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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1244 matches for " Carlota;Bustamante "
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Geographic distribution and morphometric differentiation of Triatoma nitida usinger 1939 (Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Triatominae) in Guatemala
Monroy Carlota,Bustamante Dulce María,Rodas Antonieta,Rosales Regina
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2003,
Abstract: Triatoma nitida was found in 14 (0.4%) out of 3,726 houses located in six departments across Guatemala, which were surveyed from 1994 to 1998 by the man-hour collection method. Compared to previous information, the distribution of T. nitida in Guatemala has increased from five to nine departments; the species is present in mild climates at altitudes from 960 to 1,500 m. Fourteen percent of the intradomestic T. nitida were infected with Trypanosoma cruzi. The species was often found in conjunction with other triatomines (T. dimidiata and Rhodnius prolixus). The domestic and peridomestic presence of T. nitida in Guatemala was rare, but occasionally this species was colonizing human-made constructions. T. nitida appears to have a low importance as Chagas disease vector in Guatemala, as indicated by its scarce presence in the domestic habitats and defecation patterns. However, it clearly has potential to become a Chagas vector so we recommend an on-going study of the intradomestic presence of T. nitida following the control programs in Guatemala. Morphometric analysis of 47 T. nitida males from three localities showed quantitative differences between the populations, which indicates that geographic distance is an important factor in the structuring of T. nitida populations.
Geographic distribution and morphometric differentiation of Triatoma nitida usinger 1939 (Hemiptera: Reduviidae: Triatominae) in Guatemala
Monroy, Carlota;Bustamante, Dulce María;Rodas, Antonieta;Rosales, Regina;Mejía, Mildred;Tabaru, Yuichiro;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02762003000100006
Abstract: triatoma nitida was found in 14 (0.4%) out of 3,726 houses located in six departments across guatemala, which were surveyed from 1994 to 1998 by the man-hour collection method. compared to previous information, the distribution of t. nitida in guatemala has increased from five to nine departments; the species is present in mild climates at altitudes from 960 to 1,500 m. fourteen percent of the intradomestic t. nitida were infected with trypanosoma cruzi. the species was often found in conjunction with other triatomines (t. dimidiata and rhodnius prolixus). the domestic and peridomestic presence of t. nitida in guatemala was rare, but occasionally this species was colonizing human-made constructions. t. nitida appears to have a low importance as chagas disease vector in guatemala, as indicated by its scarce presence in the domestic habitats and defecation patterns. however, it clearly has potential to become a chagas vector so we recommend an on-going study of the intradomestic presence of t. nitida following the control programs in guatemala. morphometric analysis of 47 t. nitida males from three localities showed quantitative differences between the populations, which indicates that geographic distance is an important factor in the structuring of t. nitida populations.
House improvements and community participation in the control of Triatoma dimidiata re-infestation in Jutiapa, Guatemala
Monroy, Carlota;Bustamante, Dulce Maria;Pineda, Sandy;Rodas, Antonieta;Castro, Xochitl;Ayala, Virgilio;Qui?ónes, Javier;Moguel, Bárbara;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2009001300016
Abstract: the deterioration or absence of plaster walls in houses and poor hygienic conditions are the most important risk factors for indoor triatoma dimidiata infestation in guatemala. a cross-disciplinary study was conducted addressing t. dimidiata infestation, household hygiene, and housing construction. the study focused on local materials and cultural aspects (including gender roles) that could lead to long-term improvements in wall construction. a new plaster mix for walls was developed on the basis of laboratory studies on construction materials recommended by local villagers. four villages with persistent (post-spraying) t. dimidiata infestation were studied. in two villages, an ecosystem approach was implemented, and the homeowners conducted wall improvements and household sanitation with the support of the interdisciplinary team (the ecosystem intervention). in the other two villages, a vector control approach based on insecticide spraying was adopted (traditional intervention). both interventions were associated with a reduction in t. dimidiata infestation, but only the ecosystem approach produced important housing improvements (sanitation and wall construction) capable of preventing t. dimidiata re-infestation in the long term.
