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Elemental Analysis and Mapping of Some Natural Waters in Eastern Black Sea Region and Investigation of Their Effects on Environment and Human Health
Ya?ar Kobya, Cafer Mert Yeilkanat
Dogal Afetler ve Cevre Dergisi , 2017, DOI: 10.21324/dacd.279037
Abstract: In this study, it was aimed to make an elemental analysis of the natural spring waters in 7 cities (Artvin, Rize, Trabzon, Giresun, Ordu, Gümü?hane and Bayburt) in the Eastern Black Sea region and to determine the elemental distribution of the entire region using geostatistical analysis with the help of this analysis. In accordance with this purpose, elemental analyses (Na, Al, P, Cl, K, Ca, V, Mn, Fe, Ni, Cu, Zn) were carried out with the help of ICP-OES device for 40 samples of natural spring water in Eastern Black Sea Region. The average chemical analysis values ??for each element in Eastern Black Sea Region were as 10270, 215, 122, 4749, 1093, 15960, 59, 5, 89, 18, 10 and 90 μg / L, respectively. The results were generally consistent with the permissible limits of World Health Organization and the Ministry of Health of the Republic of Turkish. In addition, a general harmony was observed as a result of the comparison made with similar studies carried out at different points in the world. Using geostatistical analysis, the distribution of each element was determined and mapped in the study area. By means of these distribution maps, an estimated result could also be obtained about the chemical distributions of waters in unsampled locations. Finally, the possible effects of the analyzed elements on human health and which areas being under risk due to excess elements were discussed in this study.
Spin Configurations in the Rectangular Lattice  [PDF]
Gulistan Mert, Hasan Sevki Mert
World Journal of Condensed Matter Physics (WJCMP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/wjcmp.2013.34030
Abstract: Using matrix method, the possible spin configurations have been determined for four sublattices in rectangular lattice taking into account only nearest-neighbor exchange interactions. We obtain collinear and non-collinear spin configurations in the ground and the first excited states for the three different propagation vectors. When k = 0, depending on the sign of exchange parameters, we find a ferromagnetic mode and three antiferromagnetic modes. When k = [1, 1] and [1.5, 1.5], we find non-collinear (canted) spin configurations. Moreover, we observe that spins of some sublattices in the excited state change their orientations.

Sleep Apnea Detection Using Adaptive Neuro Fuzzy Inference System  [PDF]
Cafer Avci, G?khan Bilgin
Engineering (ENG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/eng.2013.510B054
Abstract:

This paper presents an efficient and easy implemented method for detecting minute based analysis of sleep apnea. The nasal, chest and abdominal based respiratory signals extracted from polysomnography recordings are obtained from PhysioNet apnea-ECG database. Wavelet transforms are applied on the 1-minute and 3-minute length recordings. According to the preliminary tests, the variances of 10th and 11th detail components can be used as discriminative features for apneas. The features obtained from total 8 recordings are used for training and testing of an adaptive neuro fuzzy inference system (ANFIS). Training and testing process have been repeated by using the randomly obtained five different sequences of whole data for generalization of the ANFIS. According to results, ANFIS based classification has sufficient accuracy for apnea detection considering of each type of respiratory. However, the best result is obtained by analyzing the 3-minute length nasal based respiratory signal. In this study, classification accuracies have been obtained greater than 95.2% for each of the five sequences of entire data.

