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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 8587 matches for " Child psychosis "
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Psicoses funcionais na infancia e adolescência
Tengan, Sérgio K.;Maia, Anne K.;
Jornal de Pediatria , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0021-75572004000300002
Abstract: objective: to review the literature about functional psychosis in children and adolescents, allowing pediatricians to recognize the pathology in their daily work routine. sources of data: classical textbooks of child and adolescent psychiatry; search of medline and lilacs databases (1993 to 2003). computerized search methods were combined with manual search of the literature. summary of the findings: this article is structured in topics, trying to define and classify psychosis in childhood and adolescence, with schizophrenia being the main disorder. the article stresses the difficulties for the diagnosis in children, and addresses the main treatment guidelines. conclusion: schizophrenia beginning in childhood, or very-early-onset schizophrenia, is a very rare pathology, almost 50-fold less frequent than early-onset schizophrenia (appearing at age 15 or later). childhood-onset schizophrenia is a separate disorder, different from infantile autism, not only in terms of conceptual issues, but also in terms of phenomenology, genetics and associated clinical and neurological issues.
Considera??es sobre o diagnóstico precoce na clínica do autismo e das psicoses infantis
Visani, Paola;Rabello, Silvana;
Revista Latinoamericana de Psicopatologia Fundamental , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-47142012000200006
Abstract: this article is about an academic study based on marie-christine laznik's theory. the purpose is to investigate, through the study of patient's files, the way infantile autism and psychosis were diagnosed in a mental health institution. the study also investigated the children's family histories before arriving at the institution. the results show that the treatment of autistic and psychotic children begins as a very late age. health professionals and institutions fail to note the signs for early detection and take long periods to provide diagnoses and proposed adequate treatment procedures. in addition, most health professionals seem unprepared to deal with these psychopathologies. this study revealed measures that can be taken to allow treatment of autistic and psychotic children to begin earlier.
Malnutrición por defecto de un recién nacido por psicosis puerperal materna: presentación de un caso
Gavilla González,Bárbara; Díaz Cabrera,Leticia;
Revista M??dica Electr?3nica , 2012,
Abstract: in the following work we carried out the follow up of a child since the stage of newborn up to the age of 1 year by malnutrition per defect, caused by maternal puerperal psychosis. in this case, the mother rejected the child, refusing to feed him, depriving the child of something so important in this life stage as the exclusive maternal breastfeeding. the child received a complementary feeding to achieve an adequate weight increase and a psychomotor development equal to the health children of the same age in a short period of time, without sequels that could damage his posterior development. it was necessary to give the child a differentiated care by a multidisciplinary team formed by the integral general physician working in his family consultation, the podiatrist of the main working group, a nutritionist, rehabilitators of the neurodevelopment center, and an specialist in psychology/psychiatry for treating his mother. when the child was 5 month old he reached the normal weight, but he received an specialized follow up until he was one year.
Iatrogenic hypothyroidism and acute psychosis  [PDF]
Lucrezia Islam, Anna Maria Masu, Silvio Scarone, Orsola Gambini
Open Journal of Psychiatry (OJPsych) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpsych.2013.33028
Abstract:

We present the case of a 39 years old woman who was referred to our day hospital unit because of anxiety. The patient didn’t endorse any past psychiatric symptoms except for an acute psychotic episode in August 2010. In June 2010 she was diagnosed with hypothyroidism (likely due to Hashimoto’s thyroiditis) and was started on Methilmazole 30 mg. Shortly after that she reported persecutory ideation and hallucinations which quickly progressed, until she was hospitalized in a psychiatric facility. Upon admittance her lab work revealed severe hypothyroidism. Methilmazole was suspended, she was started on Haloperidol, and the symptoms went into remission after four days. Despite the fact that she self discontinued Haloperidol shortly after discharge, she showed no sign of psychotic symptoms. While it is widely accepted that hypothyroidism can cause depressive symptoms, to the best of our knowledge very few cases of psychotic symptoms associated with this condition have been described. Based on the patient’s clinical history, on the rapid onset and remission of symptoms, on the lab values and on the doses of medication that were prescribed, we hypothesize that our patient’s psychotic episode was caused by iatrogenic hypothyroidism.

