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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 709 matches for " Border "
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A Rare Case Report of Pyogenic Granuloma of Tongue  [PDF]
Vinson Louis Gonzaga Fernandes, Nina Margarida De Gouveia Pinto, Vibhav B. Sanzgiri, Purva Khandolkar, Isha Rajendra Sukhthankar
International Journal of Otolaryngology and Head & Neck Surgery (IJOHNS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ijohns.2018.73010
Abstract: Pyogenic granuloma is an inflammatory hyperplasia secondary to chronic irritation. We report a case of a 24-year-old male patient who presented with a pyogenic granuloma on the right lateral border of the tongue. We shall discuss the differential diagnosis and the treatment for the same.
The Borderlessness of Economic Life and Intended Regionalisation
Romanian Review of Regional Studies , 2006,
Abstract: The long area from the Baltic to the Adriatic and the Black Sea between the German and the Russian (and the 19th century Turkish) empires is called Eastern-Central Europe in the Hungarian academic discourse. The peoples living here were forced to conform to these big empires for long centuries. They needed strong adaptability in the 20th century, after the disintegration of the Austrian-Hungarian Monarchy, too. The independent states that emerged as succession states had to conform sometimes to the empires in the west and sometimes to those in the east both in an economic and a political, and a social sense. Economic development was influenced considerably by the political ambition of building an independent country, which meant radical elimination of century-long relations. Every country made a new, centrally controlled internal regional division. This was what happened in all the different political systems. In these decades, borders, both state borders between countries, and administrative boundaries within a country played an important part. Central political intention could only manifest itself through a hierarchical system, which postulated the exact detachment and the strong protection of the individual administrative areas. Consequently, the belts along the borders of the countries increasingly became depressed areas. The number of the inhabitants decreased and the population was ageing because the economy in these areas was not developed. In the new bourgeois period it was the economic political ambition of each country to be able to join world economy. On our continent the easiest way to achieve this aim was to join the European Union. However, as members of the European Union, these countries have to give up their former policy of isolation and they have to form organic (economic) regions. We can witness the weakening process of borders. This holds true for both state borders and administrative boundaries and the new method of enforcing central political will. The democratic bourgeois establishment tries to reduce the power of hierarchical systems. The increasing economic relations between the countries, the increasing role of cross-border relations, and the disputes regarding internal regional divisions are all markers of this process.
Environmental Kuznets Curve for Water Pollution: The Case of Border Countries  [PDF]
Alexi Thompson
Modern Economy (ME) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/me.2014.51008

This paper looks for evidence of an environmental Kuznets curve for water pollution in countries that share major rivers as their border. The data in this paper consist of a panel of 21 years and 30 countries, seven of which are border countries. The turning point for the border countries is much lower than that for the other subset. A t-test comparing group means for income and biochemical oxygen demand levels for both subsets finds no statistical difference for either variable, implying that countries sharing a river may be able to enforce environmental regulations more effectively than countries not sharing a river.

Hybrid Energy-Efficient Transmission Protocol for Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks  [PDF]
Ramaswami Jothi Kavitha, Britto Elizabeth Caroline
Circuits and Systems (CS) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/cs.2016.76077
Abstract: Heterogeneous Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) have different sensing ranges and computing power in the midst of various resource constraints such as limited battery power, reduced transmit power and network potential. This paper proposes new hybrid energy efficient transmission protocol called Hybrid Transmission Protocol (HTP). The proposed algorithm focuses on the issues of throughput dreadful conditions and limited power on mobile nodes due to conflicts in multi-cell wireless networks. The design principle of the proposed routing algorithm is to introduce a new border cluster between the sink nodes and the cluster-heads in order to lengthen the lifetime of the network nodes with minimized energy consumption to attain energy efficiency. The creation of clusters is done by making use of the sensor nodes formation that has a Cluster-Head (CH) used for performing the data aggregation in the sensor nodes of the cluster. Later the data that is aggregated is transmitted with multiple hops to the base station and in turn, this process leads to the reduction in the bandwidth through the elimination of the redundant data present in a cluster. The performance results indicate that the HTP proposed gained greater network lifetime, better performance and higher throughput compared to the other available algorithms.
Perceptibility and Experience of Inner-European Borders by Institutionalised Border Protection
Andreas Pudlat
Quaestiones Geographicae , 2010, DOI: 10.2478/v10117-010-0027-0
Abstract: The article concentrates on institutionalised border protection as a special indication of border areas that are demarcated by the existence and operations of specific authorities. This kind of border protection with its control and monitoring measures serves different purposes, including crime fighting and protection against threats, fiscal aspects (customs), migration control, traffic safety, and environment protection. Furthermore, it is an expression of state sovereignty. In this way borders and border areas can be experienced and perceived, which the article suggests can have different dimensions: a cognitive, an affective, a visual-haptic, and an aesthetic one. Under the Schengen Agreement, systematic border control between the participating states has been removed. This implies, not the end of border protection, but perhaps a loss of a manifestation and perceptibility of borders and border areas.
Cross Border Business Cycle Impacts on the El Paso Housing Market
Kincal, Gokce;Fullerton, Thomas M.;Holcomb, James H.;Barraza de Anda, Martha Patricia;
Estudios fronterizos , 2010,
Abstract: there is comparatively little empirical evidence regarding the impacts of cross border business cycle fluctuations on metropolitan housing markets located near international boundaries. this study examines the impacts of economic conditions in mexico on sales of existing single-family houses in el paso, texas. anecdotal evidence suggests that these impacts are fairly notable. annual frequency data from the university of texas at el paso border region modeling project are used to test this possibility. results indicate that solid empirical evidence of such a linkage is elusive.
Root Canals and Crowns: An Analysis of the Spatial Distribution of Dental Offices in Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, Mexico, 1996-2011  [PDF]
Patricia J. Boda, James Harris
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2013.46A2005

