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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 553923 matches for " B. A Akinde "
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Quality Evaluation of Ebiripo using Cocoyam/Soybean/Soyresidue Blends
O. A. Sowonola, O. A. Ashaye, B. A Akinde
Journal of Food Technology in Africa , 2002,
Abstract: An attempt was made to evaluate the nutritional status of ebiripo using cocoyam/soyflour/soyresidue blends. Ebiripo fortified with 40% soyflour was significantly higher in protein (28%) and fat (8.4%) than the other ebiripo samples. Unfortified ebiripo was the highest in ash (7.23%) and total carbohydrate (28.77%). Ebiripo fortified with 10% soyflour was significantly higher in K (1.53%) and Ca (0.62%). Generally, unfortified ebiripo was higher in general acceptability and ebiripo fortified with soyflour was better accepted than ebiripo fortified with soy residue. The Journal of Food Technology in Africa Volume 7 No.1, 2002, pp. 30-32 KEY WORDS: Ebiripo, Fortified, soyflour, soyresidue.
Malignant Gastrointestinal Tumours in South Western Nigeria: A Histopathologic Analysis of 713 Cases
F.B Abdulkareem, F.A Faduyile, A.O Daramola, O Rotimi, A Banjo, S Elesha, C Anunobi, O Akinde, EK Abudu
West African Journal of Medicine , 2009,
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Malignant tumours of the gastro-intestinal tract are not as rare as previous studies suggest. Recent studies have indicated increasing incidence. OBJECTIVE: To document the pattern, age and sex distribution as well as histopathology characteristics of malignant tumours of the gastro-intestinal system in Lagos and Sagamu in Southwestern Nigeria. METHODS: The paraffin embedded blocks and slides as well as pathology reports of malignant tumours of the gastrointestinal (GIT) organs collected from five laboratories (Morbid Anatomy Departments of the Lagos University Teaching Hospital and Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital in Sagamu, Ogun State as well as the three private histolopathology laboratories in Lagos State) were reviewed. The clinical data such as the age, sex, and clinical summary were extracted from the records. RESULTS: About 80% (578 cases) of all the 713 malignant GIT tumours were epithelial; sarcomas, carcinoid and non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma being less common. The ages ranged from 4–96yrs (mean of 48.9years) with the peak in patients 60–69-year age group and M:F ratio of 1.35:1. Colorectal tumours topped the list with 402 cases (56%), followed by liver 105(14.7%), stomach 85(12%) and omental metastases 67(9.4%). The oesophagus, pancreas, small intestine and gall bladder represented 18(2.5%), 16(2.2%), 12(1.7%), and eight (1.1%) respectively. Colorectal cancers peaked in the 60–69 year age group, liver and stomach cancer occurred mostly between the 50–59 years age group. Over half of the colorectal adenocarcinomata were located in the ano-rectum with 93(23%) occurring in those below 40 years of age. CONCLUSION: Colorectal cancer remains the commonest GIT tumour in the region. Molecular studies are imperative to identify the common subtypes of GIT tumours in order to ascertain their specific pathogenetic and prognostic features. WAJM 2009; 28(3) 173–176.
Predictability of offspring birth weight using simple parental anthropometrics in a government hospital in Lagos, Nigeria
Taiwo I.A,Akinde O.R
International Journal of Medicine and Biomedical Research , 2012,
Abstract: Background: Birth weight is of interest to quantitative geneticists and to obstetricians being one of the most important complex traits that determine perinatal outcome. Moreover, It is a predictor of mother’s and baby’s health later in life. Accuracy of prediction of baby’s birth weight is therefore central to perinatal success and the quality of life of the baby in adulthood. Current intrauterine procedures including ultrasonography are of inadequate predictive values. The possibility of combining parental anthropometric data with already existing predictive methods such as ultrasonography may increase accuracy of birth weight prediction for better peri- and postnatal management of low or high birth weight. Aim: The aim is to determine the parental anthropometric predictors of baby’s birth weight in Lagos, Nigeria. Using parental explanatory variables to predict baby’s weight could complement the already existing predictive methods such as ultrasonography for more accurate prediction of birth weight. Methods and Materials: Parental parameters such as weight, height, BMI and other anthropometric attributes were obtained from 250 couples. Baby’s birth weight was taken immediately after birth. Results: Only three parental factors were needed to substantially predict offspring birth weight. These include mid-paternal weight which was the most explanatory variable, followed by parity, and then maternal weight. Conclusion: Complementing ultrasonographic and other data with information from parental variables, especially mid-paternal weight, parity and maternal weight might improve accuracy of prediction of low birth weight or macrosomic babies and therefore a reduction in perinatal failure.
