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Everything Judged on Its Own Merit? Object Conservation and the Secular Museum
Titika Malkogeorgou
Journal of Conservation and Museum Studies , 2013, DOI: 10.5334/jcms.1021203
Abstract: This paper is an anthropological study on conservation and museum practice, interrogating the negotiative value of conservation. It is asking who’s worth consulting when dealing with the preservation of complex museum objects, when a source community is a legitimate contributor to object conservation, and what are the ethical considerations posed for conservators confronted with such cases. Conservation is capable of bringing together more disciplines in the care of objects and creates a process of re-evaluation through technical analysis and treatment. I will discuss this process and what it may mean for the secular museum through the case study of a copper alloy Tibetan Buddha sculpture at the Victoria and Albert Museum. The debate around the object ultimate involved conservators, curators, heads of departments, local Buddhist representative, the director, and the museum trustees to decide on the extent of the intervention. This is a case study which challenges the character of the object, it reveals the object’s affective value and how the object’s meaning may change according to context and people. It questions the role of the conservator, the relevance of source communities and how the host institution influences conservation as it follows changes in concept and approach to museum objects.
Effect Of Zen Regulation On The Sohrab Sepahri's Paintings
Mohammad Maamari,Azadeh Vahdat penah
Indian Streams Research Journal , 2012,
Abstract: In this article, at first we tried to introduce the sects separated from Buddhism and also introduce “Maha- Yana” who were among the well known sects of the Buddhism and the introduction of “Confucius” regulation and moral principles and the “Lao-tse” and “Shinto” faiths and their place among Chinese and Japanese and their relation with ZEN sect and Zen philosophy, method of its formation and Zen conduct and initial introduction of Zenga and the effect of Zen philosophy on paintings and Calligraphy of far east. In next sections the effect of Zen philosophy on Sohrab Sepehri's paintings will be mentioned with a short introduction of Sepehri and a fast veiw into his advancement in painting and finally his recognition in east and the effect of Zen philosophy on spirit of Sohrab Seperi.
'At Variance With Both General and Expert Opinion': The Later Works of Lieutenant-Colonel Professor Laurence Austine Waddell
Gabriel Moshenska
Bulletin of the History of Archaeology , 2010, DOI: 10.5334/bha.20106
Abstract: An intellectual history can trace the movement of an idea into, and out of, the academic mainstreams of its time. Less often, it might turn its gaze on ideas that never gained widespread acceptance but remained and remain esoteric. Such marginal works are of value to historians in so far as they allow us to tentatively trace the margins of a past intellectual community. Few scholars can have inhabited these margins, and built more spectacular intellectual edifices there, than Lieutenant-Colonel Professor Laurence Austine Waddell.
Existential Psychology & Buddha Philosophy: It's Relevance in Nurturing a Healthy Mind
Tapas Kumar Aich
Journal of Psychiatrists' Association of Nepal , 2014, DOI: 10.3126/jpan.v3i3.11836
Abstract: The term "existentialism" have been coined by the French philosopher Gabriel Marcel in the mid-1940s and adopted by Jean-Paul Sartre. The label has been applied retrospectively to philosophers like Martin Heidegger, Karl Jaspers and S?ren Kierkegaard and other 19th and 20th century philosophers who, despite profound doctrinal differences, generally held that the focus of philosophical thought should be to deal with the conditions of existence of the individual person and his or her emotions, actions, responsibilities, and thoughts. The early 19th century philosopher S?ren Kierkegaard, posthumously regarded as ‘the father of existentialism’, maintained that the individual solely has the responsibilities of giving one's own life meaning and living that life passionately and sincerely, in spite of many existential obstacles and distractions including despair, angst, absurdity, alienation, and boredom. Over the last century, experts have written on many commonalities between Buddhism and various branches of modern western psychology like phenomenological psychology, psychoanalytical psychotherapy, humanistic psychology, cognitive psychology and existential psychology. In comparison to other branches of psychology, less have been studied and talked on the commonalities between Buddhist philosophy and modern existential psychology that have been propagated in the west. Buddha said that the life is ‘suffering’. Existential psychology speaks of ontological anxiety (dread, angst). Buddha said that ‘suffering is due to attachment’. Existential psychology also has some similar concepts. We cling to things in the hopes that they will provide us with a certain benefit. Buddha said that ‘suffering can be extinguished’. The Buddhist concept of nirvana is quite similar to the existentialists' freedom . Freedom has, in fact, been used in Buddhism in the context of freedom from rebirth or freedom from the effects of karma. For the existentialist, freedom is a fact of our being, one which we often ignore. Finally, Buddha says that ‘there is a way to extinguish suffering’. For the existential psychologist, the therapist must take an assertive role in helping the client become aware of the reality of his or her suffering and its roots. As a practising psychiatrist, clinician, therapist we often face patients with symptoms of depression where aetiology is not merely a reactive one, not an interpersonal conflict, not simply a cognitive distortion! Patients mainly present with some form of personal
Personal identity and eastern thought
Correia Carlos Jo?o
Filozofija i Dru?tvo , 2009, DOI: 10.2298/fid0903063c
Abstract: This paper aims to show that the problem of personal identity is a fundamental question of the classical Indian thought. Usually we tend to think that personal identity is a Western philosophical subject, and so we tend to forget the significance of the Self (Atman) in Hinduism and even in Buddhism. The author shows how the Indian thought approached the question of personal identity and which was the singular solution outlined in the work consensually attributed to Gotama, the Buddha.