Risk factors for intradomiciliary infestation by the Chagas disease vector Triatoma dimidiatain Jutiapa, Guatemala
Bustamante, Dulce Maria;Monroy, Carlota;Pineda, Sandy;Rodas, Antonieta;Castro, Xochitl;Ayala, Virgilio;Qui?ónes, Javier;Moguel, Bárbara;Trampe, Ranferi;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X2009001300008
Abstract: seventeen variables were evaluated as possible risk factors for the intradomiciliary infestation with triatoma dimidiata in 644 houses in jutiapa, guatemala. during 2004 the houses were assessed for vector presence and evaluated for hygiene, cluttering, material comfort, construction conditions and number of inhabitants, among other factors. chi-square analysis detected significant associations between vector presence and eight variables related to domestic sanitary and construction conditions. log-linear models showed that regardless of the age of the house, the odds of vector presence were 4.3 and 10 times lower in houses with a good socioeconomic status compared with poor and very poor houses respectively. log-linear models also pointed to a greater chance of vector presence when walls lacked plastering (3.85 times) or walls had low quality-incomplete plastering (4.56 times), compared with walls that were completely plastered. control strategies against t. dimidiata should include the introduction of better-quality but inexpensive plastering formulations and better sanitation practices should also be promoted among the population. such control strategies should not only reduce or eliminate infestation, but also prevent vector reinfestation.
Por uma ética em profiss?o: rumo a uma nova paideia
Boto, Carlota;
Interface - Comunica??o, Saúde, Educa??o , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-32832002000100002
Abstract: this article discusses the current nature of the concept of paideia, in the light of the interweaving between the original greek frame of reference and the operative category of what we will call, in this article, "professional ethics". it is a study that intends to formulate guidelines for thinking about the themes of teaching and learning, methodologically, starting from the idea of interdisciplinary studies. this will allow us to recompose the art of pedagogical thinking, avoiding the fragmented specializations of this field, but including in it its chief ethical aspects. we believe that, in this way, it will be possible to establish a new and modern paideia, for contemporary teachers and students in the third millenium.
Na Revolu??o Francesa, os princípios democráticos da escola pública, laica e gratuita: o relatório de Condorcet
Boto, Carlota;
Educa??o & Sociedade , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-73302003000300002
Abstract: this paper analyzes the debate on the proposals condorcet presented, in 1792, on behalf of the education commission of the french legislative assembly. it deals with organizing the public education conceived by the revolutionaries to form the people and create a new man who could carry out the revolution they had begun. as they said, the issue was to regenerate the mother country and ensure that the principles of a truly democratic society became effective. therefore, education was supposed to be one of the priorities for nationality building. the legislative assembly thus drew up an education plan establishing the levels and teaching methods, the education organization, the selection criteria for the education professionals, and the public policy procedures to assess the school network. it was a prospective model for the setting up of the national education, which would be implemented from the xixth century on. above all, this pedagogical reference constitutes our heritage, especially when we collectively defend a form of school that is still public, universal, standard for everybody, tolerant and free. in a sense, understanding this school model in its social and historical roots also offers an analytical matrix to think the possibility of also defending public university as the major crowning achievement of the promised equality of opportunities.
A educa??o escolar como direito humano de três gera??es: identidades e universalismos
Boto, Carlota;
Educa??o & Sociedade , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-73302005000300004
Abstract: the right to modern education has developed along three generations of levels: 1. teaching gradually became a public right, and everyone was allowed in public schools; 2. education as a right meant a breakthrough when historically, and step by step, it started to meet the standards of demands aimed at providing quality teaching and recognizing the democratic ideas intrinsic to school life; 3. the right to education will become inalienable once schools acquire curricular standards and political guidelines ensuring some degree of priority inversion, providing services that, by way of distributive justice, include those social groups that have recognizedly the greatest difficulties to participate in this universal subjective right - the right to attend free and compulsory state schools. and policies reserving quotas of places in universities to ethic minorities, for example, play an essential role to reach that aim.
