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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 24179 matches for " Brazilian Management "
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Soil Seed Bank Phytosociology in No-Tillage Systems in the Southwestern Amazon Region  [PDF]
Lidiane A. Vargas, Alexandre M. A. Passos, Veronice A. Marcílio, Francis A. Brugnera, Vivianni P. D. Leite, Rogério S. C. Costa
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2017.813228
Abstract: Understanding the ecological dynamics of weed populations in no-tillage systems is important to establish strategies for integrated weed control capable of increasing agroecosystem sustainability. This study sought to evaluate the effect of succession systems on the seed bank in a no-tillage system. The effects of fifteen succession systems, composed of seven grasses, seven Leguminosae, and a fallow condition, were evaluated on the seed bank at two soil depths (0 to 10 and 10 to 20 cm). The species found in the seed bank were quantified and identified by species and family. The precision of sampling, density, dominance, the indices of diversity of Simpson and Shannon-Weiner; index of sustainability; analysis of groupings of dissimilarities; and the value of importance of each species were calculated. High weed diversity was observed; 29 species were counted, including members of 12 different families. The highest expression of weeds was observed at soil depths of 0 to 10 cm. The Simpson and Shannon-Weiner coefficients indicated high diversity in both systems of succession. The index of sustainability did not indicate significant alterations in the different systems of succession. The coefficients of confenetic correlation were 0.74% and 0.82% for the 0 - 10 and the 10 - 20 cm soil depths respectively. It is concluded that there is a high diversity of weeds in the agroecosystems of Amazonia, and different cover crops promote modifications in the community and expression of the weeds’ seed bank.
Rural heritage of early brazilian industrialists: its impact on managerial orientation
Vizeu, Fabio;
BAR. Brazilian Administration Review , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1807-76922011000100006
Abstract: the understanding of modern management in peripheral countries does not take into account research into their historical background that has come a different route from the anglo-saxons. in this study we shall be analyzing the case of brazil, where the modernization process has been marked by a unique colonial heritage. the central hypothesis is that strengthening of the farming system that was inherited from the colonial period was a decisive factor when the country fell behind the social, political and economic modernization processes that were taking place at that time in other parts of the world. we set out with the premise that the persistence of rural logic in social and political spheres in republican brazil was a determining factor for the configuration of industrial management with traits that were characteristic of patrimonialist societies. these are: (a) opting for protectionism based on political influence and privileges extended to the businessman, which characterizes relationships among the economic elite in brazil; and (b) the subordination of formal authority and the technical competence of the professional manager to patriarchal personalist logic, which favors family ties and personal loyalty.
Rural Heritage of early Brazilian Industrialists: its Impact on Managerial Orientation
Fabio Vizeu
BAR. Brazilian Administration Review , 2011,
Abstract: The understanding of modern management in peripheral countries does not take into account research into their historical background that has come a different route from the Anglo-Saxons. In this study we shall be analyzing the case of Brazil, where the modernization process has been marked by a unique colonial heritage. The central hypothesis is that strengthening of the farming system that was inherited from the colonial period was a decisive factor when the country fell behind the social, political and economic modernization processes that were taking place at that time in other parts of the world. We set out with the premise that the persistence of rural logic in social and political spheres in republican Brazil was a determining factor for the configuration of industrial management with traits that were characteristic of patrimonialist societies. These are: (a) opting for protectionism based on political influence and privileges extended to the businessman, which characterizes relationships among the economic elite in Brazil; and (b) the subordination of formal authority and the technical competence of the professional manager to patriarchal personalist logic, which favors family ties and personal loyalty.
The dimensions of it portfolio management (ITPM): an analysis involving it managers in Brazilian companies
Dolci, Pietro Cunha;Ma?ada, Ant?nio Carlos Gastaud;
JISTEM - Journal of Information Systems and Technology Management , 2011, DOI: 10.4301/S1807-17752011000200005
Abstract: the aim of this study is to explore and validate the dimensions of it portfolio management (itpm) in brazilian companies, based on three different models. five case studies were carried out in brazilian companies that invest more than nine million reals per year in it. eight top it executives from those organizations who had knowledge of the dimensions of itpm were interviewed. items were modified and new items included within the dimensions, while examples of equipment or systems applicable to each of the four dimensions were also identified. research that helps managers to better understand and structure their it investments by using the dimensions of itpm is important to assist in the management of such resources.
O SUS necessário e o SUS possível: gest?o. Uma reflex?o a partir de uma experiência concreta
Souza,Luis Eugenio Portela Fernandes de;
Ciência & Saúde Coletiva , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S1413-81232009000300027
Abstract: the present text presents a reflection about the author's experience as head of a health department of a big city during two and a half years. it presents a systematization of the strategic projects, the political and technical activities and the managerial routine, in which he was involved. it identifies three levels (macro, meso and micro) and four dimensions of management (social-political, institutional, technical-sanitary and administrative in the strict sense). in each dimension, on the three levels, it discusses management strategies designed to contribute to the construction of a universal and equitable brazilian health system (sus). although it may be premature to evaluate the degree of implantation and the effects of the proposed strategies, their analysis and discussion can be useful for being strongly based on empirical elements. the paper concludes that, even though the consolidation of the sus is a political struggle that surpasses the management arena, managers are important agents who need to know how to develop strategies able to foster the principles of universality and equity.
