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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 32588 matches for " Claudia Castro Campos "
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The Effect of Audio Visual Entrainment on Pre-Attentive Dysfunctional Processing to Stressful Events in Anxious Individuals  [PDF]
Guadalupe Villarreal Trevi?o, Ernesto Octavio López Ramírez, Guadalupe Elizabeth Morales Martínez, Claudia Castro Campos, María Elena Urdiales Ibarra
Open Journal of Medical Psychology (OJMP) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojmp.2014.35038
Abstract: Experimental single case studies on automatic processing of emotion were carried on a sample of people with an anxiety disorder. Participants were required to take three Audio Visual Entrainment (AVE) sessions to test for anxiety reduction as proclaimed by some academic research. Explicit reports were measured as well as pre-attentive bias to stressing information by using affective priming studies before and after AVE intervention. Group analysis shows that indeed AVEs program applications do reduce anxiety producing significant changes over explicit reports on anxiety levels and automatic processing bias of emotion. However, case by case analysis of six anxious participants shows that even when all of the participants report emotional improvement after intervention, not all of them reduce or eliminate dysfunctional bias to stressing information. Rather, they show a variety of processing styles due to intervention and some of them show no change at all. Implications of this differential effect to clinical sets are discussed.
Biology Schemata Knowledge Organization and Meaning Formation Due to Learning: A Constructive-Chronometric Approach to Concept Mapping Usability  [PDF]
Maria Elena Urdiales-Ibarra, Ernesto Octavio Lopez-Ramirez, Claudia Castro-Campos, Maria Guadalupe Villarreal-Trevi?o, Janay Emmanuel Carrillo-Colon
Creative Education (CE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2018.916203
Abstract: This study investigated how using concept maps affects meaning formation and schemata organization of a biology course content. Here, high school students taking an introductory course on biology were required to provide conceptual definitions for ten course-relevant target concepts by using a natural semantic network technique. This allowed us to computer-simulate schemata behavior and select schemata-related concepts that were used to compare these word pairs against other semantic related concepts in a semantic priming study before and after the course. An experimental group used concept maps as a learning tool whereas the control did not. Results showed that semantic priming effects to schemata related concepts are obtained only for students who used concept maps as a learning tool. Implications of the study findings are discussed in the context of a formative learning approach.
Primary health care in municipalities at high risk for malaria
Ferreira, Ana Cristina Soares;Suárez-Mutis, Martha Cecilia;Campos, Monica Rodrigues;Castro, Claudia Garcia Serpa Osorio de;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692011000600002
Abstract: this study aims to characterize aspects of primary health care in the amazon region of brazil, considered as the main endemic area for malaria in the country. the ministry of health recommends the expansion of primary health care in endemic areas for malaria. a survey focusing on patients infected with malaria was conducted in 6 municipalities, in january and february 2007, to investigate specific aspects of primary health care. data was analyzed quantitatively and field records helped to give support to context and policy issues in the visited sites. quality of access to health services and medicines, continuity of health care, system coordination and community orientation are still incipient in the visited areas. the study showed that there is little integration between primary health care and malaria control in the region, which calls for development of joint strategies and for the strengthening of primary health care per se, as a benefit to the population of this endemic area.
Aprovechamiento del agua lluvia para riego y lavado de zonas duras y fachadas en el campus de la Pontificia Universidad Javeriana (Bogotá)
Jaime Andrés Lara Borrero,Andrés Eduardo Torres Abello,María Claudia Campos Pinilla,Leonardo Duarte Castro
Ingeniería y Universidad , 2007,
Abstract: rainwater collection for domestic uses represents an interesting practice from the economical and environmental point of view. However, this solution is adopted due to the threat of the scarcity of water resources; it is not neutral from a sanitary perspective. This paper presents an analysis of the economical and technical viability of the its use as an alternative for irrigation purposes, as well as cleaning of facades and hard areas in the campus of the Pontificia Universidad Javeriana (Bogota, Colombia). Three main aspects are developed in the paper: (i) estimation of the available rainwater volumes and the possible collection points; (ii) preliminary quality analysis of the collected rainwater; (iii) estimation of the construction costs for the basic infrastructure required to collect rainwater and estimation of the monetary savings obtained with the proposed solution. The results suggest that the use of rainwater is economically and technically viable, and that it may contribute with a sustainable management and development of the University’s campus.
