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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 537 matches for " BMI "
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Relationship between Menopausal Sweating and Body Mass Index  [PDF]
Emmanuel Amabebe, Sonia I. Osayande, Janet O. Ozoene, Andrew C. Ugwu
Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases (OJEMD) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojemd.2014.46014

We sought to examine the relationship between BMI, sweat rate (SR) and sweat volume (SV) in pre-, peri- and postmenopausal women during a moderate exercise. Based on their ages and menstrual cycle history, thirty healthy women were divided into three groups: pre- (22.5 ± 0.8 yrs, n = 10), peri- (46.5 ± 1.1 yrs, n = 10) and post- (52.2 ± 0.9 yrs, n = 10). Participants underwent a 15- minute walk on a treadmill at a constant speed of 4.2 km/h at 27°C. Sweat was collected and measured with a suction apparatus around a confined area of 120 cm2 outlined on the skin of the face and neck of the participants during the exercise. SR and BMI were determined using the formulae: \"\" \"\" and   \"\" , respectively. The older women had a significantly higher BMI: pre-, peri- and post- (23.7 ± 1.3 kg/m2 vs 28.0 ± 1.2 kg/m2 vs 28.4 ± 0.7) (p < 0.05). Although there was no significant

Serum Albumin Levels in Emergency Patients with Low BMI  [PDF]
Norihito Fukawa, Norihito Fukawa, Keiichi Yokoyama, Naoki Hashimoto, Yasuhide Kitazawa
Open Journal of Emergency Medicine (OJEM) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojem.2018.62004
Abstract: A low body mass index (BMI) is often associated with low nutritional status and adverse health outcomes. While the BMI is used in describing “thinness” meaning cachexia, serum albumin levels were also used in assessing patient’s nutritional conditions. Object: A retrospective study was conducted to determine whether the extremes of BMI and/or cachexia increased the morbidity and mortality in our critical emergency department. Methods: A hundred and five cases with low BMI (≤18.5 kg/m2) were chosen from the patients who were admitted to our critical emergency department from Sept 2013 to Aug 2016. The relationship between serum albumin levels on admission and prognosis were analyzed. Results: No significant correlations were observed between body mass index and albumin levels in thin patients. Lower levels of serum albumin (<3.3 g/dL) group was associated with a higher incidence of death. However, there was no death in higher levels of serum albumin (≥3.3 g/dL) group. A significant difference (p < 0.01) in life prognosis was observed in patients with albumin of 3.3 g/dL or more and below. Moreover, the mean albumin level in septic cases was significantly lower than that of non-septic cases. Conclusions: Even with low BMI, if the albumin value was 3.3 g/dL or more, the prognosis was good in our emergency department. Estimation of albumin level on admission is not only a simple and objective way to assess the nutritional status but also a useful outcome predictor of critically ill patients coming to emergency centers.
A Study of Exercise Intensity Based on Individual’s BMI and Heart Rate  [PDF]
Xiaoao Zou, Junhui Gao
Health (Health) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/health.2018.107066
Abstract: The purpose of this research is to explore if individuals of different BMI can achieve a given intensity using the same exercise load. For the first part of our research, a survey was sent out to gather responses from people of various age groups. We asked their weight, height, and resting heart rate. We found out there was no correlation between BMI and heart rate. We also designed an experiment to study the relationship between BMI and exercise intensity. The result shows people with higher BMI need more exercise load in order to match the exercise intensity of people with lower BMI.
Measuring obesity: results are poles apart obtained by BMI and bio-electrical impedance analysis  [PDF]
Rashee Mittal, Madhur M. Goyal, Raju C. Dasude, Syed Zahiruddin Quazi, Anjan Basak
Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering (JBiSE) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jbise.2011.411084
Abstract: Objective: To analyse the use of BMI and bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) in assessment of adiposity among young and elderly population. Materials and methods: Age, height, weight and percent body fat (PBF) of 101 young and 276 elder subjects were recorded. PBF was measured directly by BIA instrument (PBFb) and also calculated from BMI (PBFf). The classification of subjects into underweight, normal, overweight and obese was based on the age- and sex-specific BMI cutoff values and PBFb following standard guidelines. Results: The calculated mean BMI values of young and old age groups were statistically same. PBF was significantly high in elder subjects. There was no statistical difference in mean PBFb and PBFf in young subjects but the difference was significant in elder subjects. The PBFf values were highly correlated (r: 0.92 to 0.96) with PBFb values in young age groups unlike elder groups of both males and females. PBFb based categorization of subjects’ presented totally different scenario compared to results obtained by BMI analysis to assess adiposity. Conclusion: The cases such as increasing fatness with aging even when BMI remains constant, the causes of country or ethnic differences in BMI analysis, poor correlation in PBFb and PBFf values in elder age group emphasize on the limitations of BMI based analysis. PBFb within limitations seems to be an improved phenotypic characteristic over BMI.
Associations between Mother’s BMI, Fruit and Vegetable Intake and Availability, and Child’s Body Shape as Reported by Women Responding to an Annual Survey  [PDF]
Caitlin Dow, Betsy C. Wertheim, Elizabeth Pivonka, Cynthia Thomson
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2012.312214
Abstract: Previous evidence indicates that a child’s body mass index (BMI) and eating behaviors are often related to the BMI and eating behaviors of his/her parents. Additionally, there is evidence suggesting that fruit and vegetable intake may impart weight control benefits. The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between mother’s BMI and the intake/availability of fruits and vegetables in the home, as well as mother’s perceived body shape of her child. This is a cross sectional, descriptive analysis of results from a large internet-based survey of Generation X and Y mothers evaluating the role of fruit and vegetable consumption and health behaviors in US families. Mothers (n = 1469) with children under the age of 18 living in the home reported her BMI, her fruit and vegetable intake, and fruit and vegetable availability in the home. Additionally, mothers with children between the ages of 2 and 12 (n = 1177) reported her child’s body shape (using graduated images of children ranging from the 3rd - 97th percentiles of BMI). Mother’s BMI was not related to fruit or vegetable intake, though it was inversely related to fruit, but not vegetable, availability in the home. Mother’s BMI was also positively related to child’s body shape, and mother’s fruit, but not vegetable, intake was inversely related to child’s body shape. Our findings support a potential role for fruit availability promoting healthy BMI in mothers and/or healthier body shape in their children.
Study of Serum Cholesterol Level in Adult Obese Population of Karachi, Pakistan  [PDF]
Rubina Mushtaq, Rehana Mushtaq, Ambreen Akram, Sobia Khwaja, Shabbir Ahmed
Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases (OJEMD) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/ojemd.2014.411024