Origin of Dolomitization in Demirkazık Formation (Adana-Turkey)  [PDF]
Cengiz Yeti?, Bayram Ali Mert, Meryem Ye?ilot Kaplan
Journal of Geoscience and Environment Protection (GEP) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/gep.2017.56014
Abstract: Demirkazık formation consisting of the limestones and dolomites is common in the Adana, Turkey. In this study, it is aimed to find the origin of dolomitization by preparing a detailed geological map. For this purpose, firstly, thin section/polished section and, chemical analysis of the twenty-one samples characterizing dolomitization of the field were prepared and examined. In the chemical analyzes, 21 samples were determined MgO-CaO ratio. Geological map was prepared by field study and MgO contents of the samples that are known coordinates in the chemical data, and the regions where dolomitization was effective were determined. Dolomitization in these carbonates occurs at early stages and late stages. Two dolomite types are petrographically determined; (1) fine crystalline dolomite (TD-1) with 10 - 25 μm crystal size and (2) coarse crystalline dolomite (TD-2) with 50 - 120 μm crystal size. TD-1 is formed by synsedimentary replacement and TD-2 derived from TD-1. The evidence of dolomitization due to pressure changes in the TD-2 dolomites is evidence of late diagenetic. There are three types of carbonate by chemical data; limestone, dolomitic limestone, calcitic dolomite and MgCO3 ratio of these is increased respectively. The rate of dolomitization is very variable and at the fracture regions, the Mg ratio increases, indicating that tectonism is the cause of dolomitization.
ZIYA GOKALP’S ECONOMIC VIEWS - Z YA G KALP’ N KT SAD G Rü LER
Cafer VAYN?
Istanbul Journal of Sociological Studies , 2012,
Abstract: Ziya Gokalp’s economic views are discussed in this article. Ziya Gokalp, told a portion of his opinions about the development of Turkey. He took the time to discuss economic issues and has expressed them succintly. Some of these issues - as the Customs Union, the status of state-owned enterprises ... - continue to be discussed today. For this reason, the economic ideas of Gokalp continue to be significant and current till today. zetBu makalede Ziya G kalp’in iktisadi g rü leri ele al nm t r. Ziya G kalp’ n, Türkiye’nin kalk nmas ile ilgili g rü lerinin bir k sm n anlatt k. O, zaman n n iktisad meselelerini ele alarak, onlar iyi bir ekilde ifade etmi tir. Bu konular n bir k sm günümüzde de tart lmaya devam etmektedir. Gümrük Birli i, K T’lerin durumu gibi... Ziya G kalp’in, Cumhuriyet kurulurken ifade etti i iktisad fikirlerinin bir k sm hala güncelli ini korumaktad r. Bu nedenle G kalp’in iktisad dü ünceleri de günümüzde nemini ve de erini korumaktad r.
Assessment of Contractility for Fontan Connections  [PDF]
Mert Kestelli, Sahin Bozok
World Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery (WJCS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/wjcs.2014.44008
Abstract: This study is performed to investigate the effect of Fontan operations on cardiac contractility. Investigation of articles about the contractility in Fontan published in PubMed up to now revealed that the measurement of contractility values did not include the rudimentary ventricle. Connections between right atrium and right ventricle as well as right atrium and pulmonary artery were studied in the same group as well. In our opinion, for the single ventricular physiology, the RA-RV and RA-PA connected patients’ preload and afterload values cannot be calculated in the same group since volume of rudimentary ventricles must be considered from this point of view as well.
Neonatal mortality rates of a department
R Gül Ye?iltepe Mutlu,Serdar C?mert,Ay?a Vitrinel,Turgut A?z?kuru
Medical Journal of Bakirk?y , 2006,
Abstract: Objective: According to the World Health Organization reports approximately 4 million babies die during the first 4 weeks of their lives. The majority of these neonatal deaths occur during the first week of life. The most important causes of neonatal mortality are prematurity, congenital anomalies, infections, perinatal asphyxia and traumatic delivery. Material and Methods: In this study medical records of the neonates who died during neonatal period were retrospectively evaluated. Perinatal-maternal risk factors, causes and rate of neonatal mortality were determined. Results: The mortality rate was 6.53%. Twenty three of 28 neonates (82.14%) died during the first week of life, whereas 5 (17,86%) after seventh day. Early neonatal mortality was found to be 6.55 per 1000 live births. The most common cause (42.8%) of neonatal mortality was prematurity and Respiratory Distress Syndrome (RDS). Other causes in decreasing frequency were neonatal sepsis (%21.4), congenital anomalies (%14.2), hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy (%7.1), meconium aspiration syndrome (%7.1), cyanotic congenital heart disease (%3.5) and intraventricular hemorrhage (%3.5). Conclusion: As a result the majority of neonatal deaths were due to complications of premature labor and infections. Prevention of premature labor, sufficient antenatal maternal care, and establishment of good delivery conditions to decrease neonatal infections and medical care after delivery could help to decrease neonatal mortality rates.
