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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 11945 matches for " Blood parameters "
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Monitoring of biochemical effects of organochlorine pesticides on human health  [PDF]
Sobia Khwaja, Rubina Mushtaq, Masarrat Yousuf, Muhammad Attaullah, Fozia Tabbassum, Rabiya Faiz, Rehana Mushtaq
Health (Health) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/health.2013.58182
Abstract:

The present study was designed to analyze organochlorine pesticide residues in the blood samples of the residents of Karachi. Biochemical and hematological parameters were tested thoroughly for changes as a result of organochlorine residues. In the blood samples which were drawn from both genders, organochlorine compounds like α-endosulfan (1.565 mg/kg) and β-endosulfan (1.233 mg/kg) were found in higher quantities and were the most frequently detected compounds. Average concentrations of the detected compounds (mg/kg) were: HCH (0.819); Cyclodienes (2.839); Diphenylaliphatics (0.240). An evident finding was the alteration in enzyme activity in higher residue samples. Levels of GPT, GOT, ALP, Choline-esterase and γ-GT were tested in all samples and observed major shifts in the upper and lower limits in high residue samples as compared with the normal values. Analysis of the blood parameters were carried out thoroughly and checked the levels of TLC, RBC, Hb, Hct, MCV, MCH, MCHC, Platelets and differential leucocytes (Neutrophils, Lymphocytes, Eosinophils and Monocytes) but found no distinct changes and hence no convincing relation was observed. Results of the present investigation of OCs in different blood sera indicated that bioconcentration and biomagnification of these chemicals were common phenomena in the population of Karachi city and this may be accountable for a variety of diseases and health hazards.

Effect of Dietary Urea Molasses Multi-Nutrient Cake (UMMC) on Productive and Reproductive Performance of Rabbit  [PDF]
Mohammad Ruknuzzaman, Abdul Gaffar Miah, Sabbir Hosen Sobuz, Mohammad Abdul Hamid, Mohammad Asaduzzaman, Ummay Salma
Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine (OJVM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojvm.2018.88014
Abstract: Two experiments were carried out to investigate the effect of dietary supple-mentation of urea molasses multi-nutrient cake (UMMC) on productive and reproductive performances of rabbit. In Experiment-I, 80 rabbit does (age 24 weeks) were randomly assigned into four dietary treatment groups (T0, T1, T2 and T3) to investigate the effect of UMMC on the reproductive performances whereas in Experiment-II, 112 young rabbits (age 5 weeks) were also randomly assigned into another four dietary treatment groups to investigate the effect of UMMC on the productive performance. The rabbits of four dietary treatment groups (T0, T1, T2 and T3) in both experiments were fed 0%, 4%, 6% and 8% urea containing UMMC, respectively. The results revealed that the dietary supplementation of UMMC increased (P < 0.05) live weight of pregnant does, conception rate, litter size, and litter weight and individual kit weight at weaning. On the other hand, UMMC supplementation reduced (P < 0.05) the kit mortality, though it did not affect the gestation period, litter size, litter weight and individual kit weight at birth. Dietary UMMC supplementation also improved (P < 0.05) the productive performances of growing rabbits in terms of live weight gain, feed conversion ratio and performance index by almost same amount of feed intake. On the contrary, blood parameters (Hb, PCV and ESR) were not affected by the UMMC except for red blood cell and white blood cell counts, but were within their normal range indicating the safe use of UMMC. UMMC also increased (P < 0.05) the fecal bacterial population. Production cost of UMMC was around 0.19 USD less in each kg of feed than the commercial pellet. In both of the experiments rabbits fed 6% urea containing UMMC showed best result than control and other treatment groups as well.
