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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1707 matches for " Bryan Stierman "
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Physical activity reduces risk for colon polyps in a multiethnic colorectal cancer screening population
Nelson F Sanchez, Bryan Stierman, Said Saab, Divya Mahajan, Howa Yeung, Fritz Francois
BMC Research Notes , 2012, DOI: 10.1186/1756-0500-5-312
Abstract: We enrolled 982 patients: 558 Hispanic, 202 Asian,149 Black, and 69 White. Patients who reported exercising one or more hours weekly had a lower prevalence of any polyps (25.3% vs 33.2%, P?=?0.008) as well as adenomas (13.8 vs. 18.9%, P?=?0.03) compared to those who did not exercise. Black and Hispanic patients and those who were overweight or obese also had lower prevalence of polyps if they led an active lifestyle. Multivariate analysis revealed that age >55, male sex, and Black race/ethnicity were positively associated with the presence of adenomas, while a history of exercising one hour or more weekly was an independent negative predictor for the presence of adenomas anywhere in the colon (OR 0.67; 95% CI 0.4 - 0.9, P?=?0.03).Exercising one hour per week was associated with a lower prevalence of polyps and adenomas when compared to those who exercised less or not at all. An active lifestyle provides benefits to groups who are at risk for colorectal cancer, such as Blacks. It also provides significant protection to overweight and obese individuals. Public health initiatives should promote physical activity as a cancer prevention tool in multiethnic populations.noneAs the second leading cause of overall cancer death in the United States, colorectal cancer (CRC) remains an important preventable public health concern. In 2010 an estimated 142,570 new cases of CRC were diagnosed and there were 51,370 associated deaths [1]. There are notable racial/ethnic differences in the epidemiology of the disease. The National Cancer Institute’s 2007 Surveillance Epidemiology and End Results (SEER) Report determined a colorectal cancer incidence rate of 54.71/100,000 for Blacks versus 43.16 for Whites, 39.78 for Asians, and 35.84 for Hispanics [2]. Identifying modifiable factors that influence the epidemiology of colorectal cancer incidence among multiethnic groups might be informative for the development of public health strategies targeting the disease.Physical activity has bee
Aid alignment: a longer term lens on trends in development assistance for health in Uganda
Elizabeth Stierman, Freddie Ssengooba, Sara Bennett
Globalization and Health , 2013, DOI: 10.1186/1744-8603-9-7
Abstract: Using data available from the Creditor Reporting System (CRS), National Health Accounts (NHA), and government financial reports, we examined trends in how donors channel DAH and the extent to which DAH is aligned with sector priorities. The study follows the flow of DAH from the donor to the implementing organization, specifying the modality used for disbursing funds and categorizing funds based on program area or support function.Findings: Despite efforts to improve alignment through the formation of a sector-wide approach (SWAp) for health in 1999 and the creation of a fund to pool resources for identified priorities, increasingly DAH is provided as short-term, project-based support for disease-specific initiatives, in particular HIV/AIDS.These findings highlight the need to better align external resources with country priorities and refocus attention on longer-term sector-wide objectives.
The Effects of Food Neophobia and Food Neophilia on Diet and Metabolic Processing  [PDF]
August Capiola, Bryan Raudenbush
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2012.310183
Abstract: Past research shows that food neophobics (those individuals reluctant to try novel foods) and food neophilics (those individuals overtly willing to try novel foods) differ in terms of sensory evaluations, psychophysical ratings, stimulus sampling, physiological responses, and genetic predispositions. The present study assessed whether such factors had an effect on participants’ dietary consumption and subsequent nutritional adequacy. One hundred and sixteen participants, aged 18 - 76 years, completed a food diary for three days as well as several eating-related questionnaires. Nutritional summaries and questionnaire scores were subjected to a multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) with participants being sorted into three groups depending on their Food Neophobia Score. These three groups consisted of food neophobics, average individuals, and food neophilics. Groups were found to differ significantly on dietary intake of 20 specific nutritional and caloric items, with food-neophobics typically having the lowest intake. Implications support the initial hypothesis of food neophobics having less nutritionally plentiful diets than food neophilics, thus leading food neophobics to have a nutritionally deficient diet. This finding is important since decrease in nutritional intake can result in health related deficiencies.
Early Initial Diagnosis of Gardner Syndrome in a 12-Year-Old Boy  [PDF]
Erich Bryan, Peter Kalina
Advances in Computed Tomography (ACT) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/act.2013.21001
Abstract:

A 12-year-old boy presented to his primary care physician with a painful lump at the angle of the left mandible after being kicked in the jaw during a soccer game. Over the next 2 months the lesion became progressively firmer and fine needle aspiration was attempted. Results were non-diagnostic. Panorex examination revealed a calcified mass contiguous with the left angle of the mandible. Considerations were bony callus secondary to trauma versus a calcified hematoma. A maxillofacial CT showed multiple diffuse craniofacial osseous lesions including the clinically suspected region at the left angle of the mandible. Imaging findings were consistent with multiple craniofacial osteomas and workup for Gardner Syndrome was initiated. Genetic testing was subsequently positive for Familial Adenomatous Polyposis.

