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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 620 matches for " CE Lamien "
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Acute toxicity and antioxydant property of Striga hermonthica (Del.) Benth (Scrophulariaceae)
M Kiendrebeogo, M-G Dijoux-Franca, CE Lamien, A Meda, D Wouessidjewe
African Journal of Biotechnology , 2005,
Abstract: Plants containing flavonoids have been reported to possess strong antioxidant properties. The aqueous acetone extract of Striga hermonthica was further separated into aqueous and ethyl acetate fractions and assayed for their in vitro antioxidant properties using 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH). The crude extract exhibits a weak antioxidant activity (IC50 of 95.27±2.30 ìg/ml) and an insignificant acute toxicity on mice (LD50: 1753±44 mg/kg). Luteolin was isolated and identified by mean of its spectral data as the main DPPH radical scavenger of the ethyl acetate fraction, exhibiting an IC50 value of 6.80±1.46 ìg/ml. These results suggest an antioxidant potential for S. hermonthica.
Regeneración ósea guiada para el aumento vertical del reborde alveolar Guided osseous regeneration for the vertical augmentation of the alveolar ridge
CE Nappe,CE Baltodano
Revista Clínica de Periodoncia, Implantología y Rehabilitación Oral , 2013,
Abstract: Se considera como aumento óseo vertical, cualquier técnica que apunte a crear una mayor altura del reborde alveolar. A inicios de la década de los 90’s se empezó a utilizar la regeneración ósea guiada (ROG) en mandíbulas atróficas, con el fin de permitir la instalación de implantes óseointegrados. Con el fin de evaluar y exponer parte de la evidencia disponible en la actualidad, con respecto a la ROG para aumento óseo vertical, se realizó la siguiente revisión bibliográfica. Any technique aimed to improve the alveolar ridge height is considered as a vertical bone augmentation procedure. In the early 90’s guided bone regeneration (GBR) procedures began to be used in atrophic mandibles to allow the installation of osseointegrated dental implants. The following bibliographic review was made with the purpose of evaluating and exposing part of the available evidence at present in this field.
Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activities of Combretum nioroense Aubrév. Ex Keay (Combretaceae)
T.H. Coulidiati,H. Millogo-Kone,A. Lamien-Meda,C.E. Lamien
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: In this study, the antioxidant and antibacterial activities of acetone extract, ethyl acetate, n-butanol and n-hexane fractions of acetone extract from leaves of Combretum nioroense Aubrév. ex Keay were investigated. The total phenolics and total flavonoids contents in the fractions and acetone extract were determined by spectrophotometric methods using Folin-Ciocalteu and AlCl3, respectively. Two methods were adopted to assess the antioxidant activities: the Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power (FRAP) and the radical scavenging activity of 2, 2’-azinobis (3-ethylbenzothiozoline-6-sulfonate) radical cation (ABTS). The Minimum Inhibitory Concentrations (MICs) of the extract and fractions against pathogenic bacteria (4) and serotyped bacteria (4) from American Type Culture Collection (ATCC) were also determined using the agar-well diffusion method. The results showed that the butanol fraction, with the highest phenolic content, exhibited the best antioxidant and antibacterial activities as compared to the ethyl acetate fraction which contains more flavonoids.
Polyphenol Contents and Antioxidant Activities of Five Indigofera Species (Fabaceae) from Burkina Faso
S. Bakasso,A. Lamien-Meda,C.E. Lamien,M. Kiendrebeogo
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: Aqueous acetone extracts prepared from five Indigofera species of Burkina Faso, namely Indigofera colutea (Burm.) Murril., I. macrocalyx Guilld et Perr., I. nigritana Hook f., I. pulchra willd. and I. tinctoria L., were investigated for their phytochemical composition and their antioxidant activities. Standard methods and TLC were used to screen the phytochemical composition. The total phenolic and flavonoid content of extracts were assessed by Folin-Ciocalteu and AlCl3 methods, respectively. These extracts were also evaluated for their antioxidant potentials using ferric reducing antioxidant power (FRAP), 2,2-diphenyl-l-picrylhydrazyl (DPPH) and 2,2`-azinobis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulphonate) (ABTS) assays. Flavonoids, saponins, quinones, sterols/triterpenes and tannins were present in all these species except for I. pulchra where quinones were not found. Gallic acid, caffeic acid, rutin and myricetin in I. colutea; gallic acid, quercitrin, myricetin in I. tinctoria; galangin and myricetin in I. macrocalyx were identified by thin layer chromatography. Among these, I. colutea, I. tinctoria, I. nigritana and I. macrocalyx, which had the highest phenolic content, were also found to possess the best antioxidant activities. The results indicated a good correlation between antioxidant activities and total phenolic content (p<0.05 for FRAP/DPPH and DPPH/ABTS and p<0.01 for FRAP/ABTS). These plants represent promising sources of natural antioxidants and these findings give scientific bases to their ethnopharmacological uses.
