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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1004 matches for " Chantal Yvette Kaboré-Zoungrana "
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Approvisionnement en porcs vifs et viande porcine de la ville de Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso)
Kiendrebeogo Timbilfou,Mopate Logténé Youssouf,Kondombo Salam Richard,Kaboré-Zoungrana Chantal-Yvette
Journal of Agriculture and Environment for International Development , 2012,
Abstract: Résumé : L’étude a évalué l’approvisionnement en porcs et viande de porc de la ville de Bobo-Dioulasso (Burkina Faso). Les données ont été collectées par enquête transversale et rétrospective auprès de 623 éleveurs en 2003, de 34 commer ants/transformateurs en 2005 et 2006 et auprès de l’Abattoir Frigorifique de Bobo-Dioulasso (AFB) en 2009. Les résultats ont montré que les porcs provenaient des élevages urbains et périurbains (38%) et des villages au-delà de la périphérie de Bobo-Dioulasso (62%). La production de viande de porc à l’AFB s’est accrue entre 2001 et 2006. Les carcasses, les poumons et le foie ont été surtout saisis aux motifs de tuberculose, de congestions et de cysticerques. Sur 982kg de viande traitée quotidiennement par les acteurs (35), 80% l’a été par des r tisseurs (88,24% des acteurs), 17% par des charcutiers (5,88%), 2% par les bouchers (2,94%) et 1% par les restaurateurs (2,94%). Des études complémentaires sur la rémunération de la production et de la commercialisation et sur la qualité des produits (porcs, viande et produits transformés) seront nécessaires pour impulser l’accroissement de la part des viandes porcines dans l’approvisionnement de la ville de Bobo-Dioulasso Mots clés : Approvisionnement, porcs, viande de porc, Ville de Bobo-Dioulasso
Effects of Mango Wastes-Based Diets on the Growing Parameters of Laying Hens and Biometric Parameters of the Eggs  [PDF]
Drissa Barry, Timbilfou Kiendrebeogo, Modou Sere, Alima Combari, Youssouf Mopaté Logténé, Chantal Yvette Kaboré-Zoungrana
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105868
Abstract:
Introduction: Poultry production has increased during the past half century throughout the world. In Burkina Faso modern poultry farming is becoming a necessity in view of the growing demand for eggs. Intensive poultry farming is developing rapidly, given that the productivity of local poultry remains very low Because of the low availability and high cost of food. Therefore, it becomes imperative to develop strategies to make modern poultry farming more productive, by finding alternative solutions for feeds. Objective: The study aims to evaluate the effects of diets incorporating mango waste-based feed on the growth parameters of laying hens and biometric parameters of first eggs. Methods: Two hundred and ten (10) hens of the Isa Brown breed were divided into 3 batches (70 chicks per set) and feed with three diets namely mango and maize diet (MMD = lot1), control maize diet (CMD = lot2) and absolute control diet (ACD = lot3) in a feed experiment at INERA research station in Farako-ba, Bobo Dioulasso. Results: The final average weight (FW) gained by the lot1 and lot3 using the diet CMD (1364 ± 114 g) and ACD (1364 ± 115 g), respectively was significantly higher than the lot 2 feed with the MMD diet (1265 ± 117 g) (p < 0.05). The average daily weight gain (ADG) of CMD and ACD was significantly (p < 0.05) higher than that of the MMD ration. The feed intake (FI) and consumption index (CI) of the MMD ration were significantly (p < 0.05) higher than those of CMD and ACD (p > 0.05). Average weight and egg density were similar (p > 0.05) for the three diets. The eggs on the MMD diet were larger (p < 0.05) than those in the ration’s CMD and ACD, but the two later were similar (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Maize can be substituted with mango feed in growing layer diets. Mango waste-based feed is predisposed for better preparation of growing layers for good laying performances. It is an alternative to increase the availability of feed for farm animals including the laying hen.
