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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2673 matches for " Byung Kwan Son "
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Validity of Fecal Occult Blood Test in the National Cancer Screening Program, Korea
Aesun Shin, Kui Son Choi, Jae Kwan Jun, Dai Keun Noh, Mina Suh, Kyu-Won Jung, Byung Chang Kim, Jae Hwan Oh, Eun-Cheol Park
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0079292
Abstract: Aim The aims of the current study were to assess the validity of the fecal occult blood test (FOBT) in an organized screening setting in Korea and to determine factors associated with FOBT validity, such as screening round, age group, and anatomical location of the cancer. Methods Study participants were those who were 50 years and older who received an FOBT through the National Cancer Screening Program between 2004 and 2007. Colorectal cancer diagnoses were ascertained through linkage with the Korean National Cancer Incidence Database. The positivity rate, colorectal cancer detection rate, interval cancer rate, sensitivity, specificity, and positive predictive value of the FOBT were calculated. Results A total of 2,193,093 tests were included in the analysis. Overall, the sensitivity of the FOBT for colorectal cancer was 59.7% for the first round and 56.1% for the subsequent round. Sensitivity was highest for distal colon cancer (65.9%) in the first round, and for rectal cancer (58.4%) for the subsequent round. The sensitivity and positive predictive value of the FOBT generally improved between 2004 and 2008. Conclusions The FOBT showed reasonable validity in an organized screening setting, and the validity of the FOBT varied by screening round, anatomical location, and screening year.
Clinical implications of fatty pancreas: Correlations between fatty pancreas and metabolic syndrome
Jun Seok Lee, Sang Heum Kim, Dae Won Jun, Jee Hye Han, Eun Chul Jang, Ji Young Park, Byung Kwan Son, Seong Hwan Kim, Yoon Ju Jo, Young Sook Park, Yong Soo Kim
World Journal of Gastroenterology , 2009,
Abstract: AIM: To investigate the clinical implications of lipid deposition in the pancreas (fatty pancreas).METHODS: The subjects of this study were 293 patients who had undergone abdominal computed tomography (CT) and sonography. Fatty pancreas was diagnosed by sonographic findings and subdivided into mild, moderate, and severe fatty pancreas groups comparing to the retroperitoneal fat echogenicity.RESULTS: Fatty pancreas was associated with higher levels for visceral fat, waist circumference, aspartate aminotransferase (AST), alanine aminotransferase (ALT), total cholesterol, triglyceride, high density lipoprotein, free fatty acid, γ-GTP, insulin, and the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) than the control group (P < 0.05). HOMA-IR, visceral fat, triglyceride, and ALT also tended to increase with the degree of fat deposition in the pancreas on sonography. In a multivariate logistic regression analysis, HOMA-IR, visceral fat, and ALT level were independently related to fatty pancreas after adjustment for age, body mass index, and lipid profile. The incidence of metabolic syndrome in the fatty pancreas group was significantly higher than in the control group, and the numbers of metabolic syndrome parameters were significantly higher in the fatty pancreas group (P < 0.05).CONCLUSION: Sonographic fatty pancrease showed higher insulin resistance, visceral fat area, triglyceride, and ALT levels than normal pancreases. Fatty pancreas also showed a strong correlation with metabolic syndrome.
The technical feasibility of an image-guided intensity-modulated radiotherapy (IG-IMRT) to perform a hypofractionated schedule in terms of toxicity and local control for patients with locally advanced or recurrent pancreatic cancer
Son Seok,Song Jin,Choi Byung,Kang Young-nam
Radiation Oncology , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1748-717x-7-203
Abstract: Background The purpose of this study was to evaluate the technical feasibility of an image-guided intensity modulated radiotherapy (IG-IMRT) using involved-field technique to perform a hypofractionated schedule for patients with locally advanced or recurrent pancreatic cancer. Methods From May 2009 to November 2011, 12 patients with locally advanced or locally recurrent pancreatic cancer received hypofractionated CCRT using TomoTherapy Hi-Art with concurrent and sequential chemotherapy at Seoul St. Mary’s Hospital, the Catholic University of Korea. The total dose delivered was 45 Gy in 15 fractions or 50 Gy in 20 fractions. The target volume did not include the uninvolved regional lymph nodes. Treatment planning and delivery were performed using the IG-IMRT technique. The follow-up duration was a median of 31.1 months (range: 5.7-36.3 months). Results Grade 2 or worse acute toxicities developed in 7 patients (58%). Grade 3 or worse gastrointestinal and hematologic toxicity occurred in 0% and 17% of patients, respectively. In the response evaluation, the rates of partial response and stable disease were 58% and 42%, respectively. The rate of local failure was 8% and no regional failure was observed. Distant failure was the main cause of treatment failure. The progression-free survival and overall survival durations were 7.6 and 12.1 months, respectively. Conclusion The involved-field technique and IG-IMRT delivered via a hypofractionated schedule are feasible for patients with locally advanced or recurrent pancreatic cancer.
