oalib

Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99

Submit

Any time

2019 ( 35 )

2018 ( 263 )

2017 ( 263 )

2016 ( 374 )

Custom range...

Search Results: 1 - 10 of 219295 matches for " C. Cammalleri "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /219295
Display every page Item
Estimation of Mediterranean crops evapotranspiration by means of remote-sensing based models
M. Minacapilli,C. Agnese,F. Blanda,C. Cammalleri
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions , 2009,
Abstract: Actual evapotranspiration from typical Mediterranean crops has been assessed in a Sicilian study area by using Surface Energy Balance and Agro-Hydrological models. Both modelling approaches require remotely sensed data to estimate evapotranspiration fluxes in a spatially distributed way. The first approach exploits visible (VIS), near-infrared (NIR) and thermal (TIR) observations to solve the surface energy balance equation. To this end two different schemes have been tested: the two-sources TSEB model, where soil and vegetation components of the surface energy balance are treated separately, and the widely used one-source SEBAL model, where soil and vegetation are considered as a sole source. Actual evapotranspiration estimates by means of the two surface energy balance models have been compared with the results of the Agro-Hydrological model SWAP, applied in a spatially distributed way to simulate one-dimensional water flow in the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum. In this latter model, remote sensing data in the VIS and NIR spectral ranges have been used to infer spatially distributed vegetation parameters needed to set up the upper boundary condition of SWAP. In the comparison presented here, actual evapotranspiration values obtained from the application of the soil water balance model SWAP have been considered as the reference. Considering that the study area is characterized by typical Mediterranean sparse vegetation, i.e. olive, citrus and vineyards, we focused the attention on the main conceptual differences between SEBAL and TSEB. Airborne hyperspectral data acquired during a NERC campaign in 2005 have been used. The results of the investigation evidenced that the remote sensing two-sources approach used in TSEB model describes turbulent and radiative surface fluxes in a more realistic way than the one-source approach.
The impact of in-canopy wind profile formulations on heat flux estimation using the remote sensing-based two-source model for an open orchard canopy in southern Italy
C. Cammalleri,M. C. Anderson,G. Ciraolo,G. D'Urso
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions , 2010, DOI: 10.5194/hessd-7-4687-2010
Abstract: For open orchard and vineyard canopies containing significant fractions of exposed soil (>50%), typical of Mediterranean agricultural regions, the energy balance of the vegetation elements is strongly influenced by heat exchange with the bare soil/substrate. For these agricultural systems a "two-source" approach, where radiation and turbulent exchange between the soil and canopy elements are explicitly modelled, appears to be the only suitable methodology for reliably assessing energy fluxes. In strongly clumped canopies, the effective wind speed profile inside and below the canopy layer can highly influence the partitioning of energy fluxes between the soil and vegetation components. To assess the impact of in-canopy wind profile on model flux estimates, an analysis of three different formulations is presented, including algorithms from Goudriaan (1977), Massman (1987) and Lalic et al. (2003). The in-canopy wind profile formulations are applied to the thermal-based Two-Source Energy Balance (TSEB) model developed by Norman et al. (1995) and modified by Kustas and Norman (1999). High resolution airborne remote sensing images, collected over an agricultural area located in the western part of Sicily (Italy) comprised primarily of vineyards, olive and citrus orchards, are used to derive all the input parameters need to apply the TSEB. The images were acquired from June to October 2008 and include a relatively wide range of meteorological and soil moisture conditions. A preliminary sensitivity analysis of the three wind profile algorithms highlight the dependence of wind speed just above the soil/substrate to leaf area index and canopy height over the typical canopy properties range of these agricultural area. It is found that differences in wind just above surface among the models is most significant under sparse and medium fractional cover conditions (20–60%). The TSEB model heat flux estimates are compared with micrometeorological measurements from a small aperture scintillometer and an eddy covariance tower collected over an olive orchard characterized by moderate fractional vegetation cover (≈35%) and relatively tall crop height (≈3.5 m). TSEB fluxes for the 7 image acquisition dates generated using both the Massman and Goudriaan in-canopy wind profile formulations give close agreement with measured fluxes, while the Lalic et al. equations yield poor results. The Massman wind profile scheme slightly outperforms that of Goudriaan, but it requires an additional parameter describing the roughness of the underlying vegetative surface. This parameter is no
