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OALib Journal期刊

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Constructing a Creative Agricultural Complex Base on the Law for Development of the Cultural and Creative Industries in Taiwan  [PDF]
Ta-An Hung, Chia-Kai Hsu, Yi-Chen Chen
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105287
Abstract:
In a broad sense, agriculture is part of the creative culture industry. Through the concept of verification of the Creative Culture Industry Development Law, this study discusses the core issues that must be paid attention to when promoting the agricultural cultural and creative industries to achieve the lack of economic benefits. This study reviews the definition of cultural and creative industries and the focus of Taiwan’s original culture industry development law and proposes a new concept of an agricultural complex. The concept of an agricultural complex also echoes the urban complex and the tourism complex. Finally, this study proposes conclusions and recommendations for the creative agriculture complex from the two directions of agricultural resource and technology integration.
An Analysis of Taiwanese Aboriginal Students’ Educational Aspirations
Hsiao-I Hou,Huang Chia-Kai
Higher Education Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/hes.v2n2p79
Abstract: By analysing the national data from the Junior Survey of the Taiwan Higher Education Dataset, this study identified significant variables influencing the educational aspirations of aboriginal students at technical and vocational institutions. The study shows that several variables are predictive of the educational aspirations of aboriginal students. Institutional types, more weekly hours of lessons, more time spent on assignment preparation and revision, a higher maternal educational level, a higher GPA, a keen participation in autonomous, academic, or extramural club activities, and a higher self-rating of interpersonal skills are all associated with higher educational aspirations. In contrast, being a female student and a keen participant in musical and sports club activities are associated with lower educational aspirations. Recommendations to improve Taiwanese aboriginal students’ educational aspirations are discussed.
Follow-up of Developmental Profiles in Children with Spastic Quadriplegic Cerebral Palsy
Kai-Hua Chen,Chung-Yao Chen,Hung-Chih Hsu,Chia-Ling Chen
Chang Gung Medical Journal , 2009,
Abstract: Background: The aim of this study was to investigate longitudinal changes in the developmentalprofiles of children with spastic quadriplegic (SQ) cerebral palsy(CP). Additionally, the relationship of developmental functions between theinitial and final stages was determined.Methods: This prospective study enrolled forty-six children with SQ CP between 2-6years old and assessed their developmental profiles using the Chinese ChildDevelopmental Inventory on the initial and final assessments. The intervalbetween two assessments was 1.0 0.3 years. Eight developmentaldomains, including gross motor, fine motor, expressive language, conceptcomprehension, situation comprehension, self help, personal social and generaldevelopment, were evaluated and qualified by the development quotient(DQ). The DQ change index (%) was calculated to evaluate the differencesin each domain between the two assessments. The paired t test was used tocompare differences in each domain between the two assessments. Pearson’scorrelation was used to analyze the relationship of each domain between thefinal and initial assessments.Results: Children with SQ CP had lower DQs than normal children in all developmentalfunctions on both assessments (23 - 66%). The DQ distributions werelowest in the gross motor and self help domains, higher in the fine motor, situationcomprehension, and personal social domains, and highest in theexpressive language, concept comprehension, and general developmentdomains. Except for the fine motor and concept comprehension domains, theDQs of the developmental functions were significantly decreased on the finalassessment (p < 0.05).Conclusion: These findings suggest preschool children with SQ CP had impairments inthe full spectrum of developmental profiles. The course of developmentalprofiles evolves with age. Most developmental functions did not increaseproportionally with increasing age in children with SQ CP.
On Timing Synchronization for Quantity-based Modulation in Additive Inverse Gaussian Channel with Drift
Bo-Kai Hsu,Chia-Han Lee,Ping-Cheng Yeh
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: In Diffusion-based Molecular Communications, the channel between Transmitter Nano-machine (TN) and Receiver Nano-machine (RN) can be modeled by Additive Inverse Gaussian Channel, that is the first hitting time of messenger molecule released from TN and captured by RN follows Inverse Gaussian distribution. In this channel, a quantity-based modulation embedding message on the different quantity levels of messenger molecules relies on a time-slotted system between TN and RN. Accordingly, their clocks need to synchronize with each other. In this paper, we discuss the approaches to make RN estimate its timing offset between TN efficiently by the arrival times of molecules. We propose many methods such as Maximum Likelihood Estimation (MLE), Unbiased Linear Estimation (ULE), Iterative ULE, and Decision Feedback (DF). The numerical results shows the comparison of them. We evaluate these methods by not only the Mean Square Error, but also the computational complexity.