Indigenous Knowledge Dissemination and Use : A Discuss
TA Akinde
Samaru Journal of Information Studies , 2008,
Abstract: The paper discusses the dissemination and use of indigenous knowledge. It highlighted the type and sources of indigenous knowledge in Nigeria. Means and tools for creating and exchanging indigenous knowledge, the likely situations under which indigenous knowledge could be used and how indigenous knowledge can be disseminated were discussed. The paper concluded by making recommendations on how to promote the creation, usage and transfer of indigenous knowledge in Nigeria.
Relationship Between Plasma Homocysteine and Vitamin B12 Levels in Clinically Diagnosed Cases of Cardiovascular Accident in Lagos, Nigeria
O Osunkalu, S Akanmu, O Awodele, A Ayoola, A Adewumi, N Agada, R Akinde
Sierra Leone Journal of Biomedical Research , 2009,
Abstract: Vitamin B12 deficiency interferes with the normal pathway for homocysteine metabolism, even in the presence of adequate serum folate and pyridoxine. Homocysteinaemia, is an elevated level of homocysteine in plasma which has been established as a risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disorders. However, there has been conflicting report from various research works on the role of Vitamin B12 in the occurrence of major cardiovascular disorders. The study was set to determine the mean values of homocysteine, and correlate same with mean plasma levels of vitamin B12 in the subjects, and to estimate the prevalence of anaemia in the stroke patients, using Haemoglobin concentration (Hb) and mean corpuscular volume (MCV) as indices. One hundred (100) participants were recruited, comprising 40 clinically diagnosed stroke patients (hemorrhagic or thrombo-embolic), and 60 normal adults as control group. Plasma homocysteine levels were measured by HPLC and plasma vitamin B12 levels by Chemiluminescent Microparticle Immuno-assay method. Anticoagulated whole blood samples were evaluated for Hb, and MCV using automated Advia-60. Mean value of plasma homocysteine for the stroke patients (17.7±4.4umol/l) was significantly higher than values obtained in the control group at 9.5±2.4umol/l (p<0.001). Mean plasma vitamin B12 levels for both the stroke patients and controls were 249±14.5 pmol/l and 203.6±20.5 pmol/l respectively (p=0.029). The MCV for the study group (85fl) were significantly higher than those of the control group (82fl), p=0.040. However, the study showed no correlation between rising plasma homocysteine in stroke patient and vitamin B12 deficiency.
Evaluation of some of the Metal Levels at Different Depths from Gulf of Guinea Offshore Location
OF Joel, SB Akinde
Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management , 2009,
Abstract: Study area is in the Nigeria continental shelf of the Atlantic Ocean, located within seawater depths of 20 – 25 m and geographic X and Y coordinates 337896 – 356905 and 469773 – 482786, offshore Nigeria respectively. Test was conducted to evaluate some of the metal levels at different depths from Gulf of Guinea offshore location. Samples were collected from the depth of 5m, 10m, 15m and 20m respectively and tests were conducted over a one year period on a quarterly basis. Test result indicated that mean value over the period for the metals tested was: Mg(1160mg/l), K(369mg/l), Na(8062mg/l), Ca(380mg/l), Al(<1.0mg/l), Fe(0.05mg/l), Cu(<0.05mg/l), Mn(<0.10mg/l), Zn(<0.05mg/l), Ba(<0.03mg/l), Si(<0.01mg/l), Sr(0.569mg/l), Li(0.559mg/l). This project therefore will help to provide a base-line data on the metal constituents of the Gulf of Guinea offshore location, thereby helping framework for environmental protection for offshore oil and gas activities in the Gulf of Guinea
Determination of Some Physicochemical and Microbiological Characteristics of Sewage Samples from Domestic, House-boat and Off-shore Facilities Discharge Point.
OF Joel, BS Akinde, CU Nwokoye
Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management , 2009,
Abstract: Test was conducted to determine some physico- chemical and microbiological parameters from samples of sewage effluent collected from domestic, house-boat, and offshore facilities respectively at the discharge point to the recipient environment. Among the parameters determined included: Total chlorine, Biological Oxygen demand (BOD), Total Suspended Solids (TSS), Dissolved Oxygen (DO) and faecal coliform. Test results indicated that the total chlorine had values which ranged from (<0.01-0.10)mg/l for the domestic facilities, the house-boat facilities values ranged from (0.01-0.12)mg/l. The values for the offshore facilities ranged from (<0.01-4.0mg/l). The BOD5 values for the domestic facilities ranged from (<0.01-240) mg/l, the house –boat facilities ranged from (45.60-80.00)mg/l. The value of the offshore facilities was 20mg/l for all the three points tested. The result of the TSS indicated that for the domestic facilities, the values ranged from (75.0-115) mg/l, the house-boat facilities values ranged from (66-182) mg/l. and for the offshore facilities, results ranged from (60- 265) mg/l. The DO results from the domestic facilities indicated a range of (0.18-5.92) mg/l. The result from the house –boats ranged from (2.0-2.90) mg/l, the offshore facilities results ranged from (3.21-5.32)mg/l. The faecal coliform for the domestic facilities had a value which ranged from (14-1600) cfu/100ml. the house-boat facilities values ranged from (180-290) cfu/100ml. The offshore facilities had values which ranged from (14-1600) cfu/100ml. Most of these results were higher than limits specified by the regulatory level (DPR) and an indication that the recipient environment was polluted and poses a great concern. In a place like Nigeria, where there are no sewerage treatment systems, it is indiscriminately disposed into rivers without treatment and such rivers serve as sources of drinking water. This water pollution is of great concern and has resulted to diseases such as typhoid and cholera. Therefore, proper treatment of sewage before discharging into the recipient environment is imperative.