A aliena??o eternizada: uma abordagem estrutural de um caso clínico
Bruder, Maria Cristina Ricotta;
Psicologia USP , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-65642000000100011
Abstract: this work is an application of a clinic strategy based on the alienation concept - as defined by jacques lacan - to handle a supposed psychotic child and her mother. this strategy, proposed by jussara falek brauer, prescribes individual assistance through weekly sessions with daughter and mother. it considers the family structure and intends to deal with the structural determinations on the subject constitution. two moments are especially focused - when the work begins and a later one - that exemplify the changing in the positioning of the child as a result from the therapeutic process in course. the theoretical concepts that support this approach - alienation, the lacanian topology about the subject constitution, significant, unconscious, castration, fetish, perversion, separation - are presented and related to the clinical material. some hypotheses are presented about the mother?s psychic structure, withdrawn from the changing of positions and the evolution observed in both mother and daughter. these lead to the establishment of a diagnostic hypothesis for the daughter.
Notas sobre o diagnóstico diferencial da psicose e do autismo na infancia
Kupfer, M. Cristina M.;
Psicologia USP , 2000, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-65642000000100006
Abstract: this paper discusses the differences between the diagnosis of the infantile autism and the one of psychosis in infancy. it shows the lack of agreement among psychoanalysts who have written about this theme and proposes a way of establishing the diagnostic difference: autism can be stated as a fail in maternal function, and psychosis as a fail in paternal function.
Amphetamine Versus Non Amphetamine-Related First Episode Psychosis in Saudi Arabian Patients  [PDF]
Ehab Said EL Desoky, Ashraf M A El-Tantawy, Yasser M. Raya, Abdulhameed Al-Yahya
Pharmacology & Pharmacy (PP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/pp.2011.23013
Abstract: Background: Amphetamines are illicit psychostimulant drugs that can induce psychotic symptoms. Very few studies have been conducted in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (SA) on amphetamine abuse and related psychosis. Recently, the pattern of amphetamine abuse in SA showed a significant trend of increased frequency. Objectives: To investigate the extent of amphetamine abuse in a sample of Saudi patients hospitalized for first episode of acute psychosis. Also, to compare in that sample between amphetamine psychosis and other psychoses regarding demographic data, premorbid personality and symptoms profile. Method: 106 patients with acute psychosis were hospitalized and screening of urine for amphetamine was conducted for all. Patients’ psychiatric evaluation included interviewing, and ICD-10 criteria for personality disorders. 30 healthy subjects were also included for comparison with patients. Results: 34/106 of psychotic patients (32%) were positive for amphetamine in urine (≥ 1000 ng/ml). The frequency of personality disorders was significantly higher (P < 0.01) in the patients (54/106; 51%) compared with healthy subjects (6/30; 20%). Also, the incidence of personality disorders was significantly higher (P < 0.01) in amphetamine positive psychosis (25/34; 73.5%) compared with amphetamine negative psychosis (29/72; 40%). Cluster B personality disorders particularly the antisocial and borderline were significantly higher in amphetamine positive psychosis (13/34; 38%) compared with amphetamine negative psychoses (6/72; 8%). The symptom profile showed significant difference between amphetamine positive and amphetamine negative psychosis as regards ideas of reference (50% vs. 14%), suspiciousness (44% vs. 11%), suicidal ideation (38% vs. 23%), paranoid delusions (29% vs. 17%) and increased pulse or blood pressure (29% vs. 7%) respectively. Conclusion: Screening of amphetamine in urine among patients with first episode of acute psychosis can help and support the clinical distinction of amphetamine psychosis from other types of psychosis. This is therapeutically critical since the line of treatment may be different between the two types of psychoses.
Case Report on Acute Psychosis Due to Anti-NMDAR Encephalitis  [PDF]
Shabana Ahamed, Harin Karunajeewa
Open Journal of Internal Medicine (OJIM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojim.2014.41005
Abstract: A 32-year-old female with depression on treatment, was presented with acute psychosis, behavioural symptoms, autonomic instability and a prodromal illness. This occurred on a background of a strong family history of schizophrenia. Despite escalating doses of anti-psychotics, she failed to improve. Her CSF showed a lymphocytic pleocytosis and confirmed the presence of anti-NMDAR antibodies. Following treatment with immunotherapy and excision of her underlying ovarian tumour, she showed a dramatic and seemingly full recovery of her psychotic symptoms. She was weaned off all medications with no residual symptoms. Clinician awareness is important to treat this uncommon but potentially reversible condition.
