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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 16914 matches for " BO Oyeyemi "
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Physicians and AIDS care: does knowledge influence their attitude and comfort in rendering care?
Y Adetoyeje, BO Oyeyemi, IS Bello
African Journal of Health Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: Adequate knowledge, positive attitude, and feeling of comfort are important factors in providing compassionate care to patients. The purpose of this study was to assess physicians' knowledge, attitude and global comfort in caring for patients with AIDS (PWA), to determine the sociodemographic variables that could influence physicians' attitude and global comfort, and to identify any relationship between their knowledge, attitude and comfort. Consultants and residents (N=211) in two Nigerian teaching hospitals were surveyed using a two-part questionnaire. Part I elicited sociodemographic and previous AIDS encounter information, and Part II assessed knowledge, attitude and global comfort with AIDS patients care. Nigerian physicians showed satisfactory knowledge, but they harbored negative attitude and low level of comfort in caring for PWA. Previous AIDS care experience, age and being a consultant or a senior resident influenced attitude, while male gender and knowing someone with AIDS influenced global comfort. Knowledge is weakly but positively associated with attitude, while attitude is modestly associated with comfort. The study reinforced the need for an ongoing education focused on experiential learning, and professional socialization in order to influence physicians' attitude and enhance their feeling of comfort when caring for PWA. African Journal of Health Sciences Vol. 14 (1-2) 2007: pp. 37-43
The influence of knowledge and sociodemographics on AIDS perception and sexual practices among secondary school students in Nigeria
YA Oyeyemi, A Abdulkarim, BO Oyeyem
African Health Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: Background: Recent trends show a disproportionate increase in new incidences of HIV infection among teenagers compared to other population segments. Objectives: This study assessed secondary school students’ perception of AIDS epidemic, and the influence of sociodemographic variables and AIDS knowledge on their perception and sexual practices. Methods: Nigerian teenagers (N=1143) were surveyed using a questionnaire that elicited information on their demographics, AIDS knowledge, perceptions and previous encounter with survivors, and sexual practices. Results: Although AIDS epidemic was not a serious issue of concern to a substantial number of the students, they were knowledgeable on AIDS, and their perceptions on AIDS epidemics influenced their sexual practices. Female teenagers were more knowledgeable and concerned, and more frequently reported inexperience with sexual intercourse compared to their male counterparts. Conclusion: AIDS education and campaigns that foster the internalization of the seriousness of AIDS epidemics and arouse concern about them could enhance safe sexual practices among the youths.
Physiotherapy Education: Global Trends, Perspectives and Future Direction
AY Oyeyemi
African Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: The advances in technology and the recent transformation in global communication, which are increasingly reducing the spatial limitation in education, have influenced perspectives on how education is delivered. This paper presents a global trend in higher education with particular reference to education and training in physiotherapy and other health professions. It outlines the variables and models of education, the competencies in allied health and medical education and also discusses the relevance and resource needs to internationalize physiotherapy education in Nigeria. Instituting transnational education in Nigeria will require improvements in electronic pedagogical infrastructure and learning resources and curriculum enhancements, and may also require contributions from Nigerians in the Diaspora.
Activities of the Professoriate: A new perspective on scholarship
A Oyeyemi
African Journal of Physiotherapy and Rehabilitation Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: A persistent presumption is that research activity solely constitutes scholarship, with the exclusion of teaching and service, the other two activities of the professoriate. The purpose of this review is to promote awareness on the multidimensional nature of scholarship. This paper presents an observable trend on the subject of scholarship among academics, with particular reference to physiotherapy practice and teaching. It outlines the three requirements of scholarly activity, and elucidates on the scholarship of discovery, the scholarship of application, the scholarship of integration and the scholarship of teaching and learning. It also offers an insight into the activities that are considered scholastic and those that are not. The scholarship of teaching is an option open to the entire professoriate. The physiotherapy academicians and clinicians are challenged to embrace true scholarship. KEY WORDS: scholarship, discovery, integration, teaching, learning, application
Heterosis and growth statistics of pure and crossbred sheep in humid tropics of Ibadan, Nigeria
MO Oyeyemi
Nigerian Veterinary Journal , 2011,
Abstract: Nigerian Veterinary Journal, Vol 32(2): 2011: 137-142
A Note on the Precision of Stratified Systematic Sampling  [PDF]
Akeem O. Kareem, Isaac O. Oshungade, Gafar M. Oyeyemi
Open Journal of Statistics (OJS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojs.2015.52013
Abstract: Conflicting views had greeted the use of systematic sampling for sample selection and estimation in stratified sampling in terms of the precision of the population mean base on the inherent characteristics of the population. These conflicting views were analyzed using Cochran data (1977, p. 211) [1]. When the population units are ordered, variance of systematic sampling for all possible systematic samples provides equal, non-negative and most precise estimates for all the variance functions considered i.e.\"\" , unlike when a single systematic sample is used and when variance of simple random sampling is used to estimate selected systematic samples.
