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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 19199 matches for " Carolina Marques Borges "
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Social capital and quality of life in adolescent apprentices in Brazil: An exploratory study  [PDF]
Ana Cristina Viana Campos, Carolina Marques Borges, Cláudio Rodrigues Leles, Simone Dutra Lucas, Efigênia F. Ferreira
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.56128
Abstract:

Background: Adolescents who rely on social aid networks tend to be more socially competent and enjoy higher levels of quality of life than those who interact only with their own limited groups of family and friends. In this light, the present study aimed to measure social capital and analyse its possible relation to adolescents’ quality of life. Methods: This is a cross-sectional analytical study with 363 adolescents from the Brazilian NGO. The instruments used included a short Portuguese version of the Integrated Questionnaire to Measure Social Capital (SC-QI) from the World Bank and its abbreviated Portuguese version from the World Health Organization Quality of Life Bref (WHOQoL-Bref) used to measure the quality of life. To measure social capital, the present study chose to use a segmentation analysis, along with the Two-Step Cluster method, applying Euclidian distance and the criteria of centroid aggregation. The Mann-Whitney test was used to compare the scores of WHOQoL-Bref domains among the clusters, at a significance level of 5%. Results: The segmentation analysis resulted in two clusters, with 160 (44.1%) adolescents classified as Low Social Capital (LSC) and 178 (49%) classified as High Social Capital (HSC). Participation in activities for the good of the community (p < 0.001), opinion regarding the differences between people in the community (p = 0.002), and number of community meetings (p < 0.001) constituted the decisive variables for determining the separation of the clusters. When quality of life among the newly formed clusters was compared, the highest average score in the HSC cluster was found in the Psychological Domain (75.4 ± 11.9), whereas in the LSC cluster, the highest average score was found in the Physical Domain (74.6 ± 12.6). Lower quality of life scores was found in the environmental domain for both the LSC clusters (51.3 ± 14.0) and the HSC clusters (54.7 ± 15.5). This difference proved to be statistically significant (p = 0.009). Conclusions: The results showed that adolescents with higher social capital also presented higher

Associa??o entre presen?a de oclusopatias e insatisfa??o com a aparência dos dentes e gengivas: estudo com adolescentes brasileiros
Borges, Carolina Marques;Peres, Marco Aurélio;Peres, Karen Glazer;
Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-790X2010000400015
Abstract: in spite of the high prevalence of malocclusion in adolescents reported worldwide, there are few studies that have investigated the association between normative malocclusion and self-rated dental and gingival appearance among adolescents. the aim of this study was to identify the association between normative malocclusion and dissatisfaction with dental and gingival appearance among brazilian adolescents. a cross-sectional study was carried out with adolescents aged 15 to 19 years (n= 16,126) living in 250 towns of all five brazilian regions. dissatisfaction with dental and gingival appearance was the outcome. the main explanatory variable was malocclusion assessed by using the dental aesthetic index - dai. the other explanatory variables included were per capita family income, schooling delay, study conditions, sex, age, skin color, dental outcomes (untreated dental caries, missing teeth due dental caries, dental calculus, fluorosis, and dental pain) and use of dental services. simple and multivariable poisson regression analyses were performed. dissatisfaction with dental appearance reached 11.4% (95%ci: 10.4-12.5) of the entire sample. all levels of malocclusion were associated with dissatisfaction with dental appearance. adjusted multivariable analysis showed that dissatisfaction with dental appearance among individuals affected by severe or very severe malocclusion was respectively 40% and 80% higher than among those with normal occlusion. malocclusion was associated with dissatisfaction with dental and gingival appearance. the results contribute to include self-rated dental appearance criteria in orthodontic treatment decision, mainly within the national health system - sus.
