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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 8143 matches for " Bruno Natolga "
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Clinical Study of Rape against Females at the Yaoundé Gyneco-Obstetric and Pediatric Hospital, Cameroun  [PDF]
Pascal Foumane, Julius Sama Dohbit, Francisca Monebenimp, Bruno Natolga, Esther Ngo Um Meka, Emile Telesphore Mboudou
Advances in Sexual Medicine (ASM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/asm.2014.42003
Abstract: Objective: To describe the clinical and therapeutic aspects of rape against females in a tertiary level hospital, Yaoundé, Cameroon. Methods: This was a cross-sectional study with a retrolective collection of data, concerning the female patients with a clinical diagnosis of rape received from January 1st 2008 to December 31st 2012. Results: Rape was confirmed at physical examination in 131 cases. The rape victim survivals were mostly aged less than 20 years (85/131; 64.9%), unmarried (127/131; 97.0%), with no income (95/131; 72.5%) and had no university education level (110/131; 83.9%). The aggression commonly took place during the night (68/131; 51.9%), at the victim’s or aggressor’s home (70/131; 53.4%), with physical constraint (73/131; 55.8%), by an unknown aggressor (88/131; 67.2%). A vaginal penetration was reported by 97.0% of the victims (127/131) while 12.2% of them (16/122) had an anal ingress. Condom usage was uncommon during rape (3/131; 2.3%). Vulvar and vaginal lesions were encountered in 32.8% of the cases (43/131). Only 27.5% (36/131) of the victims were prescribed an emergency contraception, while antiretroviral prophylaxis was administered to 46.6% (61/131) of them. Conclusion: These data might be useful for prevention of rape. The clinical management of survival victims of rape needs to be improved.
Harmonizing Budgeting and Accounting: The Case of Italy  [PDF]
Adriana Bruno
Open Journal of Accounting (OJAcct) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojacct.2014.31005
Abstract: Many reforms have been undertaken in recent years; indeed, scholars have concentrated their attention on ac-counting techniques, financial management, and the potential for adding tools to support managerial reform agendas [1-3]. This paper extends prior research by focusing on the manner of diffusion ongoing reform process, through the adoption of the new version of Financial Management Reform process model [3]. The objective of this research is to investigate how a new accounting system has been introduced in the public sector in a processual and outcome-oriented analysis [4]. The study setting for this research is the Italian government, specifically the intermediate or regional level government, Campania Region, where a trial period is underway. The objective is to discover what obstacles and difficulties might exist when implementing a harmonized accounting and budgeting system while moving toward an accrual accounting system. The study reveals the main paradox in the implementation of the reform. This kind of study could add fresh knowledge to the literature and highlight common problems encountered when implementing accounting reforms. Additionally it could help set a standard to assist public entities in developing and implementing accounting guidelines.
A Few Reflections on the Reasons Why Cooperative Firms Have Failed to Gain a Firm Foothold  [PDF]
Bruno Jossa
Open Journal of Business and Management (OJBM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojbm.2015.33027
Abstract: After the inception of the cooperative movement in the mid-19th century, it was widely held that capitalistic businesses would soon be replaced by a system of worker-controlled firms and a wealth of policy proposals called for a major impulse to cooperation in later years also. But cooperation has not met with the hoped-for success. How do we account for this? To our day, employee management specialists have been unable to provide a satisfactory explanation for the fact that the policy proposal to introduce democratic firm control still carries little consensus despite the collapse of the Soviet model of communism. In this paper, we give some answers to the question and emphasise the idea that progress in the direction of a generalised system of cooperative firms would amount to a considerable improvement over capitalism, but will hardly be made without the effective contribution of intellectuals and political parties.
The True Strong Point of Democratic Firm Management  [PDF]
Bruno Jossa
Modern Economy (ME) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/me.2018.910101
Abstract: According to the author, the benefits society would derive from the transfer of corporate decision powers to workers upon the establishment of a democratic firm system include both the disempowerment of capitalists and, most importantly, a powerful impetus in the direction of full democracy. Capitalism is a despotic system enabling capitalists to impose their laws not only on workers, but even on politics and culture has been gaining wide currency. Therefore, one major advantage of democratic firm management is the enforcement of the “one head, one vote” principle in lieu of the “one share, one vote” criterion.
Effects of omacor® on left ventricular remodelling consecutive to post myocardial infarction special issue-myocardial infarction  [PDF]
Bruno Le Grand
World Journal of Cardiovascular Diseases (WJCD) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/wjcd.2013.35A007
Abstract: Ventricular remodelling is the main trigger of the development of heart failure. Therefore, the reduction of structural remodelling is known to prevent the development of heart failure. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of OMACOR?, a well known mixture of EPA and DHA in an experimental model of heart failure induced by occlusion of left descending coronary artery and the reperfusion within 2 months. After a long term treatment of 2 months; OMACOR? (100 mg/kg) statistically significantly reduced the expansion of infarcted zone (35% ± 4%, P < 0.05, n = 9, versus 45% ± 3% in the vehicle group). The phosphorylation of Cx43 as biomarker of the cardiac remodelling was visualised by immunofluorescence in rat’s heart at the end of the study. In the vehicle-infarcted group, a significant de-phosphorylation of Cx43 was observed (8.2 ± 1.0 u.a, n = 8 compared to 11.8 ± 1.3 u.a in the sham group, n = 9) confirming a remodelling process in the infarcted group. In the group treated with OMACOR?,the de-phosphorylation of Cx43 was no longer observed compared to the sham group (16.4 ± 2.9 u.a, n = 9, NS). The present results demonstrate that a long term treatment with OMA-COR? reduced the infarcted size in experimental models of heart failure and that these anti-remodelling effects are due at least in part by resynchronizing the gap junction activity.