Acute Impact of Artificial Sweetener, Aspartame on Blood Parameter in Mice  [PDF]
Ayoub A. Bazzaz, Norah S. Al-Johani
Advances in Bioscience and Biotechnology (ABB) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/abb.2018.910038
Abstract: Aspartame (APM) or L-aspartyl-L-phenylalanine methyl ester, a common artificial non-saccharide sweetener used as a sugar substitute in many foods and beverages, has shown some side effects on consumers. The objective of the present study is to study the acute impact of various doses of daily ingestion of APM on blood parameters of mice. Sixty healthy 3 months old male mice raised in the departmental animal house were divided into five groups i.e. the control were fed normal diet and tap water, while other 4 groups (12 each) were daily orally fed with 1 mL of either 40, 500, 1000 or 1500 mg/Kg b wt, dissolved in distilled water using gavages for consecutive 5 weeks. Fresh blood samples collected directly from the heart at dissection were subjected to complete blood counting (CBC) using automated blood analyzer (Cell DYN-1700) in addition to manual differential Leucocytes (WBC) counting. There has been a significant increase (p 0.01) in WBC counts starting from the lowest dose (40 mg/Kg·b·wt); significant decrease (p 0.01) in both Hemoglobin percentages (Hb%) and in Lymphocyte percentages (p 0.004) in comparison with control. It is concluded that the ingestion of aspartame using the above doses has acute impact and is not dose-dependent on blood parameters which could exert further, on the long run, health risks on to other tissues of consumers.
Effect of protein on performance and haematology of broilers fed cassava peel-based diets
Egbunike,G.N.; Agiang,E.A.; Owosibo,A.O.; Fatufe,A.A.;
Archivos de Zootecnia , 2009, DOI: 10.4321/S0004-05922009000400003
Abstract: a experiment was conducted to investigate the influence of the protein source on the performance and haematology of broiler chickens on cassava peel-based diets using fishmeal and groundnut cake as protein sources. in a 42 days feeding trial, a total of 192 anak, four weeks old, unsexed broiler chickens with average initial body weight of 0.685±0.0027 (mean±sd) were divided into two groups of diets containing 0, 5, 10 and 15% dried cassava peel meal. birds in one group had fishmeal as protein source while the other had groundnut cake. each diet was offered to three pens of 8 birds each. final live weight, weekly weight gain, feed and protein intake, feed conversion and protein efficiency ratios, haematology and corpuscular indices were not significantly affected by protein source. fishmeal inclusion resulted in higher (p<0.001) serum albumin and lower (p>0.05) serum cholesterol than groundnut cake inclusion. it was concluded that groundnut cake could serve as protein source for broiler chickens without any adverse effect on performance indices.
The effect of water intake prior to blood sampling on packed cell volume in sheep : short communication
M.M. Kuselo,A.E. Snyman,M.A. Snyman
Journal of the South African Veterinary Association , 2012, DOI: 10.4102/jsava.v76i1.391
Abstract: The effect of water intake prior to blood sampling on subsequent packed cell volume (PCV) was investigated in ewe lambs (8 months of age) of the Dohne Merino, Merino and Letelle flocks at Grootfontein Agricultural Development Institute. On the afternoon of the day before the experiment was conducted, a blood sample for a baseline PCV value (R) was taken from each animal. The following day, 15 ewes of each breed (n=45) were dosed with 1 litre of water and another 15 of each (n=45) were used as a control. Blood samples for PCV were taken concurrently for both the control and water treatment groups before the dose (0), and at 15, 30 and 60 minutes after dosing . PCV were subsequently determined with the microcapillary centrifuge technique. Baseline PCV of Letelle ewes was higher (32.4 + 0.6) than that of the Dohne Merino (29.7 + 0.6) and Merino (28.7 + 0.6) ewes. Furthermore, recovery rate at 30 minutes after treatment also differed among breeds. Although there were significant differences between the control and water treatment groups at R and 0 minutes, which were probably due to inherent animal differences, there were no significant differences between PCV of the 2 groups during the remainder of the experimental period. Overall it can be concluded that water intake before blood sampling for the determination of PCV has no significant effect on haematocrit. Differences among breeds were more pronounced than those between treatment groups.
