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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 2609 matches for " Bertha;Dantas "
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Sociodemographic, Clinical and Quality of Life Aspects of People Aged over 50 Years Living with HIV/AIDS  [PDF]
Alexsandra Rodrigues Feij?o, Klebia Karoline dos Santos Neco, Jéssica Dayane Dantas Costa, Isabelle Christine Marinho de Oliveira, Ana Luisa Brand?o de Carvalho Lira, Bertha Cruz Enders
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2016.66045
Abstract: Introduction: In the last few years, there has been a growth in the number of cases of people with HIV/AIDS aged 50 years and older. This is explained by the inclusion of antiretroviral therapy, increased survival of patients as well as by the growth in the number of infected people in this age group. Objective: To analyze the association between sociodemographic and clinical characteristics with the QOL of people aged 50 years or older living with HIV/AIDS. Methods: Quantitative, cross-sectional study conducted in the outpatient clinic of a reference hospital in Natal, Brazil. The sample consisted of 50 subjects, aged over 50, seropositive for HIV and with cognitive conditions to answer the interview. Authors used sociodemographic and clinical evaluation tools and the WHOQOL-HIV BREF scale. Results: Sociodemographic: respondents’ average age was 57.32 years, 58% male, 38% brown, 26% incomplete primary education, 46% single, 56% retired, 70% with a monthly income of 1 to 2 minimum wages and 70% Catholic. Clinical: 60% have a partner without the diagnosis of HIV/AIDS; 62% had not been hospitalized previously; 66% did not have opportunistic infections; 40% indicated that there was a change in the physiological sexual function after the onset of the disease. Quality of life: people living with HIV/AIDS had low scores in QOL domains. When associating sociodemographic and clinical aspects, it was observed that they had associations with QOL, especially in regard to education, income, religion, change in sexual function and feelings. Conclusion: The spiritual domain was highlighted with the best performance, collaborating to facing, hope and resilience of HIV/AIDS.
Cardiovascular Risk Assessment in the Nursing Team of a Cardiology Hospital  [PDF]
Marcela Paulino Moreira da Silva, Claudinalle Farias Queiroz de Souza, Kelly Cristina Torres Lemes, Dandara Nayara Azevêdo Dantas, Anne Karoline Candido Araújo, Tatiana Maria Nóbrega Elias, Rejane Maria Paiva de Menezes, Bertha Cruz Enders
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2016.67057
Abstract: Objective: Cardiovascular diseases are the most common causes of morbidity and the leading cause of mortality in the world scenario, accounting for about 20% of all deaths in individuals over 30 years. It has attributed this to the increase in the company’s exposure to risk factors. It identifies cardiovascular risk factors in the nursing team and compares the cardiovascular risk by Framingham score among professionals of middle and upper working in a referral hospital in cardiology. Method: Cross-sectional quantitative study was conducted in 2014, in a reference hospital in cardiology located in Recife/Pernambuco, Brazil. Data of cardiologic risk factors were collected from 82 nursing team members, comprised of technical, auxiliary nurses, and nurses between 30 and 74 years of age. The cardiovascular risk level was evaluated by the Framingham Score. Data were organized and analyzed by means of the SPSS, with descriptive statistics and Student-t test for the continuous variables. Results: Family history, stress and sedentary life style were the prevalent risk factors in more than half of the professionals. Only 5.23% of the technical and auxiliary nurses had a high risk score for cardiovascular event. Conclusion: The data indicates a low cardiovascular risk for these professionals and the presence of risk factors that can be modified. Health surveillance of these professionals is necessary in order to avoid a change to a risk of greater vulnerability.
Utilized Theories by Nursing in the Care of People with an Ostomy: Integrative Review  [PDF]
Lays Pinheiro de Medeiros, Marjorie Dantas Medeiros Melo, Bertha Cruz Enders, Suenia Silva de Mesquita Xavier, Julliana Fernandes de Sena, Gabriela de Sousa Martins Melo, Jéssica Martinelli Martins de Assis, Isabelle Katherinne Fernandes Costa Assun??o
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2016.68064
Abstract: Objective: To identify in the literature the theories used by nursing professionals in the care of people with an ostomy. Method: It’s about an integrative review of the literature used in the LILACS, BDENF, PubMed Central, CINAHL, Web of Science and SCOPUS database. Results: The sample was made of 18 publications. Most of them were studies published in the last five years (44.4%), international publications (72.2%), published in international periodicals (66.7%), with level IV of evidence (83.3%). It was identified in the articles that the nursing theories were shown as the most used by the nurses in the care of people with an ostomy (55.5%), followed by the theories borrowed from psychology (38.9%) and, finally, the theories borrowed from pedagogy (22.2%). Conclusion: The nurses are using the assistance nursing models with a higher frequency to subsidize their surveys, as well as borrowed theories, mostly being performed and published internationally and with a low evidence level, highlighting the need of studies with a higher stringent methodology and, beyond this, analysis research of the used theories.