Statistical analysis of inter-arrival times of rainfall events for Italian Sub-Alpine and Mediterranean areas
C. Agnese, G. Baiamonte, C. Cammalleri, D. Cat Berro, S. Ferraris,L. Mercalli
Advances in Science and Research (ASR) , 2012, DOI: 10.5194/asr-8-171-2012
Abstract: In this work a set of time-series of inter-arrival times of rainfall events, at daily scale, was analysed, with the aim to verify the issue of increasing duration of dry periods. The set consists of 12 time-series recorded at rain gauges in 1926–2005, six of them belong to an Italian Sub-Alpine area (Piedmont) and six to a Mediterranean one (Sicily). In order to overcome the problem related to limited sample size for high values of inter-arrival times, the discrete probability polylog-series distribution was used to fit the empirical data from partial (20 yr) time-series. Moreover, a simple qualitative trend analysis was applied to some high quantiles of inter-arrival times as well as to the average extent of rain clusters. The preliminary analysis seems to confirm the issue of increasing duration of dry periods for both environments, which is limited to the ''cold'' season.
Rasburicase represents a new tool for hyperuricemia in tumor lysis syndrome and in gout
Lisa Cammalleri, Mariano Malaguarnera
International Journal of Medical Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: Hyperuricemia is a feature of several pathologies and requires an appropriate and often early treatment, owing to the severe consequences that it may cause. A rapid and massive raise of uric acid, during tumor lysis syndrome (TLS), and also a lower and chronic hyperuricemia, as in gout, mainly damage the kidney. To prevent or treat these consequences, a new therapeutic option is represented by rasburicase, a recombinant form of an enzyme, urate oxidase. This enzyme converts hypoxanthine and xanthine into allantoin, a more soluble molecule, easily cleared by kidney. The several types of urate oxidase have followed each other, with progressive reduction of adverse reactions. The most important among them are allergenicity and the development of antibodies which compromise their effectiveness. Nevertheless, a limit of rasburicase's use remains its cost, which obliges to a judicious choice to prevent TLS in high risk patients with cancer and in case of allergy or impossibility to take allopurinol orally both in TLS and in gout. A large body of evidence confirms the efficacy and safety of rasburicase, even in comparison to the standard drugs used in the aforementioned pathologies.
The impact of in-canopy wind profile formulations on heat flux estimation in an open orchard using the remote sensing-based two-source model
C. Cammalleri, M. C. Anderson, G. Ciraolo, G. D'Urso, W. P. Kustas, G. La Loggia,M. Minacapilli
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences (HESS) & Discussions (HESSD) , 2010,
Abstract: For open orchard and vineyard canopies containing significant fractions of exposed soil (>50%), typical of Mediterranean agricultural regions, the energy balance of the vegetation elements is strongly influenced by heat exchange with the bare soil/substrate. For these agricultural systems a "two-source" approach, where radiation and turbulent exchange between the soil and canopy elements are explicitly modelled, appears to be the only suitable methodology for reliably assessing energy fluxes. In strongly clumped canopies, the effective wind speed profile inside and below the canopy layer can strongly influence the partitioning of energy fluxes between the soil and vegetation components. To assess the impact of in-canopy wind profile on model flux estimates, an analysis of three different formulations is presented, including algorithms from Goudriaan (1977), Massman (1987) and Lalic et al. (2003). The in-canopy wind profile formulations are applied to the thermal-based two-source energy balance (TSEB) model developed by Norman et al. (1995) and modified by Kustas and Norman (1999). High resolution airborne remote sensing images, collected over an agricultural area located in the western part of Sicily (Italy) comprised primarily of vineyards, olive and citrus orchards, are used to derive all the input parameters needed to apply the TSEB. The images were acquired from June to October 2008 and include a relatively wide range of meteorological and soil moisture conditions. A preliminary sensitivity analysis of the three wind profile algorithms highlights the dependence of wind speed just above the soil/substrate to leaf area index and canopy height over the typical range of canopy properties encountered in these agricultural areas. It is found that differences among the models in wind just above the soil surface are most significant under sparse and medium fractional cover conditions (15–50%). The TSEB model heat flux estimates are compared with micro-meteorological measurements from a small aperture scintillometer and an eddy covariance tower collected over an olive orchard characterized by moderate fractional vegetation cover (≈35%) and relatively tall crop (≈3.5 m). TSEB fluxes for the 7 image acquisition dates generated using both the Massman and Goudriaan in-canopy wind profile formulations give close agreement with measured fluxes, while the Lalic et al. equations yield poor results. The Massman wind profile scheme slightly outperforms that of Goudriaan, but it requires an additional parameter accounting for the roughness sub-layer of the underlying vegetative surface. The analysis also suggests that within-canopy wind profile model discrepancies become important, in terms of impact on modelled sensible heat flux, only for sparse canopies with moderate vegetation coverage.