Influence of Jingying Huiyuan’s Buddha-nature view on his pure-land thought

- , 2016, DOI: 1672-3104(2016)04-0015-08
Abstract: 摘 要: 南北朝晚期地论学派的代表人物净影慧远,他对佛性的阐释是以如来藏思想诠释佛性思想的。对慧远《观经疏》《大乘义章》等论著的研究发现,他在论述净土思想时的语言表达、思维模式、论证形式都与他对佛性思想的讨论接近,甚至一致。慧远以“佛性之因”论证“三土差异”,以“性之四门”描述“四门往生因”,以“二门体状”讨论“染、净关系”,以“不善阴等四门”疏解“五逆十恶”等,不仅推动了佛教解经学的发展,而且赋予净土思想更多的义理色彩。
Abstract: Jingying Huiyuan is a representative of the Ground School in late Northern and Southern dynasties, and his interpretations of Buddha nature can be regarded as the typical interpretation of tathagata-garbha thoughts. According to our research on Amitayurdhyana Sutra and Essay on the Meaning of Mahayana, we find out that when he was explaining pure-land thought, the language, modes of thinking and ways of argument he used are similar to, even the same as those he used in the process of explaining Buddha nature. For example, Huiyuan used “the reason of buddha nature” to explain “the difference of lands,” “four aspects of nature” to describe “four aspects of future life,” “two symptoms” to discuss “relationship between the clean and the dirty,” “no good aspects” to demonstrate “Anantarika-karma.” This not only promotes the development of the Buddhist exegetics, but also endows pure-land thought with more theoretical colour
Ratnaesih Maulana
Makara Seri Sosial Humaniora , 2002,
Abstract: The iconographic analysis of the deities on the “height measurement” showed that the tala measurement of the Javanesestatues are not so different from those of the Indian “tala measurement”, i.e. the uttama-dasa-tala. The similarity betweenthe Javanese Siva Mahadeva’s iconometry and the Siva Mahadeva statues in India showed that the Siva Mahadeva statuesin Java have the same role with the Indian Siva Mahadeva statues. Among the 43 general laksanas of Siva Mahadeva, the camara (fl ywisk)is the most important one (about 21,2644%). However, in India the camara is not always belonged to Siva Mahadeva, because we found some lower deities have the same laksana. This reality showed that the Indonesian silpin were not always followed strictly the Indian manual books. They created the statues a.o. the Siva Mahadeva statues according to local concept (the Kamanunggalan).
The Buddhist Thoughts of Jin Shixi

Art Research Letters (ARL) , 2013, DOI: 10.12677/ARL.2013.22003
“Jin Ao new words” is the work of DPRK famous writer,which includes five short fictions. Though its plot and structure are simple, it is important in the history of the Korean Fiction. It contains a high degree of ideological and reflects the writer’s attitude to the Confucian and Buddhist and his state of mind. This article tries to analyze his views of Buddhist according to “Jin Ao new words” and “Mei Yue Tang An- thology”.
Differenza epistemologica e identità ontologica tra Sa?sāra e Nirvā?a nel pensiero buddhista
Ferraro, Giuseppe;
Trans/Form/A??o , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-31732012000100012
Abstract: the difference between the concepts of sa?sāra e nirvā?aset forth by the historical buddha (vi-v b.c.) in his first sermon seem to be disputed by the equalization of the two terms effected by nāgārjuna (ii a.d) in a topical passage of his mk. this article, firstly, supports the thesis that the contradiction is just a seeming one and that the relation of difference or identity between the two dimensions depends on the philosophical register, respectively epistemological and ontological, being used - in both cases for soteriological purposes - by the buddha and nāgārjuna. secondly, we wish to prove that, in any case, nāgārjuna's ontology, far from being a philosophical novelty or an evolution of the thought of the founder of buddhism, is, on the contrary, one of the possible applications of the "non-self" doctrine (anātma-vāda) - probably the most important and original contribution of buddhist thought to the history of world philosophy - expounded by the buddha in his second sermon.
Practices Supporting Dzogchen - the Great Perfection of Tibetan Buddhism
Neal J. Pollock, M.A., N.D.
Rose Croix Journal , 2005,
Abstract: Dzogchen, the Tibetan Buddhist teaching, translated as the Great Perfection, claims to provide a means to reach enlightenment in one's present lifetime. This is much faster than that claimed by basic Vajrayana (Tibetan Buddhist) teachings or by other forms of Buddhist practice. This paper provides background and descriptions on Dzogchen teachings,certain practices,and Western parallels. Western mythological and Kabbalistic counterparts are primarily in the endnotes.
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