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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 270 matches for " CDH Parry "
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Conflict of interest: A tenacious ethical dilemma in public health policy, not only in clinical practice/research
L London, R Matzopoulos, J Corrigall, JE Myers, A Maker, CDH Parry
South African Journal of Bioethics and Law , 2012,
Abstract: In addition to the ethical practice of individual health professionals, bioethical debate about conflict of interest (CoI) must include the institutional ethics of public policy-making, as failure to establish independence from powerful stakeholder influence may pervert public health goals. All involved in public policy processes are accountable for CoI, including experts, scientists, professionals, industry and government officials. The liquor industry in South Africa is presented as a case study. Generic principles of how to identify, manage and address CoI are discussed. We propose that health professionals and policy makers should avoid partnering with industries that are harmful to health. Regarding institutional CoI, we recommend that there should be effective policies, procedures and processes for governing public-private joint ventures with such industries. These include arms-length funding, maintaining the balance between contesting vested interests, and full disclosure of the identity and affiliations of all participants in structures and reports pertaining to public policy-making.
Phytochemical Compositions, Antioxidant Properties, and Colon Cancer Antiproliferation Effects of Turkish and Oregon Hazelnut  [PDF]
Haiwen Li, John W. Parry
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2011.210153
Abstract: Roasted and raw Turkish and Oregon hazelnuts were examined. Whole nuts, skins, and skinless nuts of both hazelnut varieties were tested for fat contents, fatty acid profiles. Hazelnut and other byproducts were extracted with 50% ace- tone and examined for total phenolic contents (TPC), antioxidant activities against the peroxyl (ORAC) and DPPH radicals, and were also administered in vitro to the human colon cancer HT-29 cell line to determine antiproliferative effects. The Turkish hazelnuts contained over 65% total oil while the Oregon roasted variety contained 43.8%. The primary fatty acid in both was oleic acid (18:1n-9) comprising 76.7 g/100 g oil in the Oregon variety and 83.3 g/100 g oil in the Turkish variety. The TPC were 91.4 and 102.16 mg gallic acid equivalents/ g sample for the Turkish roasted hazelnut skin and Oregon roasted hazelnut skin respectively, at least 30-folds as high as the hazelnut without skin. Turkish roasted hazelnut skin had the highest ORAC value of 1166.27 Trolox equivalents (TE) mmol/g sample (TE mmol/g), it is 38 times as high as the Oregon roasted hazelnut no skin which as a value of 30.2 TE mmol/g sample. The range of ED50 of DPPH? is from 118.22 to 0.075 mg sample equivalents/ mL among the samples, Oregon roasted hazelnut skin and Turkish raw hazelnut no skin exhibit the weakest and strongest ability to reduce DPPH? respectively. At 6 mg/mL media Oregon roasted hazelnut skin extract significantly inhibited the growth of the HT-29 cells by 96h following 4 days of treatment, and no effect was seen from the Turkish roasted skinned hazelnut extract. The Turkish raw hazelnut had significantly higher antioxidant activities compared to the Oregon roasted variety which may be explained by chemical changes during heating or possibly the total oil to flour ratio.
Gera??es e famílias: Polissemia, mudan?as históricas e mobilidade
Scott, Parry;
Sociedade e Estado , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-69922010000200006
Abstract: a selected review of national and international literature about family and generations shows how changes in power relations among nations favor different historical emphases on hierachy, solidarity, inequality and rights. when family is referred to as a basis for national or group identities, it does so from the perspective of "hierarchical inclusion" and of "integration, patterning and incorporation". evolutionism, personality and culture, structural-functionalism, urbanization and modernization, emphasize hierarchies, unity and stability, restricting generations to a similar agenda. when family is referred to as a means of resistence against inequality, it does so in reference to "modes of production, reduction of poverty and reproductive planning" and leaves more space to discuss generations as unequal an separate age groups with their own interests. this approach intensifies with the emphasis on plurality and fragmentation of families in a global world, permitting the treatment of generations as groups with equal permitindo que gera??es recebam tratamento como grupos com igual rights to diversity with their own cultures, partially dissociated from families. how migration and mobility are related to the ambiguities and polissemy of inter-generational relations and family.