Estimation of actual evapotranspiration of Mediterranean perennial crops by means of remote-sensing based surface energy balance models
M. Minacapilli, C. Agnese, F. Blanda, C. Cammalleri, G. Ciraolo, G. D'Urso, M. Iovino, D. Pumo, G. Provenzano,G. Rallo
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences (HESS) & Discussions (HESSD) , 2009,
Abstract: Actual evapotranspiration from typical Mediterranean crops has been assessed in a Sicilian study area by using surface energy balance (SEB) and soil-water balance models. Both modelling approaches use remotely sensed data to estimate evapotranspiration fluxes in a spatially distributed way. The first approach exploits visible (VIS), near-infrared (NIR) and thermal (TIR) observations to solve the surface energy balance equation whereas the soil-water balance model uses only VIS-NIR data to detect the spatial variability of crop parameters. Considering that the study area is characterized by typical spatially sparse Mediterranean vegetation, i.e. olive, citrus and vineyards, alternating bare soil and canopy, we focused the attention on the main conceptual differences between one-source and two-sources energy balance models. Two different models have been tested: the widely used one-source SEBAL model, where soil and vegetation are considered as the sole source (mostly appropriate in the case of uniform vegetation coverage) and the two-sources TSEB model, where soil and vegetation components of the surface energy balance are treated separately. Actual evapotranspiration estimates by means of the two surface energy balance models have been compared vs. the outputs of the agro-hydrological SWAP model, which was applied in a spatially distributed way to simulate one-dimensional water flow in the soil-plant-atmosphere continuum. Remote sensing data in the VIS and NIR spectral ranges have been used to infer spatially distributed vegetation parameters needed to set up the upper boundary condition of SWAP. Actual evapotranspiration values obtained from the application of the soil water balance model SWAP have been considered as the reference to be used for energy balance models accuracy assessment. Airborne hyperspectral data acquired during a NERC (Natural Environment Research Council, UK) campaign in 2005 have been used. The results of this investigation seem to prove a slightly better agreement between SWAP and TSEB for some fields of the study area. Further investigations are programmed in order to confirm these indications.
Mapping daily evapotranspiration at field to continental scales using geostationary and polar orbiting satellite imagery
M. C. Anderson, W. P. Kustas, J. M. Norman, C. R. Hain, J. R. Mecikalski, L. Schultz, M. P. González-Dugo, C. Cammalleri, G. d'Urso, A. Pimstein,F. Gao
Hydrology and Earth System Sciences (HESS) & Discussions (HESSD) , 2011,
Abstract: Thermal infrared (TIR) remote sensing of land-surface temperature (LST) provides valuable information about the sub-surface moisture status required for estimating evapotranspiration (ET) and detecting the onset and severity of drought. While empirical indices measuring anomalies in LST and vegetation amount (e.g., as quantified by the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index; NDVI) have demonstrated utility in monitoring ET and drought conditions over large areas, they may provide ambiguous results when other factors (e.g., air temperature, advection) are affecting plant functioning. A more physically based interpretation of LST and NDVI and their relationship to sub-surface moisture conditions can be obtained with a surface energy balance model driven by TIR remote sensing. The Atmosphere-Land Exchange Inverse (ALEXI) model is a multi-sensor TIR approach to ET mapping, coupling a two-source (soil + canopy) land-surface model with an atmospheric boundary layer model in time-differencing mode to routinely and robustly map daily fluxes at continental scales and 5 to 10-km resolution using thermal band imagery and insolation estimates from geostationary satellites. A related algorithm (DisALEXI) spatially disaggregates ALEXI fluxes down to finer spatial scales using moderate resolution TIR imagery from polar orbiting satellites. An overview of this modeling approach is presented, along with strategies for fusing information from multiple satellite platforms and wavebands to map daily ET down to resolutions on the order of 10 m. The ALEXI/DisALEXI model has potential for global applications by integrating data from multiple geostationary meteorological satellite systems, such as the US Geostationary Operational Environmental Satellites, the European Meteosat satellites, the Chinese Fen-yung 2B series, and the Japanese Geostationary Meteorological Satellites. Work is underway to further evaluate multi-scale ALEXI implementations over the US, Europe, Africa and other continents with geostationary satellite coverage.