Influence of Carvacrol on the Growth Performance, Hematological, Non-Specific Immune and Serum Biochemistry Parameters in Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)  [PDF]
Ebru Yilmaz, Sebahattin Ergün, Sevdan ilmaz
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2015.65054
Abstract: The present study investigated the effects of phytoadditive carvacrol on growth performance, feed utilization, hematological, non-specific immune and serum biochemical parameters in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). In trial, 240 rainbow trout which had average weight of 10.79 ± 0.57 was used. Fish were divided into four groups before being fed for 60 days with 0, 1 (C1), 3 (C3) or 5 (C5) g/kg of carvacrol. There were no particular differences in the growth performance, feed utilization, whole body composition, hematological parameters between the experimental group and the control group. However, as compared to control group, a significant increase of serum lysozyme activity was seen in groups receiving feed containing C3 and C5 groups after 30 days. The myeloperoxidase activity in groups (C1 and C3) was significantly higher on the 30th day of sampling. Myeloperoxidase activity of C5 treated group was significantly higher on the 60th day in comparison with the control group. Serum glucose levels significantly decreased on 60th day for C1, C3 and C5 treated groups. The serum total protein, globulin and triglyceride levels of C3 treated groups was significantly higher on the 60th day in comparison with the control and other carvacrol treated groups. The level of serum cholesterol in C5 treated groups was significantly lower on the 30th day in comparison with the control and other carvacrol treated groups. The results of the present study indicated that dietary supplementation of 3 g/kg of carvacrol in commercial diets could improve some non-specific and biochemical status in rainbow trout.
The Effects of Frying Oils Supplemented with Vitamin E on Blood Parameters and Growth Performance of Rats  [PDF]
Fayez S. Hamam, Ahmed S. Eldalo
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2018.98070
Abstract: This study aimed at investigating effects of frying oils supplemented with vitamin E on blood parameters and growth performance of rats. Three experimental diets containing fresh corn oil or frying oil (FO) with or without vitamin E were fed to Wistar rats over a 90-day. Blood Chemistry, blood parameters (hematocrit and erythrocyte osmotic fragility) and growth performance were determined. Neither FO alone nor vitamin E had any considerable impact on the growth performance. Hematocrit of FO group did not change significantly compared to animals fed fresh oil. Although, vitamin E increased hematocrit to 16.37%, but still it had no considerable effect on restoring hematocrit to normal values. Serum triacylglycerol (TAG) did not change significantly among FO animals, while significant increase in TAG was noted between FO and vitamin E treated animals compared with other treatments. Serum total cholesterol (TC) did not change significantly among experimental animals compared with the control. Vitamin E resulted in an insignificant increase in high-density lipoprotein (HDL-C) level compared to the control. Serum low-density lipoprotein (LDL-C) level did not display any considerable difference among the three treatments. Frying oil with or without vitamin E had no significant effects on growth performance, lipid chemistry, and blood parameters. The only significant effect of FO was shown on erythrocytes hemolysis at higher concentration. Vitamin E supplementation had no impacts on undesired effects caused by frying oil.
