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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 45 matches for " BSc "
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Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Family Planning amongst Women in a High Density Low-Income Urban of Enugu, Nigeria
BK Onwuzurike, BSC Uzochukwu
African Journal of Reproductive Health , 2001,
Abstract: A total of 334 Nigerian, non-pregnant women, living in a high density, low-income urban area of Enugu, Nigeria, were interviewed on knowledge, attitude and practice of family planning. About 97.6% were found literate. Knowledge and approval of family planning was high, 81.7% and 86.2% respectively, but the practice of family planning was low, as only 20% of the women were on a family planning method. The commonest methods for both ever use and current use were safe period/Billings, condom, IUCD and injectables. The commonest source of family planning information was health workers, while the commonest single reason for non-practice of a method was rejection by the husband. It is concluded that despite their high level of education/literacy, with the attendant high knowledge and approval rate of family planning, the socio-cultural influence of men on their wives is a major stumbling block to the use of modern family planning in this part of Nigeria. Policy makers should, therefore, increase male involvement in family planning programs. (Afr J Reprod Health 2001; 5[2]: 83-89) RéSUMé Connaissance, attitude et pratique du planning familial chez les femmes du centre urbain d'Enugu de haute densité et d'une population des gens économiquement faibles. 334 femmes nigérianes qui n'étaient pas enceintes et qui vivaient dans un centre urbain économiquement faible ont été interviewées sur la connaissance, l'attitude et la pratique du planning familial. Il s'est trouvé qu à peu près 97,6% étaient lettrées. La connaissance et l'approbation du planning familial étaient élevées, 81,7% et 86,2% respectivement, mais la pratique du planning familial était faible,puisqu'il n'y avait que 20% des femmes qui pratiquaient le planning familial. Les méthodes des plus communes jamais utilisées où qu'elles utilisent à l'heure actuelle étaient la période sans danger/méthode Billings, les préservatifs, DIU et les injectables. Les membres du personnel de santé constituaient la source la plus importante du renseignement sur le planning familial alors que la raison la plus commune qui explique la non pratique d'une méthode quelconque était que le mari ne l'approuvait pas. L'étude conclut en affirmant que malgré leur haut niveau de scolarisation/alphabétisation, la haute connaissance et le taux d'approbation du planning familial, l'influence socio-culturelle des hommes sur leurs femmes demeure un obstacle majeur à l'utilisation du planning familial moderne dans cette région du Nigeria. Les décideurs doivent, en conséquence, redoubler le r le que jouent les hommes dans les programmes de planning familial. (Rev Afr Santé Reprod 2001; 5[2]: 83-89) KEY WORDS: Family planning, socio-cultural factors, Enugu, Nigeria
The economics of climate change and health: A review
BSC Uzochukwu, EN Ossai
Journal of Community Medicine and Primary Health Care , 2010,
Book Review
Katrina Fyfe RN BSc
Australasian Medical Journal , 2011,
Abstract: .
Safety and Efficacy of Pediatric General Anesthesia by Laryngeal Mask Airway Without Intravenous Access  [PDF]
Benjamin A. Lin BSc, Zakaria S Messieha, William E Hoffman
International Journal of Clinical Medicine (IJCM) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/ijcm.2011.23057
Abstract: The safety and efficacy of the laryngeal mask airway (LMA) has been reported by numerous large-scale studies. However, they do not address the issue of whether an intravenous (IV) is required for pediatric general anesthesia (GA) where access is challenging due to anatomical considerations and a lack of cooperation. The aims of this study are to determine whether pediatric GA by LMA without IV access affected placement rates, procedure times and rates of anesthetic complications. Children who met these criteria at the UIC Surgicenter in the two year period prior to August 30, 2005 were selected. A retrospective chart review was conducted to determine patient demographics, ASA class, procedure, placement success, IV placed if any, time to incision, and any anesthetic complications. 241 patients without IV access and 41 patients with IV access were included. No significant differences were found between the groups in the rates of LMA placement or anesthetic complications. Significant differences were found in times to incision overall and for ophthalmology exams under anesthesia and lacrimal duct probings. Pediatric GA by LMA without IV access demonstrated a similarly high placement rate, shorter procedure times and a low rate of complications in comparison with the control group.
The Twist: Innovative Architectural and Structural Integrated High Rise Building Design
Iris van Weersch Bsc., Dirk Ploegmakers Bsc, ir. Rijk Blok
GSTF Journal of Engineering Technology , 2017, DOI: 10.5176/2251-3701_4.2.187
Abstract: When city’s become more dense, the need for high rise buildings increases. However, implementation of high rise buildings in a crowded city is difficult on street level. Common high rise designs have a discrete transition between public and private area, subsequently losing interaction with the city. In this research a new high rise building concept has been developed. An integrated design approach combining architectural and structural solutions has been used. The final design consists of three slender buildings with public space between them combined through a diagrid structure. This diagrid structure ensures the lateral stiffness of the buildings. This innovative high rise building concept is a new possibility to implement high rise in a city that combines all important design criteria.