Background: The present study was planned to investigate the level of cholesterol in obese/non-obese (normal) individuals according to their body mass index (BMI) and age in different population residing in Karachi. Aim: Comparison of serum cholesterol values of obese with normal subjects and comparison of BMI of obese and normal individuals. Methods: Selection of obese subjects was according to the WHO (1998) criteria. A total of 40 subjects 18 - 55 years of age participated in the study, among which 30 subjects (Mean Age = 29.47 ± 1.99) were obese (Mean BMI = 35.41 ± 0.878) and 10 were controls with Mean age = 21.00 ± 0.547 and BMI = 19.96 ± 0.432. An overnight fasting blood sample was obtained and serum total Cholesterol (T-CH) level was estimated. Results: Obese persons having Mean T-CH = 202.6 ± 14.3 and controls having Mean T-CH = 173.3 ± 14.0. The data were further divided into males and females. Obese females were 11 with their BMI 31.836 ± 0.21, mean age ranged at 28.73 ± 4.04 and T-CH 191.8 ± 21.8, while that of control females were 6 in number with their BMI ranged at 19.183 ± 0.507, age 21.000 ± 0.894 and Cholester 148.7 ± 16.0 in controls. Total numbers of obese males were 19 with their BMI ranged at 37.49 ± 1.14, age ranged at 29.89 ± 2.19 and cholesterol level ranged at 208.89 ± 19.1. Control males were 4 in number with their BMI ranged at 21.125 ± 0.075, age 21.250 ± 0.479 and their T-CH 128.7 ± 8.72. Conclusion: The results of current study have reflected that BMI and total cholesterol concentration are higher in obese subjects.

Association between Dietary Habits and Body Mass Index to Female Students College Sciences and Arts Campus 1 at Khamis Mushayt King Khalid University  [PDF]
Bothaina Abd El Hakeem, Sraa Abu-Melha, Nanees Gad, Mona Alsheri
Food and Nutrition Sciences (FNS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/fns.2015.614137
Abstract: Background: In the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA), recent studies revealed increasing consumption of animal products and refined foods in the diet at the expense of vegetables and fruits. These dietary changes were accused of increasing the prevalence of both overweight and obesity observed among Saudi children, adolescences and adults in the last few decades. Objectives: The present study was a cross sectional study aimed at exploring the BMI distribution among students of college of Sciences and Arts for girls Khamis Mushayt Campus 1 at King Khalid University (KKU) and investigated how Dietary habits of students female affected body mass index (BMI). Methods: A total of 240 female students aged 18 - 22 years were about 25% from total students randomly chosen from college of Arts and Science Campus 1 at Khamis Mushayt, King Khalid University, KSA for the present study. A self-reported questionnaire about the student’s dietary habits was conducted and their body mass index (BMI) was measured. Data were analyzed using SPSS statistical software and Chi-square test conducted for variables. Results: About half of the students (47%) were within normal weight, 27.4% were under weight, 16% were overweight and 9.6% were categorized obese. The majority of the students reported eating meals with their family while more than half of sample (58.7%) had eating meals during watching TV. It was worth mentioning that 84.5% of students reported eating snacks such as chocolate and chips 3 or more times per week. There were no significant differences between BMI category and dietary habits. Conclusion and Recommendations: There were no significant difference between body mass index category and dietary habits. Increasing educational programs introduced healthy dietary concepts to improve the dietary habits of female students.
Evaluation of BMI and Lipids Profile in Type 2 Diabetic Subjects with Low and Raised Levels of Thyroid Hormone in Calabar, Nigeria  [PDF]
C. E. J. Udiong, M. H. Etukudoh, I. K. Isong, E. F. Udoisa
Journal of Diabetes Mellitus (JDM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jdm.2015.54034