Knowledge management differences between manager and operational levels: study in a brazilian industry
Zampieri Grohmann,Márcia; Colombelli,Gilmar Luiz;
Pensamiento & Gestión , 2012,
Abstract: the paper aims to identify differences in the way in which managerial and operational level deals with the process of management knowledge in a brazilian metal-mechanical industry. this study was based on the idea of gold, malhotra e segars (2001) that the knowledge process phases are: creation, conversion, utilization and protection. through a qualitative research, was observed that: both levels consider the importance of knowledge management, but only the creation phase occurs at operational level (through tacit knowledge) and there is no action to protect knowledge (in both levels). so, the study concludes that knowledge management process has focused only at management level in this organization.
Gest?o da coopera??o empresa-universidade: o caso de uma Multinacional Brasileira
Costa, Priscila Rezende da;Porto, Geciane Silveira;Feldhaus, Diogenes;
Revista de Administra??o Contemporanea , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-65552010000100007
Abstract: this paper aims to examine how a brazilian multinational manages cooperation with external sources of technology, such as universities and research institutes. to achieve this, qualitative research of a descriptive nature was performed and the case study method was used. empresa brasileira de compressores [embraco] was studied in depth. the survey results showed that embraco manages cooperation with external sources of technology following a formal pattern of management, integrated by eleven administrative practices that are linearly processed. these management practices are basically carried out sequentially in three stages: the pre-development of cooperation stage, which is the project definition, the partner selection and the activity planning; the cooperation development stage, in which contracts are signed, the infrastructure is organized and activities are implemented and monitored; and the cooperation post-development stage in which the activities are evaluated, knowledge is transferred and intellectual property is guaranteed. only monitoring and evaluation practices tend to occur more dynamically through the cooperation process.
Contabilidade ambiental: um estudo sobre sua aplicabilidade em empresas Brasileiras
Santos, Adalto de Oliveira;Silva, Fernando Benedito da;Souza, Synval de;Sousa, Marcos Francisco Rodrigues de;
Revista Contabilidade & Finan?as , 2001, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-70772001000300007
Abstract: the globalization of the economy and the awareness of the society are forcing, currently, the companies to adopt a responsible position before the environment, that is, to produce without aggression the nature. for this they are implanting a system of environmental management in accordance with the norms of series iso 14000. to make this management demands the application of a considerable sum of financial features, having itself to have constant preoccupation in controlling them. one understands that the accounting is one of the efficient tools most for this process. it is observed, however, that few companies, in brazil, use the accounting in its environmental management. therefore, the main objective of the accomplishment of this study is to verify which the degree of development of the environmental accounting in the brazilian companies. after a bibliographical walk through on the subject, was elaborated a field research that consisted of the sending of a questionnaire to the accounts departements of potentially polluting industries. the universe understood the companies listed in the guide "500 bigger companies of brazil", edition 2000, of the exame maganize, and the sample was of 50 companies whose invoicing, in 2000, exceed us$ 50 billion.
Empresas que se destacam pela qualidade das informa??es a seus usuários externos também se destacam pela utiliza??o de artefatos modernos de contabilidade gerencial?
Guerreiro, Reinaldo;Cornachione Júnior, Edgard Bruno;Soutes, Dione Olesczuk;
Revista Contabilidade & Finan?as , 2011, DOI: 10.1590/S1519-70772011000100006
Abstract: empirical studies have indicated low levels of adoption of modern management accounting artifacts, as suggested by the literature. accounting theory encompasses the assumption that accounting should effectively assist both internal and external users. the present study aims at two main goals: to evaluate whether (a) large brazilian companies actually use modern management accounting artifacts; and (b) companies that stand out by the quality of information disclosed to external users also stand out in terms of how they assist their internal users. a sample of 90 companies is examined, selected from the 500 largest companies in brazil (2005 edition of "melhores e maiores") and from the nominees for the anefac-fipecafi-serasa transparency award (from 1996 to 2004). data was collected from a survey submitted to the head of management accounting area, with items related to the level of use of both traditional and modern management accounting artifacts. findings demonstrate that (a) the sample companies do use modern management accounting artifacts; and (b) the companies nominated to the award do not differ from the other companies in terms of use of such artifacts..
Caminhos e descaminhos da Ortodontia no Brasil
Morgenstern, Anna Paula;Feres, Marco Antonio Lopes;Petrelli, Eros;
Revista Dental Press de Ortodontia e Ortopedia Facial , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S1415-54192004000600015
Abstract: due to the increase in the number of orthodontists and graduate programs, this study was outlined aiming to the future of our speciality. questionaires were sent to 413 students and 130 teachers in 42 graduate programs. respondents achieved 57.53%. the sample included respondents from several areas in brazil. the average age of the students was 30.8 and the teachers' 42,8. the average index suggested by the health world organization is 1 dentist for each 1.500 habitants. brazil has a population of 175 millions people and has 175 thousand dentists, one for each 996 inhabitants. this proportion in england is 1/2.000, in france 1/1.519, in italy 1/1.333. with a populacion 40% smaller and income 82% smaller than the usa, brazil holds almost three times the amount of orthodontic courses (124, 2001), graduating 344 ortodontists/ year. considering the 175.637 dentists, the specialists number still is little in brazil. among orthodontists, 58.5% consider the professional market satureted due to non official courses (85,1%) and to the competition with general practioners (63,4%). besides, 88,3% of the orthodontists would favor rules to inhibit irregular courses. the increase of their incomes comes from the general practice by the students (58,2%) while 73,3% of the teachers raise their income through teaching activities. the fees are considered insuficient by 44.85% of the orthodontists and satisfactory by 47.3% of them. nowadays, 66.9% of these specialists would not encourage their children to study dentristy. the main referral source comes from patients (89.3%). another rmarkable issue is that intermediate and final records have not being taken by 82.8% of the orthodontists.
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