Motivational Interviewing for Effective Classroom Management
Karen Marsh, BSc, PGDipCouns, PGCE
Motivational Interviewing : Training, Research, Implementation, Practice , 2013, DOI: 10.5195/mitrip.2013.35
Abstract: N/A
Prevalence of Cercarial Dermatitis among Paddy-Field Workers in Central Areas of Mazandaran Province
Rahimi-Esboei, B. (BSc),Fakhar, M. (PhD),Ghorbani, A. (BSc),Pour Haji Baqer, M. (BSc)
Medical Laboratory Journal , 2013, DOI: http://www.goums.ac.ir/mljgoums/index.php?slc_lang=en&sid=1
Abstract: Background and Objective: Cercarial dermatitis (CD) or swimmer’s itchis a hypersensitive reaction to the skin penetration of avian and herbivorousschistosomes, esp. genus Trichobilharzia. Owing to presence of bothintermediate and final host of this parasite in North of Iran, we aimed atdetermining the prevalence of CD among paddy-field workers in centralareas of Mazandaran Province.Material and Methods: To perform this descriptive-cross sectional study,we refer to bird refuges of migrating water and Paddy-field around manmadeponds of Babol, Sari, Ghaemshahr and Savadkoh districts. The Handand foot of the farmers were examined clinically for detection of infectedpeople and their signs and symptoms were recorded on a sheet of paper.Results: Based on the results, 77.5 % of the workers suffer from CD. Allof them are males and the majority of them are indigenous.Conclusion: High prevalence of Cercarial dermatitis among paddy-fieldworkers led to a health dilemma. Thus, by increasing awareness of farmers,implementing suitable approaches, controlling the disease and sanitizing thecontaminated areas can promote health situation.Keywords: Trichobilharzia; Avian Schistosomiasis; Cercaria Dermatitis;Paddy-Field Workers ItchThis
The Prevalence of Intestinal Parasitic Infections among the People Living in the Central Areas of Mazandaran Province( 2009 – 2010)
Rahimi-Esboei, B. (BSc),Gholami, Sh. (PhD),Ghorbani Pasha Kolaei, A. (BSc),Pour Haji Baqer, M. (BSc)
Medical Laboratory Journal , 2013, DOI: http://www.goums.ac.ir/mljgoums/index.php?slc_lang=en&sid=1
Abstract: Background and Objective: Intestinal parasites, esp. giardiasis are the mostcommon gastrointestinal infection disorders in the world, especially in north ofIran. The aim of present study was to determine the prevalence of parasiticinfections in the stool samples of the people living in the central areas ofMazandaran province.Material and Methods: In this descriptive study, 4223 human fecal samples wererandomly collected from different areas in different seasons in the central regionsof Mazandaran province, from Oct 2009 to Sept 2010. The Samples were assessedby direct smear and formalin-ether method. We analyzed the data by using Chisquareand T test.Results: Of 4223 stool samples, 75 (17.9%) have at least one type of parasite. Therate of infection with intestinal protozoan is 15.9% including 8.1% with B.Hominis, 6.4% with G. lamblia, and 1.9% with intestinal worms (S. stercolaris andStrongyloides larvae) .The prevalence rate is 6.1% in rural, 5.9% in urban and5.8% in mountainous areas. Considering the seasons, the prevalence in the urbanarea in summer (4/39%), rural area in spring (32%) and mountainous area in fall(28%) are reported. Statistically no significant differences between differentregions and seasons have been observed (P> 0.05).Conclusion: Based on the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections, especiallyin the central part of Mazandaran province in different seasons, early diagnosis andtreatment of the patients and public health promotion could be effective toprevent and control these infections in north of Iran.Keywords: Intestinal parasitic; Prevalence; Mazandaran Province
Alterations in body composition and spasticity following subtetanic neuromuscular electrical stimulation training in spinal cord injury
Amanda Carty, BSc, MSc, PhD,Kirsty McCormack, BSc,Garret F. Coughlan, BSc, PhD,Louis Crowe, MB, BCh, BAO
Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development , 2013, DOI: 10.1682/jrrd.2011.11.0220
Abstract: The objective of this prospective cohort study was to investigate alterations in body composition variables and spasticity following subtetanic neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) training in an adult population with spinal cord injury (SCI). Fourteen sedentary adults with SCI (thoracic [T]4–T11; American Spinal Injury Association Impairment Scale A/B; time since injury: 10.17 +/– 11.17 yr) were recruited from the National SCI database. Four adhesive electrodes (175 cm2 each) were placed bilaterally on the proximal and distal quadriceps and hamstrings muscle groups and subtetanic contractions were elicited using a handheld NMES device. Lean body mass (LBM) and other body composition variables were measured using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. Spasticity was measured using the Spinal Cord Assessment Tool for Spastic Reflexes (SCATs) and visual analog scales. Verbal and written feedback was obtained to subjectively evaluate spasticity. LBM and spasticity measurements were taken before and after an 8 wk NMES training program in order to assess change. A statistically significant increase in lower-limb LBM, i.e., muscle tissue (p > 0.001), and a reduction in SCATs (p < 0.001) score, indicating reduced spasticity, was observed. Subjective responses were positive. Improvements in body composition and SCATs scores indicate that subtetanic NMES training elicits favorable responses and may have important clinical implications for an SCI population.
Navigating the Process of Ethical Approval: A methodological note
Eileen Carey, RNID, BSc. (hons), MSc.
Grounded Theory Review : an International Journal , 2010,
Abstract: Classic grounded theory (CGT) methodology is a general methodology whereby the researcher aims to develop an emergent conceptual theory from empirical data collected by the researcher during the research study. Gaining ethical approval from relevant ethics committees to access such data is the starting point for processing a CGT study. The adoption of the Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights (UNESCO, 2005) is an indication of global consensus on the importance of research ethics. There is, however, a wide variation of health research systems across countries and disciplines (Hearnshaw 2004). Institutional Research Boards (IRB) or Research Ethics Committees (REC) have been established in many countries to regulate ethical research ensuring that researchers agree to, and adhere to, specific ethical and methodological conditions prior to ethical approval being granted. Interestingly, both the processes and outcomes through which the methodological aspects pertinent to CGT studies are agreed between the researcher and ethics committee remain largely ambiguous and vague. Therefore, meeting the requirements for ethical approval from ethics committees, while enlisting the CGT methodology as a chosen research approach, can be daunting for novice researchers embarking upon their first CGT study.
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