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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 65 matches for " Brigid Chemutai Cheruiyot "
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Applying Florence Nightingale’s Model of Nursing and the Environment on Multiple Drug Resistant Tuberculosis Infected Patients in the Kenyan Setting  [PDF]
Simon Macharia Kamau, Rose Jelagat Rotich, Brigid Chemutai Cheruiyot, Lily Chepketer Ng’eno
Open Access Library Journal (OALib Journal) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/oalib.1101796
Abstract: Nurses in many resource limited settings have mostly used the medical model which failed to answer many of their concerns in managing tuberculosis infected patients. Florence Nightingale’s Model of Nursing and the Environment states that nurses manipulate and mediate the environment to put the patient in the best condition for nature to act upon. Nursing theory and models have been recognized as key components to evidence based practice today. Every nursing unit in developed countries employs at least one. Kenyan nurses need to realize this and embrace this principle. This article begins by expounding a commonly known, but not always well understood model by the founder of modern nursing, Florence Nightingale. Methodology: The current study was a review and it applied Florence Nightingale’s Model of Nursing and the Environment on drug resistant tuberculosis infected patients in Kenyan. The format of this review was completed by using the authors’ adapted “Advanced Theory in Nursing” coursework materials. Secondary sources and seminal works by the theorist were also scrutinized. A case scenario was embedded that was somehow typical to maximize what could be learned about this theory. Conclusion: Nightingale’s model is a generic tool applicable to guide nursing care of clients infected with multiple/extremely drug resistant Tb with potential to improve nursing care and provide a basis for case studies.
SOLUTION TO THE CHALLENGES FACING SCHOOL PRINCIPALS AS HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGERS (HRM) IN SECONDARY SCHOOLS IN NANDI COUNTY, KENYA
Emily Chemutai
Africa International Journal of Multi-Displinary Research (AIJMR) , 2018, DOI: -
Abstract: With the ongoing changes in Human Resources Management (HRM), it’s important that managers, executives and HR employees, specifically, be aware of the challenges that today’s HRM team may face. This should then be coupled with the solutions to containing these challenges. While there are certainly other issues, it is common to most of any type of business or size of company to having policies in place to ensure these challenges are met head-on to make the workplace more settled and peaceful for everyone. The principals as human resource managers should embrace change which of course is not limited to these challenges. This is because their roles keep on changing from the administrative and teaching roles to human resource roles. This will help them sustain adverse consequences resulting from there changing roles if poorly managed. This study is set to establish the ways in which School Principals and other stakeholders can curb the increasing challenges faced by them as HRMs. The study used a Survey research design with a target population of 140 secondary school principals drawn from Nandi County. Census sampling was used to select the study sample. Data collection was done using self-administered questionnaire after which Coding of responses was done using Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS) for windows Version 16. Analysis of the data was done through descriptive statistics. Data was presented in form of frequency tables and charts.