Cassava By-Products as Feed for Pigs in Burkina Faso: Production Processes, Nutritive Values and Economic Costs  [PDF]
Timbilfou Kiendrébéogo, Nouhoun Zampaligré, Souleymane Ouédraoogo, Youssouf Mopaté Logténé, Chantal Yvette Kaboré-Zoungrana
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1105711
Abstract:
Introduction: In Burkina Faso, as in many countries in sub-Saharan Africa, the low availability and high cost of feed is the main limiting factor for pigs’ productivity. While cassava byproducts are well known and used in many countries to overcome this constraint, very little is known on its uses as feed in Burkina Faso. Objective: The study aims to develop processes for the production of pig feeds from cassava leaves and by products (peelings and residues of sieving for gari making). Experimentations: Some cassava leaves, peelings and residues of sieving gari were collected, sun-dried and milled (peels and residues) or mortared (leaves). The dry matter contents were 88.89%, 90.83% and 91.67% respectively for food of cassava peeling (FCP), leaves (FCL), and gari sieving residues (GRSF). The crud protein (CP) contents were 28.87% for FCL, 4.22% for FCP and 1.72% for GRSF. Crude fiber (CB) and ADF were 15.98% and 30.6% for FCP, 15.79% and 23.29% for FCL and 3.27% and 4.45% for GRSF. The NDF content of FCL (45.32%) was higher than the FCP (38.36%) and GRSF (18.42%) feed respectively. Lignin levels were more important in FCP than in FCL and GRSF. The digestible energy (DE) contents were 2424 kcal for FCL, 2683 kcal for FCP and 3471 kcal DE for GRSF. The production costs of a kg of Dry Matter (DM) of FCP were 15 FCFA, FCL were 101 FCFA and 150 FCFA for GRSF. Conclusion: Pig’s feed production based on cassava by-products in Burkina Faso is a good opportunity to make feed more available at reduced cost. Further research is needed to assess pigs zootechnical performances and cost benefits of pig’s diets with these feeds.
The Destombes-Rosai-Dorfman Disease or Sinus Histiocytosis with Massive Lymphadenopathy: A Rare Case Described in the Paediatrics Department of Yalgado Ouedraogo University Hospital  [PDF]
Chantal Zoungrana-Ouattara, Flore Ouédraogo, Laure Toguyéni, Angèle Kalmogho, Caroline Yonaba, Chantal Gabrielle Bouda, Rolande Kaboré, Fla Kouéta
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2017.74039
Abstract: Destombes-Rosai-Dorfman’ disease (DRD) is an inflammatory non-langerhansian histiocytosis with adenomegaly. It is a rare histiocytic disorder worldwide, less than 1000 reported cases. It is of unknown etiology and is characterized in its classical form by multiple adenomegalia, especially localized at cervical area, but also at mediastinal, axillary and inguinal areas. It is a benign condition, even if it is deforming, with spontaneously resolving evolution. We report a case of DRD disease in a 13-year-old girl, hospitalized in the Department of Pediatrics of the Yalgado Ouédraogo University Hospital Center in Ouagadougou, in March 2015. She was admitted for a voluminous bilateral painless cervical swelling, with no sign of local compression, having been operating for about a year. Biological tests showed signs of chronic inflammation; the imagery specified the benign character of these formations: adenomegalia. Confirmation of the diagnosis was made by pathological examination, describing the aspect of emperipolesis to histology and, immunohistochemistry, polytypic plasmacytosis and PS100 positive/CD1a histiocytosis negative. The treatment could not be properly carried out, in view of the early discharge, against medical advice from the patient. The evolution would have been marked, according to the parents, by a slight involution of swelling.
Influence de la fumure azotée et du rythme d'exploitation sur la production de matière sèche et la valeur alimentaire de Andropogon gayanus Kunth au Burkina Faso
Obulbiga, MF.,Kaboré-Zoungrana, CY.