Physiotherapy students’ perception of their teachers’ clinical teaching attributes
AY Oyeyemi, AL Oyeyemi, AA Rufai, SM Maduagwu, HN Aliyu
African Journal of Health Professions Education , 2012,
Abstract: Objective. Students’ perspectives on clinical teaching attributes can contribute to knowledge on teaching and learning in clinical education. The objective of the study was to report on Nigerian physiotherapy students’ perceptions of the clinical teaching skills of their teachers. Design and setting. A cross-sectional survey conducted in five physiotherapy training institutions in Nigeria. Subject. Physiotherapy students (N=203) in the clinical phase of their training participated in the study. Outcome measure. The validated 25-item McGill Clinical Teacher Evaluation (CTE) tool was used to rate the students’ perceptions of the attributes of their clinical teachers. Results. Overall the students rated their teachers high on the CTE scale; women rated their teachers higher than their male counterparts. Clinical teachers who are academicians and /or had doctoral degrees were rated higher than clinicians and /or those with bachelor degrees only. Students from two long established programmes not only rated their teachers higher, but were also more satisfied and positively challenged during clinical rotations than those from relatively new programmes. Conclusions. This study found that overall Nigerian physiotherapy students rated the teaching attributes of their clinical teachers highly. The nature of the work appointment (academic or clinical) of their teachers, as well as highest level of academic qualification achieved, influenced student ratings of their teachers. Students found the clinical rotations offered by well-established programmes more challenging and satisfying. AJHPE 2012;4(1):4-9. DOI:10.7196/AJHPE.132
Spermiogram and Morphological Characteristics in Testicular and Epididymal Spermatozoa of Large White Boar in Nigeria
Oyeyemi,Matthew Olugbenga; Ubiogoro,Oniovosa;
International Journal of Morphology , 2005, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95022005000300008
Abstract: ten healthy male (boar) of large white pigs aged between 6.0 and 18.0 months, were used for this study. spermiogram and morphological characteristics were studied in testes and in the different parts of the epididymis of the boar. the objective was to study the changes that occur in testes and epididymis during epididymal transit. progressive motile spermatozoa were first observed in the testes (6-10%) in the caput (20-30%), corpus (40-50%) and highest at the caudal epididymis (85%). cytoplasmic droplets were lost as the spermatozoa moved up the epididymis. the caput epididymis had a value of 20.05% of abnormal sperm cell, which is different significantly (p<0.5) from 15 - 80 % of the caudal epididymis. the total abnormal sperm cells in corpus are also higher than in the caudal epididymis percentage motility was 0.6 ± 2.0 % in the testis, which was lower (p< 0.5) than in caput with 23.0 ± 5.0%. this motility increases from caput to caudal epididymis. the caput epididymis also had 0.20% of spermatozoa with small head, which differed significantly (p<0.05) from corpus (0.05%) and the caudal (0.00%). the testicular and epididymal parameters were positively correlated (weight of testis and epididymis; weight of testis, scrotal circumference, testicular circumference, weight of epididymis and weight of testis (p<0.05), except the correlation values between testes and epididymis circumference (tec) and other parameters (p<0.01)
Spermiogram and Morphological Characteristics in Testicular and Epididymal Spermatozoa of Large White Boar in Nigeria Espermiograma y Características Morfológicas de los Espermatozoides en el Testículo y Epidídimo del Verraco Grande Blanco en Nigeria
Matthew Olugbenga Oyeyemi,Oniovosa Ubiogoro
International Journal of Morphology , 2005,
