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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 5590 matches for " Barbara "
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A GIS Pre and Post Processing Contribution to a Multi Techniques Test Survey for an Ancient Railway Restoration in the Brembana Valley  [PDF]
Barbara Marana
Journal of Geographic Information System (JGIS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jgis.2018.105031
Abstract: Stemming from the renewed desire to requalify the former Brembana Valley railway route (inside one of the valleys of the Province of Bergamo and close to the important city of Milan), from Bergamo to Villa d’Almè, in 2017, the Bergamo Transport Company and other partners have signed a memorandum of understanding. They have also entrusted a project company to develop a technical and economic viability study, which would be an update of a preliminary one presented in 2009. A private proposal for the realization of a test survey, useful for the required engineering project, has been submitted to the project company and accepted. For this reason, a team, comprising different companies, and among them also the Geomatics group at the University of Bergamo, was formed so as to perform this task and develop it in a degree thesis. The aim of the test survey is to evaluate a joint use of the new available technologies, so as to possibly get faster, more economic and thorough results, by performing a 3D metric analysis over two sub-areas selected along the route. The paper describes this experience and the achieved results. In particular, the areas of interest in the test project have been analyzed first thing with a GIS software and then surveyed with a multi-sensor approach, i.e. terrestrial laser scanner, GNSS techniques and UAV. The final integrated results allowed providing a metric model of the morphological and urban aspect for the territorial layout, useful also for further advanced GIS analyses. The analysis of the reached precisions has provided satisfactory results which agree with the metric requirements of the project. Further meaningful considerations can be derived from this test survey: the implementation of different techniques has helped to overcome problems due to hidden parts in complex objects, it has allowed to provide a faster survey and to test different technologies and software packages. The results have been quite satisfactory.
Eliciting Guilty Feelings: A Preliminary Study Differentiating Deontological and Altruistic Guilt  [PDF]
Barbara Basile, Francesco Mancini
Psychology (PSYCH) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/psych.2011.22016
Abstract: Guilt has been identified as both an intrapsychic and an interpersonal emotion. The current study presents evidence of the existence of two senses of guilt, deontological and altruistic guilt, induced through different experimental paradigms. Deontological guilt evolves from having slighted moral authority or norms, while altruistic guilt arises from selfish behavior and the distress of others. We hypothesize that specific stimuli would evoke, separately, deontological guilt and altruistic/interpersonal guilt feelings. Two different procedures were used to test our hypothesis, adding two emotions as control conditions (i.e. anger and sadness). Results clearly indicate that two different guilt emotions can be evoked separately, by appropriate stimulation. Findings and possible clinical implications are discussed.
A Case Study of Gut Fermentation Syndrome (Auto-Brewery) with Saccharomyces cerevisiae as the Causative Organism  [PDF]
Barbara Cordell, Justin McCarthy
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2013.47054

Gut Fermentation Syndrome also known as Auto-Brewery Syndrome is a relatively unknown phenomenon in modern medicine. Very few articles have been written on the syndrome and most of them are anecdotal. This article presents a case study of a 61 years old male with a well documented case of Gut Fermentation Syndrome verified with glucose and carbohydrate challenges. Stool cultures demonstrated the causative organism as Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The patient was treated with antifungals and a low carbohydrate diet and the syndrome resolved. Helicobacter pylori was also found and could have been a possible confounding variable although the symptoms resolved post-treatment of the S. cerevisiae.

Early Childhood Teacher Preparation: Using the Co-Teaching Model  [PDF]
Barbara F. Hartigan
Creative Education (CE) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ce.2014.58076

Previous research shows that co-teaching during the student teaching practicum should be the model used by colleges and universities. This researcher used an open-ended questionnaire, a Likert-type scale survey, and individual conferences to ascertain teacher candidates’, cooperating teachers’, and university supervisors’ perceptions of the co-teaching model’s benefits, or lack thereof. The twenty-nine student teachers surveyed represent a private university and earned degrees in early childhood special education. The teacher candidates, cooperating teachers, and university supervisors are hired by the university and are experts in the aforementioned field of education. Findings reveal that pre-teacher candidates, university supervisors, and cooperating teachers all believe that mentoring during student teaching using the co-teaching model is beneficial for both the pre-teacher candidates and students in the classroom if proper professional development is offered and continuous and ongoing reflection and planning take place.