Tropicultura , 2007,
Abstract: Influence of Nitrogen Fertilization and Management Practices on Dry Matter Production and Nutritional Value on Andropogon gayanus Kunth in Burkina Faso. The influence of nitrogen fertilization and harvesting practices on biomass production, chemical composition and nutritional value were studied on Andropogon gayanus Kunth forages set in Sudanese agroclimatic zone of Burkina Faso. The first year was spent to establish an adequate plant population, by transplantation of Andropogon gayanus stumps; then, four nitrogen doses were applied on experimental blocs during the second year: a) 0 N-units/ha (0 kilos of urea/ha) as Control, b) 18.5 N-units/ha (40 kilos of urea/ha), c) 37 N-units/ha (80 kilos of urea/ha) and d) 76 N-units/ha (150 kilos of urea/ha). Also, three harvesting intervals were applied as follows: harvesting i) every 30 days, ii) 40 days and iii) once at ear emergence. Each factor combination was repeated 4 times. Results indicated that treatment 67 N-u/ha combined with harvesting once at ear emergence led to the higher total dry matter (DM) production (7.6 tons DM/ha), while harvesting every 30 days showed the best expression of nitrogen fertilization effects. This harvesting interval (30 days), associated with moderate nitrogen fertilization dose (37 N-units/ha) gave an excellent forage containing 90 g DNM/kg DM, 0.81 French Feed Unit for Milk Cropping Andropogon gayanus Kunth under moderate fertilization doses and using adequate harvesting practice seems to be a suitable alternative to provide enough quantity of good quality forage.
Effets des digues filtrantes sur la productivité des paturages naturels en région sahélienne du Burkina Faso
Kiema, A.,Kaboré-Zoungrana, CY.,Nianogo, AJ.
Tropicultura , 2007,
Abstract: Effects of Straining Dams on the Productivity of Natural Pastures in the Sahelian Region of Burkina Faso. Des systèmes de cultures améliorés de niébé ont été introduits dans des exploitations mixtes agriculture-élevage de la zone semi-aride au Burkina Faso et ensuite évalués dans des modèles de programmation linéaire. Les résultats ont montré que les variétés améliorées de niébé associées aux céréales permettent d'accro tre la production agricole et le disponible fourrager, et de dégager des revenus pour acheter des compléments de vivriers. L'application de ces systèmes sur les terres de cultures peut varier entre 38% et 64% dans la partie sahélienne. Ils permettent aux agriculteurs de doubler la production de mil et de produire en plus annuellement 353 kg de niébé. Ces systèmes peuvent être promus dans la zone semi-aride du pays sans politique de soutien à la production. Par contre les soles améliorées de cultures pures de niébé ne sont pas profitables en raison des pertes liées au risque climatique, et aussi des co ts de production élevés par rapport aux capacités financières des exploitants. Elles permettent toutefois d'accro tre le disponible fourrager à la ferme. Des stratégies de diminution des co ts de production des systèmes améliorés auront un impact considérable sur la sécurité alimentaire et sur le revenu.
Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm Revealed by Haemoptysis on a 10-Year-Old Girl at Paediatrics Department of Yalgado Ouedraogo University Hospital  [PDF]
Chantal Zoungrana Ouattara, Caroline Yonaba, Angèle Kalmogho, Flore Ouédraogo, Chantal Bouda, Ousseini Diallo, Ludovic Kam
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2017.71002
Abstract: Thoracic aortic aneurysm is a rather rare disorder in children and difficult to diagnose. It is generally linked to congenital heart defects or connective-tissue diseases. Our case is a 10-year-old girl admitted in the pediatric emergency care unit on January 19th, 2015 for massive haemoptysis and severe anaemia. Examination revealed severe anemia and a silent left lung. The Chest X-Ray revealed an abnormal mass on the upper left side of the mediastinum, and left lower lobe consolidation. The thoracic CT scan highlighted a 64 mm aneurysm of the subisthmic aorta with a thin 5 mm hole. It also showed pseudocoarctation of the aorta. Treatment in intensive care consisted of blood transfusion and iron supplement. She was due to travel abroad for cardio vascular surgery, but died on November 2016. Thoracic Aortic Aneurysm in our setting was discovered incidentally. In spite the fact that it is an extreme surgical emergency, in Burkina Faso, treatment can only be possible abroad upon medical evacuation.
