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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 10209 matches for " Chilean State "
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Estado chileno y comunidad indígena: Presión y conflicto sobre tierras de uso colectivo en el espacio precordillerano de Arica: Putre 1880-1935
Ruz Zagal,Rodrigo; Díaz Araya,Alberto;
Estudios atacame?os , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-10432011000200009
Abstract: this article studies the pressure and conflict processes concerning collective spaces associated with settled communities in putre (foothills zone of arica). starting from documentation of diverse national, regional and local files, we review the conflict elements of the implementation of liberal politics boosted by the chilean state after the annexation post war of the pacific (1880) until the consolidation of the territory now considered private property of the chilean state (1935). we also examine the processes of control over territorial space based on the constitution of private property and the incorporation of the fiscal system registry, as well as the reactions provoked in the citizens and indigenous population about these influences. we give emphasis to the capacity for reaction, and the use and performative interpretation of state politics in the use and ownership of community spaces.
Contrahegemonía y clase trabajadora en una comuna chilena
Lischetti, Mirtha;
Política y cultura , 2006,
Abstract: the chilean state proved to be fertile ground for globalization processes to develop and unfold once that the brutal repression carried out by the military dictatorship wiped out the possibility for a socialist government that had come to power through democratic elections. the ideological tenets of globalization, as well as the concrete economic policies that were implemented under such term, transformed the subjectivities of individuals. chile′s working class, whose ideology and heritage had been traditionally communist, was left out of the political scene and developments within its own reality. our analysis delves into the scope, reach, and limits of the suppression of political activities and developments within said class and the possible creation of a counterhegemony that the working class may carry out.
Antecedentes sobre la relación histórica centralismo y descentralización en Chile
Montecinos,Egon;
Revista Venezolana de Gerencia , 2005,
Abstract: the purpose of this paper is to review the principal attempts at de-centralizing the chilean government that occurred from 1810 up until the present. based on this review we hope to explain the present more administrative and less political character of the same. documentary and bibliographical review of specialized literature was employed. the principal result of this review is that before 1925, the demands for de-centralization of the country had a more political character based on the federalist movements that demanded on the part of central government greater distribution of political power. after 1925, the process of de-centralization and de-concentration of governmental functions began, motivated by the government itself, which adopted a more administrative character and utilized it as a strategy for strengthen the modernization process and the economic development of the country
CONSOLIDACIóN DEL ESTADO-NACIóN Y LAS CONTRADICCIONES DE LA PERSPECTIVA INDIANISTA: GUALDA, CAILLOMA Y A ORILLAS DEL BíO-BíO
Láscar,Amado;
Alpha (Osorno) , 2005, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-22012005000100005
Abstract: this article analizes three novels of indigenous referent (cailloma, a orillas del bío-bío, gualda) published in the 1870s. the novels use the heroic and evangelist paradigms ercilla’s la araucana and nú?ez de pineda’s cautiverio feliz, respectively. they represent pre-republican times, utilizing romantic literary strategies to mystify mapuche reality for the construction of an epic past that meets the demands of the historical moment in which they are published. these catholic-criollo authors attempt to vindicate the “native soul’ in order to “save the man” and not the ethnicity, which they consider anachronical according to modernity’s law of evolution. finally, these texts fit into andrés bello’s construction of chilean national identity based on the mapuche’s past as told in la araucana, and the appropriation of mapuche heroism as a foundational myth in the new order of the nation-state. this process institutes itself through the denial of indigenous society and its right to define itself and maintain its worldview and autonomy in the face of the establishment of the criollo entity that imposes itself as a universal in the occupied lands.
Work in Progress: Violencia política en el sur de Chile: Estado, grupos económicos y Pueblo Mapuche. La Alianza Territorial Mapuche (Pu Lof Xawun) en el gobierno de Michelle Bachelet / Political Violence in the Southern Chile: State, Economics Groups and Mapuche People. Mapuche Territorial Alliance (Pu Lof Xawun) in Michelle Bachelet’s Government
Javiera Donoso
Revista SudHistoria , 2010,
Abstract: The purpose of this research is to analyze the relationship that the Chilean State and Mapuche people had during Michel Bachelet’s Government, being the object of the study the Mapuche Territorial Alliance (Pu Lof Xawun). The previously mentioned, allow us to analyze the quality of the democracy in Chile through the strategies that had been used to give a solution to the prosecution of the social-political conflict.
A reforma neoliberal da educa??o superior no Chile em 1981
Donoso Díaz, Sebastián;
Revista Brasileira de Ciências Sociais , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-69092005000100004
Abstract: this article analyses the main orientations in the chilean college reform in 1981. we discuss the impact on the college education public system and, particularly, the role that the state has taken on in the field after applying efficient financial instruments in agreement with free-market policies. in the paper we support a policy of consistent governmental financing with a more active role of the state that foresees a fairer society. we also analyze essential factors in education that have been forgotten in the eagerness of making it work more efficiently under market laws.
CAPITALES, ESTADO RENTISTA Y CAMBIO SOCIAL ATACAME?O EN LAS REGIONES INTERIORES DE ANTOFAGASTA (1879 - 1928)
Sanhueza T,Cecilia; Gundermann K,Hans;
Universum (Talca) , 2009, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-23762009000100013
Abstract: here we describe and analyze the first fifty years of the incorporation of the interior area of antofagasta to the chilean administration and economy. we discuss how domain strategies are implemented on this territory and its resources, based on its peculiar relationship with the government, private initiative and foreign capital. related to it, we analyze the socioeconomic dynamics and restructuration experimented by the social sectors in the area and, more specifically, by the local indigenous population.