Los ni os y la biodiversidad Qué especies conocen y cuáles son las fuentes de conocimiento sobre la biodiversidad que utilizan los estudiantes? Un aporte para definir estrategias educativas
Claudia Campos
Boletín Biológica , 2012,
Abstract:
Pharmaceutical services for endemic situations in the Brazilian Amazon: organization of services and prescribing practices for Plasmodium vivax and Plasmodium falciparum non-complicated malaria in high-risk municipalities
Martha C Suárez-Mutis, Paula P de Souza, Letícia F Freitas, Elaine S Miranda, M?nica R Campos, Claudia GS Osorio-de-Castro
Malaria Journal , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2875-10-335
Abstract: A theoretical framework of pharmaceutical services for non-complicated malaria was built based on the Rapid Evaluation Method (WHO). The framework included organization of services and prescribing, among other activities. The study was carried out in 15 primary health facilities in six high-risk municipalities of the Brazilian Amazon. Malaria individuals ≥ 15 years old were approached and data was collected using specific instruments. Data was checked by independent reviewers and fed to a data bank through double-entry. Descriptive variables were analyzed.A copy of the official treatment guideline was found in 80% of the facilities; 67% presented an environment for receiving and prescribing patients. Re-supply of stocks followed a different timeline; no facilities adhered to forecasting methods for stock management. No shortages or expired anti-malarials were observed, but overstock was a common finding. On 86.7% of facilities, the average of good storage practices was 48%. Time between diagnosis and treatment was zero days. Of 601 patients interviewed, 453 were diagnosed for Plasmodium vivax; of these, 99.3% received indications for the first-line scheme. Different therapeutic schemes were given to Plasmodium falciparum patients. Twenty-eight (4.6%) out of 601 were prescribed regimens not listed in the national guideline. Only 5.7% individuals received a prescription or a written instruction of any kind.The results show that while diagnostic procedure is well established and functioning in the Brazilian malaria programme, prescribing is still an activity that is actually not performed. The absence of physicians and poor integration between malaria services and primary health services make for the lack of a prescription or written instruction for malaria patients throughout the Brazilian Amazon. This fact may lead to a great number of problems in rational use and in adherence to medication.Brazil today reports 50% of all malaria cases in the Americas Region and the
Susceptibility of peritoneal macrophage from different species of neotropical primates to Ex vivo Leishmania (L.) infantum chagasi-infection
Carneiro, Liliane Almeida;Laurenti, Márcia Dalastra;Campos, Marliane Batista;Gomes, Claudia Maria de Castro;Corbett, Carlos Eduardo Pereira;Silveira, Fernando Tobias;
Revista do Instituto de Medicina Tropical de S?o Paulo , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0036-46652012000200007
Abstract: this study examined the susceptibility of peritoneal macrophage (pm) from the neotropical primates: callithrix jacchus, callithrix penicillata, saimiri sciureus, aotus azarae infulatus and callimico goeldii to ex vivo leishmania (l.) infantum chagasi-infection, the etiological agent of american visceral leishmaniasis (avl), as a screening assay for evaluating the potential of these non-human primates as experimental models for studying avl. the pm-susceptibility to infection was accessed by the pm-infection index (pmi) at 24, 72 h and by the mean of these rates (fpmi), as well as by the tnf-α, il-12 (capture elisa) and nitric oxide (no) responses (griess method). at 24h, the pmi of a. azarae infulatus (128) was higher than those of c. penicillata (83), c. goeldii (78), s. sciureus (77) and c. jacchus (55). at 72h, there was a significant pmi decrease in four monkeys: a. azarae infulatus (128/37), c. penicillata (83/38), s. sciureus (77/38) and c. jacchus (55/12), with exception of c. goeldii (78/54). the fpmi of a. azarae infulatus (82.5) and c. goeldii (66) were higher than c. jacchus (33.5), but not higher than those of c. penicillata (60.5) and s. sciureus (57.5). the tnf-a response was more regular in those four primates which decreased their pmi at 24/72 h: c. jacchus (145/122 pg/ml), c. penicillata (154/130 pg/ml), s. sciureus (164/104 pg/ml) and a. azarae infulatus (154/104 pg/ml), with exception of c. goeldii (38/83 pg/ml). the il-12 response was mainly prominent in a. infulatus and c. goeldii which presented the highest fpmi and, the no response was higher in c. goeldii, mainly at 72 h. these findings strongly suggest that these new world primates have developed a resistant innate immune response mechanism capable of controlling the macrophage intracellular growth of l. (l.) i. chagasi-infection, which do not encourage their use as animal model for studying avl.
