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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 435 matches for " Borja "
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Facing a Shift in Paradigm at the Bedside?  [PDF]
Borja Vargas, Manuel Varela
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2013.41008
Abstract:

Our entire medical framework is based on the concept of disease, understood as a qualitative departure from normality (health) with a structural substrate (lesion), and usually an identifiable cause (aetiology). This paradigm is loaded with problems, some of which are discussed in the text. Nevertheless, we study, diagnose and treat diseases, and while often painfully conscious of the dysfunctionalities of this scheme, we can hardly imagine how we could practice medicine otherwise. However, most of the recent developments in basic sciences, and most notably in Immunology, Genetics and -omics, are inconsistent with this “health/disease” paradigm. The emerging scenario is that of complex networks, more in the spirit of Systems Biology. In these settings the qualitative difference between health and disease loses its meaning, and the whole discourse becomes progressively irreducible to our conventional clinical categories. As clinical research stagnates while basic sciences thrive, this gap is widening, and a change in the prevailing paradigm seems unavoidable. However, all our clinical judgments (including Bayesian reasoning and Evidence Based Medicine) are rooted in the disease/health dichotomy, and one can hardly conceive how they could work without it. The shift in paradigm will not be easy, and certain turmoil is to be expected.

Revolución y contrarrevolución en la ciudad global: las expectativas frustradas por la globalización de nuestras ciudades
Borja,Jordi;
EURE (Santiago) , 2007, DOI: 10.4067/S0250-71612007000300003
Abstract: a pessimistic analysis, even catastrophic, prevails in studies of global urbanization. for example, the reports of the undp-habitat or the worldwatch institute, or the articles and presentations in intellectual fora. this does not mean that the transformative and integrative potential of cities is not recognized. the positive discourse about citizens' liberties that the urban revolution, currently in process, makes possible forms part of our culture. these are the two sides of this reality. many cities, european and american, have promoted regeneration of their central areas that, in many cases, deal with almost an entire municipality, with a revaluing of the compact, heterogenous city characterized by the quality of public space. however the urban developments, the metropolitan regions, multiply inequalities over the landscape, generating spaces that are physically fragmented and socially segregated. the current urban revolution is frustrating. the political, urbanistic and cultural challenge today is to 'make the city' in all regions characterized by urbanization
Los caminos de la guerra durante el siglo XIX
Borja,Miguel;
Análisis Político , 2009,
Abstract: using travelers' diaries and documents from the period as sources, the article presents the main war roads during the xixth century. it emphasizes in their role as battle theaters and sources of economic and social capital. in an agrarian society as that of the xixth century, roads represented territorial stri pes of geostrategic importance for battles. political power sources and war spaces were located near such roads. in a time when war was mainly a war of positions, roads bordered not only economic structures, but also the geography of war. special attention is given to the roads crossing the region of valle and ca?ón del cauca delimited by popayán's high prairies and batolito antioque?o. the aforementioned region became a space containing warlike processes: not only one of the most progressive economies of the nation was located there but also a war geohistoric space crisscrossed by a set of roads that facilitated the movement of armed actors through all of the national territory.
Carta a los lectores
Jaime Borja
Historia Crítica , 2012,
Abstract:
La Subversión en Colombia: El Cambio Social En La Historia
Miguel Borja
Análisis Político , 2008,
Abstract:
Las ciudades como actores políticos
Jordi BORJA
América Latina Hoy , 2009,
Abstract: RESUMEN: En estas páginas, Jordi Borja plantea la centralidad de las grandes ciudades como actores políticos, que incluyen al gobierno local pero que no se confunden con él. Las ciudades son espejos de las grandes transformaciones globales. Distintos ejemplos en el mundo y, en especial en América Latina, ponen de manifiesto que los planes de intervención urbana deben desarrollarse bajo esta idea de globalidad y transformación. ABSTRACT: In these pages, Borja set up centrality of big cities as political actors, which include local government. Cities are a mirror of global transformation. Different cases in the world, specially in Latin America, reflect that urban planning must be carried out by this idea of globalization and transformation.
La pasión por la historia regional.
Borja Miguel
Análisis Político , 2011,
Abstract:
Los caminos de la guerra durante el siglo XIX War roads during the XIXth Century
Miguel Borja
Análisis Político , 2009,
Abstract: Utilizando como fuentes las memorias de los viajeros y documentos de la época, el artículo presenta los principales caminos de la guerra durante el siglo XIX. Hace énfasis en su papel como teatro de los enfrenamientos armados y fuente de recursos económicos y sociales. En una sociedad agraria como la del siglo XIX los caminos demarcaban franjas territoriales de la mayor importancia geoestratégica para las luchas armadas, en sus cercanías estaban situadas las fuentes del poder económico y político y los espacios de la guerra. En una época en donde la guerra era ante todo una guerra de posiciones, los caminos demarcaban no sólo las estructuras económicas, sino también las geografías de la guerra. En el escrito se presta especial atención a las vías que atravesaban la región del valle y ca ón del Cauca, delimitada por el altiplano de Popayán y el batolito antioque o. Dicha región se fue conformando como una estructura espacial contenedora de los procesos bélicos: allí no sólo se encontraba una de las economías más dinámicas de la nación sino también un espacio geohistórico de la guerra atravesado por un conjunto de caminos que posibilitaba el desplazamiento de los actores armados por los puntos cardinales de la República. Using travelers' diaries and documents from the period as sources, the article presents the main war roads during the XIXth century. It emphasizes in their role as battle theaters and sources of economic and social capital. In an agrarian society as that of the XIXth century, roads represented territorial stri pes of geostrategic importance for battles. Political power sources and war spaces were located near such roads. In a time when war was mainly a war of positions, roads bordered not only economic structures, but also the geography of war. Special attention is given to the roads crossing the region of Valle and Ca ón del Cauca delimited by Popayán's high prairies and Batolito Antioque o. The aforementioned region became a space containing warlike processes: Not only one of the most progressive economies of the nation was located there but also a war geohistoric space crisscrossed by a set of roads that facilitated the movement of armed actors through all of the national territory.
Silvícolas, siringueros y agentes estatales: El surgimiento de una sociedad transfronteriza en la Amazonia de Brasil, Perú y Colombia, 1880-1932. Bogotá, Universidad Nacional, 2008, 430 p. De Carlos Zárate Botía
Miguel Borja
Análisis Político , 2010,
Abstract:
La ciudad contra el capital
Jordi Borja
Cuadernos del Cendes , 2008,
Abstract:
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