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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 1379 matches for " Bianca Virgolino;Fook "
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Baixa dose de misoprostol sublingual (12,5 μg) para indu??o do parto
Gattás, Daniele Sofia de Moraes Barros;Souza, Alex Sandro Rolland;Souza, Caroline Gomes Fernandes de;Florentino, André Vinícius de Assis;Nóbrega, Bianca Virgolino;Fook, Valéria Pascoal de Oliveira Lia;Amorim, Melania Maria Ramos;
Revista Brasileira de Ginecologia e Obstetrícia , 2012, DOI: 10.1590/S0100-72032012000400005
Abstract: purpose: to describe the maternal and perinatal outcomes after the use of 12.5 μg of sublingual misoprostol for labor induction in women with term pregnancy and a live fetus. methods: we conducted a multicenter, open and non-randomized clinical trial during the period from july to december 2009. we included 30 pregnant women with an indication for labor induction at term, carrying a live fetus, with a bishop score of six or less, cephalic presentation, estimated fetal weight of less than 4,000 g and an amniotic fluid index greater than five. we excluded women with a previous uterine scar, non-reassuring fetal status, congenital anomalies, multiple pregnancy, intrauterine growth restriction, genital bleeding, and contraindications of vaginal delivery. a tablet of 12.5 μg sublingual misoprostol was administered every six hours, until the beginning of labor, with the maximum of eight doses. results: labor was successfully induced in 90% of pregnant women. the mean interval between the first dose and the onset of uterine contractions and delivery was 14.3±11.7 hours and 25.4±13 hours, respectively. the frequency of vaginal delivery was 60%. uterine tachysystole occurred in two pregnant women, being reversed in both cases without the need for cesarean section. meconium-stained amniotic fluid was observed in four patients, and an apgar score of less than 7 at five minutes in only one newborn. conclusion: maternal and perinatal outcomes were favorable after induction of labor with sublingual misoprostol at a dose of 12.5 μg every six hours. however, controlled trials are needed to compare this regimen with other doses and routes of administration.
Some considerations on the potential contributions of intercultural social work...
Fook, Jan
Social Work and Society , 2004,
Abstract: Social work at global levels, and across international and intercultural divides, is probably more important now than ever before in our history. It may be that the very form our ideas about intercultural work take need to be re-examined in the light of recent global changes and uncertainties. In this short position paper I wish to offer some considerations about how we might approach the field of intercultural social work in order to gain new insights about how we practise at both local and global levels. For me, much of the promise of an intercultural social work (and for the purposes of this paper I see aspects of international social work in much the same light) lies in its focus on the way we categorise ourselves, our ideas and experiences in relation to others. The very notion of intercultural or international social work is based on assumptions about boundaries, differences, ways of differentiating and defining sets of experiences. Whether these are deemed "cultural" or "national" is of less importance. Once we are forced to examine these assumptions, about how and why we categorise ourselves in relation to other people in particular ways, the way is opened up for us to be much more critical about the bases of our own, often very deep-seated, thinking. This understanding, about how and why notions of "difference" operate in the way they do, can potentially open our understanding to all the other ways, besides cultural or national labelling, in which we categorise and create differences between ourselves and others. Intercultural social work, taken as a potential site for understanding the creation of difference then, has the potential to help us critically examine the bases of much of our practice in any setting, since most practice involves some kind of categorisation of phenomena.
Reducing Fuel Consumption Using Flywheel Battery Technology for Rubber Tyred Gantry Cranes in Container Terminals  [PDF]
Kai Hou Tan, Yap Fook Fah
Journal of Power and Energy Engineering (JPEE) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jpee.2017.57002
Abstract: Flywheel Energy Storage System (FESS) is used as an energy regeneration system to help with reducing peak power requirements on RTG cranes that are used to load or unload container ships. Nevertheless, with the use of FESS, Port Operator can deploy undersized generator for new RTG as this will further reduce fuel consumption. This paper presents the investigation of the amount of energy and fuel consumption that can be reduced in Rubber Tyred Gantry (RTG) cranes in container terminals by the use of simulation. In addition, Variable Speed Generator is integrated to the simulation-hybridized RTG. Simulation results reveal that the total energy saving exceeded 30% relatively to conventional RTG. A hardware-in-loop system is introduced for the purpose of validating the simulation results. The hardware components procured include a FESS, a Variable Frequency Drive (VFD) and brake resistors.
