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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 225090 matches for " Carlos Alberto Crespo de; "
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Frequency of brain injury in a forensic psychiatric population
Souza, Carlos Alberto Crespo de;
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1516-44462003000400005
Abstract: objective: over the last years, a growing number of studies involving individual patients and/or populations have demonstrated that traumatic brain injuries (tbi) determine innumerable psychiatric symptoms, including significant alterations which may influence diagnoses, prognosis and treatment, not to mention clear psychosocial implications (both legal and those related to social security). the objectives of this study were 1) to detect the existence of tbi in a forensic psychiatric population before the occurrence of the wrongs; 2) to verify whether or not those injuries had been identified by the experts at the psychiatric institution. method: 3,323 records of patients examined by forensic experts at the forensic psychiatric institute dr. maurício cardoso in porto alegre were analyzed; the records covered the period between 1995 and 1999. results: in the studied population, there were 133 cases of tbi prior to the wrongs, 39 of which were mild, and 94, moderate or severe. out of the total number of tbi cases found, 111 cases were not taken into account, many of them having motoric, cognitive, psychic and sensori perception alterations. conclusion: the significant number of patients that had had tbi before having committed a wrong - a fact that had not been considered by the experts (neurologists and psychiatrists) at the institution - is a strong indicator of how little attention is paid to the consequences of these injuries. considering the relevance of the psychosocial aspects, new studies should be conducted in psychiatric populations to increase the knowledge about the consequences of these injuries.
Frequency of brain injury in a forensic psychiatric population
Souza Carlos Alberto Crespo de
Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria , 2003,
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Over the last years, a growing number of studies involving individual patients and/or populations have demonstrated that Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI) determine innumerable psychiatric symptoms, including significant alterations which may influence diagnoses, prognosis and treatment, not to mention clear psychosocial implications (both legal and those related to social security). The objectives of this study were 1) to detect the existence of TBI in a forensic psychiatric population before the occurrence of the wrongs; 2) To verify whether or not those injuries had been identified by the experts at the psychiatric institution. METHOD: 3,323 records of patients examined by forensic experts at the Forensic Psychiatric Institute Dr. Maurício Cardoso in Porto Alegre were analyzed; the records covered the period between 1995 and 1999. RESULTS: in the studied population, there were 133 cases of TBI prior to the wrongs, 39 of which were mild, and 94, moderate or severe. Out of the total number of TBI cases found, 111 cases were not taken into account, many of them having motoric, cognitive, psychic and sensori perception alterations. CONCLUSION: the significant number of patients that had had TBI before having committed a wrong - a fact that had not been considered by the experts (neurologists and psychiatrists) at the institution - is a strong indicator of how little attention is paid to the consequences of these injuries. Considering the relevance of the psychosocial aspects, new studies should be conducted in psychiatric populations to increase the knowledge about the consequences of these injuries.
Renin-Angiotensin System Blockers Protect Pancreatic Islets against Diet-Induced Obesity and Insulin Resistance in Mice
Eliete Dalla Corte Frantz, Camila Crespo-Mascarenhas, Andre Rodrigues C. Barreto-Vianna, Marcia Barbosa Aguila, Carlos Alberto Mandarim-de-Lacerda
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0067192
Abstract: Background The associations between obesity, hypertension and diabetes are well established, and the renin-angiotensin system (RAS) may provide a link among them. The effect of RAS inhibition on type 2 diabetes is still unclear; however, RAS seems to play an important role in the regulation of the pancreas and glucose intolerance of mice fed high-fat (HF) diet. Methods C57BL/6 mice fed a HF diet (8 weeks) were treated with aliskiren (50 mg/kg/day), enalapril (30 mg/kg/day) or losartan (10 mg/kg/day) for 6 weeks, and the protective effects were extensively compared among groups by morphometry, stereological tools, immunostaining, Western blotting and hormonal analysis. Results All RAS inhibitors significantly attenuated the increased blood pressure in mice fed a HF diet. Treatment with enalapril, but not aliskiren or losartan, significantly attenuated body mass (BM) gain, glucose intolerance and insulin resistance, improved the alpha and beta cell mass and prevented the reduction of plasma adiponectin. Furthermore, enalapril treatment improved the protein expression of the pancreatic islet Pdx1, GLUT2, ACE2 and Mas receptors. Losartan treatment showed the greatest AT2R expression. Conclusion Our findings indicate that ACE inhibition with enalapril attenuated several of the deleterious effects of the HF diet. In summary, enalapril appears to be responsible for the normalization of islet morphology and function, of alpha and beta cell mass and of Pdx1 and GLUT2 expression. These protective effects of enalapril were attributed, primarily, to the reduction in body mass gain and food intake and the enhancement of the ACE2/Ang (1-7) /Mas receptor axis and adiponectin levels.
