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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 599634 matches for " C. A. C.; "
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Rainfall Variability and Its Impact on Normalized Difference Vegetation Index in Arid and Semi-Arid Lands of Kenya  [PDF]
C. A. Shisanya, C. Recha, A. Anyamba
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2011.21004
Abstract: Agriculture in arid and semi-arid lands of Kenya is depends on seasonal characteristics of rainfall. This study seeks to distinguish components of regional climate variability, especially El Niño Southern Oscillation events and their impact on the growing season normalized difference vegetation index (NDVI). Datasets used were: 1) rainfall (1961-2003) and 2) NDVI (1981-2003). Results indicate that climate variability is persistent in the arid and semi-arid lands of Kenya and continues to affect vegetation condition and consequently crop production. Correlation calculations between seasonal NDVI and rainfall shows that the October-December (OND) growing season is more reliable than March-May (MAM) season. Results show that observed biomass trends are not solely explained by rainfall variability but also changes in land cover and land use. Results show that El Niño and La Niña events in southeast Kenya vary in magnitude, both in time and space as is their impact on vegetation; and that variation in El Niño intensity is higher than during La Niña events. It is suggested that farmers should be encouraged to increase use of farm input in their agricultural enterprises during the OND season; particularly when above normal rains are forecast. The close relationship between rainfall and NDVI yield ground for improvement in the prediction of local level rainfall. Effective dissemination of this information to stakeholders will go along way to ameliorate the suffering of many households and enable government to plan ahead of a worse season. This would greatly reduce the vulnerability of livelihoods to climate related disasters by improving their management.
Virginia Woolf’s History of Sexual Victimization: A Case Study in Light of Current Research  [PDF]
Lucia C. A. Williams
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2014.510128
Abstract:

Virginia Woolf’s history of sexual victimization is presented in a case study format, and reviewed in light of the present literature on the impact of child sexual abuse (CSA) to human development. The methodology to compose the case study involved reviewing the works of Woolf’s main biographers, the author’s memoirs, and the groundbreaking work of Louise DeSalvo, presenting data from Woolf’s diaries and letters, in which sexual abuse is disclosed. Woolf was sexually abused by her two older half-brothers. The abuse was extremely traumatic, and lasted several years. The various mental health symptoms that Woolf experienced are consistent with the literature of CSA. Woolf also presented some adequate coping skills by disclosing the CSA publicly, keeping records of her depressive episodes, and seeking help. Like many incest survivors, Woolf’s sexual abuse was minimized and questioned by biographers. In addition to Woolf’s enormous literary legacy, her knowledge of psychology was impressive. She was a feminist, as well as a visionary in exploring the effects of CSA before other incest survivors. Understanding her life influences is advantageous, not only to literary scholars but to most readers, and mainly clinicians and researchers are interested in the dynamics of sexual abuse.

Farey Triangle Graphs and Farey Triangle Matrices  [PDF]
A. Gnanam, C. Dinesh
Advances in Pure Mathematics (APM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/apm.2015.512067
Abstract: In this paper, we introduce Farey triangle graph \"\", Farey triangle matrix \"\", complementary Farey triangle graph \"\"and complementary Farey triangle matrix \"\", and we derive some properties of the following matrices.
Incidence of Urinary Tract Infections (UTI) amongst Patients Attending Primary Health Centres in Anambra State  [PDF]
C. M. Ogbukagu, V. N. Anakwenze, C. C. Ekwealor, C. C. Ezemba, I. A. Ekwealor
Advances in Microbiology (AiM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/aim.2016.67054
Abstract: Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most prevalent extra-intestinal bacterial infections. It is a common disease encountered in medical practice affecting people of all ages, from neonate to geriatric age group. These infections are on the increase for outpatients attending Primary Health Centres in Anambra State, Nigeria, therefore the need for this study. The prevalence rate of urinary tract infection, age distribution and influence of sex were determined. Susceptibility pattern of the infectious organisms to antimicrobial agent were examined. Clean-catch midstream urine samples were collected and examined. Out of 3000 urine samples examined, 528 bacterial isolates were recovered and characterized. These include: Escherichia coli (24.2%), Klebsiella spp. (18.2%), Staphylococcus aureus (18.2%), Proteus mirabilis (9.1%), Pseudomonas aeruginosa (9.1%), Enterococcus faecalis (9.1%), Citrobacter intermedius (6.1%) and Staphylococcus saprophyticus (6.1%). More females (52%) were infected than males (48%) and in both sexes, the highest incidence was found amongst the age group, 26 - 38 years. Gram negative rods had the highest incidence in both sexes. Among the towns in Anambra state, Umunya in southern province was observed to have the highest incidence rate of UTI. Susceptibility test of the bacterial isolates to antimicrobial agents showed that Staphylococcus aureus was sensitive to Cephalexin, Penicillin V, Erythromycin and Gentamycin while Pseudomonas aeruginosa was resistant to all the antibiotics. Escherichia coli
Model for the Calculation of the Concentration of Dissolved Hematite during Hydrogen Peroxide Leaching of Iron Oxide Ore  [PDF]
C. I. Nwoye, C. C. Nwakwuo, C. Nlebedim, U.C. Nwoye, R. A. Umana, G. C. Obasi
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2009, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2009.85030
Abstract: Model for the calculation of the concentration of dissolved haematite during hydrogen peroxide leaching of iron oxide ore has been derived. The model was found to depend on both the % concentration of dissolved iron and weight input of iron oxide ore from experiment. The validity of the model is rooted on the expression %Fe2O3 ≈ %Fe√(μ)1/3 where both sides of the relationship are correspondingly almost equal. The deviation of the model-predicted concentration of dissolved haematite from the corresponding experimental values is less than 30% which is quite within the acceptable range of deviation limit of experimental results. The model indicates that the dissolved % ratio of extreme oxidation stage of iron to that of its extreme reduction stage is approximately equal to one-sixth (1/6th) power of the weight input of iron oxide ore during the leaching process.