Breeding Performance of a Captive Chukar Partridge (Alectoris chukar) Flock
Alper Yilmaz,Cafer Tepeli
Journal of Animal and Veterinary Advances , 2012,
Abstract: In this study, chukar partridges (Alectoris chukar) were caught from mountains located in Ermenek province of Konya. The partridges, 4 males and 12 females, were placed in an indoor enclosure that was 15 m2. The enclosure was designed to contain different types of substrate, rocks and bushes to resemble the natural habitat of the species. The birds were exposed to 16 h of light, 8 h of darkness. In the breeding season, a total of 150 hatching eggs were gathered and 125 chicks were ultimately hatched and reared. These chicks were put into 20 breeding cages that were 0.65x0.40x0.48 m WidthxDepthxHigh (WxDxH). One male and 3 females were placed in each cage. The daily light period was increased from initially 12 h light and 12 h darkness to 16 h light and 8 h darkness. Egg production, overall fertility, overall hatchability and hatchability of the fertile eggs were measured over 2 years as 39 eggs female-1, 68.22, 61.97, 89.95%, respectively in year one and 28.54 eggs female-1, 68.84, 57.83 and 83.43%, respectively in 2 years. As a result of the study, it is clear that chukar partridge can be raised under intensive captive conditions when some management techniques are provided. Therefore, ecological balance can be recreated for chukar partridge population in natural habitat by way of rearing and releasing of chukar partridges.
TURGAY ERDENER’ N KLARNET KON ERTOSUNUN FORM ANAL Z
Hat?ra Ahmedli Cafer
Idil Dergisi , 2012, DOI: 10.7816/idil-01-03-02
Abstract: Being one of the contemporary Turkish composers, Turgay Erdener created a Turkish Concerto embodying contemporary effects as he composed Clarinet Concerto for Clarinet and Orchestra in 1995. The first movement of this composition, which was composed in three movements, was composed in sonata form and the other two movements were composed in rondo form. The development together with the execution of the reprise in the first movement, and the use of rondo rather than the classical form in the second and third movements, elevate the dramaturgy of this concerto to a tragedy. Overall analysis of this composition reveals it as a contemporary and epic Turkish concerto.
LITERATURE OF FECR- AT / FECR- T ENCüMEN EDEB YATI
Dr. Cafer ?EN
Turkish Studies , 2009,
Abstract: Fecr-i Ati Encümeni represented the II.Constitutional Period Literature with twenty-four poetsand authors alone. These authors and poets becamesignificant names of the National Literature and TurkishLiterature of the Republican Era.With the proclamation ofthe II. Constitutional Period the periodicals andnewspapers, which had carried on their activitiesunderground in the Hamidian era, came into the picture.The literary works, which are not only serialized in theseperiodicals and newspapers but are also published asbooks are about daily, worthless political and socialsubjects. The Fecr-i Ati Encümeni was established in thiscircumstance. It reminds people that literature was ahigher level of esthetic of perception and arguing. InitiallyFecr-i Ati poets and authors were sympathizers of theCommittee of Union and Progress due to Committee’sopposition to Abdulhamid. However, the assassination ofthe Ahmet Samim, who was a member of Fecr-i AtiEncümeni, had a negative impact on the relationsbetween Fecr-i Ati and the Committee of Union andProgress. In the II. Constitutional Period, Fecr-i Atibecame target of various groups due to their innovativeviews on literature. Hilal Newspaper, where the Fecr-i Atipoets and authors gathered, was raided. Whereas, theywanted to stay away from the political chaos of theperiod.
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