Analysis of High-Resolution QTL Markers Associated with Rice Yields Using Data for Two Consecutive Years in Different Environmental Conditions  [PDF]
Ye-Jin Son, Gyu-Ho Lee, Hyun-Suk Lee, Tri Handoyo, Byung-Wook Yun, Kyung-Min Kim
Natural Science (NS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ns.2014.611080

Previously we reported the identification of seven quantitative trait loci (QTLs) associated with the rice yield measuring five parameters including panicles per plant (PPP), spikelets per panicle (SPP), seed set percentage (SSP), 1000-grain weight (TGW) and yield in 2012. Here we report the analysis of QTLs using the same trait parameters data of the mapping population in 2013 for detecting highly conserved QTL markers. A total of 6 QTLs were identified from chromosomes 1, 7, 8, 10, 11, and 12, which were contrasted with our previous results (chromosomes 1, 2, 4, 5, 6, 8, and 11). In this comparison, three QTLs from chromosome 1, 8, and 11 were only found to be associated with the components of yield over two consecutive years indicating high sensitivity of QTL markers to the environment. Of those three QTLs, SPP-associated marker RM12285 was found to be dominantly expressed by real-time PCR (qPCR). In addition, compared to our previous report the numbers of mapping population and markers were significantly increased for higher resolution markers from 70 to 120, and from 143 to 217, respectively. We also found that the parameter SPP was dominantly correlated with the rice yield. Furthermore, the double haploid (DH) population facilitated to analyze the epistatic effects for yield and yield components in rice. Taken together, combining multiple mapping population data over years possibly enables narrowing down to the highly conserved QTL markers against diverse environmental fluctuation caused by such as drought and high temperature. Thus, these data would be critically exploited to improve for the crop breeding strategy.

Electromagnet Weight Reduction in a Magnetic Levitation System for Contactless Delivery Applications
Do-Kwan Hong,Byung-Chul Woo,Dae-Hyun Koo,Ki-Chang Lee
Sensors , 2010, DOI: 10.3390/s100706718
Abstract: This paper presents an optimum design of a lightweight vehicle levitation electromagnet, which also provides a passive guide force in a magnetic levitation system for contactless delivery applications. The split alignment of C-shaped electromagnets about C-shaped rails has a bad effect on the lateral deviation force, therefore, no-split positioning of electromagnets is better for lateral performance. This is verified by simulations and experiments. This paper presents a statistically optimized design with a high number of the design variables to reduce the weight of the electromagnet under the constraint of normal force using response surface methodology (RSM) and the kriging interpolation method. 2D and 3D magnetostatic analysis of the electromagnet are performed using ANSYS. The most effective design variables are extracted by a Pareto chart. The most desirable set is determined and the influence of each design variable on the objective function can be obtained. The generalized reduced gradient (GRG) algorithm is adopted in the kriging model. This paper’s procedure is validated by a comparison between experimental and calculation results, which shows that the predicted performance of the electromagnet designed by RSM is in good agreement with the simulation results.
