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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 97 matches for " Belgrade "
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Knowledge, attitudes and behavior of adolescents about reproductive health at Belgrade territory
Kisi?-Tepav?evi? Darija,?teri? Milena,Kisi? Vesna,Popovi? Aleksandra
Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo , 2010, DOI: 10.2298/sarh1004214k
Abstract: Introduction. Over the past few years, the results of numerous studies have emphasized the importance of adolescents' insufficient knowledge about reproductive health (RH), which implies an increasing trend of unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Objective. The aim of this study was to investigate knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of adolescents about RH in the population of Belgrade. Method. The study comprised 292 students from three secondary schools in Belgrade involved in the research February 1-15, 2008. The semistructured questionnaire about adolescents' knowledge, attitudes and behaviour about RH was filled in by themselves in presence of a student-investigator who provided assistance when necessary. Statistical analysis included χ2 test and correlation analysis. Results. Most adolescents (70.5%) showed the medium level of knowledge about RH. In our study, 33.6% of adolescents were sexually active. Sexually active students achieved a better score on the test about RH compared with the students who have not had sexual intercourse yet (χ2-test=34.003; p<0.01). The average age of the first sexual intercourse was 16.5 years for females, and 15.7 years for males. The students with a lower average grade in school education experienced the first sexual intercourse earlier compared to the adolescents with a higher average grade during the school education (ρ=0.485; p<0.01). The most common (73.4%) source of information about RH is mass media. Conclusion. The results of our study indicate the need for more intensive and comprenhensive educational programmes in the area of RH for adolescents in our country.
The prevalence of childhood obesity in a sample of schoolchildren in Belgrade
Kisi?-Tepav?evi? Darija,Jovanovi? Nata?a,Kisi? Vesna,Nali? Dragana
Srpski Arhiv za Celokupno Lekarstvo , 2008, DOI: 10.2298/sarh0812621k
Abstract: INTRODUCTION Obesity in children has become a global epidemic with many health and social consequences that often continue into adulthood. According to the International Obesity Task Force report from 2005, Serbia has had one of the most rapidly increasing trends in the prevalence of childhood obesity during the last 10 years. OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to estimate the prevalence of childhood obesity in a sample of schoolchildren in Belgrade and to investigate the correlation between child obesity and the presence of selected diseases. METHOD The study comprised of 854 pupils from two primary schools in Belgrade. The anthropometric data, as well as the data on the presence of selected diseases were obtained from medical records of regular health check-ups in the period from 2006-2007. The classification of childhood obesity was done according to the WHO percentiles reference data for obesity and overweight in children. Statistical analyses included χ2 test and correlation analysis. RESULTS In our sample of schoolchildren, the prevalence of obesity was 30.7%. The following diseases were present among the pupils: spinal deformities 192 (22.5%), chest wall deformities 90 (10.5%) and foot deformities 226 (26.5%). Statistically significant correlation was registered between child obesity and the presence of spinal (ρ=0.192; p=0.001) and foot deformities (ρ=0.099; p=0.049). Chest wall deformities were more frequent in the group of children with normal weight compared with the obese group (χ2=0.206; p=0.052). Statistically significant correlation was registered between childhood obesity and the presence of hypertension (ρ=0.261; p=0.001). Regular physical activity was in correlation with the absence of childhood obesity (ρ=-0.093; p=0.055). CONCLUSIONS In our sample of Belgrade schoolchildren, we detected a high prevalence of obesity. Furthermore, a significant correlation between childhood obesity and the presence of hypertension, spinal deformities and foot deformities were also observed.