Facteurs de variation du poids vif et de l’état corporel du zébu Arabe en zone soudanienne du Tchad
A Béchir, P Grimaud, C Kaboré-Zoungrana
Sciences & Nature , 2010,
Abstract: L’objectif de cette étude a été de déterminer les effets saisonniers sur l’évolution du poids et de la note d’état corporel (NEC) des zébus arabes du Tchad. Durant les cinq saisons liées au calendrier fourrager, des mensurations et des notations d’état corporel ont été effectuées sur des bovins males et femelles. Les mesures barymétriques ont concerné le périmètre thoracique. La NEC a été déterminée par palpation de la région lombaire de l’animal. L’alternance saisonnière a provoqué de grandes variations de poids et de l’état corporel des animaux qui ont été notées selon le sexe et l’age. La variabilité des performances pondérales (2,2 ± 16 kg à 64 ±24 kg) et d’état corporel des animaux, obtenue à partir des facteurs individuels (sexe ou age) et saisonniers (disponibilité fourragère), a montré que ce sont les animaux d’age supérieur à 6 ans qui ont perdu plus de poids en saison sèche. Les femelles de 3-6 ans (64 ± 44,8 kg) et les males de 2-3 ans (54 ± 43 kg) ont montré les fluctuations pondérales les plus significatives en saison des pluies. Afin de minimiser les risques et maximiser la production en élevage extensif, des améliorations dans la conduite des animaux ont été proposées. Mots clés : Variations fourragères - Poids - Etat corporel - Zébu arabe - Tchad
Mortality of HIV-Infected Patients on Antiretroviral Therapy in a Large Public Cohort in West Africa, Burkina Faso: Frequency and Associated Factors  [PDF]
Armel Poda, Arsène Hema, Jacques Zoungrana, Nongodo Firmin Kaboré, Bebar Euloges Kamboulé, Ibrahim Soré, Guillaume Bado, Abdoul-Salam Ouédraogo, Nicolas Meda, Adrien Bruno Sawadogo
Advances in Infectious Diseases (AID) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/aid.2013.34043
Abstract:

Background: In sub Saharan Africa, small size surveys have demonstrated early high mortality among infected patients on antiretroviral therapies (ART). Few studies have been conducted in large cohorts of HIV-patients in public health care system in West Africa. Objectives: Our study aims to determine mortality rate and its predictors in a cohort of patients on ART in a public daycare hospital in Burkina Faso. Methods: We have carried out a retrospective cohort study. All HIV-infected patients on ART between January 1st 2008 and December 31st 2011 were included in the study. Survival probability was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier method. Cox regression analysis was used to identify associated factors to mortality. Results: A total of 2243 HIV-infected patients were included in the study. During the follow-up, 218 patients representing 9.7% were lost. About 104 patients representing 4.6% were transferred and 1691 representing 75.4% were still in the therapeutic cohort. There were 230 death cases for a total of 4282 persons-years, (5.4 deaths for 100 persons-years; 95% CI: 4.8

Neurofibromatosis Type 1 Revealed by Ophthalmologic Complications: A Report of One Case in Ouagadougou, Burkina Faso  [PDF]
Caroline Yonaba, Aichatou Djibo, Chantal Zoungrana, Angèle Kalmogho, Ousseine Diallo, Patrice Tapsoba, Noufounikoun Méda, Ludovic Kam
Open Journal of Pediatrics (OJPed) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojped.2015.54044
Abstract: Type 1 neurofibromatosis is an inherited multisystem neurocutaneous disease predisposing to tumors development. Serious skin and ophthalmologic complications, although rare, can occur throughout life. Furthermore in children, unawareness of early symptoms may delay diagnosis. We report the case of A.T. 8 years old, admitted for exophthalmosis and facial deformity dating back to the age of 2 years. The diagnosis of neurofibromatosis was suspected in the presence of light brown skin spots scattered all over the body and subcutaneous nodules. Ophthalmologic examination revealed bilateral exophthalmosis, eyelids neurofibromas, blepharoptosis, Lisch nodules, corneal edema, and optic atrophy. Head CT scan clarified the nature and the extent of ophthalmologic lesions. Treatment was symptomatic. Neurofibromatosis is rarely reported in children in our setting; it is probably under diagnosed. Clinicians should think of this diagnosis in presence of certain specific symptoms and make a clinical assessment.
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