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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 25342 matches for " Birth Control "
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A Rostami,K Yazdani
Iranian Journal of Public Health , 1976,
Abstract: In a study on 685 healthy women who have been using birth control pills for a period of about 27 months, the following results were found: 1.Blood pressure has been increased with a rate of 1.416%. 2. The increase in arterial Wood pressure is on both the systolicand diastolic blood pressures. 3. It seems that hypertension results from the Estrogen which is present in the Pills. 4. This hypertension is not grave I and with stopping, the Pills within a maximum period of 5 months, blood pressure will return to its control level, without having any effect on the cardiac or renal function. 5. When noticing the above mentioned points, we can conclude that if a woman had previous hypertension after using birth control pills, it is less dangerous than giving birth to a baby due to not using the pills.
Male Involvement in Family Planning: An Integrative Review  [PDF]
Faeda Ayed Eqtait, Lubna Abushaikha
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2019.93028
Abstract: Purpose: The purpose of this review was to identify evidence about determinants of male engagement in family planning. Methods: An integrative review was used to assess the determinants of male engagement in family planning. Data search was between 2014 and 2019 using Google Scholar, Scopus, Web of Science, Science Direct, Pub Med, Medline, CINAHL, EBSCO, Cochrane, and EBSCO host. A total of 14 articles met the eligibility criteria. Results: The fourteen reviewed articles were adopted with mixed method designs, randomized controlled trial, quazi-experimental, and survey. Themes were: determinant of male engagement in family planning, women perception of male enrolment in family planning, and methods to enhance male use of family planning. Conclusion: Religion, large family size, culture, fear of side effect, access and exposure to information, attitudes, norms and self-efficacy and interaction with a health care provider are determinants of male involvement in family planning use. Interventional programs by health care providers and intensive education to men will positively increase prevalence of family planning use. It’s recommended to involve religious leaders in education. Implication: More attention is needed at community and governmental level to identify strategies to promote gender equity, shared decision making, shared responsibility and positive participation of men, empowering women, and to increase effectiveness of male participation.
Determinant of Low Birth Weight Infants: A Matched Case Control Study  [PDF]
Rosnah Sutan, Mazlina Mohtar, Aimi Nazri Mahat, Azmi Mohd Tamil
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2014.43013

Background: Low birth weight (LBW) is a well-known factor associated with neonatal mortality and has contributed to a range of poor health outcomes. Thus, the objective of this study was to determine factors associated with LBW infants. Methods: A matched case control study was conducted in Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia. Data of deliveries were obtained from Total Hospital Information System and medical records. All registered deliveries from January to June 2012 were used as sample populations. There were 180 pairs of cases and controls matched on babies’ gender. Fourteen variables were analyzed: maternal age, ethnicity, gravida, parity, gestational age, maternal booking weight, height and body mass index (BMI), history of low birth weight infants, birth interval, booking hemoglobin levels, hypertension, diabetes mellitus and mode of delivery. Results: Younger mother (t = 6.947, p < 0.001), lower booking BMI (t = 3.067, p = 0.002), prematurity (t = 12.324, p < 0.001), history of LBW infants (OR = 3.0, p = 0.001), LSCS (OR = 0.06, p = 0.001) and current hypertension (OR = 3.1, p = 0.008) were found significant in bivariate analysis. Multivariable conditional logistic regression identified younger maternal age (AOR = 2.9, 95% CI = 1.86 -4.51, p < 0.001), previous history of LBW infants (AOR = 3.7, 95% CI = 1.03 -13.58, p = 0.045), prematurity (AOR = 2.4, 95% CI = 1.79 -3.26, p < 0.001), and current hypertension (AOR = 4.5, 95% CI = 1.06 -19.22, p = 0.041) as significant factors associated with LBW infants. Conclusion: Younger maternal age, history of LBW infants, prematurity and hypertension have been recognized as predictors of LBW infants. The importance of pre-pregnancy screening, early antenatal booking and proper identification of high risk-mother needs to be strengthened and enforced in effort to reduce incidence of LBW infants.

Long Tail Strings: Impact of the Dalkon Shield 40 Years Later  [PDF]
Clare L. Roepke, Eric A. Schaff
Open Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology (OJOG) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojog.2014.416140
Abstract: Intrauterine devices (IUDs) are the most effective, reversible and longest acting birth control method. They require no effort for compliance and avoid systemic synthetic hormones. Evidence-based effectiveness and safety studies have demonstrated IUDs rival sterilization. IUDs low cost make them the most popular method worldwide. Despite these benefits, IUDs have minimal market penetration in the United States where they are expensive, disparaged by an older generation of physicians, and withheld from teenagers, nulliparous women, and women not in mutually monogamous relationships, i.e., those who would most benefit. This article reviews the nearly forgotten history of the IUD that resulted in broadening the Food and Drug Administration’s oversight of medical devices, brought needed transparency to physicians’ conflicts of interests, uncovered a corporate scandal with a whistleblower that led to a major pharmaceutical bankruptcy, and involved 327,000 women (though only 195,000 met strict criteria for claims) in the largest US personal injury case.
