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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 61 matches for " Caracas "
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Días sin TV: la salud del hombre
Nelson González Leal
Revista Latina de Comunicación Social , 2004,
Abstract: Hoy hace una tarde tranquila. Por la ventana lateral del apartamento se cuela un zumbido espasmódico y ligero, lo producen los escasos automóviles que cruzan la avenida de cuando en cuando. El edificio que habito parece un Titán dormido, trasmite una molicie áspera y duradera, pero eso no quiebra la armonía del ambiente, por el contrario, le otorga sentido al clima, que es casi tibio. Son las cinco pasado el meridiano y los árboles juguetean con una brisa ligera y torpe, que de cuando en cuando choca con los cristales de las ventanas y se dispersa en fuga. Yo me acerco al balcón y observo las construcciones vecinas. Son moles grises, aunque su color sea blanco, verde o azul, parecen grises y dormitan igual que la antigua estructura desde donde fisgoneo. Vivo en una zona residencial de clase media, construida al interés de personas dispuestas a la caminata diurna y la larga y serena conversación vespertina. A doscientos metros de donde estoy hay una plaza, muchos árboles, una estación del Metro, varios locales comerciales y una gran avenida principal. Vivo en Altamira, baluarte de la reacción sociopolítica al gobierno del ex teniente coronel del ejército Hugo Chávez Frías.
Caracas: una ciudad de múltiples indefiniciones
Alvarez, R.
CONHISREMI , 2009,
Abstract: The city of Caracas is defined as a unit in space with a complex administrative organization, where a wide diversity of executive authorities coexists (governors, mayors, etc) at different levels and from different entities (Federal District and Miranda State) mixed in an undefined political and administrative space. The main argument for the creation of the Chief Town District was to warrant the city governability and give a chance to enhance decentralization. The final form of this idea, included in the Republic Constitution in 1999, did not solve any of these problems but make them deeper. It is necessary to pose this discussion again recalling the original arguments of the proposers aimed to create a two level govern and then consider a new inclusion in the Constitution to support new changes in the territorial and political division of the country.
Una nueva especie Venezolana de stylosanthes (leguminosae: papilionoideae: dalbergieae) A new Venezuelan species of stylosanthes (leguminosae: papilionoideae: dalbergieae)
Teodardo Calles,Rainer Schultze-Kraft
Acta Botánica Venezuelica , 2009,
Abstract: Se describe e ilustra una nueva especie de leguminosa de Venezuela, Stylosanthes venezuelensis Calles et Schultze-Kr., proveniente de los alrededores de Caracas. Se indican las diferencias entre este nuevo taxon y S. scabra Vogel, especie con la cual está cercanamente relacionada. A new Venezuelan species of Leguminosae, Stylosanthes venezuelensis Calles et Schultze-Kr., collected in Caracas, is described and illustrated. The differences between the new taxon and S. scabra Vogel, a closely related species, are indicated.
Caracas: evolución relacional multipleja
Antonio de Lisio
Cuadernos del Cendes , 2011,
Abstract: Este artículo intenta bosquejar la evolución de Caracas en relación con el territorio de sustento ecobásico. Es una aproximación a la historia relacional subyacente tejida a la luz de los conceptos de metabolismo urbano y capacidad de carga que hoy, como habitantes de este planeta, nos orientan a la búsqueda de estrategias para evitar el colapso por entropía enunciado por la segunda ley de la termodinámica. Se delinea el camino coevolutivo alternativo de la ciudad, en el marco del cual se precisa su llegada a un nuevo umbral que requiere la implementación de la propuesta de la Región Eco-Metropolitana Sustentable de Caracas (REMSCA). Esta es una opción técnica y normativamente viable para articular negentrópicamente el aún subestimado e indefectible devenir común que enlaza la capital con su multipleja periferia. The article aims to outline Caracas’ evolution in relation to the echo-basic sustenance territory. It offers an approach to the underlying relational history woven in the light of the concepts of urban metabolism and carrying capacity; concepts that today lead us, as inhabitants of this planet, to look for strategies to avoid the collapse by entropy enunciated by the second law of thermodynamics. An alternative co-evolutionary path for the city is delineated. In that context it will arrive to a new threshold that requires the implementation of the Caracas Sustainable Eco-Metropolitan Region: A technically and normatively viable option to articulate in a negentropic way the underrated and unavoidable circumstances that link the capital to its multiplex periphery.
Una nueva especie Venezolana de stylosanthes (leguminosae: papilionoideae: dalbergieae)
Calles,Teodardo; Schultze-Kraft,Rainer;
Acta Botánica Venezuelica , 2009,
Abstract: a new venezuelan species of leguminosae, stylosanthes venezuelensis calles et schultze-kr., collected in caracas, is described and illustrated. the differences between the new taxon and s. scabra vogel, a closely related species, are indicated.