Abstract: Ten healthy male (boar) of large white pigs aged between 6.0 and 18.0 months, were used for this study. Spermiogram and morphological characteristics were studied in testes and in the different parts of the epididymis of the boar. The objective was to study the changes that occur in testes and epididymis during epididymal transit. Progressive motile spermatozoa were first observed in the testes (6-10%) in the caput (20-30%), corpus (40-50%) and highest at the caudal epididymis (85%). Cytoplasmic droplets were lost as the spermatozoa moved up the epididymis. The caput epididymis had a value of 20.05% of abnormal sperm cell, which is different significantly (p<0.5) from 15 - 80 % of the caudal epididymis. The total abnormal sperm cells in corpus are also higher than in the caudal epididymis Percentage motility was 0.6 ± 2.0 % in the testis, which was lower (P< 0.5) than in caput with 23.0 ± 5.0%. This motility increases from caput to caudal epididymis. The caput epididymis also had 0.20% of spermatozoa with small head, which differed significantly (p<0.05) from corpus (0.05%) and the caudal (0.00%). The testicular and epididymal parameters were positively correlated (weight of testis and epididymis; weight of testis, scrotal circumference, testicular circumference, weight of epididymis and weight of testis (p<0.05), except the correlation values between testes and epididymis circumference (TEC) and other parameters (p<0.01) Para la investigación se utilizaron 10 verracos de cerdos blancos de gran tama o, con edades entre 6 y 18 meses. Se realizó el espermiograma y se observaron las características morfológicas, en los testículos y en las diferentes partes del epidídimo. El objetivo fue estudiar los cambios que ocurren en los espermatozoides a nivel de los testículos y del epidídimo durante el tránsito epididimal. Los espermatozoides mótiles progresivos se observaron primero en testículos (6-10%), en la cabeza (20-30%), cuerpo (40-50%) y en la cola de epidídimo (85%). Pierden gotas citoplásmicas, en la medida en que los espermatozoides se trasladan ascendiendo hasta el epidídimo. La cabeza del epidídimo presenta un valor de 20,05% de células anormales de espermatozoides, lo que es significativamente muy diferente (p<0.5) de 15-80% en la cola del epidídimo. El total de espermatozoides anormales en el cuerpo del epidídimo, es también más alto que en la cola del epidídimo. El porcentaje de motilidad fue de 0,6 ± 2,0% en el testículo, el cual era más bajo (p< 0.5) que en la cabeza del epidídimo, con 23.0 5 0%. Esta motilidad aumenta desde la cabeza a la cola d
Morphological Characteristics and Haematological Studies in Wistar Rats Subjected to Prolonged Treatment of Chloramphenicol
Oyeyemi,Matthew Olugbenga; Adeniji,Deborah Adejoke;
International Journal of Morphology , 2009, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95022009000100001
Abstract: the morphological characteristics and haematological studies were studied in fifteen male albino rats (wistar strain) aged between 12 and 14 weeks and with a body weight of 150- 180g. the rats were allowed to feed on commercially prepared rat pellet and provided with fresh water ad libitum. the rats were divided into three groups; the rats were in groups a, b and c of 5 rats each. group a served as control of the study; group b was treated with chloramphenicol at the dose rate of 25mg/kg body weight per os for 20 days; while group c was treated for 25 days. semen used in this study was obtained from the caudal epididymides while morphological aberrations were determined from spermatozoa counted after stained with wells and awa stain. results of the spermiogram showed that the volume was decreasing as the prolonged dosage of chloramphenicol increases. the percentage motility in group a (89.0 + 2.45%), differed significantly (p < 0.05) when compared to group b (72.0 + 3.74%) and group c (66.0 + 2.45%). the same pattern is observed in percentage liveability, morphological aberration and sperm concentration. this indicates that prolonged dosage of chloramphenicol will cause infertility in male animals. it is therefore concluded and recommended that prolonged dosage of chloramphenicol can cause infertility and or sterility. so it should not be used in male animals meant for mature breeding and artificial insemination programme.
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