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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 74 matches for " Azzouz Essamri "
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Effect of Chronic Aluminum Administration on Affective and Cognitive Behavior in Male and Female Rats  [PDF]
Oussama Zghari, Ayoub Rezqaoui, Sihame Ouakki, Mouloud Lamtai, Jihane Chaibat, Abdelhalem Mesfioui, Aboubaker El Hessni, El-Housseine Rifi, Azzouz Essamri, Ali Ouichou
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2018.84012
Abstract: In this study, we investigated the effect of chronic exposure of low doses of Aluminum on affective and cognitive disorders in male and female rats. Twenty-five rats for each gender are used and the treatment carried out for 8 weeks. Animals received distilled water for control or an intraperitoneal injection of different doses of Aluminum: 0.125, 0.25, 0.5 and 1 mg/kg. Behavioral performance is measured in various tests mainly the Open Field, Elevated Plus Maze, Force Swimming Test, Morris Water Maze, Y-maze and Object Recognition Test. Al exerts anxiogenic properties and depressive effect. The effect begins at 0.25 mg/kg to reach a maximum at 1 mg/kg. In addition, chronic exposure to Aluminum causes cognitive disorders characterized by affection of memory and influence spatial learning performance. The effect of Aluminum on working memory is effective just at 1 mg/kg, while the effect on spatial learning performance begins at 0.25 mg/kg to reach a maximum at 1 mg/kg. In conclusion, Aluminum enhances anxiety and depression parameters and cognitive disorders characterized by the affection of memory and spatial learning performance.
Effect of Chronic Administration of Cadmium on Anxiety-Like, Depression-Like and Memory Deficits in Male and Female Rats: Possible Involvement of Oxidative Stress Mechanism  [PDF]
Mouloud Lamtai, Jihane Chaibat, Sihame Ouakki, Inssaf Berkiks, El-Housseine Rifi, Aboubaker El Hessni, Abdelhalem Mesfioui, Ali Tadlaoui Hbibi, Hassna Ahyayauch, Azzouz Essamri, Ali Ouichou
Journal of Behavioral and Brain Science (JBBS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jbbs.2018.85016
Abstract: The main objective of this work is to study the effect of chronic administration of cadmium (Cd) on the level of depression-like, anxiety-like, memory state and oxidative stress in male and female Wistar rats. For this purpose, this study was conducted with 24 rats for each gender. Four groups were constituted: (Group 1: Control): received saline solution NaCl (0.9%), (Group 2: Cd-0.25; Group 3: Cd-0.5; Group 4: Cd-1): received daily 0.25 mg/kg, 0.5 mg/kg and 1 mg/kg of Cd respectively during 8 weeks. After treatment period, animals were tested in the open-field, elevated plus maze tests for anxiety-like behavior, and forced swimming test for depression-like behavior. The Y maze was used to evaluate the working memory and the Morris Water Maze, to evaluate space learning and spatial memory. The results revealed that in males, all doses of Cd provoke depression-like, while in females only the group treated with 1 mg/kg Cd shows elevated depression-like behavior. In regard to anxiety-like behavior, Cd induces an anxiogenic effect in both genders tests. In the Y-Maze test, both males and females expressed a low percentage of alternations, suggesting that working memory was affected by Cd at 1 mg/kg. In the Morris Water Maze test, the space learning and spatial memory were significantly impaired in the group Cd-1. Neurochemical analysis showed that levels of nitric oxide and lipid peroxidation in the hippocampus were significantly increased after Cd treatments. Overall analysis of our data revealed that Cd caused significant alterations in the examined parameters that were sex-dependent and dose-dependent.
Fermi Surface Reconstruction due to Hidden Rotating Antiferromagnetism in N and P-Type High-TC Cuprates
Mohamed Azzouz
Symmetry , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/sym5020215
Abstract: The Fermi surface calculated within the rotating antiferromagnetism theory undergoes a topological change when doping changes from p-type to n-type, in qualitative agreement with experimental data for n-type cuprate Nd2?xCexCuO4 and p-type La2?xSrxCuO4. Also, the reconstruction of the Fermi surface, observed experimentally close to optimal doping in p-type cuprates, and slightly higher than optimal doping in the overdoped regime for this n-type high-TC cuprate, is well accounted for in this theory. This reconstruction is a consequence of the quantum criticality caused by the disappearance of rotating antiferromagnetism. The present results are in qualitative agreement with recently observed quantum oscillations in some high-TC cuprates. This paper presents new results about the application of the rotating antiferromagnetism theory to the study of the electronic structure for n-type materials.
