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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 28873 matches for " Chunhua Sun "
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Finite Element Analysis on a Square Canister Piezoelectric Energy Harvester in Asphalt Pavement  [PDF]
Hongbing Wang, Chunhua Sun
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2016.42035
Abstract: A novel square canister piezoelectric energy harvester was proposed for harvesting energy from asphalt pavement. The square of the harvester was of great advantage to compose the harvester array for harvesting energy from the asphalt pavement in a large scale. The open circuit voltage of the harvester was obtained by the piezoelectric constant d33 of the piezoelectric ceramic. The harvester is different from the cymbal harvester which works by the piezoelectric constant d31. The finite element model of the single harvester was constructed. The open circuit voltage increased with increase of the outer load. The finite element model of the single harvester buried in the asphalt pavement was built. The open circuit voltage, the deformation difference percent and the stress of the ceramic of the harvester were obtained with different buried depth. The open circuit voltage decreased when the buried depth was increased. The proper buried depth of the harvester should be selected as 30 - 50 mm. The effects of structure parameters on the open circuit voltage were gotten. The output voltage about 64.442 V could be obtained from a single harvester buried under 40 mm pavement at the vehicle load of 0.7 MPa. 0.047 mJ electric energy could be gotten in the harvester. The output power was about 0.705 mW at 15 Hz vehicle load frequency.
Finite Element Analysis and Test of an Ultrasonic Compound Horn  [PDF]
Hongbing Wang, Chunhua Sun
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2017.53029
Abstract: An?ultrasonic compound horn is designed and manufactured, and the horn is analyzed by wave equation, finite element method and test. The modal frequencies and frequencies of the first and second longitudinal vibration of the horn are obtained by the finite element analysis. The horn is made and modal testing is carried out. The modal frequencies of the first and second longitudinal vibration are obtained respectively. The test results are in good agreement with the theoretical calculation. Experimental results show the maximum amplitude of the horn can reach 9?nm with applied excitation voltage of amplitude 7?V and frequency 21,450?Hz, when the amplitude of voltage increases?to 80?V, the horn of maximum amplitude reaches?23 μm. The maximum amplitude of the horn is approximately proportional to the amplitude of excitation voltage. The horn has the characteristics of high sensitivity and large amplitude, and can be used in ultrasonic machining and other fields.
Research Status of Wind Energy Piezoelectric Generator  [PDF]
Chunhua Sun, Guangqing Shang
Energy and Power Engineering (EPE) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/epe.2018.1012031
Abstract: It is of great significance for developing self-powered micro-devices to explore the research of piezoelectric effect in conversion of wind energy into electricity. Based on the different excitation modes, the existing wind energy piezoelectric generators are firstly classified. The research status of wind piezoelectric generators is further analyzed, and characteristics of various types of wind energy piezoelectric generators are summarized. Finally, the future research direction and emphasis of wind energy piezoelectric generators is proposed to carry out its miniaturization, lightweight and integration.
Research Status and Development Direction of Piezoelectric Wind Energy Harvesting Technology  [PDF]
Hongbing Wang, Chunhua Sun
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2019.73001
Abstract: In recent years, with the rapid development of large-scale distributed wireless sensor systems and micro-power devices, the disadvantages of traditional chemical battery power supply mode are becoming more and more obvious. Piezoelectric energy collector has attracted wide attention because of its simple structure, no heating, no electromagnetic interference, environmental protection and easy miniaturization. Wind energy is a reproducible resource. Wind energy harvester based on piezoelectric intelligent material can be named piezoelectric wind energy harvesting which converts wind energy into electric power and will have great application prospect. To promote the development of piezoelectric wind energy harvesting technology, research statuses on piezoelectric wind energy harvesting technology are reviewed. The existing problem and development direction about piezoelectric wind energy harvester in the future are discussed. The study will be helpful for researchers engaged in piezoelectric wind energy harvesting.
Cymbal Structural Optimization for Improving Piezoelectric Harvesting Efficiency with Taguchi’s Orthogonal Experiment  [PDF]
Guangqing Shang, Wei Ning, Chunhua Sun
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2015.310002

To improve piezoelectric harvesting efficiency of Cymbal, optimization design of Cymbal parameters was studied with the method of Taguchi’s orthogonal experiment. The effective factors of piezoelectric harvesting property were firstly analyzed. The orthogonal experiment schedule was then designed. The finite element model of Cymbal was built via ASPL tool in ANSYS software and static analysis was done. The experimental results were gotten with developed program. The optimization level of each factor was gained. Under the synthetical optimization level of each design factor, the piezoelectric analysis was tested and the open voltage of 236.476 V was revealed with improving 35.73% than the maximum voltage of 174.228 V in the orthogonal experiment. The average voltage of 229.98 V was measured with the manufactured optimized Cymbal structure design. The relative error was 2.54% between simulation and measured data. It indicated that the optimization design schedule was reasonable. Cymbal harvester with the optimized parameters could scavenge larger voltage.

On Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting from Human Motion  [PDF]
Chunhua Sun, Guangqing Shang, Hongbing Wang
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2019.71008
Abstract: With the rapid development of low-power communication technology and microelectronics technology, wearable and portable embedded health monitoring devices, micro-sensors, and human body network positioning devices have begun to appear. For seeking reliable energy sources to replace battery on these devices, it is of great significance for developing low power products to explore the research of piezoelectric effect in conversion of human motion into electricity. Based on the different human motions, the existing technology of piezoelectric energy harvester (PEH) is firstly classified, including PEHs through heel-strike, knee-joint, arm motion, center of mass. The technology is then summarized and the direction of future development and efforts is further pointed out.
On China’s Cooperation Patterns and Operational Mechanisms among Industry, Universities and Institutes
Chunhua Feng,Baojun Sun
International Journal of Business and Management , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v5n10p230
Abstract: As an outcome of market economy, the cooperation among industry, universities and institutes still lies in its preliminary stage. The combination of the three results from technological innovation and transfer of achievements and it is driven by market demands and policy guidance. Since its operational pattern and mechanism serve as the key to the success in the cooperation among industry, universities and institutes, this paper summarizes the typical pattern and mechanism of China’s cooperation among industry, universities and institutes, which is followed by further analysis.
Multi-Direction Piezoelectric Energy Harvesting Techniques  [PDF]
Chunhua Sun, Guangqing Shang
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2019.79003
Abstract: With the development of portable and self-powering electronic devices, micro-electromechanical system (MEMS) and wireless sensor networks, research on piezoelectric energy harvesting techniques has been paid more and more attention. To enhance the ambient adaptability and improve the generating efficiency, the multi-directional piezoelectric energy harvesting techniques turns to be a research hotspot. The current status of the multi-directional piezoelectric energy harvesting techniques was firstly reviewed. The characteristics of existed multi-directional piezoelectric harvester were then analyzed. An improved structure of multi-directional piezoelectric harvester was finally proposed. The multi-directional piezoelectric energy harvester has a good prospect in miniaturization, more sensitive to vibration directions and better energy efficiency.
Finite Element Analysis of Vehicle Load Effect on Harvesting Energy Properties of a Piezoelectric Unit  [PDF]
Chunhua Sun, Hongbing Wang, Jie Liu, Guangqing Shang
Energy and Power Engineering (EPE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/epe.2015.710047
Abstract: To realize the goal of harvesting energy from pavement vibration on a large scale, a new type of piezoelectric harvesting units as the energy transducer has been proposed. The piezoelectric harvesting units are paved 40 mm below the asphalt, which is the same as thickness of the top layer of typical asphalt pavement in China. The spacing distance is 2200 mm, which is the same as the one between two tires of a normal vehicle. A mathematical model of the unit is deduced on Meda empirical formula and Hamilton principle and piezoelectric equations. Effects of the external vehicle load on its harvesting energy properties and pavement deformation and stress are analyzed with the finite element method. The results show that the excited voltage is linearly variation with contact pressure while the harvested electrical energy exponential varies with contact pressure. The more the contact pressure is, the larger the harvested electrical energy and the deformation and stress are. The harvested electrical energy also increases with the load frequency. At least 100 mJ of electrical energy can be collected with the proposed piezoelectric harvesting unit. It shows that the technology application of the piezoelectric harvesting energy from pavement is promising.
Parameters Optimization for Piezoelectric Harvesting Energy from Pavement Based on Taguchi’s Orthogonal Experiment Design  [PDF]
Chunhua Sun, Hongbing Wang, Guangqing Shang, Jianhong Du
World Journal of Engineering and Technology (WJET) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/wjet.2015.34016
Abstract: To effectively harvest vibration energy from pavement without affecting driving comfort and safety, parameter optimization was done with the orthogonal experiment design and the finite element analysis. L16(44) Taguchi’s orthogonal experiments were carried out with planted depth, PZT material, PZT diameter and thickness as optimization parameters and with open voltage and pavement displacement as optimization objectives. The experiment results were obtained via the finite element method. By using range analysis method, the dominance degree of the influencing factors and the optimum condition was obtained for the two objectives, respectively. Further, the multi-objective optimization was performed based on a weight grade method. The combined optimum conditions in order of their dominance degree are PZT diameter 35 mm, PZT thickness 6 mm, planted depth 50 mm and material PZT4. The validity of optimization scheme was confirmed.
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