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In this paper, a conformance
test platform is built for intelligent electronic devices (IEDs) from different
manufacturers based on IEC 61850 communication protocol. A conformance test of
time delay of message transmission between two IEDs, made by the same or
different manufacturers, is performed. The conformance test platform, as well
as the test results provide a helpful reference for IEC 61850 implementation.
This study categorizes different Taiwanese gambling types using Problem Gambling Severity Index (PGSI), and further evaluates the perceptions and attitudes toward the legalization of casino gambling. A survey was conducted using convenient sampling and distributed by Internet. Results indicate that across groups of different types of gamblers, there are significant differences in perceptions toward the legalized casino gambling industry; and there are significant differences in attitudes toward legalized casino gambling. Additionally, there are significant differences between perceptions toward the legalized casino gambling industry, and attitudes toward the legalization of casino gambling. In general, non-gamblers are relatively more conservative toward the development of the casino gaming industry due to non-gam- blers’ sensitivity toward the involvement of the economic and social costs involved in investing in this particular indus- try. In addition, the results of this study provide the Taiwangovernment with information about Taiwanese gambling behaviors and opinions toward newly legalized gambling. By understandingTaiwanresidents’ gambling behaviors, perceptions, and attitudes prior to the opening of the casinos, this study could benefitTaiwansociety and maximize the benefits and minimize the costs associate with the development of the casino industry.
objective of this study is to investigate the relationship among teachers’ teaching
beliefs, student-centred teaching concept and instructional innovation in
Taiwan. The study was conducted with the participation of 538 teachers of
elementary schools. A questionnaire of the “teaching beliefs and instructional innovation”
designed by the authors was used as the data collection instruments. The
descriptive statistics, Pearson product-moment correlation and multiple regression
analysis were used in this study. Analysis results showed that: 1) There is a
positive relationship between the teaching beliefs and the instructional innovation.
2) Teacher with a high degree of student-centred teaching concept would exhibit
a higher level style of instructional innovation. 3) Multiple regression
analysis can be used to infer causal relationships between the teachers’ teaching
beliefs and instructional innovation.