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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 14759 matches for " Christian Ibeh "
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Knowledge of Cervical Cancer and Practice of Pap Smear Testing among Secondary School Teachers in Nnewi North Local Government Area of Anambra State, South Eastern Nigeria  [PDF]
Chika Ubajaka, Andrew Ukegbu, Samuel Ilikannu, Christian Ibeh
Advances in Sexual Medicine (ASM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/asm.2015.52003
Abstract: Introduction: Cervical cancer is one of the commonest cancers of the female genital tract and accounts for about a hundred and ninety thousand deaths each year, most of which occur in developing countries. Early cervical screening methods have contributed to the fall of cervical cancer deaths in the developed world. This is different in developing countries where people have limited knowledge about this disease condition and the screening methods for prevention. This study determined the knowledge and practice of cervical cancer screening among female secondary school teachers in Nnewi North Local Government Area of Anambra State. Method: This was a cross-sectional descriptive study in which self-administered questionnaires were returned by 142 respondents and results were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences version 17. Results: The mean age of the respondents was 35.6 ± 1.76 years. A high proportion of the respondents were aware of cervical cancer 106 (74.6%). About 44 (41.5%) knew of cervical cancer screening by Pap smear, out of which only 20.5% had done a pap smear. The most common reasons given for not doing the test were; not deeming the test necessary, not knowing where the test could be done and feeling of not being at risk of developing cervical cancer. Conclusion/Recommendation: Though the level of awareness of cervical cancer screening was high, the level of uptake of Pap smear was still very low. A national cervical cancer Pap smear campaign should be intensified to change the negative perception towards Pap smear test.
Maternal deaths where do they occur? A survey of health facilities in Abia state, south east Nigeria
Christian C. Ibeh,Patricia U. Okpala
Journal of Nursing Education and Practice , 2012, DOI: 10.5430/jnep.v3n3p139
Abstract: Ascertaining the burden of maternal mortality is crucial to the improvement of maternal health for any nation. It provides basis to evolve comprehensive strategies to enhance mothers’ health. A facility-based survey was carried out in Abia State southeast Nigeria in 2003 to determine the magnitude of maternal deaths and where they occur in the State. Health facilities in the 17 local government areas of the State were enlisted. Data on births and maternal deaths in the preceding 12 months were obtained. A total of 25,081 births and 43 maternal deaths were recorded for the study period giving maternal mortality rate of 171/100,000. The public facilities had higher value of maternal mortality rate (856.8/100,000) than the private (177.2/100,000). Similarly, the Comprehensive Essential Obstetric Care facilities had lower maternal mortality rate than the Non-Essential Obstetric Care. Poor documentation may be one of the reasons for the low maternal mortality rate in this study. Enforcing proper documentation, reporting and investigation of maternal deaths is hereby recommended.
The Harmonic Approximation in Heavy-Ion Reaction Study  [PDF]
Godwin Joseph Ibeh, Elijah Dika Mshelia
Applied Mathematics (AM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/am.2015.611161
Abstract:

The derivation of the harmonic approximation of the Hamiltonian of a model of coupled three-dimensional harmonic oscillator is presented. It is shown how the splitting of the total Hamiltonian into the intrinsic and collective Hamiltonians leads to the description of the mechanism for energy dissipation in physical systems.

Is poor maternal mortality index in Nigeria a problem of care utilization? A case study of Anambra State
C C Ibeh
African Journal of Reproductive Health , 2008,
Abstract: Maternal mortality in Nigeria is unacceptably high. Some of the reasons may include poor socioeconomic development, weak health care system, low socioeconomic status of women and socio-cultural barriers to care utilization. A cross sectional study was carried out to assess the use of maternal services in Anambra State. A multi stage sampling technique was used to select 800 nursing mothers from the State who were interviewed on the use of maternal services during their last pregnancy. Over 95% of the subjects had formal education. Almost all the subjects (99.7%) attended antenatal clinics during their last pregnancy with 92.3% (646) of them making 4 or more visits before delivery. Over 97%(680) of the deliveries took place in formal health facilities. Obviously, the women in the study population utilize maternal health services. The problem of maternal mortality in the country may not necessarily lie with utilization but with the quality of services.