Bee venom acupuncture for the treatment of chronic low back pain: study protocol for a randomized, double-blinded, sham-controlled trial
Seo Byung-Kwan,Lee Jun-Hwan,Sung Won-Suk,Song Eun-Mo
Trials , 2013, DOI: 10.1186/1745-6215-14-16
Abstract: Background Chronic non-specific low back pain is the most common medical problem for which patients seek complementary and alternative medical treatment, including bee venom acupuncture. However, the effectiveness and safety of such treatments have not been fully established by randomized clinical trials. The aim of this study is to determine whether bee venom acupuncture is effective for improving pain intensity, functional status and quality of life of patients with chronic non-specific low back pain. Methods/design This study is a randomized, double-blinded, sham-controlled clinical trial with two parallel arms. Fifty-four patients between 18 and 65 years of age with non-radicular chronic low back pain experiencing low back pain lasting for at least the previous three months and ≥4 points on a 10-cm visual analog scale for bothersomeness at the time of screening will be included in the study. Participants will be randomly allocated into the real or sham bee venom acupuncture groups and treated by the same protocol to minimize non-specific and placebo effects. Patients, assessors, acupuncturists and researchers who prepare the real or sham bee venom acupuncture experiments will be blinded to group allocation. All procedures, including the bee venom acupuncture increment protocol administered into predefined acupoints, are designed by a process of consensus with experts and previous researchers according to the Standards for Reporting Interventions in Clinical Trials of Acupuncture. Bothersomeness measured using a visual analogue scale will be the primary outcome. Back pain-related dysfunction, pain, quality of life, depressive symptoms and adverse experiences will be measured using the visual analogue scale for pain intensity, the Oswestry Disability Index, the EuroQol 5-Dimension, and the Beck’s Depression Inventory. These measures will be recorded at baseline and 1, 2, 3, 4, 8 and 12 weeks. Discussion The results from this study will provide clinical evidence on the efficacy and safety of bee venom acupuncture in patients with chronic non-specific low back pain. Trial registration This study is registered with the United States National Institutes of Health Clinical Trials Registry: NCT01491321
Standardized butanol fraction of WIN-34B suppresses cartilage destruction via inhibited production of matrix metalloproteinase and inflammatory mediator in osteoarthritis human cartilage explants culture and chondrocytes
Huh Jeong-Eun,Seo Byung-Kwan,Baek Yong-Hyeon,Lee Sanghoon
BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6882-12-256
Abstract: Background WIN-34B is a novel Oriental medicine, which represents the n-butanol fraction prepared from dried flowers of Lonicera japonica Thunb and dried roots of Anemarrhena asphodeloides BUNGE. The component herb of WIN-34B is used for arthritis treatment in East Asian countries. The aim of this study was to determine the cartilage-protective effects and mechanisms of WIN-34B and its major phenolic compounds, chlorogenic acid and mangiferin, in osteoarthritis (OA) human cartilage explants culture and chondrocytes. Methods The investigation focused on whether WIN-34B and its standard compounds protected cartilage in interleukin (IL)-1β-stimulated cartilage explants culture and chondrocytes derived from OA patients. Also, the mechanisms of WIN-34B on matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs), tissue inhibitor of matrix metalloproteinases (TIMPs), inflammatory mediators, and mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPKs) pathways were assessed. Results WIN-34B was not cytotoxic to cultured cartilage explants or chondrocytes. WIN-34B dose-dependently inhibited the release of glycosaminoglycan and type II collagen, increased the mRNA expression of aggrecan and type II collagen, and recovered the intensity of proteoglycan and collagen by histological analysis in IL-1β-stimulated human cartilage explants culture. The cartilage protective effect of WIN-34B was similar to or better than that of chlorogenic acid and mangiferin. Compared to chlorogenic acid and mangiferin, WIN-34B displayed equal or greater decreases in the levels of MMP-1, MMP-3, MMP-13, ADAMTS-4, and ADAMTS-5, and markedly up-regulated TIMP-1 and TIMP-3. WIN-34B inhibited inflammatory mediators involved in cartilage destruction, such as prostaglandin E2, nitric oxide, tumor necrosis factor-alpha, and IL-1β. The phosphorylation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase, c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK), and p38 was significantly reduced by WIN-34B treatment, while phosphorylation of JNK was only inhibited by chlorogenic acid or mangiferin in IL-1β-stimulated chondrocytes. Conclusions WIN-34B is potentially valuable as a treatment for OA by virtue of its suppression of MMPs, ADAMTSs, and inflammatory mediators, and it’s up-regulation of TIMP-1 and TIMP-3 involved in the MAPK pathway.