Structure, Hierarchy and Kin. An Ethnography of the Old Market in Puerto Princesa, Palawan, Philippines  [PDF]
Bryan W. Rich
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.56010
Abstract: Every day, thousands of customers patronize hundreds of vendors at the Old Market in Puerto Princesa, seeking the highest quality products at the most affordable price. It is a buyer’s market as the variety of available products is limited to mostly locally produced goods. Why does a customer patronize one vender rather than another? Do social relationships influence this decision? Or, is price king? Does the relationship between customer and employee affect the vendor’s success? This paper attempts to shed light on the kinship ties and social stratification between vendors, customers and employees and its effects, if any, on the market’s economic success. After more than 6 months of participant observations, my findings show that the fictive kinship ties which develop between the regular customer and vendor, and the social stratification between customer and employee provide a structured functionalism to support the overarching economic theme of the public market.
Re-election Concerns and the Failure of Plea Bargaining  [PDF]
Siddhartha Bandyopadhyay, Bryan C. McCannon
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2013.35A2007
Abstract: In this note, we provide a new explanation for the “failure” of plea bargaining. We show in a model of asymmetric information that a public prosecutor facing re-election takes cases to the courtroom to signal quality even when her welfare (absent retention motivation) is always higher from plea bargaining.
Interrelation between Climate and Dengue in Malaysia  [PDF]
Bryan Paul, Wai Liang Tham
Health (Health) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/health.2015.76080
Abstract: Dengue cases in Malaysia are on the rise and have worsened since last decade, and this has generally been attributed to human actions. However, the effects of climate in this situation have been under-mentioned. We argue that climate also plays a role in spreading dengue transmission and multiple studies have shown that climate and transmission of infectious diseases are closely interconnected. Our evaluation examines how local climate influences dengue transmission by studying two parameters, specifically local average surface temperature and average precipitation, and we assume that a changing climate will influence the number of reported dengue cases and mortality rates. We also study the potential impact of climate change on the transmission of dengue and its distribution over a large geographical region, and have found that dengue and infectious diseases in general tend to be widespread in regions with higher or increasing surface temperature.
Controlling Dengue: Effectiveness of Biological Control and Vaccine in Reducing the Prevalence of Dengue Infection in Endemic Areas  [PDF]
Bryan Paul, Wai Liang Tham
Health (Health) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/health.2016.81008
Abstract: With the increased prevalence of dengue infection in tropical countries, concerned members of the public are now pressing their local health ministries to act immediately and effectively in managing the rising numbers of reported cases. This includes reviews of the methodologies and the effectiveness of current combative systems to find other possible novel approaches that might yield better results. One of those novel approaches is the integration of a parasite into mosquito vector, manipulating the parasite-host interaction to reduce the transmission of dengue in endemic hotspots. Another alternative is by Sanofi-Pasteur’s dengue vaccine that showed over 60.8% success rate in reducing severe dengue infection in children aged 9 - 16 during its final clinical implementation phase. This report will compare and contrast these two novel ideas to determine which of the approaches are more likely to be effective in the long run. The aspects covered will include the application, effectiveness, functionality, and problems with these approaches. The results could then be utilised by governments or organizations to select precise and effective methods in reducing the prevalence of dengue infections in their countries.
Perspectives on guidance and social inclusion in a global society
Hiebert,Bryan;
Orientaci?3n y sociedad , 2005,
Abstract: the world is changing rapidly. people today face numerous challenges in achieving a meaningful and fulfilling life. in many countries, there are enormous systemic barriers to address, such as: massive unemployment, hiv/aids, social disintegration, and inadequate infrastructure. one job for life is over. for many it never existed. old metaphors and old models of career development no longer apply. new ways of thinking about careers are necessary, that take into account the context in which people are living, the reality of today's labour market, and the fact people's career-life journey contains many branching paths, barriers, and obstacles, but also allies and sources of assistance. flexibility is important, as is keeping options open and making sure the journey is meaningful. guidance professionals need to begin early, working with other professionals and those seeking assistance to develop attitudes that facilitate people taking charge of their own career-life paths. people need a vision for their life that will drive a purposeful approach to career-life planning and avoid floundering. helping people achieve that direction can be most effectively accomplished when policy makers and practitioners work together to ensure that effective and accessible services are available for those who need them and when a large part of focus in on addressing the context in which marginalized people work and live.
A bossa nova e a influência do blues, 1955-1964
McCann, Bryan;
Tempo , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-77042010000100005
Abstract: this article considers the connections between the blues and the bossa nova, which have been little recognized in the literature on bossa nova, but was of great importance for the genre's development. through analysis of recordings made on the copacabana samba-jazz circuit of the 1950s and '60s, this article brings to light a blues-based practice, both in the use of a twelve-bar structure and in the use of the blues scale as a basis for bossa nova improvisation. the article also explains the importance of key figures like booker pittman, moacir santos and paulo moura in the transmission of blues influence in rio de janeiro, and the effects of this influence on the subsequent development of bossa nova.
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