Milton, Minas & Geraes: uma cultura de resistência
Alberto Carlos de Souza
OPSIS : Revista do Departamento de História e Ciências Sociais , 2010,
Abstract: A study that discusses the places of memory in the works phonograph “Minas” and “Geraes”, Milton Nascimento, launched in 1975 and 1976, respectively, seen by critics of the season as the most representative of the “movement” Clube da Esquina. Such works have engendered an environment in which Brazil was experiencing a time of severe political repression, a situation in which Milton and his partners realize the opportunity in “Minas” sing in, in their roots in the countryside, and “Geraes”, sing out, by incorporating elements of its musicality of Latin America. “Minas” and “Geraes” has the meaning of being “places without gaps” - where there is no “desbunde”, on the contrary, an exposition of resistance within the body, passion, feelings, faith and memory - are unable be touched by a system whose premise was the total lack of sensitivity to the human and universal.
Milton Nascimento: una calle llamada mundo
Alberto Carlos De Souza
Barbarói , 2011,
Abstract: El punto de partida de este estudio consistirá en la exploración de la musicalidad de Milton Nascimento y de sus compa eros del “movimiento” “Clube da Esquina”, destacándose la relevancia del conjunto de esa obra para la cultura brasilera. El referido “movimiento” floreció en Minas Gerais en el auge de uno de los períodos más críticos de la historia contemporánea brasilera: la dictadura militar. En tanto, el “Clube da Esquina” – dado a la diversidad de los temas tratados en sus letras y su singularidad poética -, luego se difundió por todo el espacio cultural brasilero. Hablar del “Clube da Esquina” no es tarea fácil porque hay una dolorosa ausencia o pálida presencia de este movimiento en estudios que se ocupan de nuestra música popular. El “Clube da Esquina” fue un círculo de amigos que se reunieron en un peque o pub en la esquina de la Calle Divinópolis y Calle Paraisópolis, en un bucólico barrio de Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais - Brasil), llamado Santa Teresa. Era parte de esa hermandad, interesada en música, cine y poesía, Milton Nascimento, Wagner Tiso, Fernando Brant, Toninho Horta, Beto Guedes, Moura Tavinho, los hermanos L y Marcio Borges, Robertinho Silva, Nivaldo Ornelas, Ronaldo Bastos, Murilo Antunes Nelson Angelo y Novelli, entre otros. En estas reuniones, regadas con mucha cerveza, Milton Nascimento y sus compa eros. Milton fue y sigue siendo la mayor referencia del movimiento “Clube da Esquina”. Abstract The starting point of this study will explore the music of Milton Nascimento and his fellow "movement" "Clube da Esquina", highlighting the relevance of all this work to the Brazilian culture. The aforementioned "movement" flourished in Minas Gerais at the height of one of the most critical periods in Brazilian contemporary history: the military dictatorship. Meanwhile, the "Clube da Esquina" - given the diversity of topics in his lyrics and his unique poetic - and then spread throughout the Brazilian cultural space. Speaking of "Clube da Esquina" is not an easy task because there is a painful absence or presence of this movement pale in studies dealing with popular music. The "Clube da Esquina" was a circle of friends who met in a small pub on the corner of Calle y Calle Divinópolis Paraisópolis, in a bucolic suburb of Belo Horizonte (Minas Gerais - Brazil), called Santa Teresa. It was part of that fellowship, interested in music, film and poetry, Milton Nascimento, Wagner Tiso, Fernando Brant, Toninho Horta, Beto Guedes, Moura Tavinho, brothers and Marcio Borges L , Robertinho Silva, Nivaldo Ornelas, Ronaldo Bastos, Murilo Antunes Nels
Sobre Limites e Possibilidades do Conceito de Enquadramento Jornalístico
CARVALHO, Carlos Alberto de
Contemporanea : Revista de Comunica??o e Cultura , 2009,
Abstract: Since the incorporation into the studies of Journalism by Gaye Tuchman, the concept of framing, borrowed from Erving Goffman, has been useful to understand the ways in which journalism makes intelligible events processed in news narratives. More than an operational concept, framework is also a broad term to clarify the ways in which journalism is related to social actors. However, the analytical possibilities of the concept have some limiting interpretations, existing since the appropriation of Tuchman of this concept as well as difficulties posed by how Goffman deals with the concept of "primary framework", which is central to the concept of framing.