Assessment and Mapping of Groundwater Vulnerability Using SAR Concentrations and GIS: A Case Study in Al-Mafraq, Jordan  [PDF]
Majed Ibrahim, Barbara Koch
Journal of Water Resource and Protection (JWARP) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jwarp.2015.77047
Abstract: Groundwater is the main source of water supply in Jordan. Due to lower precipitation rates in recent years, the surface water is increasingly limited. Research on groundwater vulnerability helps protect this main source of water supply and assists in the development of plans to confront the deterioration and contamination of aquifers from wastewater and agricultural activities in order to protect groundwater for future generations. The important factors to determine groundwater vulnerability are environmental conditions; hence the spatial conditions in arid to semi-arid areas must be taken into account when applying different models. The aquifer vulnerability has been assessed in Jordan by using the DRASTIC method; remote sensing and Geographic Information System (GIS) data were used to derive and process data. The DRASTIC index was used with seven parameters to describe physical characteristics of the aquifers. It is concluded that about 34% of the area was considered to be of moderate vulnerability, but the share increased to 60% after modifying the index. While high vulnerability was at 25% of the total area, it decreased to 6.3% with the modified index; therefore, urgent pollution prevention measures should be taken for every kind of relevant activity within the whole basin.
Survey of Long-Term Sequelae in Survivors of a Malignant Hyperthermia Reaction  [PDF]
Kristian Werneid, Barbara Brandom
Open Journal of Anesthesiology (OJAnes) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojanes.2016.61001
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Malignant Hyperthermia (MH) is a potentially fatal, autosomal dominant disorder associated with administration of volatile anesthetics and/or the depolarizing paralytic succinylcholine. Symptoms include muscle rigidity, tachycardia, elevated body temperature, and metabolic acidosis, which are secondary to accelerated skeletal muscle metabolism. MH susceptibility can be a chronic condition, and some MH susceptible patients may develop symptoms subsequent to anesthetic exposure. OBJECTIVE: This is the first study examining the sequelae of an MH event after hospital discharge. METHODS: A survey was sent to patients who voluntarily registered with the North American Malignant Hyperthermia Registry, which included questions on severity of symptoms predominating prior to the MH event, one month after the MH event, and presently on a scale of 1 - 10 with a free text option to expound further. Participants were also asked about their opinions on causality between MH and these symptoms. RESULTS: Twenty-three responses were analyzed (34.8% response rate). Participants were categorized by their age at the time of the MH event and years since the event. Most (83%) stayed in the ICU between 1 - 4 days, and 39% experienced the event over 25 years ago. While 43% did not attribute any long-term symptoms to their MH event, all others believed that certain symptoms were linked, including muscle pain (90%), muscle cramps (75%), muscle weakness (100%), back/joint pain (36%) and depression/anxiety (42%). CONCLUSIONS: Our study concluded that long-lasting morbidities may be attributed to an MH event. Chronic musculoskeletal symptoms are experienced by the majority of patients who experience acute MH.
NAPL Occurrences at an Industrial Site: Creosote or Petroleum Hydrocarbons?  [PDF]
Jun Lu, Barbara Oslund
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2018.95037
Abstract: A creosote bulk storage and transfer facility operated for at least 60 years (until the early 1990’s) on real estate leased from a railroad. The former facility (the Site) and surrounding properties have over a century of industrial use including large volume bulk storage of petroleum hydrocarbons such as No. 6 (heavy) fuel oil. Creosote storage occurred locally at the Site. Over the years differing non-aqueous phase liquid (NAPL) products have co-mingled on the Site, posing the need for differentiation between hydrocarbons common to both petroleum and creosote. In 2013 and 2016, known creosote source samples were collected from monitoring and recovery wells and soil. These samples were intended to provide comparison with property line locations that are potentially affected by petroleum (suspected No. 6 fuel oil) and/or creosote. Forensic analyses include GC/FID chromatograms, GC/MS biomarker analysis and extended PAH analysis. Each set of data revealed diagnostic characteristics of the products of interest. Combined with Site and surrounding facility operational history and hydrogeology, it was concluded that petroleum product (No. 6) fuel was present in property line wells and was believed to originate from the neighboring facility. The study not only supported liability allocation issues, but also contributed to understanding the dissolved phase plume characteristics.