Diffusion-weighted MR images and pineoblastoma: diagnosis and follow-up
Gasparetto, Emerson L.;Cruz Jr, L. Celso Hygino da;Doring, Thomas M.;Araújo, Bertha;Dantas, Mário Alberto;Chimelli, Leila;Domingues, Romeu C.;
Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0004-282X2008000100015
Abstract: pineoblastomas are uncommon pineal tumors, which demonstrate rapid growing and poor prognosis. we report the case of a 43-year-old man with an enhancing pineal region mass, which showed restriction of the diffusion on diffusion-weighted (dw) mr images. the surgical biopsy defined the diagnosis of pineoblastoma and the therapy was initiated with radiation and chemotherapy. three months later, the follow-up mr imaging showed areas suggestive of necrosis and the dw images demonstrate no significant areas of restricted diffusion. the differential diagnosis of pineal region masses that could show restriction of diffusion is discussed.
Are human embryos Kantian persons?: Kantian considerations in favor of embryonic stem cell research
Bertha Manninen
Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine , 2008, DOI: 10.1186/1747-5341-3-4
Abstract: This argument assumes two points that are rather contentious given a Kantian framework. First, the argument assumes that when Kant maintains that humanity must be treated as an end in itself, he means to argue that all members of the species Homo sapiens must be treated as ends in themselves; that is, that Kant regards personhood as co-extensive with belonging to the species Homo sapiens. Second, the argument assumes that the event of conception is causally responsible for the genesis of a Kantian person and that, therefore, an embryo is a Kantian person from the time of its conception.In this paper, I will present challenges against these two assumptions by engaging in an exegetical study of some of Kant's works. First, I will illustrate that Kant did not use the term "humanity" to denote a biological species, but rather the capacity to set ends according to reason. Second, I will illustrate that it is difficult given a Kantian framework to denote conception (indeed any biological event) as causally responsible for the creation of a person. Kant ascribed to a dualistic view of human agency, and personhood, according to him, was derived from the supersensible capacity for reason. To argue that a Kantian person is generated due to the event of conception ignores Kant's insistence in various aspects of his work that it is not possible to understand the generation of a person qua a physical operation. Finally, I will end the paper by drawing from Allen Wood's work in Kantian philosophy in order to generate an argument in favor of hESCR.One argument constantly used by detractors of human embryonic stem cell research invokes Immanuel Kant's formula of humanity, the second principal formulation of the categorical imperative. In the Groundwork of the Metaphysics of Morals (Groundwork, from hereonin), Kant states the second principle as follows:Now I say that the human being and in general every rational being exists as an end it itself, not merely as a means to be used by
Revisiting the argument from fetal potential
Bertha Manninen
Philosophy, Ethics, and Humanities in Medicine , 2007, DOI: 10.1186/1747-5341-2-7
Abstract: First, I will criticize the classical arguments proffered against the importance of fetal potential, specifically the arguments put forth by philosophers Peter Singer and David Boonin, by carefully unpacking the claims made in these arguments and illustrating why they are flawed.Secondly, I will maintain that fetal potential is morally relevant when it comes to the morality of abortion, but that it must be accorded a proper place in the argument. This proper place, however, cannot be found until we first answer a very important and complex question: we must first address the issue of personal identity, and when the fetus becomes the type of being who is relevantly identical to a future person. I will illustrate why the question of fetal potential can only be meaningfully addressed after we have first answered the question of personal identity and how it relates to the human fetus.One of the most famous, and concurrently one of the most derided, arguments against the morality of abortion is the argument from fetal potential. This argument maintains that the fetus' potential to become a human person and enjoy the valuable life common to human persons entails that its destruction is prima facie morally impermissible. It is important to note here that the term "person" is used here in the strict philosophical sense; it is not meant to denote any and all human beings, as it is normatively used, but rather any being, human or nonhuman, that has the mental capacity to be rational, self-conscious, autonomous, and a moral agent.One of the reasons that this argument is so interesting is that it is simultaneously ridiculed by some philosophers, and lauded by others. Many who reject the argument do so because they believe that it results in what is often called the "sperm/ova problem": if we regard the potential of a fetus to become a person as a morally relevant reason against killing it, we must also hold the same of human gametes, who also possess the potential to become per
Anfíbios Anuros da cole??o Adolpho Lutz: III - Hyla claresignata Lutz & B. Lutz, 1939
Lutz, Bertha;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 1948, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02761948000400005