Lysine Production of Microbacterium lacticum by Submerged Fermentation Using Various Hydrocarbon, Sugar and Nitrogen Sources  [PDF]
C. C. Ezemba, C. A. Ozokpo, V. N. Anakwenze, G. C. Anaukwu, C. M. Ogbukagu, C. C. Ekwealor, I. A. Ekwealor
Advances in Microbiology (AiM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/aim.2016.611078
Abstract: Bacterial isolation from oil-contaminated and uncontaminated soil was screened for hydrocarbon utilizer which was also capable of producing lysine. Microbial production of lysine by Microbacterium lacticum was investigated in submerged fermentations using various concentrations of hydrocarbon, sugar sources and nitrogen. Of the nine sugar and five nitrogen sources tested, glucose/ammonium sulphate proved optimum for lysine production. Effect of varying concentration of carbon and nitrogen sources on lysine accumulation showed that glucose (4%) ammonium sulphate (1%) respectively increased lysine production. A gram positive rod bacterium identified as Microbacterium lacticum was identified. Optimizing the cultural conditions of Microbacterium lacticum in submerged medium gave a methionine yield of 2.99 mg/ml lysine in the broth culture after 96 h.
Model for Quantitative Analysis of Phosphorus Removed during Leaching of Iron Oxide Ore in Oxalic Acid Solution  [PDF]
C. I. Nwoye, C. N. Mbah, C. C. Nwakwuo, A. I. Ogbonna
Journal of Minerals and Materials Characterization and Engineering (JMMCE) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/jmmce.2010.94024
Abstract: Model for quantitative analysis of the concentration of phosphorus removed (relative to the final pH of the leaching solution) during leaching of iron oxide ore in oxalic acid solution has been derived. It was observed that the validity of the model is rooted in the expression lnP = (γ +Nlnγ) where P is the concentration of phosphorus removed during the leaching process, N is 0.57;dissolution coefficient of phosphorus in oxalic acid solution, and γ is the final pH of the leaching solution at the time t, when the concentration of phosphorus is evaluated, and both sides of the expression are correspondingly approximately equal. The model; P = e (γ + 0.57 lnγ)depends on the value of the final pH of the leaching solution which varies with leaching time. The maximum deviation of the model-predicted concentration of removed phosphorus from the corresponding concentration obtained from the experiment was less than 22%. The concentrations of phosphorus removed per unit mass of iron oxide ore added as obtained from experiment and derived model are 3.8329 and 4.0614 mg/kg/g respectively which are in proximate agreement.
Statistical Mechanics of Recurrent Neural Networks I. Statics
A. C. C. Coolen
Quantitative Biology , 2000,
Abstract: A lecture notes style review of the equilibrium statistical mechanics of recurrent neural networks with discrete and continuous neurons (e.g. Ising, coupled-oscillators). To be published in the Handbook of Biological Physics (North-Holland). Accompanied by a similar review (part II) dealing with the dynamics.
Statistical Mechanics of Recurrent Neural Networks II. Dynamics
A. C. C. Coolen
Quantitative Biology , 2000,
Abstract: A lecture notes style review of the non-equilibrium statistical mechanics of recurrent neural networks with discrete and continuous neurons (e.g. Ising, graded-response, coupled-oscillators). To be published in the Handbook of Biological Physics (North-Holland). Accompanied by a similar review (part I) dealing with the statics.
Non-equilibrium statistical mechanics of Minority Games
A. C. C. Coolen
Quantitative Finance , 2002,
Abstract: In this paper I give a brief introduction to a family of simple but non-trivial models designed to increase our understanding of collective processes in markets, the so-called Minority Games, and their non-equilibrium statistical mathematical analysis. Since the most commonly studied members of this family define disordered stochastic processes without detailed balance, the canonical technique for finding exact solutions is found to be generating functional analysis a la De Dominicis, as originally developed in the spin-glass community.
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