Use of Stone Dust in the Design of High Performance Concrete  [PDF]
Joffrey Cheruiyot, Sylvester Ochieng Abuodha, Charles Kabubo
Open Journal of Civil Engineering (OJCE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojce.2014.43020
Abstract: This research evaluated the suitability of stone dust in the design and production of High Perfor-mance Concrete (HPC). HPC mix was designed, tested, costed and a comparison of concrete classes used in the market (Class 25, 30 and 35) done using Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA). The cost benefit was analyzed using Internal Rate of Return (IRR) and Net Present Value (NPV). Laboratory tests established the properties concrete obtained from the design mix. Compressive strength, slump, and modulus of elasticity were tested and analyzed. Structural analysis using BS 8110 was done for a 10 storey office building to establish the structural member sizes. Members obtained from concrete Classes 25, 30, 35 and the new compressive strengths from HPC (Class 80) were obtained and compared. Analysis was done for structural members’ sizes and area freed as a result of de-signing with HPC as well as the steel reinforcement used. To justify the initial cost of HPC if ado- pted, the Cost Benefit Analysis (CBA) was used to estimate increased costs versus income resulting from increased let table space created. The minimum class of concrete used in design was limited to Class 25 N/mm2. The research shows that it is possible to manufacture high strength concrete using locally available stone dust. The stone dust sampled from Mlolongo quarries achieved a characteristic strength of 86.7 N/mm2 at a water cement ratio of 0.32. With the results structural analysis of a 10 storey office structures with columns spaced at 8 meters center to center was de-signed using the four classes and results compared. There was a reduction of columns from 1.2 m wide to 0.65 m wide (over 45%) when concrete class changes from Class 25 to Class 80 creating over 3% of the total space area per floor. Cost benefit analysis using Net Present Value (NPV) and Internal Rate of Return (IRR) presented business case for the use of HPC. With Class 80, the IRR was at 3% and NPV being 8% of the total initial investment. The steel reinforcement increased by 8.64% using Class 30, 11.68% using Class 35 and reduced by 8.37% at Class 80. Further analysis needs to be done to understand the trend of steel reinforcement keeping all the member sizes the same. In this study the member sizes were optimized based on the steel reinforcement and serviceability. This paper provides useful information to design Engineers and Architects and inform future design of multi storey structures.
A New Regression Type Estimator with Two Auxiliary Variables for Single-Phase Sampling  [PDF]
Everline Chemutai Tum, John Kung’u, Leo Odongo
Open Journal of Statistics (OJS) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojs.2014.49074
Abstract: In this paper, we have proposed an estimator of finite population mean using a new regression type estimator with two auxiliary variables for single-phase sampling and investigated its finite sample properties. An empirical study has been carried out to compare the performance of the proposed estimator with the existing estimators that utilize auxiliary variables for finite population mean. It has been found that the new regression type estimator with two auxiliary variables for to be more efficient than mean per unit, ratio and product estimator and exponential ratio and exponential product estimators and exponential ratio-product estimator.
Combined Effect of Ethanol and Acetaminophen on the Central Nervous System of Daphnia magna
Brigid Bleaken
Impulse : an Undergraduate Journal for Neuroscience , 2010,
Abstract: The combined consumption of acetaminophen (APAP) and ethanol (EtOH) has been an issue with clinical implications. Previous findings regarding the simultaneous consumption of APAP and EtOH have reported harmful effects on the liver and stomach; however, little is known about the effects on the central nervous system (CNS). We hypothesized that EtOH and APAP will have a synergistic effect on the CNS of Daphnia magna (D. magna), causing a pronounced decrease in heart rate at a toxic dose of EtOH. To better understand the effects of the combined consumption of EtOH and APAP on the CNS, the heart rates of D. magna were measured under a dissection microscope after exposure to EtOH, APAP, or a combined EtOH-APAP solution. Interestingly, the average heart rates of D. magna exposed to the EtOH-APAP solution and D. magna exposed only to APAP were approximately the same. Although our results did not support our original hypothesis, the data demonstrated that APAP exerted a dominant effect over EtOH. APAP and EtOH are known to have inhibitory effects on the CNS. Therefore, these findings suggest that APAP and EtOH may compete against each other on similar pathways to be the substance that exerts an inhibitory effect in the CNS.
The European Union: A Distinctive Model of Internationalisation?
Brigid Laffan
European Integration Online Papers , 1997,
Abstract: This paper argues that the European Union has developed a distinctive form of internationalisation which represents a form of deep regionalism. The EU represents deep regionalism, in contrast to other regionalisms because of its scope, level of institutionalisation and normative underpinnings. Part two of the paper analyses the characteristics of political and economic order emerging in the Union. Four aspects of the Union are analysed: loosely coupled collective governance, market integration, polity building and the international role of the Union.
The European Union: A Distinctive Model of Internationalisation?