Abstract: hyla claresignata lutz & lutz, 1939, is a large species apparently not closely allied to the other known brazilian hylas. it is characterized by the very small tympanum; the head is short and the snout rounded; the legs are long, the hands and feet unusually large, the latter extensively webbbed. the specific name is derived from the insular, irregular, or roughly triangular, dark spots, with a light halo, found mostly in the dorso-lateral region and on the legs. it belongs to the rain-forest fauna of the marítime range. the adult is a bromeliad-dweller and the tadpole rhyacophilous. description. vomerine teeth in two separate, oblique, groups, behind the large choanae, parallel to the posterior half of their inner border. tongue entire, short, very broad and hardly free behind. snout short, rounded, with distinct canthus rostralis and gradually sloping loreal region. eye very large and prominent, its horizontal diameter almost equal to the distance between its anterior corner and the tip of the snout. tympanum very small, less than one third of the diameter of the eye, but distinct, partly covered by a short, heavy ridge. lateral fingers less than one third webbed; fourth finger slightly longer than the second, just reaching the base of the disk of the third; subarticular tubercles well developed; an angular pollex rudiment, more noticeable in the males. toes almost completely webbed, the edge of the web inserted at the base of the disk on the third and the fifth; an inner metatarsal tubercle. skin smooth above, granular beneath, on the throat minutely so. no dermal appendage on the hell. habit robust, head broader than long, body rather heavy, slightly narrowed in the postaxillary region. legs long, the tibiotarsal articulation reaching beyond the tip of the snout when adpressed. type (female): 61 mm. (fig. 1.) diagnosis of tadpole (by g. orton). "a large specialized, mountain-stream tadpole, with wide head an elongated, flattened snout, greatly enlarged lips and
A botanica no Instituto Oswaldo Cruz
Lutz, Bertha;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 1955, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02761955000200035
Abstract: the instituto oswaldo cruz, known as instituto de manguinhos during the life-time of its foundr, is primus inter pares among the biological research institutions of brazil. it had a good beginning, for a number of outstanding men were brought together to lay the foundations of a school of research. future scientists were selected among the most promisin youn medical men. in half a century, it has assumed leadership, in tropical medicine and zoology, and in pure biology as well. several of the scientists have been interested in botany, foremost among them dr. lutz, who always collected plants and studied the flora wherever he went, and left a herbarium of about two thousan plants. drs. henrique arag?o and souza araújo, also collected in minas, and gave their collections to dr. lutz. a list of the plants collected by arag?o and lutz on the serra da mantiqueira, at pacáu, where dr. arag?o's family had a fazenda, especially at two interesting points, morro da mira and campos de safira, is given below. tribute is paid to dr. arag?o, dean of the living research workers of the instituto oswaldo cruz, for the stimulus, which as director, he gave to non-medical, biological research, including oceanography limnology and especially plant ecology.
Anfíbios Anuros do Distrito Federal
Lutz, Bertha;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 1954, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02761954000100009
Abstract: the frogs of the federal district of brazil are listed and discussed as to habit, biology and ecology. the f. d is situated 22° 54' 24" s. & 43° 10' 21" w gr. and comprises 1.356 km2. its topography includes sea-shore, maritime scrub, lagoons, plains and marsh, open slopes, forested mountains and great heads of rock. three thousand feet of altitude are attained at two points. fifty two different frogs occur in the f.d. three fifths of them live in open country. two fifths of these have never been found above the plains; the others range higher but mostly in open country. their environment offers conditions suitable for average tadpoles and adults. these frogs are more or less unspecialized. there are six genera and thirty species. two thirds of the latter belong to the type genera of the large neotropical families bufonidae, leptodactylidae and hylidae. only in the maritime scrub formation are conditions somewhat different. water for average tadpoles is provided by the lagoons. the xerophytism of the vegetation is, however, so marked that bromeliads growing on the ground provide almost the only appropriate shelter for adult tree-frogs used to sleeping upright on the vegetation. one large hylid genus lives entirely in them. it is casque-headed and phragmotic, shutting the lumen of the leaf-cup with head used as a plug. another large hylid genus shows a lesser degree of the same specialization. (lutz a & lutz b, 1939 ii). one genus with two species is entirely saxicolous; it lives on wet ledges of rock at all phases of its life history. (b. lutz 1948). the other two fifths of the frogs from f. d. are montane forest forms. their environment offers numerous and varied biotopes and is near optimum for adults. there is,however, hardly any standing water available for larvae. these frogs are ecologically diversified. they also show a general trend towards spawning in the adult biotipe, which leads to delayed hatching, semi-aquatic and terrestrial larvae and direct developm
Anfíbios novos e raros das Serras Costeiras do Brasil: eleutherodactylus venancioi n.sp., E. hoehnei n.sp. Holoaden bradei n.sp. e H. lüderwaldti Mir. Rib., 1920
Lutz, Bertha;
Memórias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz , 1958, DOI: 10.1590/S0074-02761958000200002
Abstract: field-work in the sierras near the sea-board of south-eastern brazil continues to yield new or rare frogs. four more of these forms are presented here. two of them, both new, are put into the genus eleutherodactylus, to which they belong by their general habitat, morphology, and also by the osteological characters. they differs from the known regional species of this genus only by the wider and shorter disks of some of the digits and the more lanceolate build. the other two species belong to the very little known genus holoaden, established by miranda ribeiro in 1920. one of them is his type-species, h. lüderwaldti, which continues to be very rare. the other, h. bradei, is new. it seems endemic to the upper itatiaia and is very plentiful there.
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