Some Hermite-Hadamard Type Inequalities for Differentiable Co-Ordinated Convex Functions and Applications  [PDF]
Kai-Chen Hsu
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2014.47044
Abstract:

In this paper, we shall establish an inequality for differentiable co-ordinated convex functions on a rectangle from the plane. It is connected with the left side and right side of extended Hermite-Hadamard inequality in two variables. In addition, six other inequalities are derived from it for some refinements. Finally, this paper shows some examples that these inequalities are able to be applied to some special means.

Expression Profiles of Branchial FXYD Proteins in the Brackish Medaka Oryzias dancena: A Potential Saltwater Fish Model for Studies of Osmoregulation
Wen-Kai Yang, Chao-Kai Kang, Chia-Hao Chang, An-Di Hsu, Tsung-Han Lee, Pung-Pung Hwang
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0055470
Abstract: FXYD proteins are novel regulators of Na+-K+-ATPase (NKA). In fish subjected to salinity challenges, NKA activity in osmoregulatory organs (e.g., gills) is a primary driving force for the many ion transport systems that act in concert to maintain a stable internal environment. Although teleostean FXYD proteins have been identified and investigated, previous studies focused on only a limited group of species. The purposes of the present study were to establish the brackish medaka (Oryzias dancena) as a potential saltwater fish model for osmoregulatory studies and to investigate the diversity of teleostean FXYD expression profiles by comparing two closely related euryhaline model teleosts, brackish medaka and Japanese medaka (O. latipes), upon exposure to salinity changes. Seven members of the FXYD protein family were identified in each medaka species, and the expression of most branchial fxyd genes was salinity-dependent. Among the cloned genes, fxyd11 was expressed specifically in the gills and at a significantly higher level than the other fxyd genes. In the brackish medaka, branchial fxyd11 expression was localized to the NKA-immunoreactive cells in gill epithelia. Furthermore, the FXYD11 protein interacted with the NKA α-subunit and was expressed at a higher level in freshwater-acclimated individuals relative to fish in other salinity groups. The protein sequences and tissue distributions of the FXYD proteins were very similar between the two medaka species, but different expression profiles were observed upon salinity challenge for most branchial fxyd genes. Salinity changes produced different effects on the FXYD11 and NKA α-subunit expression patterns in the gills of the brackish medaka. To our knowledge, this report is the first to focus on FXYD expression in the gills of closely related euryhaline teleosts. Given the advantages conferred by the well-developed Japanese medaka system, we propose the brackish medaka as a saltwater fish model for osmoregulatory studies.
Inhibitory Effects of Far-Infrared Irradiation Generated by Ceramic Material on Murine Melanoma Cell Growth
Ting-Kai Leung,Chin-Feng Chan,Ping-Shan Lai,Chih-Hui Yang,Chia-Yen Hsu,Yung-Sheng Lin
International Journal of Photoenergy , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/646845
Abstract: The biological effects of specific wavelengths, so-called “far-infrared radiation” produced from ceramic material (cFIR), on whole organisms are not yet well understood. In this study, we investigated the biological effects of cFIR on murine melanoma cells (B16-F10) at body temperature. cFIR irradiation treatment for 48 h resulted in an 11.8% decrease in the proliferation of melanoma cells relative to the control. Meanwhile, incubation of cells with cFIR for 48 h significantly resulted in 56.9% and 15.7% decreases in the intracellular heat shock protein (HSP)70 and intracellular nitric oxide (iNO) contents, respectively. Furthermore, cFIR treatment induced 6.4% and 12.3% increases in intracellular reactive oxygen species stained by 5-(and 6)-carboxyl-2,7-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate and dihydrorhodamine 123, respectively. Since malignant melanomas are known to have high HSP70 expression and iNO activity, the suppressive effects of cFIR on HSP70 and NO may warrant future interest in antitumor applications.