World Trade Logics and Measure of Global Inequality: Regional Pattern and Globalization Evolution between 2003-2012  [PDF]
Bruno G. Rüttimann
Open Journal of Applied Sciences (OJAppS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojapps.2014.44019
Abstract: The economy is globalizing. But how are the different economic world regions performing regarding globalization of trade flows? Why are they performing differently? Globalization is not only the increase of international trade between certain preferential geographic areas of economy, but also the resulting increase of interweavement of trade flows between different geographical areas, independent of the amount of trade. This paper is a revised and expanded version of the paper entitled “World Trade and Associated Systems Risk of Global Inequality: Empiric Study of Globalization Evolution between 2003-2011 and Regional Pattern Analysis” presented at International Conference on Applied Economics (ICOAE2013), Istanbul, 27-29 June, 2013. This paper analyzes the evolution of world trade flows between 2003-2012 and performs a cross-section analysis of the year 2012. The economic interweavement will be measured by an inequality risk metric applied to the supply-demand matrix. This risk indicator is based on the concept of statistical entropy resulting in an inequality risk measure, giving an indication for the degree of economic globalization and the evolution of globalization in different geographical regions. In addition, it analyses the governing rational of globalization evolution. The result of this research shows that economic trade flows are globalizing, but with clear different regional patterns, not only between globalizing and de-globalizing regions, but also within the globalizing and de-globalizing regions itself. The emerging economies such as China or the Middle East are globalizing whereas mature economies such as North America and Europe are de-globalizing, confirming for globalization of the inverse Kuznets evolution. The different patterns between the different economic world regions can be explained by using the Globalization Type’s Model as well as the Central Theorem of Globalization.
Discourse about Linear Programming and Lean Manufacturing: Two Different Approaches with a Similar, Converging Rational  [PDF]
Bruno G. Rüttimann
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2015.81010
Abstract: In recent years, the Toyota Production System has also assumed in western manufacturing plants a predominant position. Lean Manufacturing, as it is usually called in the occidental world, aims at a “Single-piece-flow” job handling and has its advantages compared to the classic “Batch and Queue” job handling. On the other hand, mathematical Linear Programming optimization techniques have passed into oblivion, having obtained the feel to be inappropriate for production planning. Although the two approaches have different aims and application, they give particular attention to scarce resources. The concepts of “bottleneck” in Lean Manufacturing and “shadow price” in Linear Programming are complementary. The paper shows the different focus of the two approaches and crystallizes their synergic values.
Structure Sorting of Multiple Macromolecular States in Heterogeneous Cryo-EM Samples by 3D Multivariate Statistical Analysis  [PDF]
Bruno P. Klaholz
Open Journal of Statistics (OJS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojs.2015.57081

