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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 10008 matches for " Carina Alexandra Rondini;Mendes "
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Homofobia e sexualidade em adolescentes: trajetórias sexuais, riscos e vulnerabilidades
Teixeira, Fernando Silva;Marretto, Carina Alexandra Rondini;Mendes, Andressa Benini;Santos, Elcio Nogueira dos;
Psicologia: Ciência e Profiss?o , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S1414-98932012000100003
Abstract: this is a descriptive analytical cross-sectional study conducted with 2282 male and female students who attended high school in three cities of the western interior of s?o paulo, brazil. data collection was done by a self-reported questionnaire with 131 questions. this paper discusses the sexual trajectories of these adolescents who enrolled in homoerotic sexual practices or not. these adolescents’ relationships with their families, peer groups and the subject of “coming out” are discussed as political tools. based on sedgwick’s concepts we analyze the moments when “coming out” can be one in many other ways of manifestation of different sexualities in relation to heteronormativity. relying on post-structuralism theories, we also discuss theoretical constructions and discourses about adolescence, pointing at new manifestations of juvenile in contemporaneity. finally, we realize the existence of many factors that affect the decisions of non-heterosexual youths in relation to “coming out of the closet” beyond homophobia: personal events, life stories and even the revelation of their sexuality to their parents and/or to others.
Capacidade, dota??o, talento, habilidades: uma sondagem da conceitua??o pelo ideário dos educadores
Guenther, Zenita Cunha;Rondini, Carina Alexandra;
Educa??o em Revista , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-46982012000100011
Abstract: the present study, while arising from a theoretical basis, is nonetheless, an exploratory study that attempts to identify the basic concepts of special education for is gifted and talented students of brazil. the definitions and notions understood by the subjects, all professionals in the field of education, are captured by probing them, about their opinions on which terms and expressions are commonly used, with which meanings, and in which specific settings. the sample is comprised of 80 educators studying or involved within the area, (group a), and 107 regular school teachers from a state school system in s?o paulo state (group b). very few differences of opinion are registered between the two groups, save a few exceptions, mainly in relation to a knowledge of, and familiarity with, the theoretical framework. both groups indicate conceptual confusion, in particular with the following official terms: super-giftedness and highly-skilled, with the largest rejection load (erroneous understanding) and also the highest media exploitation being allocated to the term, super-gifted. the concepts high ability, high performance and giftedness are defined according to the theoretical framework which differentiates natural ability from acquired ability; the word talent reflects the ambiguity encountered in the area, being referred to, at the same time, as natural ability and also as acquired ability.
Case Study of Children of Referrals to Health Services: An Individualizing Design?  [PDF]
Carina Alexandra Rondini, Camila Incau, Ver?nica Lima dos Reis-Yamauti
Creative Education (CE) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2015.62022
Abstract: Nowadays education for all is recommended as an international action. However in Brazil one can observe homogeneous practices for a heterogeneous public. When the student has learning difficulties, there seems to be an attempt to normalization and pathologization by the means of referral, many times being indiscriminate, to health services. This case study aimed to analyze records of pedagogical strategies to meet the students educational needs before sending them to health services. Two records sent to a multidisciplinary team of a Regional Specialty Clinic (ARE) in a city of the state of São Paulo/Brazil, were used. The results reflect that the records of the educators do not show the pedagogical strategies used with the students and that the education system still seeks homogeneous classes, devaluating the diversity present in its context.