Promoting development with low achievement grouping students in Taiwan
Hsu, Tsu-Chia
International Journal of Research Studies in Education , 2012,
Abstract: It is hypothesized that students who are categorized in the C-level (low level) Achievement Grouping (AG) in English instruction classes did not necessarily performed at their peak potential in English language competence. Furthermore, it is assumed that the underlying concepts behind the low achievement levels may lies in two assumptions. First, Brophy (2004) addressed the situation with four categories of students based upon how expectancy-related motivational problems might cause students to develop low expectations for themselves. Second, the concept involving the use of AG, might have cause some of the more capable students to lower their achievement levels in English. In response, an action research was accomplished using a Cooperative Task-Based Learning (CTBL) model, based on the concept of learning motivation for students with low achievement levels in an attempt to enhance the students’ English competencies. To evaluate the effectiveness of such teaching methodology, data were collected in the form of interview accounts, self-reflective logs, field notes, observations, and students’ work sheets. Results show that numerous positive outcomes from both the teachers’ and the students’ perspectives were noted from the use of the CTBL. In addition, results also show that cooperative group work has proven to be an effective learning strategy. Lastly, useful implications based on the findings were given to shed light on issues regarding the positive effects of skilled-based curriculum designs.
A study on the EFL students’ speech related anxiety in Taiwan
Hsu, Tsu-Chia
International Journal of Research Studies in Language Learning , 2012,
Abstract: Global challenges in terms of producing more globally competitive graduates have given grounds to the need of students to enhance their English proficiencies. Although most Taiwanese students have studied English starting from their elementary education up to their senior high school years, however, research have shown that there is still a need to improve on the students’ English speech proficiency. This presentation details an empirical study which aims to investigate how Public Speaking Anxiety (PSA) affects English as Foreign Language (EFL) students who took a yearlong public speaking course in Taiwan. More specifically, the study seeks to answer these four major concerns: 1.) what are the underlying factors behind the students PSA; 2.) to what extent can gender differences affects PSA and time of preparation for a speech (TPS); 3.) to what extent can gender differences and the different type of audiences affect the reported levels of PSA; and 4.) what are the advantages/disadvantages brought about by the yearlong public speaking course. This case study adopts a mixed-method paradigm, wherein methodology from both quantitative and qualitative is systematically combined. Participants were 82 third-year technical-vocational college students. The Personal Report of Public Speaking Anxiety (PRPSA) quantitative survey was used to determine the level of students’ anxiety, while the qualitative focus group interview was accomplished to further understand the effects of PSA and gender differences with respects to TPS and types of audiences. Results show that the yearlong public speaking course had indeed helped diminish some if not all of the students’ PSA. Furthermore, relationship between PSA and gender differences of the audience was significant. Lastly, female students have longer TPS and higher reported PSA than male students, however, is caused mainly due to their being grade conscious and fear of performing badly in front of their classmates.
Enhancing college students’ global awareness through campus Toastmasters clubs
Hsu, Tsu-Chia
International Journal of Research Studies in Education , 2012,
Abstract: The main objective of this study is to investigate the effects of the 20 college campus Toastmasters clubs all over Taiwan, towards the enhancement of its student members’ global awareness. Within the concept of cooperative learning, promotion of global views by means of sharing various cultural concepts within the conducted Toastmasters meeting program, group works such as structured interaction and communication activities, and individual speaking activities, while not worrying about their grammatical errors are used as strategies. Using the qualitative research paradigm in terms of focus group and individual interviews, the current study gathers college student members’ global viewpoints along with their insightful observations in order to understand the implications of such cooperative strategies. Results indicates that co-curricular programs in existing campus activities, such as Campus Toastmasters clubs, is capable of developing the students’ global viewpoints and/or was able to help diminish their culture shock within a competitive diversely membered higher education milieu.
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