Comparative study of Aspergillus niger and Penicillium sp. in the biodegradation of automotive gas oil (AGO) and premium motor spirit (PMS)
CC Isitua, IN Ibeh
African Journal of Biotechnology , 2010,
Abstract: The comparative study of Aspergillus niger and Penicillium sp. in the biodegradation of automotive gas oil (AGO) and premium motor spirit (PMS) was carried out to ascertain the effectiveness of using these microorganisms in cleaning and restoring the ecosystem when polluted by petroleum products. These fungi were observed to grow at all concentrations of the petroleum products (pollutant) used, but the growth on AGO was considerably reduced compared to the growth on PMS. The mycelia growth of A. niger was observed to be faster in PMS than in AGO. The ability of A. niger and Penicillium sp. to tolerate these pollutants and grow on them, suggest that they can be employed as bioremediation agents and can be used in restoring the ecosystem when contaminated by these pollutants.
The contribution of privately owned hospitals in the provision of essential obstetric care in Nigeria
JEN Okonkwo, CC Ibeh
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice , 2006,
Abstract: Objective: To highlight the private sector contribution in the provision of essential obstetric care in Abia State, Southeastern Nigeria. Method: Following two workshops a structured questionnaire was used to seek information on the type of facility, ownership, type of services, number of staff, instruments and medical consumables, deliveries and data on clients attended to in the previous twelve months. On the basis of the response the facilities were classified into not essential obstetric care, basic essential obstetric care and comprehensive essential obstetric care. Results: Of 638 facilities visited only 378 offered antenatal and postnatal services. The 13 government hospitals and 173 primary health centers conducted 5601 deliveries. The 146 private hospitals/clinics and 46 maternity homes conducted 21,128 deliveries. Only 121 offered essential obstetric services: 42 basic with 2488 deliveries and 79 comprehensive with 14,489 deliveries. Of the basic essential obstetric facilities that were private, 84.6% were concentrated in the 6 urban local government areas (LGA) leaving 15.4% in the 11 rural LGA. Similarly 85.6% of the comprehensive essential obstetric facilities that were private are concentrated in the 6 urban LGA leaving 14.4% scattered in the 11 rural LGA Conclusion: The private sector, with its greater essential obstetric facilities, is concentrated mainly in the 6 urban LGA. This resulted in 14,970 deliveries as against 2007 deliveries in the government facilities. Although there is an apparent neglect of the other 11 LGA, the deliveries in the private facilities constituted over 79% within the study period. This greater contribution should be noted and considered when planning maternal and infant mortality and morbidity reforms in Nigeria.
Multiple filarial species microfilaraemia: a comparative study of areas with endemic and sporadic onchocerciasis
Emmanuel Uttah & Dominic C. Ibeh
Journal of Vector Borne Diseases , 2011,
Abstract: Background & objectives: The study was aimed at determining the pattern of co-occurrence of species ofmicrofilaraemia between onchocerciasis endemic and sporadic populations.Methods: From every consenting person of one year and above, 50 μl of day and night blood samples werecollected and processed respectively with Haemotoxylin and Giemsa as vital stains. Two skin snips (one eachfrom the waist and the shoulder) were also taken from these individuals and processed.Results: Results showed single species microfilaraemia (86.4 and 82.3%), double species microfilaraemia (12.2and 16.9%) and triple species microfilaraemia (1.4 and 0.7%) for endemic and sporadic populations respectively.All the species had single species microfilaraemia mostly, but Mansonella perstans and Loa loa showed greatestt endency towa rds doubl e and t r ipl e spe c i e s mi c rof i l a r a emi a . The pr eva l enc e of Wuche re r ia banc rof t imicrofilaraemia among those positive for Onchocerca volvulus was significantly lower than the overall prevalenceof Wuchereria bancrofti. Wuchereria bancrofti microfilaraemia was most common among those who had L. loamicrofilaraemia. Wuchereria bancrofti microfilarial intensity was higher among those with M. perstansmicrofilaraemia than among those positive for any of the other filarial species. Similarly, the intensity of M.perstans microfilaraemia among those positive for W. bancrofti exceeded the overall intensity of M. perstans.Conclusion: It is concluded that there was no definite pattern in mf densities discernible from co-occurrenceinfections either in the onchocerciasis endemic or sporadic population. There could be varied outcomes ofonchocerciasis infection attributable to positive or negative regulatory effects of other pathogens harbored bythe victims.