Psycho-social picture of sexually active adolescent girls: Results of research survey
Stankovi? Biljana
Stanovni?tvo , 2004, DOI: 10.2298/stnv0404067s
Abstract: In a demographic sense, adolescents are a population group which is yet to take part in birth giving. Therefore, their sexual behavior and especially sexual activity at early ages which is not only unfavorable from the aspect of the individual, meaning risk for psycho-physical health, but from the aspect of society as well, as regards population fertility, deserves special attention. This paper shows the results of in-depth research carried out in Belgrade from September 2001 to October 2002 with an aim to establish which factors determine a young person, of sixteen years old or younger, to become sexually active. It was carried out on a sample of 111 adolescent girls between 14 and 20 years old which turned to the Republic Family Planning Center Youth Counseling Clinic of the Institute for Mother and Child Health Care of Serbia. The research showed that sexual experience, realized at an early age was an integral part of development and maturing for the largest number of surveyed girls. In the largest number of cases it was a positive experience, induced by love and experienced with a partner, mainly of the same age, with which they were in a longer, stable relationship. Nevertheless, it could be concluded from the results obtained by the research that the surveyed girls could have more easily and efficiently solved their problems and dilemmas regarding sexuality had they had the possibility to obtain a better insight into their personal feelings and feelings of others at the right time, as well as developed social experience and experience in mastering control of their impulses. With a certain number of surveyed girls that would have meant a delay in their sexual activities to a later age. This also refers to the prevention of other risky behavior such as use of alcohol and drugs, which also have an influence on changing sexual behavior, making it more risky. It is important to stress that the surveyed adolescent girls themselves recognized the necessity for support in this delicate field of life as well. The psycho-social profile of surveyed sexually active adolescent girls indicates that they do not belong under any circumstances to some marginal group. Therefore it can be concluded on the basis of the results obtained on this selected sample that an even greater necessity exists in the young population, and a possibility as well for better preparation and greater insight into questions from the sphere of sexuality. With a certain number of young girls this could lead to a certain delay in the commencement of sexual activities. Nonetheless, with a ba
Asteretum lanceolati: Xenospontaneous community on wet and riparian habitats
Obratov-Petkovi? Dragica,Bjedov Ivana,Sko?aji? Dragana,?unisijevi?-Bojovi? Danijela
Glasnik ?umarskog Fakulteta , 2011, DOI: 10.2298/gsf1103073o
Abstract: Invasive species Aster lanceolatus grows on moist habitats on the whole territory of Serbia. In Belgrade, this species is recorded with a higher degree of presence at a number of localities. With the aim to investigate the community in which this species is dominant, the wide area of Serbia was researched, and 8 localities on the territory of Belgrade were chosen for the analysis of the community. Floristic structure of the community was determined by the standard Braun-Blanquet method (1964), phytogeographical analysis was performed according to Gaji (1980, 1984), and determination of life forms according to Raunkier (Ellenberg, Mueller-Dombois, 1967). pH soil analysis and electric conductivity (EC) were performed at all investigated localities. It was established that the community dominates the moist habitats of Belgrade. It is composed of 104 species and among them Aster lanceolatus Willd., Cichorium intybus L., Agropyrum repens (L.) Beauv., Calystegia sepium (L.) R. Br., Cirsium arvense (L.) Scop., Symphytum officinale L. and Rumex obtusifolius L. are the most frequent. In relation to life forms, the community has hemicriptophytes character, and in relation to phytogeography Euroasian and Middle Europaean floral elements are dominant, with a high presence of cosmopolitan and adventive floral elements. On the locialities Veliko Ratno ostrvo (island) and Maki , EC values point to the fact that the amount of nutrient in the soil is higher than at other localities.
Interreligious dialogue in local communities: Belgrade example
Bari?i? Sr?an
Sociologija , 2005, DOI: 10.2298/soc0503257b
Abstract: Within the interreligious dialogue research which was implemented between 2003 and 2005, there were seven religious representatives interviewed. All of the seven religious communities were settled in Belgrade. According to the certain answers given in the structured interviews, the author has tried, in this article, to make concise intersection of the interreligious relations within the capital of Serbia.
Of hip fractures in the population of Belgrade during the period 1990- 2000. Projections for 2020
Le?i? Aleksandar,Bumba?irevi? Marko,Jarebinski Mirjana S.,Pekmezovi? Tatjana D.
Acta Chirurgica Iugoslavica , 2005, DOI: 10.2298/aci0502095l
Abstract: The aim of this survey was estimation of incidence of hip fractures in the population of Belgrade during the period from 1990 to 2000, as well as the estimation of expected numbers and incidence of hip fractures for 2010 and 2020, based on linear trend models. Our investigation included 8139 subjects (29% males and 71% females) with hip fractures aged 50 and more, who hospitalized at all Clinics and Departments of Orthopedics and Traumatology in Belgrade, during the period 1990-2000. In epidemiological analysis, sex- and age-specific incidence rates and standardized (according to the US standard population) rates were calculated. The average number of hip fractures in male and female populations of Belgrade aged 50 and more were 214 and 525 new cases per year, respectively (total 739). The average incidence rates were 84.9/100,000 for males, 167.3/100,000 for females, and 118.6/100,000 for both sexes. During the period observed, incidence of hip fractures showed statistically significant increase (y=111.88+3.11x, p=0.024), especially among females (y=135.94+5.23x, p=0.007). Age-specific incidence rates of hip fractures strongly related with age, and the highest values were registered in the age group 80 and more for both sexes (505.2/100,000-for males and (1042.8/100,000 for females). Among Belgrade inhabitants aged 50 and more, the increasing number of hip fractures could be expected up to 2020, 23.7% for males and 128.8% for females.