Veinticinco a?os de la Unidad de Neuro-oftalmología del Hospital Vargas de Caracas (1980-2005) Apuntes para una biografía
Muci-Mendoza,Rafael;
Gaceta Médica de Caracas , 2007,
Abstract: the systematic study of the conditions that affect the visual organ and its relations with the central nervous system began in this country with the neuro-ophthalmology unit of the vargas hospital in caracas, ascribed to the department of clinical medicine ?b? of the ?josé maría vargas? medical school, attached to the faculty of medicine of the central university of venezuela. founded in 1980 as a teaching clinic, the unit has stayed active for more than 25 years and is unique in its field. it has maintained its place based on four fundamental principles: assistance, education, clinical research and expansion. it treats patients from the vargas hospital and from other centers of the country, through an active external consultation scheme, free of charge, in which close to 16 follow-up patients and 4 first-time patients are tended to daily. subsequently, based on extensive clinical experience, the unit progressed into post-graduate education, receiving close to 40 residents from ophthalmology, neurology and neuro-pediatrics programs each year for short periods for direct and supervised teaching. additionally, especialists have been accepted for a one-year ?fellowship? program in neuro-ophthalmology. thirty-two fellows (24 venezuelans and 8 foreigners) have graduated from this program: 26 ophthalmologists, 3 neurologists and 4 internists, many of which will assume taching duties in their own countries. over the years, based on a sample of treated patients, continued clinical research of neuro-ophthalmologic problems is undertaken, which has allowed the evaluation, unraveling and publishing of the regional differences of certain clinical conditions. subsequently, with the assistance of its personnel, the unit has expanded its influence to other hospitals as well as national and international institutions, running courses and lectures and conducting clinical exercises with patients.
Modernización, medicina, enfermedades y salud pública en la ciudad de Caracas (1870-77)
Yépez Colmenares, Germán;
História, Ciências, Saúde-Manguinhos , 2002, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-59702002000400005
Abstract: between 1870 and 1877, under general antonio guzmán blanco's first period of government, a set of measures was inaugurated with the intent of modernizing venezuelan society, government, and the state. the city of caracas was a prime setting in which to undertake a series of reformist works and measures meant to transform the capital into an urban space boasting features similar to europe's major cities. standing among the years' main developments are the practice and teaching of medicine, measures seeking to improve public health conditions, and the express desire to use legal norms and resolutions to attack the principle diseases afflicting caracas residents. the government and its circle of professional elites sought to set the stage to attract capital and european immigrants.
Los arrabales. Aproximación a la periferia de Caracas a fines del siglo XVIII
Salazar,Rosario;
Argos , 2008,
Abstract: the creation of neighborhood mayors and the issue, in 1775 and 1778, of the main documents controlling their functions, provide an opportunity to explore those which must have been the most remarkable characteristics of the outskirts of caracas by the late 18th century. as other produced by the town council and the governor of the province, such normative was aimed at regulating and controlling the population?s social behavior. in this article, serve to the analysis of the spatial and functional shaping of the city outskirts, also known as arrabales.
A la sombra de la alameda
Blondet Serfaty, José Enrique
Revista de Indias , 2008,
Abstract: At the end of the XVIII century, in Caracas, a promenade related to Paseo del Prado, Madrid, was projected by the Governor Manuel González y Torres de Navarra. Small evidence of its construction has led some historians to assert that la alameda was never built. However, after examining historic documents, old maps and planes or the city, this article advances the alameda was indeed built to survive the 1812's earthquake, and the Independence war. In 1858, another promenade, el paseo de Caracas was projected on the same site were la alameda was once located. A finales del siglo XVIII, y promovida por el gobernador Manuel González y Torres de Navarra, se proyectó en la provincia de Caracas una alameda que estaría emparentada con el Paseo del Prado de Madrid. La escasa información sobre este proyecto ha contribuido a que muchos historiadores duden de su existencia. Sin embargo, la revisión de fuentes documentales y antiguos planos de la ciudad permiten deducir que la alameda no sólo se construyó, sino que sobrevivió a los embates del terremoto de 1812 y la Guerra de Independencia, sirviendo de base para la propuesta del Paseo de Caracas que, en 1858, se propuso en ese mismo lugar.
Attracting higher income class to public transport in socially clustered cities. The case of Caracas. / Atracción del mayor nivel de ingresos al transporte público en las ciudades socialmente segregadas. El caso de Caracas.
Flórez, Josefina
Revista de Urbanismo , 2000, DOI: doi: 10.5354/0717-5051.2000.12312
Abstract: In Caracas, as in most socially clustered cities, modal split is highly related to income. High income population is mostly car dependant, while lower income people are captive of public transport. This typical situation is explained by world-wide social values and fashion but also by the fact that new, segregated residential areas for the upper social levels have been located in areas poorly served by public transport, creating a dependency on the private car. It is not surprising that, during the 1970's, a high proportion of Caracas's middle and high-income citizens were systematically using their car even in areas where there was a good offer of public transport. What is more unusual is to realise that, since 1983 when the metro system was inaugurated, there is a new pattern of travel behaviour. The metro has mainly attracted high-income people. Besides the few of them who have transferred from surface to underground public transport, many of the wealthier patrons seem to be regular car users that presently take the metro when it provides a good alternative. Currently, the transit system in Caracas is comprised of four main modes: the metro (since 1983); the "por puesto", which are minibus vehicles of 18 to 32 seats; the jeeps, which are dual traction vehicles of up to 12 seat (most of them serving hilly areas, basically slums); and the bus system, consisting of metro-bus and private operators. CA Metro operates the metro and, since 1987, metro-bus lines, which are bus feeder services to its heavy rail metro operation that extend the cover area of the system into the less central zones of the city. While the metro and metro-bus offer transit services to middle and high income users, the mini-buses and jeeps provide flexible transit service to low income groups. The metro and metro-bus services are more reliable and offer higher quality that mini-buses and jeeps. This higher quality service is one of the main attributes attracting the wealthier people to metro and metro-bus. Also, since the inauguration of the metro, a strong advertising of the service has been promoting its use and creating a different civic behaviour of the system's users. It is well known in Caracas that local people are much more civilised when underground". The aim of the paper is to provide a quantitative explanation of the phenomenon, identifying the sociological variables that have induced the observed changes in modal choice for the higher income class and establishing the influence of the promotion of the metro and metro-bus services in this behaviour. The analysis of the dat
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