Publish in OALib Journal

ISSN: 2333-9721

APC: Only $99


Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1065 matches for " Brigitte Vanthournout "
All listed articles are free for downloading (OA Articles)
Page 1 /1065
Display every page Item
Which Are the Factors Associated to Child Mistreatment? Use of a Routinely Collected Specific Dataset for Surveillance in a Belgian Pediatric Unit  [PDF]
Christelle Senterre, Brigitte Vanthournout
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.612171
Abstract: Introduction: Child abuse is a serious health problem with compelling evidence that the phenomenon is common throughout the world. The Center “SOS enfants ULB” is a specialized team, established in a pediatric ward, which had mission to prevent and to treat the situations of children victims of physical, sexual, psychological abuse or of neglect. Our objectives were to describe the characteristics of 439 children hospitalized for (suspicion of) maltreatment and to investigate different factors potentially associated with the children at risk of neglect or maltreatment, the children victims of neglect and the physically maltreated children. Methods: Chi square test and multinomial logistic regression models with clustered robust standard error were applied to assess the relationship between the three types of mistreatment and the potential associated factors. Results: Maltreatment was observed for almost one in two children (48.7%) and approximately four on ten (41.5%) were considered at risk. Physical abuse was the most prevalent (57.9%) among the maltreated children and neglect was the second most prevalent (37.4%) form of maltreatment. Regarding the criteria leading to hospitalisation, at least one protective criterion was observed for a little more than eight children on ten. The parental criteria have shown that social problems and conjugal conflicts were the most prevalent for this category of hospitalisation criteria. Conclusion: These data, concerning the hospitalized children for which there is (suspicion of) mistreatment, collected by this team make important contribution to describing child maltreatment and its associated factors. Despite the fact that these hospitalized cases may be probably more serious than those who were not reported, every event, however small it may be, should be known for better organizing each level of prevention.
Spiders do not escape reproductive manipulations by Wolbachia
Bram Vanthournout, Janne Swaegers, Frederik Hendrickx
BMC Evolutionary Biology , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2148-11-15
Abstract: Females of the dwarf spider Oedothorax gibbosus exhibit considerable variation in the sex ratio of their clutches and were infected with at least three different endosymbiont bacteria capable of altering host reproduction i.e. Wolbachia, Rickettsia and Cardinium. Breeding experiments show that sex ratio variation in this species is primarily maternally inherited and that removal of the bacteria by antibiotics restores an unbiased sex ratio. Moreover, clutches of females infected with Wolbachia were significantly female biased while uninfected females showed an even sex ratio. As female biased clutches were of significantly smaller size compared to non-distorted clutches, killing of male embryos appears to be the most likely manipulative effect.This represents to our knowledge the first direct evidence that endosymbiont bacteria, and in particular Wolbachia, might induce sex ratio variation in spiders. These findings are pivotal to further understand the diversity of reproductive phenotypes observed in this arthropod order.Maternally inherited endosymbiont bacteria of arthropods received considerable attention owing to their ability to shape their hosts' reproductive biology and consequently their ecology and evolution [1-4]. The strategies adopted by these microorganisms to increase their fitness are surprisingly diverse and involve the induction of parthenogenesis, killing of male offspring, feminization of genetic males and cytoplasmic incompatibility, wherein, in its simplest form, the development of an uninfected egg is inhibited if inseminated by sperm of an infected male [2,4,5].Recently, several molecular screening studies demonstrated that the degree of arthropod infection is considerably higher than previously thought [6,7] and that even up to 66% of arthropod species are thought to be infected [8]. Despite the discovery of their widespread occurrence within arthropods, knowledge about the extent to which they may alter their hosts' reproduction is lagging
Can We Manage a Balance between Care and Employment?
—The Compatibility of Informal Care and Employment at the Alpen-Adria University

