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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 297853 matches for " Bill J. Vayias "
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The effect of diatomaceous earth of different origin, temperature and relative humidity against adults of rice weevil (Sitophilus oryzae [L.], Coleoptera, Curculionidae) in stored wheat
Helena Rojht, Christos G. Athanassiou, Bill J. Vayias, Nickolas Kavallieratos, eljko Tomanovi , Matej Vidrih, Katarina Kos, Stanislav Trdan
Acta agriculturae Slovenica , 2010, DOI: 10.2478/v10014-010-0002-4
Abstract: Laboratory experiments were carried out to evaluate the impact of diatomaceous earth (DE) samples of different origin with their insecticidal properties to control one of the most important primary pest in stored grain. We tested the efficacy of three local DE, from Serbia, Greece and Slovenia, and commercial formulation SilicoSec against the rice weevil, Sitophilus oryzae, adults in stored wheat. The experiments were carried out at three temperatures (20, 25 and 30 °C) and two relative humidity (RH) levels (55 and 75 %). Mortality of pest was counted 7, 14 and 21 days after exposure (DAT) at the following DE dose rates: 100, 300, 500 and 900 ppm. The mortality of adults normally increased with increasing dose rates and DAT. In all samples the mortality of rice weevil adults (dose rate 900 ppm, 21 DAT) was above 90 %, except at Slovenian DE (at 20 °C and 55 % RH) and Greek DE (at 25 °C and 75 % RH), when the mortality was 85.3 and 67.6 %, respectively. With 100 % mortality (14 DAT and at 900 ppm) the most effective was SilicoSec. Slovenian DE was more effective at 55 % RH than at 75 % RH (7 DAT at all temperatures).
Dimensional Characteristics of Children and Adolescents with Mood Disorders and Autism Spectrum Disorders  [PDF]
Bill J. Duke, Dennis Staton
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2013.412098
Objective: We sought to identify clinical discriminators between predominantly mood disordered and predominantly autism spectrum disordered research subjects that may reflect phenotypic state and treatment response characteristics. Method: Participants were 26 boys and 4 girls aged 2 to 18 years (Mean Age = 7.70). Subjects with DSM-IV diagnoses of Major depression (N = 2), Bipolar Disorder (N = 4) and Mood Disorder not otherwise specified (NOS) (N = 11) represented the mood disorder group (MD) (N = 17, Mean Age = 8.2) and those with diagnoses of Autistic Disorder (N = 1), Aspergers Disorder (7) or Pervasive Developmental Disorder (NOS) (N = 3) comprised the autism spectrum disorder (ASD) group (N = 9, Mean Age = 6.8). Primary outcome measurements were continuous actigraphic measurements collected over one to three week periods. Secondary outcomes included personality and observational measurements. Personality characteristics reflected significant cross-group impairments related to self-control and self-discipline and differed relative to intellectual measures. Observational measurements reflected greater general impairments among the ASD group. Results: Predominantly mood disordered children demonstrated greater impairments related to sleep (P = 0.000) and sleep onset latency (P = 0.000) and were more active than ASD children during evening periods (P =
Swarming Chironomid
J. P. Bill
Psyche , 1932, DOI: 10.1155/1932/90204
Compensation Following Bilateral Vestibular Damage
Bill J. Yates
Frontiers in Neurology , 2011, DOI: 10.3389/fneur.2011.00088
Abstract: Bilateral loss of vestibular inputs affects far fewer patients than unilateral inner ear damage, and thus has been understudied. In both animal subjects and human patients, bilateral vestibular hypofunction (BVH) produces a variety of clinical problems, including impaired balance control, inability to maintain stable blood pressure during postural changes, difficulty in visual targeting of images, and disturbances in spatial memory and navigational performance. Experiments in animals have shown that non-labyrinthine inputs to the vestibular nuclei are rapidly amplified following the onset of BVH, which may explain the recovery of postural stability and orthostatic tolerance that occurs within 10 days. However, the loss of the vestibulo-ocular reflex and degraded spatial cognition appear to be permanent in animals with BVH. Current concepts of the compensatory mechanisms in humans with BVH are largely inferential, as there is a lack of data from patients early in the disease process. Translation of animal studies of compensation for BVH into therapeutic strategies and subsequent application in the clinic is the most likely route to improve treatment. In addition to physical therapy, two types of prosthetic devices have been proposed to treat individuals with bilateral loss of vestibular inputs: those that provide tactile stimulation to indicate body position in space, and those that deliver electrical stimuli to branches of the vestibular nerve in accordance with head movements. The relative efficacy of these two treatment paradigms, and whether they can be combined to facilitate recovery, is yet to be ascertained.
Bill Davison,Richard J Sebastian
Journal of Management Research , 2009, DOI: 10.5296/jmr.v1i2.44
Abstract: The primary purpose of this research was to examine the perceived consequences of ten types of contract administration problems for each of seven contract types and to determine how likely each of these consequences were perceived to be. Building upon the earlier research of Davison and Sebastian (in press a, b), the research surveyed National Institute of Government Purchasing (NIGP) and Institute of Supply Management (ISM) members. For each of seven types of contract (e.g., supplies and small purchases) the respondents were asked to indicate the typical consequences they experienced for each of ten contract administration problems (e.g., wrong product). The major problematic consequences examined were contract delays, contract costs, and contract termination. The perceived likelihood of occurrence for each consequence, on the contracting process, was determined for each contract problem within each contract type. The major findings were that when contract administration problems occurred, problematic consequences were more likely than no consequences for all contract types except leases and that the types of problematic consequences that were most likely depended on the type of contract. The implications of the results from this research and Davison and Sebastian’s previous findings for procurement professionals and the purchasing process were discussed along with future research directions.
