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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 63874 matches for " Carlos;Castro "
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Generalized Uncertainty Relations, Curved Phase-Spaces and Quantum Gravity  [PDF]
Carlos Castro
Journal of Applied Mathematics and Physics (JAMP) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jamp.2016.410189
Abstract: Modifications of the Weyl-Heisenberg algebra \"\" are proposed where the classical limit \"\" corresponds to a metric in (curved) momentum spaces. In the simplest scenario, the 2D de Sitter metric of constant curvature in momentum space furnishes a hierarchy of modified uncertainty relations leading to a minimum value for the position uncertainty . The first uncertainty relation of this hierarchy has the same functional form as the stringy modified uncertainty relation with a Planck scale minimum value for \"\" at \"\" . We proceed with a discussion of the most general curved phase space scenario (cotangent bundle of spacetime) and provide the noncommuting phase space coordinates algebra in terms of the symmetric \"\" and nonsymmetric \"\" metric components of a Hermitian complex metric \"\" , such \"\" . Yang’s noncommuting phase-space coordinates algebra, combined with the Schrodinger-Robertson inequalities involving angular momentum eigenstates, reveals how a quantized area operator in units of \"\" emerges like it occurs in Loop Quantum Gravity (LQG). Some final comments are made about Fedosov deformation quantization, Noncommutative and Nonassociative gravity.
An Elementary Derivation of The Black Hole Entropy in Any Dimension
Carlos Castro
Entropy , 2001, DOI: 10.3390/e3010012
Abstract: An elementary derivation of the Black Hole Entropy area relation in any dimension is provided based on the New Extended Scale Relativity Principle and Shannon's Information Entropy. The well known entropy-area linear Bekenstein-Hawking relation is derived. We discuss briefly how to derive the most recently obtained Logarithmic and higher order corrections to the linear entropy-area law in full agreement with the standard results in the literature.
p-Branes as Composite Antisymmetric Tensor Field Theories
Carlos Castro
Physics , 1996, DOI: 10.1142/S0217751X98000597
Abstract: $p'$-brane solutions to rank $p+1$ composite antisymmetric tensor field theories of the kind developed by Guendelman, Nissimov and Pacheva are found when the dimensionality of spacetime is $D=(p+1)+(p'+1)$. These field theories posses an infinite dimensional group of global Noether symmetries, that of volume-preserving diffeomorphisms of the target space of the scalar primitive field constituents. Crucial in the construction of $p'$ brane solutions are the duality transformations of the fields and the local gauge field theory formulation of extended objects given by Aurilia, Spallucci and Smailagic. Field equations are rotated into Bianchi identities after the duality transformation is performed and the Clebsch potentials associated with the Hamilton-Jacobi formulation of the $p'$ brane can be identified with the $duals$ of the original scalar primitive constituents. Different types of Kalb-Ramond actions are discussed and a particular covariant action is presented which bears a direct relation to the light-cone gauge $p$-brane action. A simple derivation of $S$ and $T$ duality is also given. \medskip
An Exact Membrane Quantization from W(Infinity) Symmetry
Carlos Castro
Physics , 1995,
Abstract: An exact quantization of the spherical membrane moving in flat target spacetime backgrounds is performed. Crucial ingredients are the exact integrabilty of the $3D~SU(\infty)$ continuous Toda equation and the quasi-finite highest weight irreducible representations of $W_{\infty}$ algebras. Both continuous and discrete energy levels are found. The latter are found for periodic-like solutions. Membrane wavefunctionals solutions are found in terms of Bessel's functions and plausible relations to singleton field theory are outlined.
D=11 Supermembrane Instantons, W(infty) Strings and the Super Toda Molecule
Carlos Castro
Physics , 1994,
Abstract: Exact instanton solutions to $D=11$ spherical supermembranes moving in flat target spacetime backgrounds are construted. Our starting point is Super Yang-Mills theories, based on the infinite dimensional $SU(\infty)$ group, dimensionally reduced to one time dimension. In this fashion the super-Toda molecule equation is recovered preserving only one supersymmetry out of the $N=16$ that one would have obtained otherwise. It is conjectured that the expected critical target spacetime dimensions for the (super) membrane, ($D=11$) $D=27$ is closely related to that of the $noncritical$ (super) $W_{\infty}$ strings. A BRST analysis of these symmetries should yield information about the quantum consistency of the ($D=11$) $D=27$ dimensional (super) membrane. Comments on the role that Skyrmions might play in the two types of Spinning- Membrane actions construted so far is presented at the conclusion. Finally, the importance that integrability on light-lines in complex superspaces has in other types of solutions is emphasized.
