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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 913 matches for " Bashir Mohamud Abdi "
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Prevalence of Rifampicin Resistance and Associated Risk Factors among Suspected Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis Cases in TB Centers Mogadishu-Somalia: Descriptive Study  [PDF]
Ahmed Y. Guled, Ayub Hassan Elmi, Bashir Mohamud Abdi, Abdihamid Mohamed Ali Rage, Fartun Mohamed Ali, Abdullahi Hassan Abdinur, Abdullahi Abdulle Ali, Anab Adam Ahmed, Khadra Abdullahi Ibrahim, Salah Osman Mohamed, Fos Ali Mire, Omar Abdi Adem, Ali Dirie Osman
Open Journal of Respiratory Diseases (OJRD) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojrd.2016.62003
Abstract: Introduction and Background: Multidrug-resistant tuberculosis (MDR-TB) has emerged as a significant global health concern. Patients who had failed previous TB treatment, relapsed after treatment, contacted known MDRTB patients or defaulted during previous treatment, and HIV patients are considered to be suspected and at high risk for developing drug resistant TB specially MDR-TB. However, there is little data available on the prevalence and trends of MDR tuberculosis in national level but luck of it in Mogadishu is our main concern. Methodology: This was a crosssectional, descriptive study involving all suspected MDR TB patients attended at the Mogadishu three Tb centers. Results: A total of 138 cases of suspected MDRTB patients were included in the study. Of these, 70 patients (51%) had rifampicin resistant-TB. Of the 138 study participants, 94 (68.62%) were between 21 - 40 years old that indicates the dominance of productive age group (21 - 40 years). Previous Tuberculosis treatment has been noted to be a major risk factor for development of multidrug resistance tuberculosis. MDR-TB prevalence is significantly higher in male than female patients. Conclusion and Interpretation: The prevalence of Rifampicin resistance among these high risk groups was significant. The high association of previous TB treatment to MDR-TB might be explained due to inappropriate anti-tubercular regimens, sub-optimal drugs, inadequate or irregular drug supply, unsatisfactory patient or clinician compliance, lack of supervision of treatment and absence of infection control measures in healthcare facilities. As the prevalence of MDRTB is high and yet the cases remain un-isolated in the community we recommend the MOH/NTP and funding agencies to facilitate establishment of MDRTB management centers earlier in Mogadishu in order to treat the MDRTB case otherwise it might Amplify of the incidence of this Emerging Disease.
Infinite families of accelerated series for some classical constants by the Markov-WZ Method
Mohamud Mohammed
Discrete Mathematics & Theoretical Computer Science , 2005,
Abstract: In this article we show the Markov-WZ Method in action as it finds rapidly converging series representations for a given hypergeometric series. We demonstrate the method by finding new representations for log(2),ζ(2) and ζ(3).
Counting Hexagonal Lattice Animals
Mohamud Mohammed
Mathematics , 2002,
Abstract: We describe Maple packages for the automatic generation of generating functions(and series expansions) for counting lattice animals(fixed polyominoes), in the two-dimensional hexagonal lattice, of bounded but arbitrary width. Our Maple packages(complete with source code) are easy-to-use and available from my website.
Evaluate the Accuracy of Fargas and BLM Models for Identification of Erosion Intensity  [PDF]
Naser Abdi
Open Journal of Geology (OJG) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojg.2016.611103
Abstract: Erosion process not only changes the land use to badlands, but also produces sediments that are dumped in the dam reservoirs, reduces the reservoir volume and finally makes it useless. So, it is necessary to do study on erosion intensity and the sediment production evaluation for which there are some methods and models. The experimental Fargas and BLM models are largely used for this issue, in Iran as well as many other countries, separately or together based on the data availability. These studies results are as data for sediment supply estimation in different watershed management studies. So, the result accuracy is important for determination of sediment occurrence. This study evaluates these models’ results accuracy, in order to find the limitations and any solutions. Therefore, these two models were used and run in the same area, Aghbolagh drainage basin, Iran; the results were compared and evaluated. These models are based on some factors like rock type, drainage density, surface erosion and litter cover. The study includes field and laboratory analysis. The data were combined in GIS software and processed. The results reveal that, Fargas model predicts 3.67%, 14.26% and 81.06% of the area susceptible for high, severe and very severe erosion respectively; whilst, referring to BLM model outcome, 42.96% area has high sensitivity; 42.96% and 24.94% of the area have high and severe sensitivity for erosion, respectively. Furthermore, both models show same severity for around 18% of the study area. So, for these two models results very low similarities are concluded, which could be an indication of low reliability of the results, especially when they are used separately without any combination or comparison. Finally, it is recommended to use both of them together, or use another method beside each mentioned models.
Oesophageal Carcinoma in a Young Adult Somali Patient: A Case Report with Brief Literature Review  [PDF]
Mohamed Abdulkadir Hassan Kadle, Osman Mohamud Dufle
Case Reports in Clinical Medicine (CRCM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/crcm.2015.46047
Abstract: The present case report describes a 30 years old Somali male diagnosed to have a well-differentiated squamous cell carcinoma of the oesophagus. We report this case with a brief literature review because of its infrequency in the younger age group.