Primary liver cancer mortality in Belgrade population
Kanazir M.,Jarebinski Mirjana S.,Deli? Dragan,Bori?i? Ivan V.
Acta Chirurgica Iugoslavica , 2004, DOI: 10.2298/aci0403105k
Abstract: The aim of this analysis was to estimate death rates for primary liver cancer (PLC) and their secular trends in the population of Belgrade during the period 1982-2001. Mortality data (number of deaths caused by PLC) in Belgrade were obtained from the Belgrade Municipal Institute of Statistics (unpublished data). Death rates per 100,000 population were adjusted by direct method using world population as a standard. Regression coefficient was assessed by Fisher’s test.,Average annual age-adjusted mortality rate for PLC in Belgrade was 5.7/100,000 (95%CI-confidence interval 5.3-6.0), for males 7.5/100,000 (95%CI 7.0-7.9), and for females 4.2/100,000 (95%CI 3.8-4.7). The lowest mortality for PLC was in the age up to 45 (bellow 1/100,000) for both sexes, and the highest values were registered in the age group over 75, 71.1/100,000 (95%CI 62.2-84.0) for males, and 52.9/100,000 (95%CI 45.6-60.3) for females. Mortality trends for PLC in Belgrade in the period 1982-2001 showed increasing tendency in males (y=7.079+0.039x, p=0.331) and decreasing tendency in females (y=4.747- 0.048x, p=0.199).
Survey on sexual harassment in public transportation in Belgrade
Tanaskovi? Branislava,Ra?eta Milena
Temida , 2007, DOI: 10.2298/tem0704023t
Abstract: This paper presents the results of the survey on sexual harassment in public transportation in Belgrade, conducted during 2007. Authors of the survey are Milena Ra eta and Branislava Tanaskovi , students on Philosophy faculty in Belgrade, psychology department. In introduction, authors give a short review of research methodology. In the rest of the paper, authors present quantitive survey results obtained through exploration of specific aspects of real sexual harassment experiences. Qualitive analysis of recommendations given by questioned females is also presented. This survey has been conducted using a questionnaire specially constructed by authors for the purpose of this research. Finally, in conclusion, authors summarize the data, and emphasizing the need of an appropriate social action offer some possible solutions for minimizing this type of violence.
CHARACTERISTICS OF GETTING INJURED AND WOUNDED IN THE NATO AGGRESSION VICTIMS ON THE TERRITORY OF BELGRADE
Slobodan Savic,Dor?e Alempijevic,Vesna Djokic,Tatjana Atanasijevic
Acta Medica Medianae , 2001,
Abstract: During the NATO aggression against Yugoslavia in the period from March toJune, 1999, at the Institute for Forensic Medicine in Belgrade there were 34 victimsregistered, namely, 22 of male and 12 of male sex. The greatest number of the killedwas of younger age, namely, of 31 to 40 years of age (l O persons) and from 21 to 30years of age (8 persons) while three victims were children up to 10 years of age. Onlyin one a e the person on duty was wounded while all the other victims were civilianswho got fatal injuries out of the military objects. The wounds were in most casesinflicted by the NATO aviation actions at night, from midnight to 6 o'clock a. m. (28).In the inner city zone 26 persons were hurt; 6 were hurt in the villages aroundBelgrade and two in the suburban settlements. Half of them were killed at their jobs;16 of them were killed in the building of the Radio Television of Serbia; 9 were killedin their homes; 3 were killed in the hospital just like in the embassy and 2 in the street.Most of the persons (33) got injured due to a direct mechanical and/or thermal effectof explosive weapons. The forensic-medical autopsy was done on 31 victims. In 30cases the death occurred at the place where in the injury was inflicted.
Transit oriented development in Belgrade
Sava Atanackovi?
Urbani Izziv , 2005,
Abstract: In Belgrade the process of transition from oriental kasaba to European city was long and thwarted by various economic political and social cultural factors. The European ideal still hasn’t been reached. Transition, as a development process in Belgrade, operates by a specific paradoxical inversion – the logic of harmonised development of urban transport, urban form and structure, which in theories of urban planning appears as a postulate, is in Belgrade influenced by incredible, ephemeral, disfigured, yet authentic transformation. However, quality solutions, conclusions and recommendations for further implementation of the idea about introducing the new public transport system, which is part of the main project for the first light metro line in Belgrade, establishment of a united group of experts, investors, negotiators, public opinion and all actors needed to make decisions, united and uncompromising idea about the future image and quality of urban life in Belgrade, have uncovered an until recently untried field of possibilities for transport management coupled with urban development as the optimal and acceptable model. City life could again become dynamic, productive and attractive.
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