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Removing Heavy Metals from the Soil with Phytoremediation
Mustafa Aybar, Ayla Bilgin, Bülent Salam
Dogal Afetler ve Cevre Dergisi , 2015, DOI: 10.21324/dacd.67500
Abstract: Environmental pollution is one of the most critical factors adversely affecting human health. Improvement in living standards, the rapid increase of urban populations, and widespread industrial production, all result in the generation of huge amounts of environment-polluting waste. Various methods are used to remove the pollutants generated by industrial activity but most of these methods require advanced technologies, involving a large financial investment and qualified personnel. Taking these costs and overheads into consideration, some economically developed countries have recently started working with phytoremediation (plantbased remediation) which, compared with the alternatives, is a much more environment-friendly waste treatment system. Also known as plant-based remediation, phytoremediation is defined as the use of various plants to stabilize or reduce contamination in the environment. Compared with other remediation technologies, phytoremediation offers the advantages of on-site treatment, aesthetic value, and low costs. Hyperaccumulators such as Indian Mustard (Brassica juncea), Red Fescue (Festucarubra), and Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) are known to absorb heavy metals, releasing them into the atmosphere in the form of gas. This study examines phytoremediation technology, the plant species that could be used for this purpose, and the feasibility of using phytoremediation in Turkey.
Pain Management in Prostate Cancer  [PDF]
Ali Eman, Serbülent G?khan Beyaz, Hasan Salam, Mustafa Emre Gürcü
Open Journal of Urology (OJU) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/oju.2012.223031
Abstract: Prostate cancer is the most common urogenital malignity of western communities and is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths in this population. Pain is often due to bone metastasis in prostate cancer. For the patient diagnosed with cancer and for his family, pain is the most feared aspect of cancer following the likelihood of failure to treat and death. Quality of life is severely impaired together with complaint of pain which arises high rates as 80% in advanced stage cancers.
Changes in Electrocardiogram Findings during Treatment with Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone Agonist and Surgical Castration for Prostate Carcinoma  [PDF]
Hasan Salam, Akif ?akar, Osman K?se, ?ükrü Kumsar, Salih Budak, Serbülent G?khan Beyaz, ?ztu? Adsan
Open Journal of Urology (OJU) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/oju.2012.223029
Abstract: Purpose: To investigate electrocardiogram (ECG) changes after complete androgen blockade (CAB) achieved by either surgical or medical castration and compare the outcomes of the groups. Methods: Sixty-three consecutive men (between 58 - 86 years of age) requiring CAB for prostate cancer were enrolled in the study. Patients with diabetes mellitus, an additional malignancy, coronary heart disease, atrial fibrillation, heart failure or a medical history of cardiac event in the last 12 months were excluded from the study. Additionally, those who were taking medicine affecting heart rate were excluded. The participants were divided into two groups according to their modality of castration. The first group consisted of 35 patients who received bilateral orchiectomy plus anti-androgen medication. The second group contained 28 patients who accepted gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) plus anti-androgen therapy. After complete examinations and biochemical tests, the ECG leads of the patients were obtained conveniently. This was then repeated at three- and six-month visits. ECG findings (including heart rate, PR, QRS, QT, corrected QT (QTc) intervals and QT dispersion (QTd)) were recorded and analysed statistically. The groups were then compared in terms of pre- and post-treatment ECG outcomes. Results: Both groups revealed similarly lower heart rate and prolonged PR, QRS, QT, corrected QTc and QTd by the end of six months. By the end of three months, all variables had changed significantly in the orchiectomy group, whereas in the GnRH group, they had not. Conclusion: CAB may result in lower heart rate and prolonged QT, a condition associated with fatal cardiac arrhythmia and sudden death. Therefore, patients receiving CAB should be monitored closely for cardiac adverse effects.