Optical Implementation of Non-locality with Coherent Light Fields for Quantum Communication
Kim Fook Lee
Physics , 2008,
Abstract: Polarization correlations of two distant observers are observed by using coherent light fields based on Stapp's formulation of nonlocality. Using a 50/50 beam splitter transformation, a vertically polarized coherent light field is found to be entangled with a horizontally polarized coherent noise field. The superposed light fields at each output port of the beam splitter are sent to two distant observers, where the fields are interfered and manipulated at each observer by using a quarter wave plate and an analyzer. The interference signal contains information of the projection angle of the analyzer, which is hidden by the phase noises. The nonlocal correlations between the projection angles of two distant observers are established by analyzing their data through analog signal multiplication without any post-selection technique. This scheme can be used to implement Ekert's protocol for quantum key distribution.
Preparation and Characterization of Chitosan-Insulin-Tripolyphosphate Membrane for Controlled Drug Release: Effect of Cross Linking Agent  [PDF]
Holanda Adriana Lima, Fook Marcus Vinícius Lia, Swarnakar Ramdayal
Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology (JBNB) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/jbnb.2014.54025
Abstract: The term Diabetes Mellitus (DM) comprises a group of metabolic disorders characterized by chronic hyperglycemia resulting from defects in the secretion and/or action of insulin. The Insulin therapy constitutes the preferred treatment for DM, consisting of daily subcutaneous insulin injections to control blood glucose levels. The chitosan studied for Biomedicine is a biomaterial that can be used for controlled release of drugs whose release rate can be controlled by Sodium Tripolyphosphate (TPP), which is an ionic cross linker of the chitosan. Present study, therefore, was aimed to develop and evaluate membranes of chitosan and chitosan cross linked by TPP for use in controlled release of insulin system, with the purpose of obtaining an alternative to the injectable administration of this drug. The developed membranes were characterized by the techniques of Fourier Transform Infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), Energy Dispersive X-ray Spectroscopy (EDX), High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) and Evaluation of Cell Viability of Macrophages (MTT). With the FTIR technique the interaction between chitosan, tripolyphosphate and insulin was identified. Chemical elements present in chitosan, insulin and sodium tripolyphosphate membranes were detected by EDX technique. By SEM technique, the changes in the morphology of the membrane containing insulin, with the presence of granular particles of varying sizes, could be observed when compared to pure chitosan. With HPLC assay insulin was identified and it was shown that it gets separated from chitosan membrane even when the membrane was cross linked by the TPP, though at a reduced rate. The crosslinking agent was effective to control the rate of insulin release. The biocompatibility of the prepared membranes was confirmed by cell viability of macrophages using the MTT assay. The developed membranes, therefore, have potential for use as a biomaterial in controlled release systems for insulin.
Validation of pooled genotyping on the Affymetrix 500 k and SNP6.0 genotyping platforms using the polynomial-based probe-specific correction
Ramani Anantharaman, Fook Tim Chew
BMC Genetics , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2156-10-82
Abstract: We showed that pooled genotyping on the 500 k platform performed as well as those previously shown on the relatively lower throughput 10 k and 100 k array sets, with high levels of accuracy (correlation coefficient: 0.988) and low median error (0.036) in allele frequency estimates. Similar results were also obtained from the SNP6.0 array set. A novel pooling strategy of overlapping sub-pools was attempted and comparison of estimated allele frequencies showed this strategy to be as reliable as replicate pools. The importance of an appropriate reference genotyping data set for the application of the PPC algorithm was also evaluated; reference samples with similar ethnic background to the pooled samples were found to improve estimation of allele frequencies.We conclude that use of the PPC algorithm to estimate allele frequencies obtained from pooled genotyping on the high throughput 500 k and SNP6.0 platforms is highly accurate and reproducible especially when a suitable reference sample set is used to estimate the beta values for PPC.Genome-wide SNP association screening has become a launching pad to the identification of genes or loci contributing to the susceptibility of complex diseases. With the advent of high-throughput genotyping microarrays such as those from Affymetrix and Illumina, a genome-wide scan for up to half a million genetic variants has become possible for even smaller laboratories which normally wouldn't be able to afford the manpower for large scale genotyping. In either platforms, single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were chosen as the markers of choice due to their abundance in the genome, their bi-allelic nature, and because they are stably inherited from generation to generation [1]. When studying complex human diseases with an apparent genetic basis, genome-wide scans used in the context of case-control association studies have shown some success in identifying multiple genes of small effect size that are likely to influence the various quan
The Roles of Private Higher Educational Institutions in Promoting Formal Lifelong Education in Malaysia
Lawrence AROKIASAMY,Ong Seng FOOK
Journal of International Social Research , 2008,
Abstract: One manifestation of globalisation is that countries are more integrated socially, politically, economically and technologically. The pressures of new knowledge and skills are challenging traditional higher education system. Higher education sector in Malaysia is compelled to cater for another important target community, the non-school leavers or working adults. Complex business nature requires competent workers. Formal higher education is a precursor to the creation of knowledge workers. The scope of lifelong learning seems to be easier to describe than to define. This paper examines the concept of lifelong learning notion, particularly the formal lifelong learning, and development of Private Higher Education Institutions (PHEIs). Finally this articles maps out the reasons PHEIs are better at delivering formal lifelong education.
