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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 4383 matches for " Boris Pinkhasov "
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Bright light enhances the efficiency of physical activity in combination with a restrictive diet  [PDF]
Boris B. Pinkhasov, Vera G. Selyatitskaya, Ani R. Karapetyan
Health (Health) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/health.2014.63030
Abstract: The purpose of this study was to analyze the effectiveness of measures aimed at correcting obesity in women and including bright light exposure during aerobic exercise combined with a restrictive diet. A one-stage, randomized study involved 80 obese women aged 20 to 58 years. The inclusion criterion for selecting participants for this research was the presence of primary alimentary-constitutional obesity with body mass index equal to or higher than 30 kg/m2. All the women were distributed into three groups according to the set of applied treatments. In Group 1, the women were on a restrictive diet; in Group 2, the restrictive diet was accompanied with daily aerobic exercise; in Group 3, women were exposed to bright light during exercise. Before and after the treatment course (3 weeks), body weight, waist and hip circumferences were measured; fat amount was determined by the impedancemetry method; and oxygen consumption was determined by indirect calorimetry. Women in Group 1 had reduced body weight, waist and hip circumferences, fat mass and oxygen consumption. Similar changes were identified in women of Group 2, but weight loss was greater, and the level of oxygen consumption increased as compared to the baseline. In women of Group 3, weight loss and increased oxygen consumption were more pronounced than in those of Group 2. The number of metabolic equivalents (MET) in women of Group 3 increased to nearly 1, which corresponded to the value of this index that reflected the resting metabolic rate in patients with normal body weight. Thus, exposure to bright full-spectrum light increases energy metabolism and enhances the effectiveness of exercises, despite prolonged food restriction, which is one of the mechanisms to improve the efficiency of obesity correction.
Association of Erectile Dysfunction and Hypogonadism with Metabolic Syndrome in Men with Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms of Younger and Older Age Groups  [PDF]
Elena Novikova, Vera Selyatitskaya, Igor Mitrofanov, Boris Pinkhasov, Ani Karapetyan
Advances in Sexual Medicine (ASM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/asm.2014.44009
Abstract: The aim of this study was to evaluate the incidence and severity of erectile dysfunction (ED) and hypogonadism in 193 men presenting with lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTSs) in the younger (20 - 39 years old) and older (40 - 60 years old) age groups depending on the presence of metabolic syndrome (MetS). Triglycerides, glucose and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, serum total testosterone (TT), sex hormone-binding globulin, prostate-specific antigen, pituitary hormones levels were measured in serum. Standardized criteria (2009) were used to determine the prevalence of MetS. Patients were assessed based on the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) and the IPSS-Quality of Life (IPSS-QoL) for LUTSs and the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF) for ED. Hypogonadism was determined in accordance with the ISA, ISSAM, EAU, EAA and ASA recommendations. In men with MetS in the younger age group the incidence of ED was 2.4 times higher, and that of low TT level and hypogonadism was 8.4 times higher compared to men without the syndrome. In the older age group, an increased incidence of ED and low TT level in men with MetS compared to men without the syndrome was on the trend level, but the incidence of hypogonadism was for sure higher (by 1.6 times). In conclusion, the study showed that ED and hypogonadism are associated with MetS by a high degree of certainty in young men with LUTSs. In men of the older age group with LUTSs, the presence of MetS is not so clearly associated with ED and hypogonadism due to the fact that the incidence of these urogenital diseases is also high in men without MetS.
Metabolic syndrome in men and women with upper or lower types of body fat distribution  [PDF]
Boris B. Pinkhasov, Vera G. Selyatitskaya, Ani R. Karapetyan, Elvira L. Astrakhantseva
Health (Health) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/health.2012.412A200
Abstract:

The purpose of the study was to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome as a cluster of risk factors for atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes mellitus and its individual components in groups of men and women with primary obesity having different types of fat distribution. The study involved 142 men and 185 women with primary alimentary-constitutional obesity. The study participants were divided into 2 groups depending on waist-to-hip ratio value. Standardized criteria were used to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its individual components among the examined men and women. The ratios of the number of participants with lower or upper type of fat distribution in men and women were 28:114 and 84:101, respectively. Hence the frequency of lower type of fat distribution was 19.7% in men and 45.4% in women (p < 0.000). Men with lower type of body fat distribution as compared to upper type were characterized by a lower prevalence of abdominal obesity (1.9 times), hypertriglyceridemia (1.4 times), low HDL-C (1.6 times), and hypertension (2 times). The frequency of metabolic syndrome in men with lower type of fat distribution was lower by 2.7 times than that of men with upper type of fat distribution. Women with lower type of fat distribution as compared to upper type had a lower prevalence of abdominal obesity (1.2 times), hypertriglyceridemia (1.8 times), low HDL-C (1.2-fold), and hypertension (in 1.5 times). The frequency of metabolic syndrome in women with lower type of fat distribution was lower by 1.9 times than that of women with upper type of fat distribution. Both men and women in the groups with lower type of fat distribution were missing such a component of metabolic syndrome as hyperglycemia i.e. they had the minimal risk of type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Cubic Root Extractors of Gaussian Integers and Their Application in Fast Encryption for Time-Constrained Secure Communication  [PDF]
Boris Verkhovsky
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2011.44024
Abstract: There are settings where encryption must be performed by a sender under a time constraint. This paper de-scribes an encryption/decryption algorithm based on modular arithmetic of complex integers called Gaus-sians. It is shown how cubic extractors operate and how to find all cubic roots of the Gaussian. All validations (proofs) are provided in the Appendix. Detailed numeric illustrations explain how to use the method of digital isotopes to avoid ambiguity in recovery of the original plaintext by the receiver.
Primality Testing Using Complex Integers and Pythagorean Triplets  [PDF]
Boris Verkhovsky
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2012.59062
Abstract: Prime integers and their generalizations play important roles in protocols for secure transmission of information via open channels of telecommunication networks. Generation of multidigit large primes in the design stage of a cryptographic system is a formidable task. Fermat primality checking is one of the simplest of all tests. Unfortunately, there are composite integers (called Carmichael numbers) that are not detectable by the Fermat test. In this paper we consider modular arithmetic based on complex integers; and provide several tests that verify the primality of real integers. Although the new tests detect most Carmichael numbers, there are a small percentage of them that escape these tests.
Deterministic Algorithm Computing All Generators: Application in Cryptographic Systems Design  [PDF]
Boris Verkhovsky
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2012.511074
Abstract: Primitive elements play important roles in the Diffie-Hellman protocol for establishment of secret communication keys, in the design of the ElGamal cryptographic system and as generators of pseudo-random numbers. In general, a deterministic algorithm that searches for primitive elements is currently unknown. In information-hiding schemes, where a primitive element is the key factor, there is the freedom in selection of a modulus. This paper provides a fast deterministic algorithm, which computes every primitive element in modular arithmetic with special moduli. The algorithm requires at most O(log2p) digital operations for computation of a generator. In addition, the accelerated-descend algorithm that computes small generators is described in this paper. Several numeric examples and tables illustrate the algorithms and their properties.
Public-Key Cryptosystems with Secret Encryptor and Digital Signature  [PDF]
Boris Verkhovsky
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2013.61001
Abstract:

This paper describes and compares a variety of algorithms for secure transmission of information via open communication channels based on the discrete logarithm problem that do not require search for a generator (primitive element). Modifications that simplify the cryptosystem are proposed, and, as a result, accelerate its performance. It is shown that hiding information via exponentiation is more efficient than other seemingly simpler protocols. Some of these protocols also provide digital signature/sender identification. Numeric illustrations are provided.

The Analysis of the Equilibrium Cluster Structure in Supercritical Carbon Dioxide  [PDF]
Boris Sedunov
American Journal of Analytical Chemistry (AJAC) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ajac.2012.312A119
Abstract:

The monomer fraction density based analysis of precise thermophysical data for pure fluids is developed to study the molecular structures in supercritical fluids in general and in CO2 in particular. The series expansion by powers of the monomer fraction density of the potential energy density is used to discover the cluster structure in supercritical fluids and the clusters’ bond energies in CO2. The method of clusters separation between classes of loose and dense clusters in the CO2 supercritical fluid is developed. The method of the energetically averaged number of dense clusters is developed to study the mechanism of the soft structural transition between the gas-like and liquid-like fluids in the supercritical CO2.

Faster Method for Secure Transmission of Information with Sender Identification  [PDF]
Boris Verkhovsky
Int'l J. of Communications, Network and System Sciences (IJCNS) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijcns.2013.62009
Abstract:

This paper describes an algorithm for secure transmission of information via open communication channels based on the discrete logarithm problem. The proposed algorithm also provides sender identification (digital signature). It is twice as fast as the RSA algorithm and requires fifty per cent fewer exponentiations than the ElGamal cryptosystems. In addition, the algorithm requires twice less bandwidth than the ElGamal algorithm. Numerical examples illustrate all steps of the proposed algorithm: system design (selection of private and public keys), encryption, transmission of information, decryption and information recovery.

Thermal Analysis of Thermophysical Data for Equilibrium Pure Fluids  [PDF]
Boris Sedunov
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2013.47A2002
Abstract:

The thermal analysis of precise thermophysical data for pure fluids from electronic databases is developed to investigate the molecular interaction mechanisms and parameters and the structural features of heterogeneities in fluids. The method is based on the series expansion of thermophysical values by powers of the monomer fraction density. Unlike the virial expansion by powers of the total density, the series expansion terms in this method directly reflect properties of the corresponding cluster fractions. The internal energy had been selected among thermophysical properties as the most informative for this method. The thermal analysis of its series expansion coefficients permits to estimate the temperature dependence of the pair bond parameters, the clusters’ bond energies and equilibrium constants, the structural transitions between dominating isomers of clusters. The application of method to different pure fluids, including noble and molecular gases with van der Waals and polar molecular interactions, brings unknown clusters’ characteristics for the fluids under investigation. The thermal analysis of the ordinary and heavy Water vapors points on no trivial isotopic effects. The unpredictable growth of the pair bond energy with temperature in Alkanes points on existence in hydrocarbons of some unknown molecular interaction forces in addition to dispersion forces.

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