Every city above a certain size has health services that are located, to a large extent, close to their patients. This study analyzes the spatial distribution of dental office and the change in the number of dental offices in Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, Mexico over a 15-year time period. Research was conducted in 1996 and 2011. Maps showing the location of dental offices for these two years indicate a clustering of dental offices within one and one-half miles of the city’s two principal border-crossing points between the United States and Mexico. Provider-based surveys were also used to determine the mix of patients (US or Mexican citizens) at the dental offices found throughout the city. By 2011, nearly all of the dental offices clustered within one and one-half miles of the two principal US-Mexico border crossings had 100% of their patients from the United States.

Medications in Mexico: The Growth and Distribution of Pharmacies in Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, Mexico from 1996-2011  [PDF]
Patricia J. Boda
International Journal of Geosciences (IJG) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijg.2013.46A2008

US pharmacies tend to be located at intersections of major cross streets throughout a city, while in the case of Mexican border cities pharmacies are clustered close to US-Mexico border crossings. Presumably this is due to the volume of US clients who frequent the pharmacies. Although the precise number of border crossings to purchase medications is unclear, it is thought to be significant. In the past, patient-based surveys were the primary source for information regarding US residents crossing the border into Mexico for prescription medications. The current study examines the distribution of pharmacies throughout Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua, Mexico, recording the change in the number of pharmacies over a 15-year period and suggesting the scale of US residents who use Mexican pharmacies. Field research was conducted in 1996 and 2011. Maps showing the location of pharmacies for these two years indicate a clustering of pharmacies within one and one-half miles of the city’s two principal border-crossings between the United States and Mexico. Provider-based surveys revealed that the majority of patients who use pharmacies closest to the border were US residents.

Socio-Cultural and Economic Factors in Cross-Border Purchase: A Study of Customers’ Perspective in Sunauli-Nepal/India Border  [PDF]
Udaya Raj Paudel, Niranjan Devkota, Udbodh Bhandari
Modern Economy (ME) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/me.2018.96070

Nepal and India sustain bilateral relationship and share social, cultural, economic, political and geographical proximities contributing people of both nations to a number of advantages. This study analyzes socio-cultural, geo-political, and economic proximities contributing people of Sunauli-India/Nepal border exploiting purposive sampling in 429 respondents with a structured questionnaire survey in February 2018. Descriptive and inferential data analysis techniques are performed along with Logistic Regression Model to interpret the determinants of cross-border purchase. The result revealed 96.3% of the total respondents involved in purchase, out of them, 85.6%, 77.2%, 71.6%, 71.2% and 54.6% purchase due to economical price of the goods, festivals, communication access, habit and open border factors respectively. The empirical results of the binary logistic regression models revealed different effects of the factors on customers cross border purchase. Economical goods (2.727***), hassle free cross-border imports (1.952***), language similarities (1.551**) and goods available in local market (1.268**) significantly and positively affect the cross-border purchasing activities and the Odds Ratio of given variables is 15.28, 7.04, 4.71 and 3.55 respectively. Following the analysis, the study concludes that there is positive influence of socio-cultural characteristics in cross border purchase. Open border factor is equally important to stimulate such purchasing activities. More than other factors, economic characteristics as availability of goods, their types and economical price are all in all important.

San Sebastián de Las Ovejas: pureza perdida y revitalización en el norte neuquino (Argentina)
Silla, Rolando;
Horizontes Antropológicos , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-71832003000100008
Abstract: in this article we trace the changes undergone by the cult and festival of san sebastian in las ovejas, neuquén, near the chilean border, over recent years. there have been a series of transformations intimately related to institutional changes in the catholic church, to argentine political and economic life and to local and regional processes. the democratic reopening since 1983 and the almost simultaneous economic integration project for the southern cone, called mercosur, meant the opening of two relatively closed national economies and their gradual integration into a single market, aiming at higher competitiveness and access to international markets. the latter requires international borders to become more permeable. the heterogeneity of actors (priests, politicians, devotees, etc.) and interests (economic, tourist, religious, etc.) involved in the festival indicate its multi-vocal nature. the origin of the celebration is linked to the severing of trans-andean relations towards mid 20th century. san sebastian?s devotion comes as a mediator between local and argentine national belonging, its chilean past and institutionalization under the catholic church. an analysis of the organization and meaning of the celebration allows us to reflect upon certain classical and apparently antagonistic anthropological categories, such as tradition and innovation, conflict and harmony.
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