Pain evaluation as a fifth vital sign in the risk classification: a study with nurses Avalia o da dor como quinto sinal vital na classifica o de risco: um estudo com enfermeiros
Flávia Franco Morais,Juliana Penido Matozinhos,Thiago Tomé Borges,Carolina Marques Borges
Ciência & Saúde , 2009,
Abstract: Objective: To evaluate the use of pain evaluation and the risk classification used by nurses. Material and Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study with a sample size of 15 nurses from the course of Urgency, Emergency and Trauma, Continued Education Institute, at Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais. The tool used for data collection was a questionnaire developed especially for this study which comprised six questions related to perception and knowledge of the nurses about pain evaluation as a vital sign. Results: From the total respondents, fourteen (93.3%) were female, nine (60.0%) were 25 years old or older and the marital status more often reported was single (66.6%). The time since graduation ranged between two and five years. Only three (20.0%) individuals worked with risk classification approach although all of total respondents agreed that the pain might help on risk classification; thirteen classified pain as a vital sign. Conclusion: In spite of the answers that considered the pain evaluation as an important issue to take into account during risk evaluation, half of them do not use this approach in their workplace. New studies with a more refined method, as well as investigations targeting other health professionals are strongly recommend. Objetivo: Avaliar o uso da avalia o da dor e a classifica o de risco utilizada por enfermeiras. Materiais e Métodos: Estudo transversal descritivo com amostra de 15 enfermeiros matriculados no curso de Urgência, Emergência e Trauma, Instituto de Educa o Continuada, Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais. O instrumento utilizado para a coleta de dados foi um questionário, desenvolvido especialmente para este estudo, composto por seis quest es referentes à percep o e conhecimento dos enfermeiros sobre avalia o de dor como sinal vital. Resultados: Do total de respondentes, quatorze (93,3%) eram do sexo feminino, nove (60,0%) tinha idade igual ou maior que 25 anos e o estado civil mais comumente relatado foi solteiro (66,6%). O tempo de forma o variou entre dois e cinco anos. Apenas três (20,0%) participantes trabalhavam com classifica o de risco e apesar de todos os enfermeiros afirmarem que a dor pode ajudar na classifica o de risco, apenas 13 deles classificam a dor como sinal vital. Conclus o: Apesar da avalia o da dor ter sido considerada importante na classifica o de risco pelos dos enfermeiros entrevistados, metade deles n o utilizava a classifica o de risco no servi o. Novos estudos se fazem necessários utilizando um desenho metodológico mais refinado bem como a investi
Prematuridade e fatores associados no Estado de Santa Catarina, Brasil, no ano de 2005: análise dos dados do Sistema de Informa??es sobre Nascidos Vivos
Cascaes, Andreia Morales;Gauche, Heide;Baramarchi, Fabiana Martin;Borges, Carolina Marques;Peres, Karen Glazer;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2008000500009
Abstract: the aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of preterm birth in the state of santa catarina, brazil, and identify associated factors. data were obtained from the sinasc database (information system on live births). the qui-squared test and wald linear trend test between the dependent variable (prematurity) and the covariates were applied. logistic regression was performed to evaluate the association between factors. in 2005, the preterm birth rate was 6.1% (95%ci: 5.9-6.2). odds of prematurity were higher among mothers under 20 and over 40 years old, those with fewer prenatal consultations, and those undergoing cesarean sections. prevalence of prematurity in santa catarina appears to be increasing. this scenario suggests the need to encourage prenatal care and discourage cesarean deliveries in order to decrease the prematurity rate. more studies using the existing databases could help identify their shortcomings and improve the quality of the data.
Quality of life of three health care workers categories in a hospital in minas gerais, brazil
Josiane Costa Sales, Carolina Marques Borges, Odete Vicente Moreira Alves, Lívia Wagner Paes
Revista de Enfermagem UFPE On Line , 2010,
Abstract: Objective: investigate the quality of life of three health care workers in a philanthropic Hospital in Minas Gerais. Method: this is about a descriptive study, from transversal design (n=27) with nurses, doctors and physiotherapists whom work in a philanthropic Hospital in Minas Gerais. The valid and reliable Portuguese WHOQOL-bref version was used as a tool to measure quality of life. The study was approved by the Research Ethics Committee of the Pontifícia Universidade Católica de Minas Gerais, Brazil with protocol number 1662.0.000.213-0. Results: dichotomization of all WHOQoL scores based on respective medians showed that most of professionals had partial scores under it: Physic (55.6%), Psychology (63.0%), Social (74.1%) and Environmental (70.4%). Conclusions: measurement of health care workers’ quality of life suggests low quality of life among them, however due descriptive study design it was not possible to consider none comparison among the three health care worker’s categories. Descriptors: quality if life; professional practice; intensive care units.
Curva de estimativa das interna es hospitalares nas regi es metropolitanas brasileiras: um estudo de série histórica
Graziella Denúbila Gomes,Carolina Marques Borges,Raquel Costa Rossete Melo,Ana Cristina Viana Campos
Revista Eletr?nica de Enfermagem , 2012,
Abstract: O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar as varia es temporais na distribui o das interna es hospitalares realizadas no Sistema único de Saúde (SUS) em todas as Regi es Metropolitanas brasileiras entre os anos de 1995 e 2006. Trata-se de estudo ecológico de série histórica com dados secundários referentes às 36 regi es metropolitanas brasileiras. Realizou-se a análise descritiva dos dados, correla o de Spearman e curva de estimativa. Os resultados indicam que o Teste F foi significativo em ordem decrescente para os modelos linear (p=0,001), quadrático (p=0,002) e cúbico (p=0,004). Por outro lado, os valores de R2 apresentaram ordem crescente de valores – 0,277; 0,307 e 0,338, respectivamente. O modelo cúbico mostrou que o percentual médio de interna es hospitalares em 2006 apresentou tendência de queda quando comparado ao percentual médio de interna es no ano de 1995. Conclui-se que o percentual de interna es hospitalares realizadas no SUS nas regi es metropolitanas brasileiras decresceu durante o período analisado.
