinpels i Finland Abstract in Norwegian / Sammendrag: Et forskningsprosjekt begynte i felt etter kalving i 2009. Resultatene s langt viser at tamreinen har f fargemutanter sammenliknet med forholdet hos andre domestiserte arter
Further Evidence for Arabic Basic Colour Categories  [PDF]
Abdulrahman S. Al-rasheed
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.515179
Abstract: The aim of this study was to describe the basic colour terms (BCTs) of Arabic and, in particular, clarify the relationship among the three Arabic terms for blue: azrock, samawee, and khuhlie that suggested a BCTs in Arabic language in Al-rasheed et al. (2013). Data were collected from adult native Arabic speakers (30 male and 27 female) age between 18 and 34 years old, with a mean age of 21.67 years (SD = 2.98). All were under and postgraduate students at King Saud University. Participants task was to group the 320 colours by similarity. Based on this result, Arabic probably has eleven basic colour terms and these correspond with Berlin and Kay’s eleven universal categories. The terms are that ahmar “red”, akhdar “green”, asfer, “yellow”, azrock “blue”, asswed “black”, abiyadh “white”, banafsagee “purple”, boartoogaalee “orange”, bonee “brown”, wardee “pink” and rassasee. In addition, the terms of particular interest—samawee (“light blue”) had the next highest claim to being basic and may deserve further investigating.
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