Weight gradient and physiological responses to cation-treatment by Salmonella enterica-infected rabbits
TI Ojiezeh, NI Ibeh, FJ Okoko
African Journal of Clinical and Experimental Microbiology , 2011,
Abstract: Interest in immunomodulators is increasing following the recognition that positive immunomodulators could be useful intervention tools in the control of diseases and infections. An attempt to determine the effects of some of the cations on body weight and physiological reactions was carried out. Thirty five female adult New Zealand white rabbits grouped into seven, 5 pairs per each of these cations (Zn 2+, Cu 2+ and Mg 2+ ), and supplemented with 1ml/day of single and double strength concentrations of cation for 24 days; the control was not supplemented with any cation. During the study period the rabbits were fed with Guinea grower mash and water ad libitum. There was regular taking of body weight of the rabbits using a top- loading weighing balance, while feed consumption, rectal temperature, stool frequency, physical appearance and behavioural changes were noted. Weight gradient studies show gradual increase in body weight following cation treatment of rabbits, but after challenging the various groups with oral administration of 0.5 ml of 10 6 CFU / ml of saline suspension of Salmonella. enterica for three exposures on alternative days, there was a progressive decrease in body weight of rabbits. However, there was no significant difference in stool dropping, body weakness, dullness and rough furs in all the groups. Effects were more pronounced in control group than in cation supplemented groups. This result, therefore, provide evidence of the significance of zinc, copper and magnesium oral supplementation in mammals and, of course among these three cations, copper appears to be more effective in improving body weight gain, though the mechanism is not known. Keyword: Trace elements, Body weight, Physiological responses, Salmonella enterica doi: 10.4314/ajcem.v12i3.2
Protein levels in urine of pregnant women in Rivers State, Nigeria
GO Ibeh, EN Onyeike, AG Isodikari
Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management , 2006,
Abstract: The levels of protein in urine of pregnant Women in Rivers State, Nigeria, were investigated. A total of one hundred and twenty (120) Sample were analyzed, out of which ninety (90) were obtained from pregnant Women and thirty (30) from non-pregnant Women used as control. The protein concentration (mg/100ml) in pregnant Women (56.3 + 8. 8. 7) was significantly (P≤ 0.o5) higher than values in non-pregnant woman (35.3± 8.3). At different gestation periods values decreased from 53. 6± 5.51 mg /100ml in the first trimester to 28.3± 4.20 mg/ 100ml in the third trimester. Protein levels decreased after 25 years of age and then increased after 35 years of age of pregnant women. The concentration of protein in relation to the number of pregnancies showed a range of 40.9± 11.4 mg/ 100ml gravida 2 pra to 75.8± 17.7 mg/100ml at primer. The value at the primer did not differ significantly (p≤ 0.05) from that at fourth pregnancy which was 73.7± 13.7 mg/100ml. It can be concluded that proteinuria occurred during pregnancy especially at the first trimester, and the age and number of pregnancies influenced the level of protein in urine. These findings may offer scientific basis for the monitoring and treatment of pregnant Women for healthy living and safe delivery of their babies. Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management Vol. 10(3) 2006: 171-173
Bacteriospermia and Sperm Quality in Infertile Male Patient at University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria
Ibadin, O. K.,Ibeh, I. N.
Malaysian Journal of Microbiology , 2008,
Abstract: Male Urogenital tract infection plays an important role in men infertility. Asymptomtic bacteriospermia has been regarded as of the contributing factor to male infertility. In this study, 87 semen samples of infertile men attending the Human Reproduction Research Programme and Invitrofertilization unit (HRRP/IVF) of University Benin Teaching Hospital were evaluated Bacteriologically using standard Bacterial culture method. Standard semen analysis was performed according to WHO guidelines. Among the total cases, 36 (41.4%) showed at least one pathogen. Staphylococcus aureus (16.1%), Staphylococcus Saprophyticus (9.1%), Escherichia Coli (6.9%) Proteus mirabilis (3.4%) Klebsiella spp (2.3%) Pseudomonas aerouginosa (1.1%) and Proteus vulgaris (2.3%). There was a significant relation between bacteriospermia and the rate of number of total motility and morphologically abnormal sperms (p < 0.0001.) The quality of sperm motility was significantly decreased in contaminated semen. The percentage of morphologically normal sperm was lower in this study. Staphylococcus aureus Staphylococcus saprohyticus and Echerichia coli were the most common pathogen with negative effects on sperm motility and morphology in this study. Moreover presence of bacterospermia and Leukocytospermia did not correlate with each other (P > 0.05). It seems that leukocytopermia is not a good maker to predict bacteriospermia.
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