Idea es e tentativas de suicídio em adolescentes com práticas sexuais hetero e homoeróticas Suicide thoughts and attempts of suicide in adolescents with hetero and homoerotic sexual practices
Fernando Silva Teixeira-Filho,Carina Alexandra Rondini
Saúde e Sociedade , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/s0104-12902012000300011
Abstract: Esta pesquisa, que teve como popula o-alvo adolescentes com idade entre 12 e 20 anos, residentes em três municípios do interior Paulista, buscou conhecer as associa es entre orienta o sexual e idea es e tentativas de suicídio. Corroborando com as pesquisas internacionais, evidenciou-se que os n o heterossexuais têm mais chances de pensarem e tentarem suicídio, comparativamente aos heterossexuais. Todavia, encontrou-se que, dentre o grupo de adolescentes que se assumiram n o heterossexuais, os que est o mais vulneráveis s o aqueles que se autodefiniram bissexuais e "outros", os quais constituem o grupo de pessoas menos assumidas, dentre os n o heterossexuais. Do mesmo modo, constatou-se que os respondentes apresentam diversas opini es e valores homofóbicos, sexistas e heterocentrados, o que revela ser o espa o escolar, onde se encontram esses jovens n o heterossexuais, bastante carregado de posicionamentos discursivos discriminatórios. Conclui-se que a quest o do suicídio é uma problemática de saúde pública e que a popula o de jovens n o heterossexuais necessita de abordagens específicas para a preven o e de aten o relativas a essa conduta. This survey, which had as the target population adolescents aged between 12 and 20 years living in three municipalities in S o Paulo, sought to investigate the associations between sexual orientation and ideation and suicide attempts. Confirming international research findings, it is showed that non-heterosexuals are more likely to attempt and think about suicide, compared to heterosexuals. However, we found that among the group of teenagers who assumed to be non-heterosexuals, the most vulnerable are those who define themselves as bisexual and "other", which constitute the group of people less assumed, among non-heterosexuals. Similarly, it was found that the respondents have different homophobic, sexist and heterocentric opinions and values, which turn out to be the school environment, where these young non-heterosexual study, loaded with enough discriminatory discursive positions. We conclude that the issue of suicide is a public health problem and that the population of young non-heterosexual needs specific approaches for prevention and care in respect to this conduct.
Reflex?es sobre homofobia e educa??o em escolas do interior paulista
Teixeira-Filho, Fernando Silva;Rondini, Carina Alexandra;Bessa, Juliana Cristina;
Educa??o e Pesquisa , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1517-97022011000400004
Abstract: this is a survey conducted in 2009 with 2,282 students of both sexes enrolled in the three grades of high school in three cities of the west of sao paulo state (assis, presidente prudente and ourinhos). the data collection instrument was a self-administered and anonymous questionnaire with 131 questions. in this article, we reflect on how in schools the research participants reproduce and reinforce the hegemonic discourses of control of sexualities guided by the attempt to promote heterosexuality as the only form of sexual intelligibility, to the detriment of other forms of expression of sexuality. we discuss how homophobia and the devices of social control of sexuality (re) produce prejudices and stereotypies, resulting in vulnerabilities that non-heterosexual teenagers have, such as homophobic victimization, social and affective isolation, ideations and suicide attempts. the study shows that the invariant were discrimination, homophobic violence and the insults that are perpetrated in the values and discourses of adolescents at school and in their family, demonstrating the institutionalization of homophobia as a regulatory practice of the psychological and social construction of gender and sexual identities. we highlight how important it is for the school to appropriate the means of deconstruction of heterocentric normativity to preserve the rights and citizenship of the people who do not identify with the prevailing models of heterosexuality.
Família, adolescência e estilos parentais
Rinhel-Silva, Claudia Maria;Constantino, Elizabeth Piemonte;Rondini, Carina Alexandra;
Estudos de Psicologia (Campinas) , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-166X2012000200008
Abstract: the goal of this research was to identify parenting styles among families from contexts of high social vulnerability. we therefore interviewed 62 teenagers of both sexes between the ages of 12 and 17 and their respective families. research tools employed a scale of demandingness and responsiveness applied collectively to the teenagers and an analysis was undertaken of documents from the families' files. the main findings showed that such families were normally large and varied in structure and that the teenagers perceived their parents to be more authoritative than negligent.