Review of chorionic Villus sampling in prenatal diagnosis
O.A.O Oloyede, J.A. Akinde, E.E. Emuveyan, M.O. Ibidapo, T.A. Adewole
Nigerian Journal of Clinical Practice , 2002,
Abstract: Advances in biotechnology with the introduction of the ultrasound scan and the application of polymerase chain reaction has made fetal medicine an interesting field of study. The fetus can now be easily assessed and its genetic constitution determined with relative ease and degree of accuracy, in the process referred to as prenatal diagnosis. Invasive prenatal diagnosis continues to be gold standard in pregnancies at increased risk of congenital abnormalities with chorionic villus sampling being one of the principal methods of prenatal diagnosis. Although not widely available in most developing countries, chorionic villus sampling is the procedure of choice for prenatal diagnosis with the principal advantage over others, of its being done in the first trimester. This review summarized the historical perspective, timing , route and methodology of sampling, looks at the complications and draw backs of the procedure and also examines the controversial aspects of the procedure. Its utilization is advocated in developing countries. KEY WORDS: Prenatal diagnosis (PND), Chorionic villus sampling (CVS), Polymerase chain reaction (PCR). [Nig J Clinical Practice Vol.5(1) 2002: 45-51]
Premarital sexual activities in an urban society of Southwest- Nigeria
Olubunmi Akinsanya Alo,Isreal Sunday Akinde
E? : Revista de Humanidades Médicas & Estudios Sociales de la Ciencia y la Tecnología , 2010,
Abstract: Premarital sex is associated with the phenomenon of teenage and unintended pregnancies, abortion, the spread of STIs and HIV. The major objective of this study was the investigation of premarital sexual activities in an urban society of South-west Nigeria. The aim is to quantify premarital sexual behaviour in the study population. Interview method was used to collect information from a sample of 2,500 women within the age bracket of 15-49 years. Percentage distribution and logistic regression were used in the analysis. The results reveal a very high rate of sexual activities; 14.24% had had sex before age 14, and 84% had sex before their 20th birthday at which age only 1.28% of the sample had married. Premarital sexual activities are highly associated with age, age at marriage and puberty. The study calls for the empowerment of the younger population especially girl child through sexual right education to avoid the negative consequences associated with premarital sex.
Level of Radiofrequency (RF) Radiations from GSM Base Stations and its Biological Effects on Albino Mice, Mus musculus
AA Otitoloju, VO Osunkalu, IA Obe, OA Adewale, OR Akinde
Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management , 2010,
Abstract: Levels of radiofrequency radiations around two global systems for mobile communication (GSM) base stations located in the vicinity of a residential quarter and workplace complex were measured. The effects of the radiofrequency radiations on albino mice placed in exposure cages and located around the base stations over a six months period were carried out. The levels of radiofrequency (RF) radiations around the base stations were found to be between 488.51mV/m to 625.49mV/m compared to 59 mV/m in control stations. The results of the weight change experiment showed that over the 180 days of observation, there was weight gain in the exposed and control mice groups. Statistical comparisons of mean weight changes between exposed mice and control mice showed that there were no significant (P>0.05) differences between the weight of the test animals. The hematological studies revealed an elevation of white blood cell (WBC) counts in mice exposed to RF radiations compared to control group. There was however no significant (P>0.05) difference between the red blood cell counts in the exposed and control mice. There was also no significant (P>0.05) difference in the hemoglobin and glucose levels in the blood of both exposed and control mice groups. The red blood cells in exposed mice were however found to contain a higher number of macrocytes, poikilocytes, polychromatic cells and fewer target cells than the control mice. Histological studies of the heart and kidney of exposed mice showed only slight tissues deformities in kidneys of exposed mice compared to control. The relevance of these findings in setting radiofrequency radiation exposure guidelines and the need for more studies with widely varying biological parameters is very necessary as Nigeria leaps further into the communication age.
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