ВПЛИВ Х М ЧНОГО СКЛАДУ НА ТИСК НАСИЧЕНО ПАРИ В МОТОРНИХ Б ОЛОГ ЧНИХ ПАЛИВАХ The influence of chemical composition on the saturated vapor pressure in biological motor fuels Влияние химического состава на давление насыщенного пара в моторных биологических топливах
?.В. Полунк?н,C.О. Зубенко,О.О. Гайдай,А.В. Струнгар
Proceedings of National Aviation University , 2010,
Abstract: Розглянуто вплив випаровуваност альтернативних палив на р шення проблеми холодного пуску двигуна за рахунок використання пропан-бутаново сум ш для п двищення тиску насичено пари. Volatility fuels fraction of the estimated parameters and letkosti. Volatility characterizes the ability to switch fuels in vaporous state. Selecting indicators to assess the volatility depends on the chemical composition of fuel. The main measure letkosti etanolnogo fuel is vapor pressure. The most simple and cost-effective to improve cold start is putting in fuel lehkoletyuchyh components: butane, izopentanu, gas and other petroleum. It was investigated the influence of DEE on alcohol-gasoline blend, the results show that DEE positive impact on increasing vapor pressure to the desired minimum for starting the engine. But because the ether to 19%, then at such high levels can actively formed peroxide compounds, which is undesirable. Very promising is the use of propane-butane gas mixture as lehkoletyuchoyi gaseous component. Butanizovani spirit-petrol mixture can be recommended for use as alternative fuel vehicles after further study of their stability and himmotolohichnyh characteristics. Автомобильные бензины и альтернативные биологические топлива на основе этанола преимущественно предназначены для применения в двигателях внутреннего сгорания. При использовании альтернативного биологического топлива, особенно этанольного, возникает проблема недостаточной испаряемости бензина при низкой температуре, в результате чего в холодное время года двигатель может не запуститься. Пусковые свойства бензина зависят от содержания в них летучих фракций или летучих соединений. Проблему холодного запуска предлагается решать за счет использования пропан-бутановой смеси для повышения давления насыщенного пара. Для перспективного применения газов пропан-бутановой смеси легколетучего газообразного компонента необходимы дальнейшие исследования стабилизации такой композиции.
Strategic trends of development of the Lithuanian aviation in the light of Euro-integration processes Стратегические направления развития авиации литвы в свете евроинтеграции процессов СТРАТЕГ ЧНИЙ НАПРЯМ РОЗВИТКУ АВ АЦ ЛИТВИ У СВ ТЛИ ВРО НТЕГРАЦ ЙНИХ ПРОЦЕС В
Й. Станкунаc
Proceedings of National Aviation University , 2004,
Abstract: The factors having an effect on the system of air transport in the Republic of Lithuania in connection with Lithuania’s membership in the European Union are discussed. The structure of the system of air transport of the country is presented, an analysis of the current situation and a strategic analysis of the development of the system is made, and the measures addressed at the long-range perspective are proposed. Рассмотрены факторы, действующие в системе воздушного транспорта Литовской Республики после вступления в Европейский Союз. Приведена структура системы воздушного транспорта страны и выполнен стратегический анализ развития транспортной системы на долгосрочную перспективу. Розглянуто чинники, що д ють у систем пов тряного транспорту Литовсько Республ ки п сля вступу в вропейський Союз. Подано структуру систем пов тряного транспорту кра ни та виконано стратег чний анал з розвитку транспортно системи на довгострокову перспективу.
LIMIT DISTRIBUTION OF A RANK OF RANDOM SATURATED MATRIX ABOVE A FIELD GF(2) ПРЕДЕЛЬНОЕ РАСПРЕДЕЛЕНИЕ РАНГА СИЛЬНОЗАПОЛНЕННОЙ СЛУЧАЙНОЙ МАТРИЦЫ НАД ПОЛЕМ GF(2) ГРАНИЧНИЙ РОЗПОД Л РАНГУ СИЛЬНОЗАПОВНЕНО ВИПАДКОВО МАТРИЦ В ПОЛ GF(2)
C.В. Поперешняк
Proceedings of National Aviation University , 2012,
Abstract: In this paper a theorem on the asymptotic distribution of rank of random matrices in the field GF (2) of independent random -D lines, the absence in it of unity lines and the assumption that the difference between the number of rows and number of columns of the matrix is a fixed number of random characters, . Получена теорема про асимптотику распределения ранга случайной матрицы над полем GF(2), которая состоит из независимых случайных -мерных строк, при условии отсутствия в ней единичных линий и в предположении, что разница между числом строк и числом столбцов матрицы фиксированное число произвольного знака, . Отримано теорему про асимптотику розпод лу рангу випадково матриц в пол GF(2) з незалежних випадкових -вим рних рядк в за умови в дсутност в н й одиничних л н й та в припущенн , що р зниця м ж числом рядк в та числом стовпц в матриц ф ксоване число дов льного знаку,
Page 1 /219295
Display every page Item


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.