Nadja Frate, Brigitte Jenull
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2015.57020
Abstract: Thedemographic trend confronts the younger generation with the decision to care for family members. The care of a loved one is seen as not only a challenge but also a burden. The aim of the present study is to investigate the compatibility of care and employment in the university context by a multilevel triangulations design. First we determined the amount of persons concerned by all staff members of the Alpen-Adria University (AAU) (n = 919). Subsequently we discussed the problems in depth with ten employees. The results show that 11% of the employees are caring for a family member and are exposed to a variety of burden. In addition to physical and mental disorders, there are changes in the work style. The affected employees kept the care secret and formulated fears of job loss and degradation of efficiency. These results formed the basis for expert interviews (n = 7) and the development of concrete solutions.
El circo: ?mezcla de géneros?
Folios , 2009,
Abstract: el presente artículo intenta ofrecer una mejor comprensión en torno al mundo del circo y su ethos, entendido como manera de ver y actuar. a riesgo de paradoja, nos proponemos captar el espíritu de este arte corporal mediante aproximaciones sucesivas. tras explorar una definición del circo, se insiste particularmente en las nociones de cuerpo, imagen y movimiento, que se sitúan en el corazón de la historia y del imaginario del circo. se evoca también "el cuerpo grotesco" y el episteme del renacimiento y, de manera más general, cruzamos la historia del circo y la historia del pensamiento. su contenido puede resultar desconcertante para el lector, pues recurre a procesos de inversión cronológica y de mezcla poco conformes con la tradición académica, pero, no obstante, congruentes con el espíritu del circo.
Interpretación postmoderna del pluralismo legal como fundamento para una nueva Teoría del Derecho
Frónesis , 2006,
Abstract: the objective of this paper is to reflect on the new world reality, which presents a scenario that lacks the essential unity of traditional central statehood, and is conformed of mini-nationalities disseminated throughout national territories within a new focus as to horizontal rights which supplants the concept of judiciousness for a definition far from the positivist state synonym of the kelsian conception. for this reason it is necessary that the absoluteness and totalitarian vocation of national rights be substituted for a juridical pluralism in which along with centralist regulations, forms of inter-subjectivity and social control of historically differentiated human groups within the state conglomerate such as autonomous indigenous populations, can co-exist.
Interpretación Trimilenaria del Poder Moral en Bolívar
Frónesis , 2008,
Abstract: moral power is inherent in bolivar?s independent nation project for latin america, whose realization will also require the confluence of education, social justice and ethics (speech to the angostura congress). therefore, bolivar?s concept of ethics was not the individual concept of private behavior but the political concept of social ethics needed to transform colonial society to benefit the destitute majorities. bolivar perceived ethics as a version of ?legitimacy,? understood as allegiance to the state (polis) where moral power acts as ?paideia? to shape social and political morals according to the collective project of a nation. the study has been developed through a documentary investigation of the liberator?s writings, processed using the analytical method.
Lovolo e espíritos no sul de Mo?ambique
Análise Social , 2008,
Abstract: in mozambique, the lobolo or bride-price is a significant practice in urban society. this is because the lobolo enables communication between living people and their ancestors, and helps to create or re-establish social harmony. it embeds the individual in a network of kinship and alliance relationships with both the living and the dead. the lobolo is a part of the individual and collective identity, tying the living and the dead together in a network of interpretations of the world and in a set of constantly changing traditions.
Les effets de la violence chez l'enfant et ses tentatives de traitement dans l'apres coup
Brigitte, Blanquet;
Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-37722011000300011
Abstract: in this article the author argues that the effects of violence against children are often noticed only years later, especially during adolescence. adolescence is an opportunity that allows to regain and treat the many injuries that have affected the psyche of the child. by means of the process of repetition-creation, the teenager can act out traces of old traumatic experiences which were not assimilated and try to treat them. to demonstrate this assumption, the author uses a clinical situation, extracted from two years of psychotherapeutic treatement. this example makes it possible to account for the phenomenon of recovery, acting out and the effects of psychotherapeutic treatment years afterwards the traumatic experience.
Mit Blended Learning zur effizienten Literatursuche
Schubnell, Brigitte
GMS Medizin-Bibliothek-Information , 2007,
Mit Blended Learning zur effizienten Literatursuche / Blended Learning: a way to efficient literature search
Schubnell, Brigitte
GMS Medizin-Bibliothek-Information , 2007,
Abstract: Since 2004 Information Literacy has been part of medical studies at the University of Zurich. The practical course “transfer of knowledge” takes place in the 2nd semester and is mandatory. In 2004 and 2005 the Main Library University of Zurich introduced the medical students, roughly 300, into the topic using a classic approach, i.e. by presentations and exercises. 32 double lessons were given by five employees of the Main Library. Evaluations showed that the students had only little interest in the topic and rated the course poorly. Among others, the following reasons were considered to explain the students’ weak motivation:lack of stimulation such as relevance for exams or other controls of performance limited possibilities to apply the gained knowledge in the 1st year of medical studies; thus students considered some contents irrelevant some exercises were not designed optimally, thereby challenging the students too little In the summer semester 2006 the course was given for the first time using blended learning. The goal was to increase the activity of the students and to make the contents available in the long term. The new form of teaching and learning has been a success and in 2007 the second round took place in the new mode. In the new course, students acquire the theory by self-study using an e-learning module. The period of self-study, which is finished by an online-test, is followed by a double lesson. This double lesson has the character of an exercise and is used to discuss problems and to consolidate the learnt contents using a given question. The e-learning module is freely accessible on the Virtual Education Platform Medicine (VAM).
Page 1 /1065
Display every page Item

Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.