Re-assentamento, saúde e inseguran?a em Itaparica: um modelo de vulnerabilidade em projetos de desenvolvimento
Scott, Parry;
Saúde e Sociedade , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-12902006000300007
Abstract: from the point of view of an ambiguous state which generates insecurity, a framework for the understanding of the relation between processes of illness, suffering and health administration and phases of large development projects is presented. in these processes the presence of the state overshadows that of the other actors. the intensification and retraction of this presence brings to light a series of factors related to the generation of insecurity. for the case of the sub-médio s?o francisco river basin between bahia and pernambuco, the organization of agriculture of the resettled farmers guides this discussion. three categories of insecurity generation are characterized: structural insecurity, related to state omission in dealing with poor; administrated insecurity, related to its intervention and super-inclusion, and local collective insecurity, related to daily local formation of power relations. the four resettlement project phases of preparation and communication, implantation, development and emancipation are examined in light of ethnographic data on resettled farmers, the syndical pole, the governmental administrator of the project (chesf) and other agents, for the period from the seventies up to present day. the study reveals how changes in the vulnerability of the population are associated with changes in the specific set of interrelations of insecurity generation frameworks throughout the resettlement process. on the basis of these vulnerabilities and the shifting power relations, it is argued that the third phase, called "development," in fact should be designated as of "retraction", and that the profound and indelible changes make it impossible to think of any following phase of "emancipation.".
Families, nations and generations in women's international migration
Scott, Parry;
Vibrant: Virtual Brazilian Anthropology , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1809-43412011000200013
Abstract: four experiences of women′s migration from recife to europe are examined emphasizing sociability between generations, families and gender relations. the genealogical method is used as a tool to understand the logic of relatedness and mobility. elder women's genealogies reveal the importance of kin relations and of recife being a city of plural migrant destinations. generational and gender hierarchies influence decisions about caretaking, cleaning, marriages and mobility. women′s group solidarity is counterbalanced by male initiatives and patrilateral privileges in migration events. redefinitions and reaffirmations of generational hierarchies are narrated in relation to migrant autonomy and subordination. family references are seen as available mechanisms to circumvent national legal barriers to mobility. informants' accounts of migrant experience relegate opinions about national and cultural differences as secondary to discourse about family and kin obligations. migrants establish some autonomy and confront sociopolitical structures, even when facing double gender subordination and insertion in hierarchical kin networks.
Inappropriate requests from patients
S Parry
Continuing Medical Education , 2003,
Abstract:
The New Human Tissue Bill: Categorization and Definitional Issues and their Implications
Bronwyn Parry
Genomics, Society and Policy , 2005,
Abstract: While providing a welcome and timely revision of the now outdated Human Tissue Act of 1961, the newly introduced Human Tissue Bill of 2004 contains a number of anomalies in its drafting that threaten to undermine its effectiveness in practice. Two examples: the first relating to the status of 'remnant or waste' tissue and the second relating to the status and use of artefacts created from collected tissue are here employed to illustrate some of the definitional and categorical inconsistencies that are evident in the Bill. Having identified these, the paper then provides an analysis of how these inconsistencies may act to severely constrain the ways in which retained tissue may be lawfully employed in biomedical research and to confuse questions of who may, or may not, have formally recognised interests in types of processed human tissue.
Lessons from Japanese Family Homestays
Mayumi Parry
New Voices : A Journal for Emerging Scholars of Japanese Studies in Australia and New Zealand , 2006,
Abstract:
The implications of climate change for crop yields, global food supply and risk of hunger
Martin Parry
Journal of SAT Agricultural Research , 2007,
Abstract: This paper reviews the series of studies, from 1994 to 2007, which have evaluated the potential effects of climate change on crop yield, food production and risk of hunger. There are two global studies of crop yield responses and several additional estimates of production that are based on the first of these. The studies cover three broad type of analysis: 1) effects under climate change but with underlying socio-economic characteristics largely unspecified, 2) effects under both changes in climate and with varying development pathways assumed to affect underlying socio-economics, and 3) effects under different policies of stablisation of greenhouse gases. There are some conclusions common to all studies: that climate change will generally reduce production potential and increase risk of hunger, and that Africa is the most adversely affected region. An additionally important initial conclusion is that pathways of sustainable economic development have a marked effect in reducing the adverse effects on climate change.
China's pragmatic approach to AIDS
Parry Jane
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2006,
Abstract:
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