Knowledge and health seeking behavior for malaria among the local inhabitants in an endemic area of Ethiopia: implications for control  [PDF]
Kaliyaperumal Karunamoorthi, Abdi Kumera
Health (Health) , 2010, DOI: 10.4236/health.2010.26085
Abstract: This cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the knowledge and health seeking behavior for malaria among the local inhabitants in an endemic area of Ethiopia: Implications for control. 98.6% and 80.7% of respondents had awareness about malaria and the cause (‘mosquito bite’) of malaria, respectively. 186 (81.6%) respondents seek treatment for a febrile disease from health care facilities. Chi-square analysis revealed a strong association between the edu- cational status of respondents and the measures they take to prevent malaria (Х2 = 58.7; df = 16; p < 0.001). The findings clearly suggest that the majority of the respondents had adequate knowledge and enviable health seeking behaviour. However, still a sizable faction had misconception and undesirable health seeking behaviour. It’s a major barrier to implement effective malaria control strategies in the resource- limited settings particularly in country like Ethiopia. In this context, appropriate communication strategies apparently inevitable. Therefore, appropriate communication strategies should be designed to promote the knowledge and health seeking behaviour of vulnerable section of the society in this vicinity.
African Immigrants in the United States: Implications for Affirmative Action  [PDF]
Abdi M. Kusow
Sociology Mind (SM) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/sm.2014.41010
Abstract:

For more than half a century, an extensive literature has consistently reported that first-and second-generation black immigrants are more educated and economically successful than African Americans. This literature has also suggested that black immigrants are benefiting from affirmative action more so than African Americans without having been the direct objects of slavery and historical discrimination. An important shortcoming of this literature, however, is that it presumes an undifferentiated black immigrant success story and obscures important differences across black immigrants from different countries of origin. Using data from the three census years (1980, 1990, and 2000), I examine the extent to which the black immigrant success story is directly relevant to African immigrants from different countries of origin in the United States. The findings of the study reveal that African immigrants are represented in the entire continuum of the American class structure, and therefore, any representation of a uniform experience is not empirically defensible. Empirical and theoretical implications of affirmative action are also discussed.

A STUDY ON RISK ASSESSMENT FOR SMALL AND MEDIUM SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT PROJECTS
Abdullahi Mohamud Sharif,Shuib Basri
International Journal of New Computer Architectures and their Applications , 2011,
Abstract: Generally, in software development, there are large, medium, and small software projects that each of them can be affected or influenced by a risk. Therefore, it requires a distinctive assessment process of the potential risks that may cause failure or loss of the project whenever they occur. From the literature, there are actually number of risk assessment researches conducted toward software projects. However, there are at least view researches being focused on risk assessment of small and medium software projects. These particularly results in a gap to the risk assessment research area that may lead to a lot of small and medium project not having risk assessment. For that reason, the main target of the article is to give researchers an insight on the current level of risk assessment for small and medium software development projects. Finally, some future directions will be discussed hoping to insight the gap in the risk assessment field for small and medium software development projects.
Crop Production Challenges Faced by Farmers in Somalia: A Case Study of Afgoye District Farmers  [PDF]
Mohamed Ibrahim Abdi-Soojeede
Agricultural Sciences (AS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/as.2018.98071
Abstract: The objective of this article was to investigate existing challenges of crop production on farmers in Afgoye District lower Shabelle Somalia. The Focus was farmer’s attitude toward existing or not constraints to their crop production and what the experts have seen and what are far from their perception. Sixty famers and academic experts were distributed questionnaires and interview about the constraints of crop production other than agricultural disciplines. This paper used survey descriptive research which facilitates easily connection between past constrains and challenges of crop production. Questionnaire was comprised in the following two parts; Part one; demographic variables and Part two; objective related questions. The study found both major and minor constraints are exists in the Somali farmers. The major constraints include unstable weather, water scarcity, pests damaging crops, and poor transportation, and minor constraints such as inability to access and use such as seed and fertilizers, lack of capital to buy, inadequate investment in irrigation which makes farmers very vulnerable to drought, and there is less knowledge and skill of all farmers. The finding with highest percentage that was challenged in Afgoye farmer was “there is fear of gunner and thieves in the farmers” and 75% of respondents strongly agreed and second question with highest score is “there is fear of conflict between rebels and government”, and 61.7% of them selected strongly agreed.
Common Gastro-Intestinal Parasites of Goats (Capra aegagrus hircus) from Mogadishu, Somalia  [PDF]
Mohamed Ibrahim Abdi-Soojeede
Open Journal of Veterinary Medicine (OJVM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojvm.2018.812020
Abstract: This study was conducted in two districts in Mogadishu, particularly smallholders to determine the Common gastrointestinal (GIT) parasites of Somali Goats. During the last two years, researchers meet many cases of goats having diarrhea, anemia and loss of body weight. That is the reason to conduct this study. The methodology of this study is explanation research with using lab technician for studied current prevalence cases of gastro-intestinal parasite of goat in Mogadishu Somalia. Study areas were two districts (Dayniile and Wadajir) located in Mogadishu Benadir region, Somali. Researcher has collected sample of feces from Somali goats in smallholders and transported the fecal containing box to the laboratory Room at University campus. Researchers made examination of fecal using Direct Smear Fecal Exam and then used Light microscope for identification of parasite eggs and oocytes, with 10× or 40× objective magnification. Data analysis was percentage and P value ≤ 0.005. Result: The result of this study revealed an overall prevalence of Gastro-intestinal parasites of Somali goats in the investigated area was 72.1% that means 62 samples were positive, and 24 samples were negative of gastro-intestinal parasites. Haemonchus spp (Nematodes) and Coccidia (Eimeria spp) were the most prevalent parasites recorded in all the 62 positive samples, having Haemonchus 23 (26.74%) and Eimeria spp 38 (44.19%); the second highest groups were all nematode with percentage Strongyloides 22 (25.58%), and Trichostrongylus 17 (19.77%). This study revealed statistically significant difference (P < 0.05) in the common gastro-intestinal parasites on Somali goats, except the District Village which has P > 0.05 that equals to P = 0.235. Recommendation: Researcher recommends making seasonal deworming to Somali goats in small holders which will reduce the prevalence and incidence of gastro-intestinal parasites in Somali goats.
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