A babel diagnóstica e a escolariza o de sujeitos com autismo e psicose infantil: atos de uma leitura / Disgnosis babel and school inclusion of subjects with autism and child psychosis: acts of a reading
Carla K. Vasques
Reflex?o & A??o , 2009,
Abstract: O presente texto aborda a escolariza o de crian as e adolescentes com graves problemas de desenvolvimento ou constituindo uma estrutura o atípica, seja ela o autismo ou a psicose. Neste vasto e complexo campo, o recorte privilegiado aproxima psicanálise freudo-lacaniana, hermenêutica-filosófica, educa o especial e processos inclusivos. Mais especificamente, reflete-se sobre o lugar do diagnóstico na constru o das (im)possibilidades escolares, a partir da análise dos últimos 28 anos de produ o científico-acadêmica sobre o tema. A proposi o é a de que existe uma centralidade do diagnóstico na condu o dospercursos educacionais desses sujeitos. Freqüentemente, o diagnóstico é identificado como o ato de desvelar e/ou decodificar. Em outra perspectiva, defende-se que a rela o diagnósticoescolariza oimplica a constru o de uma leitura, a inven o de possibilidades. N o sendo possível determinar a veracidade das diversas teorias, o processo de escolariza o inclui em n o-saber constitutivo. Como n o há um percurso pré-estabelecido, garantido e antecipado pelo diagnóstico, o professor e a escola responsabilizam-se por suas escolhas, visando à experiência escolar de seu aluno. Daí a base de sua conduta ser ética, em lugar de um método ou técnica. Como metáfora do trabalho interpretativo, apresento a imagem de uma biblioteca que se constrói, oferece, escreve e inscreve a partir do encontro entre texto e leitor. Colocar a biblioteca como espa o privilegiado desta argumenta o implica tomar como centro de discuss o a linguagem e a leitura. Trata-se de um deslocamento do foco de aten o do sujeito com autismo, com psicose, para o professor, o outro, que lê, interpreta e constrói (im)possibilidades escolares. Abstract This text addresses the schooling of children and adolescents with serious developmental impairment or with atypical structuring, such as autism or psychosis. That field is vast and complex, the perspective adopted builds on Freud-lacanian psychoanalysis, philosophical-hermeneutics, special education and inclusive processes. Specifically, a reflection is posed on the place the diagnosis has in the construction of (im)possibilitieswithin school based on the analysis of academic and scientific production on the issue for the past 28 years. The proposition is that diagnosis in central in the establishment of educationalpathways for such subjects. Diagnosis is often identified as an act of unveiling and/or decoding. From another perspective, it is defended that the relationship diagnosis-schoolingimplies the construction of a reading, the invention
Malnutrición por defecto de un recién nacido por psicosis puerperal materna: presentación de un caso Malnutrition per defect in a new born caused by maternal puerperal psychosis: presentation of a case
Bárbara Gavilla González,Leticia Díaz Cabrera
Revista M??dica Electr?3nica , 2012,
Abstract: En el siguiente trabajo se realizó el seguimiento de un ni o desde la etapa de recién nacido hasta el a o de edad, por malnutrición por defecto, de causa materna por psicosis puerperal. En este caso, la madre rechazaba a su hijo, negándose a alimentarlo, privando al bebé de algo tan importante en esta etapa de la vida como la lactancia materna exclusiva, requiriendo de alimentación complementaria en edad temprana para lograr un aumento de peso adecuado y un desarrollo psicomotor que se igualara, en un período corto de tiempo, al de ni os sanos de su misma edad, sin que aparecieran secuelas que dieran al traste con su desarrollo posterior. Se necesitó darle atención diferenciada por un equipo multidisciplinario formado por el médico general integral de su consultorio, pediatra del grupo básico de trabajo, un nutricionista, rehabilitadores del Centro de Neurodesarrollo, y especialista en psicología/psiquiatría para el tratamiento de la madre, logrando a los 5 meses de edad llevarlo al estado de normopeso; no obstante, se le dio seguimiento especializado hasta que cumplió el a o de edad. In the following work we carried out the follow up of a child since the stage of newborn up to the age of 1 year by malnutrition per defect, caused by maternal puerperal psychosis. In this case, the mother rejected the child, refusing to feed him, depriving the child of something so important in this life stage as the exclusive maternal breastfeeding. The child received a complementary feeding to achieve an adequate weight increase and a psychomotor development equal to the health children of the same age in a short period of time, without sequels that could damage his posterior development. It was necessary to give the child a differentiated care by a multidisciplinary team formed by the integral general physician working in his family consultation, the podiatrist of the main working group, a nutritionist, rehabilitators of the Neurodevelopment Center, and an specialist in psychology/psychiatry for treating his mother. When the child was 5 month old he reached the normal weight, but he received an specialized follow up until he was one year.
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