Brigid Laffan
European Integration Online Papers , 1997,
Abstract: This paper argues that the European Union has developed a distinctive form of internationalisation which represents a form of deep regionalism. The EU represents deep regionalism, in contrast to other regionalisms because of its scope, level of institutionalisation and normative underpinnings. Part two of the paper analyses the characteristics of political and economic order emerging in the Union. Four aspects of the Union are analysed: loosely coupled collective governance, market integration, polity building and the international role of the Union.
Role of ECDE Administration on Choice of Teaching Methods used by Early Childhood Development Education Teachers in Keiyo South District
Betty Jebet Cheruiyot
Africa International journal of management education and Governance , 2018, DOI: -
Abstract: The untrained Early Childhood Development Education (ECDE) teacher tends to escape from children’s problems instead of dealing with them. They do not know how to deal with different age groups since they do not know what tasks to give which group of children. The type of training enables a teacher to escape the constraints of a curriculum. Once this issue can be established, preferably by research, it will ease the inconsistencies in the ECDE teacher training in Kenya. The purpose of this study was to establish teacher factors that influence the choice of teaching methods used by ECDE teachers in Keiyo South District. This study was guided by the Learning Styles theory and adopted a descriptive survey design. The study targeted 126 public ECDE centres, 252 ECDE teachers and 126 ECDE head teachers in the public EDCE centres in the district. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 38 public ECDE centres. The study used the questionnaire, interview schedule and observation checklist to collect data. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics and presented using frequencies and percentages. The availability of teaching /learning materials, age of the ECDE child, mastery of content and teacher’s experience influenced the choice of teaching method. Others such as teacher motivation, number of children and the school locality also tend to influence the choice of the teaching method. It was also established that there was a relationship between the factors and choice of teaching method. A teacher should embrace the use of a variety of teaching methods; they should appropriately choose the teaching methods in consideration of the learners’ needs
Teacher Factors that Influence the Choice of Teaching Methods Used by Early Childhood Development Education Teachers in Keiyo South District
Betty Jebet Cheruiyot
Africa International Journal of Multi-Displinary Research (AIJMR) , 2018, DOI: -
Abstract: The untrained early childhood development education (ECDE) teacher tends to escape from children’s problems instead of dealing with them. They do not know how to deal with different age groups since they do not know what tasks to give which group of children. The type of training enables a teacher to escape the constraints of a curriculum. Once this issue can be established, preferably by research, it will ease the inconsistencies in the ECDE teacher training in Kenya. The purpose of this study was to establish teacher factors that influence the choice of teaching methods used by ECDE teachers in Keiyo South District. This study was guided by the Learning Styles theory by McCarthy (1980) and adopted a descriptive survey design. The study targeted 126 public ECDE centres, 252 ECDE teachers and 126 ECDE head teachers in the public EDCE centres in the district. Simple random sampling technique was used to select 38 public ECDE centres. The study used the questionnaire, interview schedule and observation checklist to collect data. Data was analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics and presented using frequencies and percentages. The availability of teaching /learning materials, age of the ECDE child, mastery of content and teacher’s experience influenced the choice of teaching method. Others such as teacher motivation, number of children and the school locality also tend to influence the choice of the teaching method. It was also established that there was a relationship between the factors and choice of teaching method. A teacher should embrace the use of a variety of teaching methods; they should appropriately choose the teaching methods in consideration of the learners’ needs
A Stitch in Time
Brigid O’Farrell
Transatlantica : Revue d'études Américaines , 2006,
Abstract: [Mrs. Roosevelt] conversed amiably with others about trade union activities among the women, relating several interesting episodes revealing her own steadfast allegiance to the cause of labor and political liberty. Justice, 1 April, 1934At a White House ceremony on March 28, 1934, Sister Margaret Di Maggio, a rank and file member of the International Ladies’ Garment Workers’ Union (ILGWU), presented a plaque to Mrs. Roosevelt, which read To Eleanor Anna Roosevelt from her fellow workers of ...
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