The Influence of Apple- or Red-Grape Pomace Enriched Piglet Diet on Blood Parameters, Bacterial Colonisation, and Marker Gene Expression in Piglet White Blood Cells  [PDF]
Julia Sehm, Dieter Treutter, Hermann Lindermayer, Heinrich H. D. Meyer, Michael W. Pfaffl
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2011.24052
Abstract: Proanthocyanidins and flavanoids, both subfamilies of the polyphenols, are highly concentrated in different fruits and berries as well as in fruit pomace. They have shown to exhibit anti-cancer, anti-microbial, anti-oxidative, and im- mune-modulatory effects in vertebrates. Herein the effect of additional apple pomace or red-grape pomace in conven- tional piglet starter feeds were investigated in 36 young growing piglets. Immunological marker gene expression was quantified by quantitative real-time RT-PCR in white blood cells, and intestinal bacterial flora was investigated from weaning to three weeks post weaning. Polyphenol content in red-grape pomace, gut content and tissues were analyzed with HPLC. Flavan-3-ols (epicatechin and catechin) and proanthocyanidins (B1, B2 and C1) were identified in the gas- tro-intestinal tract content, whereas only traces could be detected in various piglet organs. The blood parameters, he- moglobin and hematocrit, were affected and down-regulated in all groups over testing period. In both pomace treated groups more thrombocytes were present compared to the standard feeding group. It turns out, that the pomace diets had greatest impact on the bacterial content in the colon. Results demonstrate that feeding apple pomace and red- grape pomace tended to increase the number of total colonic bacteria. Steptococci/Enterococci increased in the red- grape pomace. C. perfringens was not detectable at the second time point. The number of lactobacilli increased in both applied diets. The number of Clostridium perfringens decreased with the age of the piglets. Trends of mRNA expression changes were found in white blood cell (WBC) between different feeding regimens, since the expression variability in the groups was very high. Between the different time points there were significant differences within the apple pomace group, where TNF? (p = 0.033), NF?B (p = 0.024) and Caspase 3 (p = 0.019) mRNA expression increased signifi- cantly during treatment. We conclude that both polyphenol rich feedings have the potential to positively influence the intestinal flora, blood parameters, and WBC mRNA gene expression pattern of immunological marker genes.
Desempenho e características de carca?a de novilhos terminados em pastagem de aveia preta e azevém anual com diferentes níveis de suplementa??o energética
Medeiros, Fábio Schuler;Patino, Harold Ospina;Cano, Mario Andrés Sierra;Rocha, Dimas Correa;González, Félix;
Ciência Rural , 2010, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-84782010000100023
Abstract: the impact of energy supplementation on the performance and carcass caracteristics of 24 aberdeen angus x charolais steers grazing an annual ryegrass (lollium multiflorum l.) and oats (avena strigosa schreb) pasture managed in order to avoid constrains to animal performance was evaluated. treatments were levels of supplementation of 0; 0.4; 0.8 and 1.2% bw with a corn and mineral based supplement. animals were slaughtered as they achieve 4,5mm of fat cover in the rump (p8) evaluated ultrasonography. no differences were observed in fat deposition, measured in live animals with ultrasound at the end of performance period, and in live weight gain, which showed average values of 3,9mm and 1,54kg d-1 respectively. blood serum levels of urea were linearly decreased and cholesterol linearly increased by energy supplementation, with no differences in the serum levels of glucose and triglicerides. energy supplementation linearly increased the killing-out proportion and carcass weight gain, but no differences were observed on the rib eye area, slaughter weight and hot carcass weight, wich averaged 67,85cm2, 438,95kg e 227,75kg. increasing the levels of supplementation resulted in higher killing-out proportion and higher carcass daily gains, without changes in performance and carcass parameters evaluated.
The Effect of the Adsorbent Primix-Alfasorb on the Morphological and Biochemical Blood Parameters of Breeding Gilts
Larisa Cais?n,Ludmila Bivol,Alexei Kovalenko
Lucrari Stiintifice : Zootehnie si Biotehnologii , 2012,
Abstract: The studies were conducted at the state enterprise “Moldsuinhibrid” (Republic Moldova) in 2011 using piglets of Landrace breed. The animals selected for the experiment on the basis of analogues (including origin, age, body weight and health status) were divided into four groups of 10 animals each. The basic diet for the piglets in the experimental groups was supplemented with the adsorbent Primix-Alfasorb at the level of 0.2, 0.4 and 0.6 kg per ton of mixed fodder. It was established that the addition of the adsorbent Primix-Alfasorb in the mixed fodder had contributed to the increase in body weight in different age periods; to the end of the trial the live weight of the piglets in groups EG1, EG2 and EG3 was higher by 8.72, 5.83, and 7.93 % compared with the control group. The analysis of the blood of the experimental animals the diet of which was supplemented with the adsorbent Primix-Alfasorb, showed that all parameters were within the physiological norm, and the increase in the amount of total protein indicated a strengthening of the metabolic processes in the animals. It was determined that the optimum level of the addition of the adsorbent Primix-Alfasorb in the mixed fodder for piglets was of 0.2 kg/t.
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