Estado chileno y comunidad indígena: Presión y conflicto sobre tierras de uso colectivo en el espacio precordillerano de Arica: Putre 1880-1935
Rodrigo Ruz Zagal,Alberto Díaz Araya
Estudios Atacame?os , 2011,
Abstract: Se analizan los procesos de presión y conflicto sobre espacios de uso colectivo asociados a comunidades asentadas en Putre (zona precordillerana de Arica). A partir de documentación proveniente de diversos archivos nacionales, regionales y locales, se revisan los elementos de conflicto a partir de la implementación de políticas liberales impulsadas por el Estado chileno posterior a la anexión del territorio post conflicto Guerra del Pacífico (1880) hasta el momento de consolidación del territorio considerado como privado y propiedad del Fisco chileno (1935). Se examinan los procesos de control del espacio territorial a partir de la constitución de propiedad privada e incorporación de sistemas de registros de carácter fiscal, y se analizan las reacciones provocadas en la ciudadanía y población indígena sobre estos influjos destacando la capacidad de reacción, uso e interpretación performática de las políticas estatales frente al uso y tenencia de los espacios comunitarios. This article studies the pressure and conflict processes concerning collective spaces associated with settled communities in Putre (foothills zone of Arica). Starting from documentation of diverse national, regional and local files, we review the conflict elements of the implementation of liberal politics boosted by the Chilean State after the annexation post War of the Pacific (1880) until the consolidation of the territory now considered private property of the Chilean State (1935). We also examine the processes of control over territorial space based on the constitution of private property and the incorporation of the fiscal system registry, as well as the reactions provoked in the citizens and indigenous population about these influences. We give emphasis to the capacity for reaction, and the use and performative interpretation of state politics in the use and ownership of community spaces.
CONSOLIDACIóN DEL ESTADO-NACIóN Y LAS CONTRADICCIONES DE LA PERSPECTIVA INDIANISTA: GUALDA, CAILLOMA Y A ORILLAS DEL BíO-BíO The Consolidation of Nation State and the Contradictions of the Indianista Perspective: Gualda, Cailloma and A Orillas del Bío Bío
Amado Láscar
Alpha (Osorno) , 2005,
Abstract: En este artículo se analizan tres novelas de referente indígena (Cailloma, A orillas del Bío-Bío, Gualda) publicadas en la década del setenta del siglo XIX. Estas novelas utilizan los modelos de La araucana de Ercilla y el Cautiverio feliz de Nú ez de Pineda como paradigmas heroico y evangelizador, respectivamente. Representan tiempos pre-republicanos, utilizando estrategias románticas en la escritura, mistificando la realidad mapuche para construir un pasado épico sintonizado con el momento histórico en que fueron publicadas. Estos escritores católicos-criollos intentan reivindicar el “alma indígena” para “salvar al hombre” y no la etnia, que consideran anacrónica según la ley de evolución de la modernidad. Finalmente, estos textos se entroncan con la idea de Andrés Bello de hacer del pasado mapuche cantado en La araucana el origen de la chilenidad, apropiando el heroísmo mapuche para ser utilizado como mito fundacional en el nuevo orden creado por el estado nación. Este proceso se instituye con la negación de la sociedad indígena y de su derecho de definirse y mantener su cosmovisión y autonomía frente al establecimiento de la entidad criolla que se impone como universal en las tierras ocupadas. This article analizes three novels of indigenous referent (Cailloma, A orillas del Bío-Bío, Gualda) published in the 1870s. The novels use the heroic and evangelist paradigms Ercilla’s La araucana and Nú ez de Pineda’s Cautiverio feliz, respectively. They represent pre-republican times, utilizing romantic literary strategies to mystify Mapuche reality for the construction of an epic past that meets the demands of the historical moment in which they are published. These catholic-criollo authors attempt to vindicate the “native soul’ in order to “save the man” and not the ethnicity, which they consider anachronical according to modernity’s law of evolution. Finally, these texts fit into Andrés Bello’s construction of Chilean national identity based on the Mapuche’s past as told in La araucana, and the appropriation of Mapuche heroism as a foundational myth in the new order of the nation-state. This process institutes itself through the denial of indigenous society and its right to define itself and maintain its worldview and autonomy in the face of the establishment of the criollo entity that imposes itself as a universal in the occupied lands.
Diversidad genética de 12 LOCI microsatelitales utilizados en pruebas de paternidad equina en Chile
Paredes,M.; Norambuena,M.C.; Molina,B.;
Archivos de Zootecnia , 2009, DOI: 10.4321/S0004-05922009000100012
Abstract: the genetic diversity of equine microsatellite loci hms2, hms3, hms6, hms7, htg4, htg6, aht4, aht5, vhl20, asb2, htg7 and htg10 was investigated in a population of chilean creole horses by means of parameters such as: the polymorphic information content, heterocigocity and excess or deficit of heterocigotes. in addition, the probability of paternity exclusion was considered. the results indicated that the genetic diversity of these markers was significantly high in the studied population. all markers analyzed were polymorphic. the number of alleles per locus, varied between 4 (hms10) to 10 (htg10). the expected average heterocigocity (he) considering all loci simultaneously, was 0.76 ranging from 0.52 to 0.88. the average observed heterocigocity (ho) for all the markers was 0.65. the paternity exclusion probability per locus, oscillated between 14 and 59%. the power paternity exclusion considering the 12 loci was 99,7%.
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