New characid fish, Hyphessobrycon scutulatus, from the rio Teles Pires drainage, upper rio Tapajós system (Ostariophysi: Characiformes: Characidae)
Lucena, Carlos Alberto Santos de;
Neotropical Ichthyology , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S1679-62252003000200003
Abstract: a new species of characid fish, hyphessobrycon scutulatus, is described from the rio teles pires drainage, upper rio tapajós system. the new species is distinct from all hyphessobrycon species by the following characters: inner row premaxillary teeth 7 or 8, all tricuspid; maxilla with 5 to 9 tricuspid teeth; horizontal lateral body stripe or humeral mark absent; and a spot centered on the basal portion of the median caudal-fin rays sometimes extends to the distal portions of those rays.
Formas n?o habituais de uso do tabaco
Viegas, Carlos Alberto de Assis;
Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-37132008001200013
Abstract: there are many preparations for tobacco use, which can be classified as smoking or smokeless tobacco. among the noncigarette preparations that produce smoke, we cite cigars, pipes and narghiles. smokeless tobacco can be found in preparations for chewing or for being absorbed by nasal and oral mucosae (snuff). however, all tobacco products deliver nicotine to the central nervous system and there is a confirmed risk of dependence. in addition, there is no safe form of tobacco use, and tobacco users have a significantly increased risk of morbidity and premature mortality due to tobacco-related diseases.
Epidemiologia dos distúrbios respiratórios do sono
Viegas, Carlos Alberto de Assis;
Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1806-37132010001400002
Abstract: the principal types of sleep-disordered breathing-snoring and obstructive sleep apnea syndrome-are highly prevalent in the general population, although it is believed that the majority of cases continue to go undiagnosed. we should be aware of the principal risk factors that favor the onset of these disorders, such as male gender, obesity, aging and craniofacial features. similarly, systemic arterial hypertension, cardiovascular diseases and metabolic disorders should alert us to the possibility of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.
Revis?o taxon?mica das espécies do gênero Roeboides grupo-affinis (Ostariophysi, Characiformes, Characidae)
Lucena, Carlos Alberto Santos de;
Iheringia. Série Zoologia , 2007, DOI: 10.1590/S0073-47212007000200001
Abstract: a taxonomic study of the species of roeboides affinis-group is presented. seven species are recognized: r. affinis (günther, 1868) which inhabits the amazonian, orinoco, and paraná-paraguay basins, the rivers of guyana and suriname, and tocantins-araguaia system; r. biserialis garman, 1890 from river amazonas basin, r. descalvadensis fowler, 1932 which occurs in the amazonas and paraná-paraguay basins; r. oligistos lucena, 2000 which inhabits the amazonian basin; r. numerosus lucena, 2000 of the river orinoco basin; r. xenodon (reinhardt, 1851) from the river s?o francisco basin, and r. sazimai n. sp., known only from the parnaíba and pindaré-mearim drainages, northeastern brazil. roeboides paranensis pignalberi, 1975 is considered a synonym of r. descalvadensis; roeboides prognathus and r. thurni eigenmann, 1912 are synonyms of r. affinis. lectotypes are designaded to r. affinis, r. biserialis e r. francisci steindachner, 1908. a identification key to the species of roeboides affinis-group is given.
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