Conhecimentos, práticas e percep??es de profissionais de saúde sobre o tratamento de malária n?o complicada em municípios de alto risco da Amaz?nia Legal
Osorio-de-Castro,Claudia Garcia Serpa; Miranda,Elaine Silva; Esher,?ngela; Campos,M?nica Rodrigues de; Brasil,Juliana de Castro; Ferreira,Ana Cristina Soares; Emmerick,Isabel Cristina Martins;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232011000700080
Abstract: malaria control in brazil is based on early diagnosis and adequate and timely treatment as strategies for a rapid and long-lasting cure. clinical consequences and resistance to antimalarials may arise from problems in prescribing, dispensing and in acceptance of therapeutic regimens by healthcare workers. we studied knowledge and practices, perceptions and attitudes of health workers participating in pharmaceutical services for malaria, regarding the official protocol and the possible flaws in therapy. health workers from six municipalities in the brazilian amazon were interviewed. speech analysis was employed as a technique to determine analytical categories and to organize data. there was only 1 physician among the 63 interviewees, the others were health technicians carrying out diagnosis, therapy indication and dispensing of antimalarial treatment. training time and period since course completion varied. flaws in the adherence to the national protocol included therapy indication, dispensing and counseling. health workers need knowledge to face disease and treatment specificities. holding accountable health workers that are unprepared and unfit for the job may indicate the need for adequacy in policies regarding adequate training and hiring of human resources.
La muerte y sus ventajas
Claudia Alejandra Campos Segura
Acta Universitaria , 2012,
Abstract: Blanck-Cereijido, Fanny y Marcelino Cereijido. La Muerte y sus ventajas. México: FCE, 1999. (La Ciencia para Todos; 156).
A FENOMENOLOGIA DA PERCEP O A PARTIR DA AUTOPOIESIS DE HUMBERTO MATURANA E FRANCISCO VARELA
Claudia Castro de Andrade
Griot : Revista de Filosofia , 2012,
Abstract: No presente artigo pretendo apresentar a Autopoiesis, uma teoria formulada pelo biólogo chileno Humberto Maturana e pelo médico chileno Francisco Varela. Além de mostrar as similaridades entre o processo organico e o processo epistemológico, presentes nesta teoria, busco ressaltar a importancia da Autopoiesis n o somente no campo científico, como teoria epistemológica, mas também no campo ético e cultural, como uma teoria que ressalta desde a dinamica interna do ser vivo, enquanto unidade (autopoiética), até a importancia de sua intera o com o mundo em que vive. Assim, descrevo a forma o do processo cognitivo através dos fundamentos autopoiéticos e de conceitos centrais, tais como: fronteira membranosa, metabolismo dinamico, sistema operacionalmente fechado, acoplamento estrutural e deriva natural. A Autopoiesis demonstra que a experiência cognitiva do observador é intrínseca a sua estrutura biológica, ressaltando, assim, o papel do observador e questionando a validade de suas certezas sobre o que se prop s observar. A proposta deste trabalho será, portanto, trazer a discuss o sobre a forma como conhecemos e sobre o processo de aprendizagem do homem e a influência de sua estrutura biológica e toda complexidade de fatores que est o envolvidos na extensa rede da vida que ser o considerados aqui, fatores que s o, antes de tudo, biológico-culturais
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