Relationship between lipid levels and BMI was investigated in euthyroid, hyperthyroid, hypothyroid, general Type 2 diabetics, and non-diabetic control subjects. FT4, T4, T3 and TSH did not differ in obese and non-obese diabetics but were higher in diabetics than in non-diabetics (p = 0.015, 0.012, 0.0164 respectively). Levels of FT4 correlated with TC, LDL-C, VLDL-C, TG and HDL-C (r = 0.179, p = 0.034; r = 0.183, p = 0.033; r = 0.183 p = 0,033; r = 0.176, p = 0.037; r = -0.210, p = 0.023 respectively). T3 levels correlated with TC (r = 0.210: p = 0.023), LDL-C (r = 0.193: p = 0.025), and VLDL-C (r = 0.244: p = 0.003) levels in diabetic subjects. FT4 and T4 levels correlated with BMI only in the non-diabetic subjects (p = 0.022, 0.025) respectively. TC and LDL-C levels correlated positively with BMI in non-diabetics (r = 0.265,

Body Mass Index, Waist Circumference and Cut-Off Points for Metabolic Syndrome in Urban Residents in Ningxia  [PDF]
Jianjun Yang, Hongyan Qiu, Hongyu Li, Yuhong Zhang, Xiujuan Tao, Yanna Fan
Open Journal of Endocrine and Metabolic Diseases (OJEMD) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojemd.2015.512020
Abstract: A growing number of studies show that different countries and populations require different cut-off points for body mass index (BMI), and waist circumference (WC) leading to obesity. There are no data on optimal cut-off points to metabolic syndrome (MS) among urban residents in Ningxia. Our aim is to determine the appropriate cut-off points for BMI and WC associated with elevated prevalent MS risk among urban residents in Ningxia. A total of 2500 urban residents in Ningxia were examined from May 2008 to March 2009 in a community-based cross-sectional study. Height, body weight, waist circumference and hip circumference were measured to calculate BMI. Fasting blood glucose (FBG), plasma levels of triglyceride (TG), total cholesterol (TC), and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) were examined using a blood glucose meter and the chromatographic enzyme method. BMI and WC were measured to assess overweight or obesity. Of these, 301 subjects were chosen according to metabolic syndrome diagnosis standards to form the case group. The control group comprised 301 healthy people without diabetes, hypertension, hyperlipemia, coronary heart disease, cerebrovascular disease, malignant tumors or chronic infections. Logistic regression and receiver-operating characteristic (ROC) curve analyses were used to determine optimal cut-off points for BMI and WC in relation to the area under the curve (AUC), sensitivity and specificity. The optimal cut-off points for male and female respectively were 24.78 kg/m2(sensitivity = 0.879, specificity = 0.648) and 24.72 kg/m2(sensitivity = 0.804, specificity = 0.767) for BMI, 85.95 cm (sensitivity = 0.701, specificity = 0.641) and 78.25 cm (sensitivity = 0.804, specificity = 0.528) for WC. Urban residents in Ningxia were at high risk of MS, and the cut-off points for BMI and WC were lower than the data currently recommended in Asian population.
Análisis del IMC y Somatotipo en una Muestra de Adolescentes con Sobrepeso y Obesidad en Temuco-Chile
Silva M,Héctor; Collipal L,Erika; Martínez,Cristian; Torres,Ivonne;
International Journal of Morphology , 2008, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95022008000300032
Abstract: overweight and obesity in chile have become an epidemic which exceeds all social sectors. the main factors have been the change in lifestyle, economy, sedentary and genetic. the purpose of this study was analysing the bmi and somatotype in a sample of overweight and obese adolescents in temuco city. 50 adolescents were assessed, both sexs (19 men and 31 women) between 14 and 16 years oíd belonging to subsidized schools of temuco city, ix región of chile. the adolescents were evaluated on their schools. to obtain the somatotype the anthropometric of heath & cárter method was used, classifying bmi according to the who norms. women were more endomorphofic than men, this difference was statistically significant. the mesomorphic and ectomorphic component didn't show statistically significant differences between sexes. the bmi value showed an average of 27.8; the minimum value was 23 and the máximum value was 35, the mode was 30.6. the sample presented aprevalence of the endomorphofic component. these results show the existence of a great amount of adipose tissue within adolescents. then, they were more overweight and obese. these factors are due to the lack of physical activity, change in food habit, and different other reasons; such as, obese parents, genetics, etc.
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