Extent of Awareness of Birth Control Methods and Their Use by Women in a Peri-Urban Area of Accra, Ghana  [PDF]
Kwabena Asomanin Anaman, Joana Okailey Aku Okai
Modern Economy (ME) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/me.2016.71005
Abstract: The rapid population growth and economic expansion in Ghana over the last decade have made the management of its population increasingly important necessitating detailed confidential studies on use of birth control methods. This paper reports a highly confidential survey-based study undertaken to assess the extent of awareness of and factors influencing the use of birth control methods among 120 women aged between 15 and 49 years, in their reproductive lifespan, at Abokobi, a suburb of Accra, Ghana. The analysis showed that age was the main factor responsible for the general level of awareness of birth control methods. The use of birth control methods was positively related to the level of awareness of birth control methods, being in a current sexual relationship, and the number of children that the woman had. Students were less likely to use birth control methods than non-students suggesting the need for more recognition of abstinence as an alternative birth control method.
La pobreza, el crecimiento demográfico y el control de la natalidad: Una crítica a la perspectiva ética de Peter Singer sobre la relación entre ricos y pobres
Romero, Dalia Elena;
Cadernos de Saúde Pública , 1998, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-311X1998000300010
Abstract: this article analyzes the relationship between population growth and ethical principles relating to poverty. the paper is a critical approach to the thesis presented by peter singer in his book "practical ethics". the first part briefly examines the principal topics of his thesis. the author then analyzes the basis of singer's theory with respect to the following questions: 1) is overpopulation the main reason for poverty? is it possible to establish an association between the poverty phenomenon and population growth? 2) is singer′s demographic perspective valid? 3) can problems of resource distribution be ignored when talking about poverty from an ethical perspective? 4) is it true that birth control policy was successfully implemented in mexico, colombia, and brazil? 5) does singer′s position on population growth have a negative influence on the "collective imagination"? the paper concludes by suggesting some useful arguments for understanding an ethical perspective towards poverty.
Perfil lipídico y alteraciones menstruales en mujeres que usan el anticonceptivo inyectable combinado mesigyna
Suárez Espinosa,Ileana; Valdés Carrillo,Ramón;
Revista de Ciencias M??dicas de Pinar del R?-o , 2004,
Abstract: hormonal contraception with long-acting hormonal injections represrnt an established alternative. this study was aimed at knowing the disturbances that mently-birth control injection combined with mesigyna scherring ag provoked over lipid metabolism and menstrual pattern, to investigate it, 75 non-pregnant women who wished to control their fertility were included in the study. total cholesterol, c-hdl, c-ldl, triglycerides and ipa were determined showing that c-hdl had a slightly increase-trend from the second year of the use of aics mesigyna, the lpa increased in the 16% of the total of patients. menstrual pattern had regularity in its cycle-81.3 % of the total of women at the end of the study- concluding that the use of aics mesigyna produces disturbances on menstrual cycle invariably, demonstrating its antiatherogenic role due to its metabolic effects over lipid profile.
As leis históricas da popula??o: marco teórico para a compreens?o da reprodu??o humana
Fonseca, Rosa Maria Godoy Serpa da;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 1995, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11691995000100003
Abstract: beginning with the concept population, the author develops the historical laws that rule demographic development, which is an expression of the particular forms of organization in different human societies throughout history.
Unemployment in the Nigerian Democratic Setting: Challenges and the Way Forward
Alexander, H. S.,Ezugwu, D. C.,Titillayo, A. O.,Ajiboye, D. I.
International Journal of Economic Development Research and Investment , 2012,
Abstract: The economic situations of Nigeria have placed only a few as beneficiaries of the abundant resources of the country, leaving behind so many others living below the poverty line. This has posed a serious threat to national development. Due to this poor economic trend, married people are advised to give birth only to the number of children they can cater for both morally and financially. This study is therefore a review of the challenges of unemployment in the Nigerian democratic setting -the way forward. This study revealed that corruption is the challenging and disturbing thing that has made democracy in Nigeria not to yield the desire dividend as expected. Poor birth control which increases the rate of unemployment in the country was also identified as one of the democratic problems stirring Nigeria in the face. Hence, Nigerian government should borrow a leaf from countries like China and India where there is strict adherence to child birth control policies. Besides, in order to restore sanity into a democratic system, corruption should be totally eliminated to forestall peace and progress in the nation so as to make her citizens have assured Faith in democratic governance.
Impact of education and domicile towards family planning and birth control
Dr. S. P. Melkeri,Bagappa Chalawadi
Indian Streams Research Journal , 2012,
Abstract: The present study was undertaken to know the impact of education and domiciles towards family planning and birth control about 120 male and 120 female were randomly sample from Gulbarga district (Karnataka) .The study revealed that there is a significant difference in the attitudes of high and low educated towards family planning and birth control and there is also a significant difference between rural and urban respondents towards family planning and birth control.
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