Critical thinking levels of senior students at education faculties and their views on obstacles to critical thinking
Aycan ?i?ek Salam,Elif Büyükuysal
International Journal of Human Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: The main purpose of this study is to determine the critical thinking levels of senior students at Primary School Teacher and Turkish Language Teacher Education Departments and to explore their views on the obstacles to critical thinking. The research uses both the quantitative and the qualitative approach. First, for data-gathering purposes, the sample group, consisting of 139 senior students from the Bülent Ecevit University, Educational Faculty, Turkish Language Teacher Education Department and Primary School Teacher Education Department, was administered the California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory (CCTD-I), which was adapted to Turkish by K kdemir in 2003. Afterwards, focus-group interviews were made with fourteen students (two groups with seven students each), during which students discussed the obstacles to critical thinking. The research findings concluded that the critical thinking levels of the students are low in general. Furthermore, it was seen that the highest critical thinking disposition was at the sub-dimension of open-mindedness, while the lowest critical thinking level was at the sub-dimension of systematicity. According to the results of the research, the critical thinking levels of students differed significantly as per gender, although no significant differences were found with regard to their grade point averages or the type of their secondary school of graduation. Looking at the opinions expressed on the obstacles to critical thinking, it is seen that the traditional approach to education and the ongoing practice of rote learning are regarded as the main reasons for these obstacles by students.
Frequent injuries in adolescent athletes
Bülent
Turk Pediatri Ar?ivi , 2011,
Abstract: As a result of the decrease in the age of starting doing sports and competition, the frequency and the variety of the athletic injuries in the childhood and adolescence have increased. The results of the similar traumas in the adulthood and adolescence are different from each other. While the rapid anatomic development and growing-up in adolescence affects the performance in a negative manner, it also increases the risks of the athletic injuries. In adolescence the frequency of both, microtraumatic overuse and uni-traumatic (in-or extrinsic) injuries are similar. The athletic injuries are closely related to the executed discipline. The apophysitis’, ligament injuries, stress fractures, tendonitis, ostheochondral injuries, syndesmosis injuries, avulsion fractures, impingement syndromes and spondylolyses are the mostly experienced ones. (Turk Arch Ped 2011; 46 Suppl: 43-5)
Students’ performance awareness, motivational orientations and learning strategies in a problem-based electromagnetism course
Murat SALAM
Asia-Pacific Forum on Science Learning and Teaching , 2010,
Abstract: This study aims to explore problem-based learning (PBL) in conjunction with students’ confidence in the basic ideas of electromagnetism and their motivational orientations and learning strategies. The 78 first-year geology and geophysics students followed a three-week PBL instruction in electromagnetism. The students’ confidence was assessed through a diagnostic test on electromagnetism. The Motivated Strategies for Learning Questionnaire (MSLQ) was used to identify students’ motivational orientations and learning strategies. The results indicate that many students were confident in incorrect answers, and had inadequate use of cognitive and metacognitive learning strategies. Providing students with some formative assessments during the PBL process could help them to better judge their understanding, which, in turn, would result in better student calibration (i.e., students would be more confident in their correct answers, and less confident in their incorrect answers) in electromagnetism. Helping the first-year PBL students to obtain effective cognitive and metacognitive learning strategies early in the academic year could improve their understanding of physics concepts.
A study of a scale for the level of conscious consumerism
Halil ?brahim Salam
International Journal of Human Sciences , 2010,
Abstract: The purpose of this study is to develop a valid and reliable scale for measuring the levels of conscious consumerism of primary school students. The sample of the study is comprised of 113 4th grade students during the Educational Year 2009/2010 from a state school located in Sakarya, Turkey. For validity purposes, learned opinion was received for face validity and content validity. An exploratory factor analysis was conducted for construct validity. At first, values from the KMO and Barlett tests were taken into account in order to carry out a factor analysis. Since KMO test suggested a variance of .73 and Barlett Sphericity test a meaningful variation (χ2=480.64, p=.000), it was decided that it would be appropriate to conduct a factor analysis for the scale. During the exploratory factor analysis, the items 11, 12, 13, 22 and 23 were excluded from the scale since they distorted the construct. Afterward, a second factor analysis was conducted on the 19-item scale. The exploratory factor analysis concluded that the scale had a three-factor construct and was comprised of a total of 19 items. An overall look at the 19-item scale indicated that it accounted for 40.5 percent of the total variance and inner consistency coefficient was .77. All these values suggest that the scale is a valid and reliable one.