Heterogeneity of biological samples is usually considered a major obstacle for three-dimensional (3D) structure determination of macromolecular complexes. Heterogeneity may occur at the level of composition or conformational variability of complexes and affects most 3D structure determination methods that rely on signal averaging. Here, an approach is described that allows sorting structural states based on a 3D statistical approach, the 3D sampling and classification (3D-SC) of 3D structures derived from single particles imaged by cryo electron microscopy (cryo-EM). The method is based on jackknifing & bootstrapping of 3D sub-ensembles and 3D multivariate statistical analysis followed by 3D classification. The robustness of the statistical sorting procedure is corroborated using model data from an RNA polymerase structure and experimental data from a ribosome complex. It allows resolving multiple states within heterogeneous complexes that thus become amendable for a structural analysis despite of their highly flexible nature. The method has important implications for high-resolution structural studies and allows describing structure ensembles to provide insights into the dynamics of multi-component macromolecular assemblies.

Opportunità rieducative e sicurezza nella rappresentazione degli operatori carcerari Risultati e riflessioni da un’indagine condotta in 7 istituti del Nord-Italia / Re-educative opportunities and security in the representation of professionals working in prisons Results and remarks from a research conducted in 7 northern Italian prisons / Opportunités de rééeducation et sécurité dans la représenta
Bertelli Bruno,Crepaldi Bruno
Rivista di Criminologia, Vittimologia e Sicurezza , 2011,
Abstract: In this essay attention is drawn to the type of response that the institutional apparatus of prison provides to the principle of rehabilitation of the convicted, as stated in Article 27 of the Italian Constitution. Particular importance is given to the representation that it is provided by professionals working in the prison, where the needs of rehabilitation often clash with those of security. The research is based on semi-structured interviews, whose content was analyzed with the technique of grounded theory. The concepts expressed by the operators were coded and placed in relation to each other, in order to obtain a coherent conceptual framework. This allowed the identification of three different categories of operators, which we called the negotiators, innovators and traditionalists, corresponding to specific cognitive maps. The results show the rehabilitation paths of the offender in prisons, according to the operators, are the result of the combination of different variables: personal resources, relationships and employment available to the inmate; the type of penitentiary, the opportunity to serve their sentences outside, and the content and quality of the relationship between the offender and institutional operators encountered whilst serving the sentence.Dans cet essai on attire l'attention sur le type de réponse que l’institution de la prison donne à la question du principe de réinsertion sociale du condamné, comme prévu par l'article n° 27 de la Constitution italienne. On accorde une importance particulière à la représentation que les travailleurs pénitentiaires ont du sujet, car en prison les exigences de rééducation sont souvent en contradiction avec celles de sécurité. Cette recherche est basée sur des entretiens semi-structurés dont le contenu a été analysé par la technique de la grounded theory. Les idées exprimées par ces professionnels ont été codifiées et mises en relation les unes avec les autres, afin de définir un cadre conceptuel cohérent. Cela a permis de distinguer trois catégories de professionnels que nous avons appelé les négociateurs, les innovateurs et les traditionalistes ; ces catégories correspondent à des processus cognitifs spécifiques. Sur la base des informations collectées pendant les entretiens, on peut conclure que la rééducation du condamné menée en prison est le résultat de la combinaison de plusieurs variables : ressources personnelles, relationnelles et professionnelles du détenu; le type d'établissement pénitentiaire où il purge sa peine; la possibilité de bénéficier de mesures alternatives à la prison et, bi
The rehabilitation of a reservoir: A new methodological approach for calculating the sustainable useful storage capacity  [PDF]
Annamaria De Vincenzo, Bruno Molino
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/as.2013.48A007

Present work introduces the sustainable useful storage capacity as the minimum storage capacity able to satisfy the water demand for drinkable, industrial and irrigational purposes and necessary in order to overcome water deficit situations which, at least in Central Southern Italy, occur in the summer, when agricultural demand is really high. Sediment volumes to be removed from the reservoir bottom will be calculated as the difference between the current and the sustainable useful storage capacities of the reservoir in study. The calculation methodology of the useful sustainable storage capacity, based on the reservoir water balance between inflows at the reservoir and water demand, has been applied to the Camastra reservoir (Basilicata, Southern Italy), for which numerous reliable data including more than 40 years of inflows and water supplied volumes and data relative to 7 bathymetric surveys are available. Result analysis shows that this methodology, at least in the study case, enables sediment quantities to be removed more sustainably from a technical, economical and environmental point of view.

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