Calculation of the phase of hidden rotating antiferromagnetic order
M. Azzouz
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1016/j.physc.2012.05.010
Abstract: The phase of the rotating order parameter in rotating antiferromagnetism is calculated using a combination of mean-field theory and Heisenberg equation. This phase shows a linear time dependence, which allows us to interpret rotating antiferromagnetism as a synchronized Larmor-like precession of all the spins in the system or as an unusual ${\bf q}=(\pi,\pi)$ spin-wave around a zero local magnetization. We discuss implications for the pseudogap state of high-$T_C$ superconducting materials. Rotating antiferromagnetism has been proposed to model the pseudogap state in these materials.
Identification of the physical parameters of the paramagnetic phase of the one-dimensional Kondo lattice model done by introducting a nonmagnetic quantum state with rotating order parameters
M. Azzouz
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.62.710
Abstract: The paramagnetic phase of the one-dimensional Kondo lattice model is investigated for electron densities below half-filling using a new mean-field approach. The physical parameters that govern this phase are identified to be the spin-flip processes of both the localized and itinerant spins. A nonmagnetic quantum state, where the local magnetization is a rotating vector with a nonzero average length, is proposed in order to describe this phase. This state does not break SU(2) symmetry in agreement with Mermin-Wagner theorem. The line boundary between this phase and the ferromagnetic phase is calculated in the coupling-density phase diagram. Also, expressions are calculated for the velocities of the conduction electrons excitations, and heat capacity and entropy versus temperature are analyzed. Good agreement with many of the available numerical data is achieved.
Theory of the Magnetic Resonance for the High-$T_C$ Copper-Oxide Superconductors
Mohamed Azzouz
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1016/j.physc.2014.11.001
Abstract: The magnetic response expected from a state characterized by rotating antiferromagnetism in a neutron-scattering experiment is calculated. We predict the occurrence of a peak at the frequency of the rotation of the rotating antiferromagnetic order parameter. The doping dependence of this frequency is very similar to that of the frequency of the magnetic resonance observed in the neutron-scattering experiments for the hole-doped high-$T_C$ cuprates. This leads us to propose the rotating antiferromagnetism as a possible mechanism for this magnetic resonance. We conclude that while the magnitude of the rotating antiferromagnetic order parameter was previously proposed to be responsible for the pseudogap and the unusual thermodynamic and transport properties, the phase of the rotating order parameter is proposed here to be responsible for the unusual magnetic properties of the high-$T_C$ copper-oxide superconductors.
Fermi surface reconstruction due to hidden rotating antiferromagnetism in n and p-type high-$T_C$ cuprates
M. Azzouz
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: The Fermi surface calculated within the rotating antiferromagentism theory undergoes a topological change when doping changes from p-type to n-type, in qualitative agreement with experimental data for n-type cuprate Nd$_{2-x}$Ce$_x$CuO$_4$ and p-type La$_{2-x}$Sr$_x$CuO$_4$. Also, the reconstruction of the Fermi surface observed experimentally close to optimal doing in p-type cuprates, and slightly higher than optimal doping in the overdoped regime for this n-type high-$T_C$ cuprate is well accounted for in this theory, and is a consequence of quantum criticality caused by the disappearance of rotating antiferromagnetism. The present results are in qualitative agreement with the recently observed quantum oscillations in some high-$T_C$ cuprates regarding the change in the size of the Fermi surface as doping evolves and the location of its reconstruction. This paper presents new results about the application of the rotating antiferromagnetism theory to the study of electronic structure for n-type materials.
Variétés de Poisson polarisées
Azzouz Awane
Mathematics , 2003,
Abstract: We introduce and study the basic notion of polarized Poisson manifolds generalizing the classical case of Poisson manifolds and extend this last notion for the ${k-}$% symplectic stuctures. And also, we show that for any polarized Hamiltonian map, the associated Nambu's dynamical system and polarized Hamiltonian system are connected by relations characterizing the mechanical aspect of the $k-$symplectic geometry.
Ternary algebras with braided statistics
Azzouz Zinoun
Mathematics , 2010,
Abstract: Algebraic relations that characterize quantum statistics (Bose-Einstein statistic, Fermi-Dirac statistic, supersymmetry, parastatistic, anyonic statistic, ...) are reformulated herein in terms of a new algebraic structure, which we call para-algebra.
The motion of holes on the triangular lattice: t-J model
Mohamed Azzouz,Thierry Dombre
Physics , 1995,
Abstract: The motion of holes on the triangular lattice is studied using the t-J model. Within the Born self-consistent approximation and the exact Lanczos diagonalization, the single hole physics is first analyzed. Then the spiral theory of Shraiman and Siggia is used to investigate the case of a finite density of holes.
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