ética e educa??o clássica: virtude e felicidade no justo meio
Boto, Carlota;
Educa??o & Sociedade , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-73302001000300008
Abstract: the present study is an in-depth discussion of the interface between educational and ethical problems, understanding pedagogy as the art/science aiming at good education/instruction/training. for this purpose, the text will summon concepts from aristotle's ethics. immersed in classical greek thought, it will attempt to rescue a term which is originally interdisciplinary - paideia. next, this essay tries to highlight some aspects of the illuminist concept of the theme, taking advantage of the kantian notion of categoric imperative, which had been preceeded by rousseau's opinion asserting that will - and not reason - would be the distinctive feature of the human race in a natural environment. piaget's idea of reciprocity ethics is also evoked here. through a diachronic approach of the theme, concepts of classical authors who have debated the relationship between ethics and education will be analyzed, focusing on the sense hanna arendt conferred to authority as a distinctive criteria of the asymmetric relationship between educators (adult generations) and students (new generations). as an operating concept and assumption, arendt advocates that the educational act necessarily entails a conservative dimension: the mission of educators is to protect the new generations from the world and the world from the new generations - so that they do not to destroy the accumulated supports and cultural heritage.
Aprender a ler entre cartilhas: civilidade, civiliza??o e civismo pelas lentes do livro didático
Boto, Carlota;
Educa??o e Pesquisa , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-97022004000300009
Abstract: the present essay seeks to identify the social locus occupied by the literacy primer in the customs and practices of the history of modern primary schooling. the purpose of the study is to examine the intermingling between the schoolbook and primary school practices through the analytical cleavage of the field of history of education. direction, constriction, control and confrontation, the school manual for teaching literacy proposes to highlight the context of literacy as an alternative to the orality of the world of the child. under such premise, this work investigates the didactic production of a mid-19th century portuguese intellectual named francisco júlio caldas aulete, more specifically his cartilha nacional. that literacy primer proposed a teaching that was, at one and the same time, simultaneous (since all pupils should be taught together and indistinctly, as if they were one), founded on the parallel learning of reading and writing, and explicitly against the practice of spelling - a feature that brought his proposal close to the path later characterized as the analytical method of teaching literacy. finally, one can understand that the study by the cartilha nacional - despite its topical character - points to socio-historical aspects of great relevance, given that one can find in that schoolbook a clear blueprint for a country: civility, civism and civilization were the motto that directed the proposal for teaching in the initial rite of primary school.
A inven??o do Emílio como conjectura: op??o metodológica da escrita de Rousseau
Boto, Carlota;
Educa??o e Pesquisa , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-97022010000100002
Abstract: the present work aims at a reflection on rousseau's pedagogical thinking. to such end, the analysis is centered on the reading of his émile: or treatise on education published in 1762. the article seeks to contrast the émile with the analyses of commentators, so as to proceed to a literature review on the subject. the hypothesis put forward here is that the émile is more than just a book about education. rousseau emphasizes in his text his concern with establishing a characterization of the child's "being". in this sense he was trying to find in childhood in general vestiges of the man in a state of nature. in so doing, he establishes a periodization of life and of learning. denouncing the neglect displayed by his epoch with regard to the child, and critical of the educational model propagated by the religious schools of that time, rousseau describes the condition of the child, whilst inventing an imaginary boy that was supposed to be educated according to nature's criteria. émile's education can be understood as a libel against the harshness of the treatment dispensed to real children - both inside their families and at school. according to the philosopher people were incapable of "seeing" the child. therefore, the writing of the émile does not intend to establish pedagogical prescriptions, since rousseau has the boy educated away from society. the objective here is a different one: the author wanted to identify in the child his essence. the figure of émile is, thus, a method to operate the thought.
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