Mielopatias: considera??es clínicas e aspectos etiológicos
Brito, José Correia de Farias;Nóbrega, Paulo Virgolino da;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2003, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X2003000500021
Abstract: we studied 97 inpatients with myelopathy at the university hospital lauro wanderley from 1985 to 2002. ages ranged from 10 to 78 years and average age was 39.8 years. all patients were examined by neurologist. cerebrospinal fluid (csf) was analysed in 44 (45.3%) cases and immunofluorescence reactions and/or elisa in csf were made in 32 (32.9%) cases. radiologic investigation of the vertebral spine and spinal cord of the 32 (32.9%) cases consisted of 8 radiographies, 10 computed tomography and 14 magnetic resonance image. in 41 (42.2%) cases the lesions were situated in the lower dorsal and lumbar level and complete transverse lesion were registred in 61 (62.8%) cases. there was predominance of transverse myelitis (43.2%) and spinal cord compression (15.46%). spinal cord schistosomiasis was the form more often of the transverse myelitis (13.4%).
Mielopatias: considera es clínicas e aspectos etiológicos
Brito José Correia de Farias,Nóbrega Paulo Virgolino da
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2003,
Abstract: Realizamos estudo retrospectivo de 97 casos de mielopatias n o traumáticas, internados no Departamento de Medicina Interna do Hospital Universitário Lauro Wanderley, no período de 1985 a 2002. Os pacientes estavam distribuídos em vários servi os de clínica médica e todos foram examinados por neurologista. A idade variou de 10 a 78 anos, sendo a média etária 39,8 anos. O líquido cefalorraqueano (LCR) foi analisado em 44 (45,3%) casos, tendo sido enviadas 32 (32,9%) amostras para testes imunológicos. Explora o radiológica da coluna vertebral foi realizada em 32 (32,9%) casos e constou dos seguintes exames: 8 radiografias simples, 10 tomografias computadorizadas (TC) e 14 ressonancias magnéticas (RM). As les es estavam localizadas nas regi es dorsal baixa e lombossacra em 41 (42,2%) casos e a sec o transversa foi a forma mais frequente, sendo constatada em 61 (62,8%) casos. Os 42 (43,2%) casos de mielite transversa e os 15 (15,46%) casos de les es compressivas representaram as afec es de maior comparecimento Dentre as mielites, a de origem esquistossomótica foi registrada em 13 (13,4%) casos, constituindo-se, assim, na forma mais frequente.
Excited Electronic States of Atoms described by the Model of Oscillations in a Chain System
Ries A.,Fook M. V. L.
Progress in Physics , 2011,
Abstract: We analyzed the numerical values of half-lifes of excited electronic states of the H, He and Li atom, as well as the Li+ion. By means of a fractal scaling model originally published by Muller in this journal, we interprete these half-lifes as proton resonance periods. On the logarithmic scale, the half-lifes were expressed by short continuedfractions, where all numerators are Euler’s number. From this representation it was concluded that the half-lifes are heavily located in nodes or sub-nodes of the spectrum of proton resonance periods.
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