Large Nonlinear $W_{\infty}$ Algebras from Nonlinear Integrable Deformations of Self Dual Gravity
Carlos Castro
Physics , 1994, DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(95)00467-Y
Abstract: A proposal for constructing a universal nonlinear ${\hat W}_{\infty}$ algebra is made as the symmetry algebra of a rotational Killing-symmetry reduction of the nonlinear perturbations of Moyal-Integrable deformations of $D=4$ Self Dual Gravity (IDSDG). This is attained upon the construction of a nonlinear bracket based on nonlinear gauge theories associated with infinite dimensional Lie algebras. A Quantization and supersymmetrization program can also be carried out. The relevance to the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili hierarchy, $2D$ dilaton gravity, quantum gravity and black hole physics is discussed in the concluding remarks.
String Theory, Scale Relativity and the Generalized Uncertainty Principle
Carlos Castro
Physics , 1995,
Abstract: Extensions (modifications) of the Heisenberg Uncertainty principle are derived within the framework of the theory of Special Scale-Relativity proposed by Nottale. In particular, generalizations of the Stringy Uncertainty Principle are obtained where the size of the strings is bounded by the Planck scale and the size of the Universe. Based on the fractal structures inherent with two dimensional Quantum Gravity, which has attracted considerable interest recently, we conjecture that the underlying fundamental principle behind String theory should be based on an extension of the Scale Relativity principle where both dynamics as well as scales are incorporated in the same footing.
The Noncritical W(infinity) String Sector of the Membrane
Carlos Castro
Physics , 1996,
Abstract: The exact quantum integrability aspects of a sector of the membrane is investigated. It is found that spherical membranes ( in the lightcone gauge) moving in flat target spacetime backgrounds admit a class of integrable solutions linked to $SU(\infty)$ SDYM equations ( dimensionally reduced to one temporal dimension) which, in turn, are related to Plebanski 4D SD Gravitational equations. A further rotational Killing-symmetry reduction yields the 3D continuous Toda theory. It is precisely the latter which bears a direct relationship to non critical $W_\infty$ string theory. The expected critical dimensions for the ( super) membrane , (D=11) and D=27, are easily obtained. This suggests that this particular sector of the membrane's spectrum (connected to the $SU(\infty)$ SDYM equations ) bears a direct connection to a critical $W_\infty$ string spectrum adjoined to a q=N+1 unitary minimal model of the W_N algebra in the $N\rightarrow \infty$ limit. Final comments are made about the connection to Jevicki's observation that the 4D quantum membrane is linked to dilatonic-self dual gravity plus matter . 2D dilatonic ( super) gravity was studied by Ikeda and its relation to nonlinear $W_\infty$ algebras from nonlinear integrable deformations of 4D self dual gravity was studied by the author.The full $SU(\infty)$ YM theory remains to be explored as well as the incipient role that noncritical nonlinear $W_\infty$ strings might have in the full quantization program.
On the Integrability Aspects of the Self Dual Membrane
Carlos Castro
Physics , 1996,
Abstract: The exact quantum integrability aspects of a sector of the membrane is investigated. It is found that spherical membranes moving in flat target spacetime backgrounds admit a class of integrable solutions linked to SU(infty) SDYM equations (dimensionally reduced to one temporal dimension). After a suitable ansatz, the SDYM equations can be recast in the form of the continuous Toda molecule equations whose symmetry algebra is the dimensional reduction of the W (infty} plus {\bar W}(infty} algebra. The latter algebra is explicitly constructed. Highest weight representations are built directly from the infinite number of defining relations among the highest weight states of W(\infty) algebras and the quantum states of the Toda molecule. Discrete states are also constructed. The full (dimensionaly reduced) quantum SU(infty) YM theory remains to be explored.
Incorporating the Scale-Relativity Principle in String Theory and Extended Objects
Carlos Castro
Physics , 1996,
Abstract: First steps in incorporating Nottale's scale-relativity principle to string theory and extended objects are taken. Scale Relativity is to scales what motion Relativity is to velocities. The universal, absolute, impassible, invariant scale under dilatations, in Nature, is taken to be the Planck scale which is not the same as the string scale. Starting with Nambu-Goto actions for strings and other extended objects, we show that the principle of scale-relativity invariance of the world-volume measure associated with the extended objects ( Lorentzian-scalings transformations with respect to the resolutions of the world-volume coordinates) is compatible with the vanishing of the scale-relativity version of the $\beta$ functions : $\beta^G_{\mu\nu}=\beta^X=0$, of the target spacetime metric and coordinates, respectively. Preliminary steps are taken to merge motion relativity with scale relativity and, in this fashion, analogs of Weyl-Finsler geometries make their appearance. The quantum case remains to be studied.
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