The Development of a Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) Procedure for Plague Diagnostic  [PDF]
Mariana de Lira Nunes, Carina Lucena Mendes-Marques, Alzira Maria Paiva de Almeida, Nilma Cintra Leal
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2014.516114
Abstract: Plague caused by Yersinia pestis is one of the infectious diseases subject to the International Health Regulations (IHR). Permanent monitoring of the focal plague areas is mandatory in order to enable prompt control measures to prevent the spread of the disease. Therefore, the availability of efficient diagnosis tests is of paramount importance. Here, we describe a loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP)-based procedure for rapid Y. pestis detection. We constructed a set of LAMP primers, which were used in assays to establish the reaction conditions that would lead to the quick visualization of the results by evaluating the test tube with the naked eye. The primers were specifically designed to target the caf1 gene located on pFra/Tox (pMT), a prototypical plasmid of Y. pestis. The LAMP procedure was performed at 65°C for 45 min in a water bath and allowed for the detection of at least 10 pg of bacterial DNA. Due to its simplicity, specificity, sensitivity and rapidity, the LAMP technique is an additional tool that may be implemented in routine plague diagnoses, especially in emergencies.
Pesquisa de atividade sulfito redutase em leveduras de origem enológica
Neto, Luciano;Mendes-Ferreira, Ana Alexandra;
Ciência e Tecnologia de Alimentos , 2005, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-20612005000200016
Abstract: hydrogen sulphide (h2s) is a by-product of alcoholic fermentation that has an off-odour like rotten eggs. the amount of h2s produced during winemaking is influenced by the yeast strain and must composition. the purpose of this work was to evaluate the ability of indigenous wine yeast to produce h2s, and select isolates low-sulphide producers. sulphite reductase activity was screened in 259 isolates from musts and wines in biggy agar medium. the results demonstrate that non-saccharomyces yeasts were higher h s-producers than those strains of saccharomyces used in this study. the relationship between h2s production and medium composition was evaluated in 25 isolates that displayed low h2s production on biggy agar. for that, 11 natural grape musts and a chemically defined grape juice medium with bismuth citrate as indicator were used. the results demonstrate that the must composition influenced significantly the ability of the yeast to produce h2s. the use of natural grape juice with bismuth citrate as indicator is an adequate medium to predict the potential of a determined yeast strain to produce h s in a specific must.
Loop-Mediated Isothermal Amplification (LAMP) for the Detection of Listeria monocytogenes and Major Pathogenic Serotypes  [PDF]
Ana Paula Rocha da Costa, Mariana de Lira Nunes, Carina Lucena Mendes-Marques, Alzira Maria Paiva de Almeida, Nilma Cintra Leal
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2014.516112
Abstract: Rapid identification and characterization of Listeria monocytogenes are required for the food industry, epidemiological studies, and disease prevention and control. However, typing procedures are labor-intensive and time-consuming, and they require technical expertise, a panel of sera and reference culture strains or sophisticated and expensive equipment. To improve upon traditional diagnostic methods for L. monocytogenes we developed and evaluated an efficient procedure for the specific identification of L. monocytogenes and the major pathogenic serotypes of the species based on loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP). Four individual reactions were designed using primers targeting any L. monocytogenes serotypes (LAMP-AS) and the 1/2a (LAMP-1/2a), 1/2b (LAMP-1/2b), and 4b (LAMP-4b) serotypes. The procedure distinguished L. monocytogenes from closely genetically related species and the targeted serotypes. Cross-reactivity with a few rare serotypes isolated from food or clinical samples did not impair the usefulness of the procedure. Thus, our approach constitutes a fast, easy and low-cost alternative for L. monocytogenes diagnosis and serotyping and may be useful for surveillance and epidemiological investigation programs.
Knowledge, attitude and practices study on reproductive health among secondary school students in Bolgatanga, Upper East Region, Ghana
S Rondini, JK Krugu
African Journal of Reproductive Health , 2009,
Abstract: This study was conducted within the secondary school student population of the Bolgatanga community, in Northern Ghana, to learn about knowledge, attitude and practices of reproductive health of this adolescent student population. Both quantitative and qualitative data were collected on adolescence perception, STIs and HIV/AIDS, family planning, male-female relationship, and vulnerability to sexual violence. The data collected show a concerning low familiarity of the student population with family planning methods and HIV/AIDS transmission, which, combined with minimal contraceptive use, pose them at high risk for unwanted pregnancies and sexual infections transmission. We argue that poor infrastructures and low accessibility of these rural areas in Northern Ghana may have led to uneven distribution of reproductive health educational programs in the country, urging more programs and interventions aimed particularly at these high risk groups (Afr J Reprod Health 2009; 13[4]:51-66).
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