Dor nos dentes e gengivas e fatores associados em adolescentes brasileiros: análise do inquérito nacional de saúde bucal SB-Brasil 2002-2003
Borges, Carolina Marques;Cascaes, Andreia Morales;Fischer, Tatiana Konrad;Boing, Antonio Fernando;Peres, Marco Aurélio;Peres, Karen Glazer;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2008000800011
Abstract: the aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of dental and gingival pain and associated factors among brazilian adolescents (15-19 years of age). data from 16,126 adolescents who participated in the brazilian oral health survey sb-brazil 2002-2003 were used. the outcome measured was dental and gingival pain in the last six months. independent variables were per capita income, schooling, school enrollment, gender, skin color, age, area of residence, time since last dental appointment, type of dental service, dmft index and its components, dental calculus, and dental aesthetic index. simple and multiple poisson regression analyses were performed. prevalence of dental and gingival pain was 35.6% (95%ci: 34.8-36.4). increased prevalence of pain was associated with: female gender, low income, non-students, students enrolled in public schools, and grade-for-age lag. in addition, adolescents with high levels of dental caries and dental calculus also reported higher prevalence of dental pain. dental and gingival pain can be considered a relevant public health problem, suggesting the need for preventive measures.
Social and health indicators as a measure of access to primary heathcare in Brazil
Campos,Ana Cristina Viana; Borges,Carolina Marques; Vargas,Andrea Maria Duarte; Leles,Cláudio Rodrigues; Ferreira,Efigênia Ferreira e;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232011001200007
Abstract: the aim was to investigate the influence of social and health indicators on access to primary healthcare in the belo horizonte metropolitan area, minas gerais state, brazil. secondary data of 34 municipalities were analyzed; the dependent variables were three basic healthcare indicators: coverage of the family health strategy; coverage of scheduled first dental appointment and mean annual number of appointments in medical specialties per inhabitant. all independent variables were analyzed using principal component analysis, with varimax rotation and kaiser normalization. student's t-test was used to compare the components originated by the factor analysis in relation to the primary care indicators with a significance of 5%. the development conditions had significantly greater weight in cities with low fhs coverage (p=0.022). the socioeconomic conditions were weighted significantly higher in municipalities with high dental appointment coverage (p=0.030) and with greater mean number of medical appointments (p=0.022). socioeconomic and development conditions may be crucial to the identification of municipalities with the best and worst primary care indicators.
Impact of Periodontal Disease on the Quality of Life of Diabetics Based on Different Clinical Diagnostic Criteria
Aline Mendes Silva de Pinho,Carolina Marques Borges,Mauro Henrique Nogueira Guimar?es de Abreu,Efigênia Ferreira e Ferreira,Andréa Maria Duarte Vargas
International Journal of Dentistry , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/986412
Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the impact of periodontal disease on the quality of life of individuals with diabetes according to different clinical criteria (I-AAP, II-Beck, III-Machtei, IV-Lopez, V-Albandar, VI-Tonetti, and VII-CPI). This cross-sectional study sampled 300 individuals in Belo Horizonte, Brazil. The Oral Health Impact Profile was used to measure the impact of periodontal disease on quality of life. Prevalence of periodontal disease was 35.3%, 30.7%, 35.0%, 9.7%, 92.3%, 25.3%, and 75.3% using criteria I, II, III, IV, V, VI, and VII, respectively. The III-Machtei ( ) and IV-Lopez ( ) criteria were associated with OHIP-14; functional limitation was associated with IV-Lopez ( ) and V-Albandar ( ) criteria. Pain was only associated with V-Albandar criteria ( ). Psychological discomfort was associated with the IV-Lopez ( ) criteria. Physical disability was associated with the IV-Lopez ( ) and V-Tonetti ( ) criteria. Being handicapped was associated with the I-AAP ( ) and II-Beck ( ) criteria. Concepts of health and disease determined by clinical diagnostic criteria may influence the assessment of the impact of periodontal disease on diabetics' quality of life. 1. Introduction Diabetes mellitus is one of the primary public health problems. Its chronic nature and the limitations it imposes contribute significantly to the increase in hospitalization, disability, and mortality rates. The occurrence of diabetes in population groups is linked mainly to socioeconomic factors, cultural factors, stress, and family predisposition [1]. In the year 2000, the prevalence of diabetes in the world was 171 million, and it is estimated that this number will reach 366 million by 2030 [2]. In Brazil, there are approximately 10 million people with diabetes. Studies suggest that diabetes is a risk factor for periodontal disease, pointing out that the prevalence, incidence, and severity of periodontal disease are higher among individuals with diabetes in comparison to healthy individuals [10, 11]. The mechanisms by which diabetes influences periodontal disease include vascular abnormalities, neutrophil dysfunction, abnormalities in collagen synthesis, and genetic predisposition [12]. The most commonly employed clinical parameters for the diagnosis and classification of periodontal disease are measurements of the depth of periodontal pockets, clinical insertion loss, and bleeding upon probing, which often generate different information regarding the prevalence of the disease. There is no consensus in the scientific literature regarding a gold standard
Origem familiar e origem de si mesmo: arranjos possíveis Family origin and self origin: possible arrangements
Carolina de Campos Borges
Psicologia Clínica , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/s0103-56652009000100014
Abstract:
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