Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99


Any time

2019 ( 6 )

2018 ( 12 )

2017 ( 20 )

2016 ( 20 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 6121 matches for " Chris Westbury "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /6121
Display every page Item
Experiencing, Psychopathology, and the Tripartite Mind  [PDF]
Douglas Ozier, Chris Westbury
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2013.32026

The philosopher Eugene Gendlin argues that a distinctive mode of reasoning, called experiencing, is necessary for working through personally salient problems such as are encountered in psychotherapy. We review supporting empirical support. It is now possible to consider Gendlin’s ideas from a neurological perspective. Work directed at understanding the neurological underpinnings of consciousness and self-related processing, as well as comparative neuroanatomical work, are all consistent with and elucidated by Gendlin’s experiencing construct. We argue from this data that the human mind is composed of three interacting systems that are unique to or enhanced in humans compared to other primates. Two are dedicated to “hot and cold” cognition. The most important, least well-studied third system is dedicated to mediating between these forms of cognition. We outline how interactions between these systems define different forms of psychopathology and what they suggest about the structure of the human mind.

Infant EEG activity as a biomarker for autism: a promising approach or a false promise?
Richard Griffin, Chris Westbury
BMC Medicine , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1741-7015-9-61
Abstract: Please see research article: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/9/18 webcite and correspondence article: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1741-7015/9/60 webciteIn some ways, scientists investigating early autism (ASD) face similar problems to those investigating climate change: by the time that we are certain of our results, it may be too late to do anything about it. Good science, like good medicine, should be predictive and preventative. It is not possible to diagnose autism in early infancy because it is defined by behavioral criteria that are not manifest until after the first or second birthday (for example, language impairments). Given the goal of prevention, it is necessary to study children at ages too young for clinical presentation. This will entail the study of infants and the development of measures that do not rely solely on overt behavior. This is precisely the approach taken by Bosl and colleagues [1] in their recent publication in this journal, entitled "EEG complexity as a biomarker for autism spectrum disorder risk."Due to the potential importance of this research, the paper has received press attention from all the major news outlets, and will likely receive more. But the design of the study is novel and complicated and the results are hard to interpret, even for researchers in the field. Moreover, the findings, broadly construed, are all too easy to misinterpret and naturally lead to the false conclusion that scientists have discovered a technique to detect autism in infancy using EEG. While the authors do not claim this, many news outlets do and the headline "Novel biomarker for Autism Spectrum Disorder?" comes from this very journal. A close look at the study gives a very clear answer: No, we have not discovered a biomarker for ASD - not yet, at least.The central claim of their paper is not that EEG can be used to detect a potential biomarker for autism; it is that EEG can be used to detect a potential biomarker for infants at "high risk" for a
Arbitrary Symbolism in Natural Language Revisited: When Word Forms Carry Meaning
Jamie Reilly, Chris Westbury, Jacob Kean, Jonathan E. Peelle
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0042286
Abstract: Cognitive science has a rich history of interest in the ways that languages represent abstract and concrete concepts (e.g., idea vs. dog). Until recently, this focus has centered largely on aspects of word meaning and semantic representation. However, recent corpora analyses have demonstrated that abstract and concrete words are also marked by phonological, orthographic, and morphological differences. These regularities in sound-meaning correspondence potentially allow listeners to infer certain aspects of semantics directly from word form. We investigated this relationship between form and meaning in a series of four experiments. In Experiments 1–2 we examined the role of metalinguistic knowledge in semantic decision by asking participants to make semantic judgments for aurally presented nonwords selectively varied by specific acoustic and phonetic parameters. Participants consistently associated increased word length and diminished wordlikeness with abstract concepts. In Experiment 3, participants completed a semantic decision task (i.e., abstract or concrete) for real words varied by length and concreteness. Participants were more likely to misclassify longer, inflected words (e.g., “apartment”) as abstract and shorter uninflected abstract words (e.g., “fate”) as concrete. In Experiment 4, we used a multiple regression to predict trial level naming data from a large corpus of nouns which revealed significant interaction effects between concreteness and word form. Together these results provide converging evidence for the hypothesis that listeners map sound to meaning through a non-arbitrary process using prior knowledge about statistical regularities in the surface forms of words.
A three parameter invariant of oriented links
Bruce W. Westbury
Physics , 1994,
Abstract: This paper defines a new sequence of finite dimensional algebras as quotients of the group algebras of the braid groups. This sequence depends on three homogeneous parameters and has a one-parameter family of Markov traces, and so gives a three parameter invariant of oriented links.
Invariant tensors and the cyclic sieving phenomenon
Bruce W. Westbury
Mathematics , 2009,
Abstract: We construct a large class of examples of the cyclic sieving phenomenon by expoiting the representation theory of semi-simple Lie algebras. Let $M$ be a finite dimensional representation of a semi-simple Lie algebra and let $B$ be the associated Kashiwara crystal. For $r\ge 0$, the triple $(X,c,P)$ which exhibits the cyclic sieving phenomenon is constructed as follows: the set $X$ is the set of isolated vertices in the crystal $\otimes^rB$; the map $c\colon X\rightarrow X$ is a generalisation of promotion acting on standard tableaux of rectangular shape and the polynomial $P$ is the fake degree of the Frobenius character of a representation of $\mathfrak{S}_r$ related to the natural action of $\mathfrak{S}_r$ on the subspace of invariant tensors in $\otimes^rM$. Taking $M$ to be the defining representation of $\mathrm{SL}(n)$ gives the cyclic sieving phenomenon for rectangular tableaux.
Recoupling theory for quantum spinors
Bruce W. Westbury
Mathematics , 2010,
Abstract: This paper extends the Birman-Wenzl category by including a spin representation and then developing the recoupling theory, following Cvitanovic. In particular this gives a q-analogue of the chromatic evaluation of a spin network. The recoupling theory is developed up to an evaluation of the q-analogues of the Fierz coefficients.
Hurwitz' theorem on composition algebras
Bruce W. Westbury
Mathematics , 2010,
Abstract: The main aim of this article is to give an exposition of the diagrammatic proof due to Boos and Rost of the theorem of Hurwitz that the dimension of a composition algebra is one of 0,1,2,4,8.
Web bases for the general linear groups
Bruce W. Westbury
Mathematics , 2010, DOI: 10.1007/s10801-011-0294-4
Abstract: Let V be the representation of the quantised enveloping algebra of a general linear group which is the q-analogue of the vector representation. In this paper we construct a basis of the representations obtained by tensoring copies of V and its dual. This basis restricts to a basis of the subspace of invariant tensors.
Extending and quantising the Vogel plane
Bruce W. Westbury
Mathematics , 2015,
Abstract: After introducing the Vogel plane we give the quantisation. Then we extend the Vogel plane to include certain symmetric spaces and give the quantisation of this extension.
Invariant tensors and cellular categories
Bruce W. Westbury
Mathematics , 2008, DOI: 10.1016/j.jalgebra.2008.07.004
Abstract: Let U be the quantised enveloping algebra associated to a Cartan matrix of finite type. Let W be the tensor product of a finite list of highest weight representations of U. Then the centraliser algebra of W has a basis called the dual canonical basis which gives an integral form. We show that this integral form is cellular by using results due to Lusztig.
Page 1 /6121
Display every page Item

Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.