Multiple-omic data analysis of Klebsiella pneumoniae MGH 78578 reveals its transcriptional architecture and regulatory features
Seo Joo-Hyun,Hong Jay,Kim Donghyuk,Cho Byung-Kwan
BMC Genomics , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2164-13-679
Abstract: Background The increasing number of infections caused by strains of Klebsiella pneumoniae that are resistant to multiple antibiotics has developed into a major medical problem worldwide. The development of next-generation sequencing technologies now permits rapid sequencing of many K. pneumoniae isolates, but sequence information alone does not provide important structural and operational information for its genome. Results Here we take a systems biology approach to annotate the K. pneumoniae MGH 78578 genome at the structural and operational levels. Through the acquisition and simultaneous analysis of multiple sample-matched –omics data sets from two growth conditions, we detected 2677, 1227, and 1066 binding sites for RNA polymerase, RpoD, and RpoS, respectively, 3660 RNA polymerase-guided transcript segments, and 3585 transcription start sites throughout the genome. Moreover, analysis of the transcription start site data identified 83 probable leaderless mRNAs, while analysis of unannotated transcripts suggested the presence of 119 putative open reading frames, 15 small RNAs, and 185 antisense transcripts that are not currently annotated. Conclusions These findings highlight the strengths of systems biology approaches to the refinement of sequence-based annotations, and to provide new insight into fundamental genome-level biology for this important human pathogen.
Spectrum of final pathological diagnosis of gastric adenoma after endoscopic resection
Kwan Woo Nam,Kyu Sang Song,Heon Young Lee,Byung Seok Lee
World Journal of Gastroenterology , 2011, DOI: 10.3748/wjg.v17.i47.5177
Abstract: AIM: To investigate how many discrepancies occur in patients before and after endoscopic treatment of referred adenoma and the reason for these results. METHODS: We retrospectively reviewed data from 554 cases of 534 patients who were referred from primary care centres for adenoma treatment and treated for endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) or endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) at Chungnam National University Hospital, from July 2006 to June 2009. Re-endoscopy was examined in 142 cases and biopsy was performed in 108 cases prior to treatment. Three endoscopists (1, 2 and 3) performed all EMRs or ESDs and three pathologists (1, 2 and 3) diagnosed most of the cases. Transfer notes, medical records and endoscopic pictures of these cases were retrospectively reviewed and analyzed. RESULTS: Adenocarcinoma was 72 (13.0%) cases in total 554 cases after endoscopic treatment of referred adenoma. When the grade of dysplasia was high (55.0%), biopsy number was more than three (22.7%), size was no smaller than 2.0 cm (23.2%), morphologic type was depressed (35.8%) or yamada type IV (100%), and color was red (30.9%) or mixed-or-undetermined (25.0%), it had much more malignancy rate than the others (P < 0.05). All 18 cases diagnosed as adenocarcinoma in the re-endoscopic forceps biopsy were performed by endoscopist 1. There were different malignancy rates according to the pathologist (P = 0.027). CONCLUSION: High grade dysplasia is the most im-portant factor for predicting malignancy as a final pathologic diagnosis before treating the referred gastric adenoma. This discrepancy can occur mainly through inappropriately selecting a biopsy site where cancer cells do not exist, but it also depends on the pathologist to some extent.
Hong Dae Choi,Pil Ja Seo,Byung Ki Kim,Byeng Wha Son
Acta Crystallographica Section E , 2010, DOI: 10.1107/s1600536809052945
Abstract: In the title compound, C24H14BrClOS, the S-bound 4-chlorophenyl ring is nearly perpendicular to the plane of the naphthofuran fragment [dihedral angle = 83.34 (3)°] and the phenyl ring in the 2-position is rotated out of the naphthofuran plane by a dihedral angle of 15.23 (5)°. The crystal structure is stabilized by aromatic π–π interactions between the furan and the central benzene rings of the neighbouring naphthofuran fragments, and between the outer benzene rings of the neighbouring naphthofuran fragments; the centroid–centroid distances within the stack are 3.879 (2) and 3.857 (2) . In addition, intermolecular C—Cl...π interactions [3.505 (2) ] between the Cl atom and the 2-phenyl ring are present.
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