In vitro Antioxidant, Xanthine Oxidase and Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitory Activities of Balanites aegyptiaca (L.) Del. (Balanitaceae)
N.T.R. Meda,A. Lamien-Meda,M. Kiendrebeogo,C.E. Lamien
Pakistan Journal of Biological Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: The present study aimed to test the validity of Balanites aegyptiaca remedies used for the treatment of rheumatisms and mental disorders by examining the antioxidant, xanthine oxidase and acetylcholinesterase inhibitory activities of galls and leaves extracts and fractions. The total phenolics and flavonoids were measured using Folin-Ciocalteu and AlCl3 reagents, respectively. Two methods i.e., FRAP and ABTS were used to estimate the total antioxidant capacity of the plant materials. The FRAP and ABTS antioxidant activities showed that among all extracts and fractions tested, the best antioxidant activities were found with the galls dichloromethane and the leaves ethyl acetate fractions. The antioxidant activities did correlated significantly with the total phenolic and flavonoid contents. The study also showed that B. aegyptiaca galls and leaves fractions exhibited a moderate xanthine oxidase inhibitory activity comparatively to the acetylcholinesterase which was weakly inhibited by the tested extracts and fractions.
In vitro Inhibition of Acetyl Cholinesterase, Lipoxygenase, Xanthine Oxidase and Antibacterial Activities of Five Indigofera (Fabaceae) Aqueous Acetone Extracts from Burkina Faso
S. Bakasso,A. Lamien-meda,C.E. Lamien,M. Kiendrebeogo
Current Research Journal of Biological Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: The aim of this study is to evaluate the inhibition of oxidative stress related enzymes of aqueous acetone extracts, as well as antibacterial activity from five Indigofera species well-known medicinal plant from Burkina. Also are investigated in this study the potential contribution of tannins and of flavonol in these activities Particularly, aqueous acetone extracts were investigated for their Lipoxygenase (LOX), Xanthine Oxidase (XO) and Acetylcholinesterase (AChE) inhibitions that are implied in inflammation, gout and Alzheimer’s etiology diseases. Interestingly, I. macrocalyx which had the highest flavonol content (of all) showed more inhibition against LOX and XO (51.16 and 77.33% respectively). Our study showed a significant correlation between XO inhibition and total flavonol content (R2 = 0.9052). AChE was low sensible to all extracts. In contrast, the extracts were rich in tannin compounds especially in I. tinctoria extract. And results of the in vitro antibacterial activities of these extracts against five bacteria showed that all bacteria were sensible to all extracts particularly S. typhimurium and B. cereus. Our results suggest that the five studied species prove to be good sources of inhibition of the three enzymes involved in oxidative stress and also to have some antibacterial properties. That is what probably explains their uses in folk medicine, singularly, in the treatment of gout, dysentery and anti-inflammatory diseases.
The role of counselling as a tool in addressing adult students’ need
CE Igbafe
Edo Journal of Counselling , 2009,
Abstract: This paper examined the role counselling plays as a tool in addressing the adult student need. Adult students are faced with challenges, sometimes complex in nature due to the multiple roles they play in life. Coming to education can be scary, the assignments, examinations, sitting in class hours taking lecture notes instead of making money to fend for the dependents, poor study habits skills and exhaustion which impact on their success. Some administrators of adult and non-formal education have for long neglected the application of counselling to their program. The objective of this paper is therefore to highlight these challenges, the role counselling plays in assisting its clients to resolve their needs.
‘I want to be a star’: Doping technology and the incidence of performance-enhancing drugs among actors in Nigeria
CE Nwadigwe
African Sociological Review / Revue Africaine de Sociologie , 2008,
Abstract: No
Psychiatric Institutions and the Emerging Institutional Scene in Nigeria
CE Ewhrudjakpor
African Research Review , 2010,
Abstract: This study is a review of literature pertaining to inadequate impact of orthodox psychiatric institutions and services in Nigeria. It was aimed at (i) profiling factors impeding growth and use of orthodox psychiatric institutions, and (ii) to report the emerging institutions providing psychiatric services in Nigeria. The method employed was the ex-post facto research which enabled content analysis technique through a critical review of documents and materials related to Nigerian orthodox psychiatric institutions and services. The findings shows that (i) cultural conditions (traditional beliefs and myths, lifestyle, perception and discrimination, stigma, movements) and (ii) systemic factors (lack of funding, dearth of orthodox mental health practitioners, law and policies) are militating factors against robust orthodox psychiatric institutions and services. It was also found that unorthodox psychiatric institutions and services are built and rendered everywhere in emerging religious Pentecostal organizations and government approved but privately owned traditional psychiatric homes. Finally, it was concluded that orthodox psychiatric institutions and services are faced with difficulties due to systemic factors and deeply rooted traditional beliefs in the efficacy, lower cost and omnipresence of unorthodox psychiatric institutions and its practitioners .Therefore, it was recommended, among others, that government should pass into law, the mental health bill, taking into cognizance the potency and acceptability of these emerging institutional scenes.
Two rare presentations of plasma cell neoplasm
CE Omoti
Annals of African Medicine , 2006,
Abstract: A case of extramedullary plasmacytoma (EMP) in a 50year old woman and another case of solitary plasmacytoma of bone (SPB) with myeloma in a 34year old young man is reported. Atypical features of the SPB with myeloma patient were: a) age of the patient; b) lack of typical features of multiple myeloma (renal failure, hypercalcaemia and bone pain). The maxillary sinus was the site of the EMP who was referred for surgical excision. Biochemistry and haematological parameters were within normal range for both cases. Monoclonal paraprotein on serum electrophoresis was absent in EMP while it was present in SPB. Radiotherapy alone was given to the EMP patient while four courses of VAD (vincristine, adriamycine and dexamethasone) chemotherapy in addition to radiotherapy was given to the SPB with myeloma patient. Although EMP and SPB are both localized forms of plasma cell dyscrasias, SPB seems to have a greater tendency to multiple myeloma.
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