On the Critical Poems of Mahtumkulu / Mahtumkulu’nun Tenkid iirleri üzerine
Soner SALAM
Uluslararas? Türk?e Edebiyat Kültür E?itim Dergisi , 2013, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.7884/teke.157
Abstract: Mahtumkulu, recognized as the greatest poet of Turkmen literature, was born in the 1724 and passed away in the 1807. His father, D vletmemmet Azadi (1700-1760), is one of the prominent representatives of Turkmen literature of the 18th century. Mahtumkulu was a poet and social leader who was not indifferent to the social problems of his era and tried to lead and give hope to his society. The poems of Mahtumkulu cover all aspects of Turkmen way of life. He was the voice of his people. Turkmen union, Turkmen spirit and consciousness, religion and Sufism, the comparison of good person and bad person, criticism of the individual and society, social justice, love, bad habits, education, helpfulness, and advice were the main themes of his poems. In this study, Mahtumkulu’s approach to the society and individuals, who make the society, will be addressed through his critical poems.Türkmen edebiyat n n en büyük airi say lan Mahtumkulu 1724 y l nda do mu , 1807 y l nda da vefat etmi tir. Babas D vletmemmet Azadi (1700-1760) 18. Yüzy l Türkmen edebiyat n n nde gelen temsilcilerinden biridir. Mahtumkulu ya ad d nemin toplumsal s k nt lar na ilgisiz kalmayan, Türkmen halk na yol g stermeye ve umut vermeye al an bir air olarak, üyesi oldu u toplumun hislerine tercüman olmu tur. Dolay s yla Mahtumkulu’nun iirleri Türkmen hayat n n her y nünü kapsamaktad r. Türkmen birli i, Türkmen ruhu ve uuru, din ve tasavvuf, iyi insan ile k tü insan n mukayesesi, sosyal adalet, sevgi, k tü al kanl klar, e itim, yard mla ma, nasihat gibi konular Mahtumkulu’nun iirlerinde en ok ne kan temalard r. Bu al mada, tenkid iirlerinden yola karak Mahtumkulu’nun topluma ve toplumu olu turan bireye yakla m irdelenmeye al lacakt r.
II. Me rutiyet D nemi Türk Bas n nda Rübab Dergisi’nin Yeri ve nemi (Place and Importance of “Rübab Journal” in II. Constitutional Monarchy Era Turkish Press)
M. Halil Salam
Bal?kesir üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi , 2009,
Abstract: Place and Importance of “Rübab Journal” in II. Constitutional Monarchy Era Turkish PressBases Of Research: Do academicians adequately benefit from scientific studies on literary magazines?Purpose Of The Research: The main purpose of this study is to emphasize the role of Rübab magazine, published during II.Constitutional Monarchy era, in respest of determination of social factors which reflected new Turkish LiteratureResources Of Data: 116 volumes of Rübab magazine under authority of Cemal Nadir from 07 February of 1911 to 23 May of 1913.Ma n D scuss on: Conclus ons: The Rübab magazine has had a prodominant affect on development and alteration of new Turkish Literature.
A Search on Two-Electron Atoms  [PDF]
Mustafa ?apak, Bülent G?nül
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2011.29127
Abstract: Using the basic ingredient of two-body problem, we propose accurate algebraic solutions in a closed form for the ground state of helium and helium-like atoms. These simple but explicit expressions involve exact screening parameters for each system considered and provide an insight into their physical structure. The energy eigenvalues have been exactly calculated for atoms with nuclear charge Z in the range 1 ≤ Z ≤ 12, clarifying the relation between the screening parameteter and Z.
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