Alergie pokarmowe
Barbara Rymarczyk,Barbara Rogala
Polish Gastroenterology , 2001,
Abstract: Mechanizmy alergicznej reakcji pokarmowej warunkuj wszystkie typy reakcji immunologicznej manifestuj c si objawami zarówno ze strony skóry, uk adu oddechowego, jak i przewodu pokarmowego. Najbardziej dramatyczn form alergii pokarmowej jest anafilaksja pokarmowa. Brak wyników obiektywnych badań epidemiologicznych i niedostateczne opracowanie metod diagnostycznych w znacznym stopniu utrudniaj zdefiniowanie alergii pokarmowej i innych niepo danych reakcji na pokarmy. Trudno ci diagnostyczne s w znacznym stopniu pot gowane przez zjawisko alergii krzy owej. Artyku ten stanowi przegl d aktualnie stosowanych metod w diagnostyce i leczeniu alergii pokarmowej.
Total Electron Content and Anomalous Appearance of GPS Satellites as Pointers to Epicentre Identification of Major Japan Earthquake of 2011  [PDF]
Minakshi Devi, Ananda Kumar Barbara
Positioning (POS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/pos.2012.31002
Abstract: The paper presents an analysis of variations in Total Electron Content (TEC) observed through Global Positioning System (GPS) at Guwahati (26?10'N, 91?45'E), in relation to the Japan Earthquakes (EQs) of March 9 and 11, 2011. For this purpose, the azimuthal positions and trajectories of abnormally increased number of satellites at the epicentre location appearing into the Field Of View (FOV) of GPS antenna at Guwahati and consequent pseudo enhancement in TEC are taken as inputs. The paper discusses how the analysis results could provide warning alarms of two earthquakes possibly one on March 8 or 9 and the other on March 11 or 12, 2011 with epicenter positions around 135?E to 145?E and 35?N to 40?N, that coincides with location of Japan Earthquakes. A projected forecast on EQ magnitude of M > 8.5 is also made. The explanations to the observed modifications in TEC features and abnormal increase in number of satellites are purported to be the result of coupling between lithosphere and troposphere forced in by pre-earthquake processes that had spread the zone of activities to as far as Guwahati.
Post-Kyoto Global Emissions Trading: Perspectives for Linking National Emissions Trading Schemes with the EU ETS in a Bottom-Up Approach  [PDF]
Sebastian Goers, Barbara Pflüglmayer
Low Carbon Economy (LCE) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/lce.2012.323010
Abstract: The analysis at hand constitutes a legal, institutional and in particular qualitatively economic assessment of a global climate change policy architecture evolving from the linkage of the European Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS) with emerging domestic emissions trading schemes (ETS) worldwide. Initially, the marked-based climate change regimes on global as well as on EU level are reviewed. The efficiency of the complex negotiation process at the global level is assessed by its outcome according to international law. The analysis of EU legislation sets the stage for deducing essential criteria as provisions for an effective linking with other national ETS. These critical design issues are then revealed for each linking candidate in order to evaluate the linking potentials of specific domestic ETS. Moreover, the results of this multi-dimensional approach enable statements on the economic efficiency and ecological effectiveness. In particular the inefficiencies of centralized and decentralized regimes are analyzed. Due to these findings subsequent challenges for a fair and effective allocation of allowances in a bottom-up system without a centralized institution re-sponsible for the limitation of the total amount of certificates are dealt with. As starting point for a discussion on con-ceivable legal constructions thereto the latter may play a role within the negotiation process towards future climate change combat strategies and agreements.
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