Radically solvable graphs
Bill Jackson,J. C. Owen
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: A 2-dimensional framework is a straight line realisation of a graph in the Euclidean plane. It is radically solvable if the set of vertex coordinates is contained in a radical extension of the field of rationals extended by the squared edge lengths. We show that the radical solvability of a generic framework depends only on its underlying graph and characterise which planar graphs give rise to radically solvable generic frameworks. We conjecture that our characterisation extends to all graphs.
A characterisation of the generic rigidity of 2-dimensional point-line frameworks
Bill Jackson,J. C. Owen
Mathematics , 2014,
Abstract: A 2-dimensional point-line framework is a collection of points and lines in the plane which are linked by pairwise constraints that fix some angles between pairs of lines and also some point-line and point-point distances. It is rigid if every continuous motion of the points and lines which preserves the constraints results in a point-line framework which can be obtained from the initial framework by a translation or a rotation. We characterise when a generic point-line framework is rigid. Our characterisation gives rise to a polynomial algorithm for solving this decision problem.
The number of equivalent realisations of a rigid graph
Bill Jackson,J. C. Owen
Mathematics , 2012,
Abstract: Given a generic rigid realisation of a graph in $\real^2$, it is an open problem to determine the maximum number of pairwise non-congruent realisations which have the same edge lengths as the given realisation. This problem can be restated as finding the number of solutions of a related system of quadratic equations and in this context it is natural to consider the number of solutions in $\complex^2$. We show that the number of complex solutions, $c(G)$, is the same for all generic realisations of a rigid graph $G$, characterise the graphs $G$ for which $c(G)=1$, and show that the problem of determining $c(G)$ can be reduced to the case when $G$ is 3-connected and has no non-trival 3-edge-cuts. We also consider the effect of the the so called Henneberg moves on $c(G)$ and determine $c(G)$ exactly for two important families of graphs.
Not All “BAD” Cholesterol Carriers Are Necessarily Bad and Not All “GOOD” Cholesterol Carriers Are as Good as Can Be: Plasma Delipidation, a Non-Pharmacological Treatment for Atherosclerosis  [PDF]
Bill Cham
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2015.69092
Abstract: More than four decades ago it was established that an elevated low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol level was a risk for developing coronary artery disease. For the last two decades, statins have been the cornerstone of reducing low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, but despite significant clinical efficacy in the majority of patients, a large number of patients suffer from side effects and cannot tolerate the required statin dose to reach their recommended low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol goals. Preliminary clinical studies indicate that monoclonal antibodies to PCSK9 appear to be highly efficacious in lowering low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol with a favourable adverse event profile. However, further longer-term clinical studies are required to determine their safety. From the early-proposed concept for high-density lipoprotein-mediated cholesterol efflux for the treatment of coronary artery disease, the concentration of the cholesterol content in high-density lipoprotein particles has been considered a surrogate measurement for the efficacy of the reverse cholesterol transport process. However, unlike the beneficial effects of the statins and monoclonal antibodies to PCSK9 in reducing low-density lipoprotein-cholesterol, no significant advances have been made to increase the levels of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol. Here it is shown that by a non-pharmacological plasma delipidation means, the atherogenic low-density lipoproteins can be converted to anti-atherogenic particles and that the high-density lipoproteins are converted to particles with extreme high affinity to cause rapid regression of atherosclerosis.
Vip3A Resistance Alleles Exist at High Levels in Australian Targets before Release of Cotton Expressing This Toxin
Rod J. Mahon, Sharon J. Downes, Bill James
PLOS ONE , 2012, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0039192
Abstract: Crops engineered to produce insecticidal crystal (Cry) proteins from the soil bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) have revolutionised pest control in agriculture. However field-level resistance to Bt has developed in some targets. Utilising novel vegetative insecticidal proteins (Vips), also derived from Bt but genetically distinct from Cry toxins, is a possible solution that biotechnical companies intend to employ. Using data collected over two seasons we determined that, before deployment of Vip-expressing plants in Australia, resistance alleles exist in key targets as polymorphisms at frequencies of 0.027 (n = 273 lines, 95% CI = 0.019–0.038) in H. armigera and 0.008 (n = 248 lines, 0.004–0.015) in H. punctigera. These frequencies are above mutation rates normally encountered. Homozygous resistant neonates survived doses of Vip3A higher than those estimated in field-grown plants. Fortunately the resistance is largely, if not completely, recessive and does not confer resistance to the Bt toxins Cry1Ac or Cry2Ab already deployed in cotton crops. These later characteristics are favourable for resistance management; however the robustness of Vip3A inclusive varieties will depend on resistance frequencies to the Cry toxins when it is released (anticipated 2016) and the efficacy of Vip3A throughout the season. It is appropriate to pre-emptively screen key targets of Bt crops elsewhere, especially those such as H. zea in the USA, which is not only closely related to H. armigera but also will be exposed to Vip in several varieties of cotton and corn.
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