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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 306 matches for " Azizan HS "
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Poor sitting posture and a heavy schoolbag as contributors to musculoskeletal pain in children: an ergonomic school education intervention program
Syazwan AI,Mohamad Azhar MN,Anita AR,Azizan HS
Journal of Pain Research , 2011,
Abstract: AI Syazwan1, MN Mohamad Azhar1, AR Anita1, HS Azizan1, MS Shaharuddin2, J Muhamad Hanafiah3, AA Muhaimin4, AM Nizar5, B Mohd Rafee1,6, A Mohd Ibthisham7, Adam Kasani71Environmental and Occupational Medicine Unit, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 2Environmental and Occupational Health Unit, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 3Health Services Management Unit, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 4Department of Environmental Management, Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 5Pharmacology Unit, Department of Human Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 6Ergonomic Division, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia; 7Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor, MalaysiaObjectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a multidisciplinary, interventional, ergonomic education program designed to reduce the risk of musculoskeletal problems by reducing schoolbag weight and correcting poor sitting posture.Methods: Data were collected twice before and twice following intervention using the Standardized Nordic Body Map Questionnaire, a rapid upper limb assessment for posture evaluation, and schoolbag weight measurement in children aged 8 and 11 years attending two schools within the central region of Malaysia.Results: Students who received the ergonomic intervention reported significant improvements in their sitting posture in a classroom environment and reduction of schoolbag weight as compared with the controls.Conclusion: A single-session, early intervention, group ergonomics education program for children aged 8 and 11 years is appropriate and effective, and should be considered as a strategy to reduce musculoskeletal pain among schoolchildren in this age group.Keywords: ergonomic, education, intervention, assessment, musculoskeletal pain, school children, awareness
Poor sitting posture and a heavy schoolbag as contributors to musculoskeletal pain in children: an ergonomic school education intervention program
Syazwan AI, Mohamad Azhar MN, Anita AR, Azizan HS, Shaharuddin MS, Muhamad Hanafiah J, Muhaimin AA, Nizar AM, Mohd Rafee B, Mohd Ibthisham A, Kasani A
Journal of Pain Research , 2011, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S22281
Abstract: or sitting posture and a heavy schoolbag as contributors to musculoskeletal pain in children: an ergonomic school education intervention program Original Research (6036) Total Article Views Authors: Syazwan AI, Mohamad Azhar MN, Anita AR, Azizan HS, Shaharuddin MS, Muhamad Hanafiah J, Muhaimin AA, Nizar AM, Mohd Rafee B, Mohd Ibthisham A, Kasani A Published Date September 2011 Volume 2011:4 Pages 287 - 296 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S22281 AI Syazwan1, MN Mohamad Azhar1, AR Anita1, HS Azizan1, MS Shaharuddin2, J Muhamad Hanafiah3, AA Muhaimin4, AM Nizar5, B Mohd Rafee1,6, A Mohd Ibthisham7, Adam Kasani7 1Environmental and Occupational Medicine Unit, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 2Environmental and Occupational Health Unit, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 3Health Services Management Unit, Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 4Department of Environmental Management, Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 5Pharmacology Unit, Department of Human Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia; 6Ergonomic Division, National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health Bangi, Selangor, Malaysia; 7Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor, Malaysia Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate a multidisciplinary, interventional, ergonomic education program designed to reduce the risk of musculoskeletal problems by reducing schoolbag weight and correcting poor sitting posture. Methods: Data were collected twice before and twice following intervention using the Standardized Nordic Body Map Questionnaire, a rapid upper limb assessment for posture evaluation, and schoolbag weight measurement in children aged 8 and 11 years attending two schools within the central region of Malaysia. Results: Students who received the ergonomic intervention reported significant improvements in their sitting posture in a classroom environment and reduction of schoolbag weight as compared with the controls. Conclusion: A single-session, early intervention, group ergonomics education program for children aged 8 and 11 years is appropriate and effective, and should be considered as a strategy to reduce musculoskeletal pain among schoolchildren in this age group.
A REVIEW ON PUBLIC PARTICIPATION IN ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT IN MALAYSIA
Azizan MARZUKI
Theoretical and Empirical Researches in Urban Management , 2009,
Abstract: Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) was introduced to measure the benefit or cost from physical development to the public and community. In Malaysia, EIA was initiated in 1988 as a mandatory legislative requirement to protect and enhance the quality of the environment through licensing, setting of standards, coordination of research and dissemination of information to the public. Public involvement in assessment period is vital, and this conceptual paper identifies that there are three levels of participation in EIA. However, public participation in EIA in Malaysia, in general, is only instrumental due to weaknesses in regulation, lack of awareness and expertise among the public. This further raises the question of effective EIA implementation when public representation is characterized by pseudo participation and select involvement rather than broad participation of all community members, which is an important prerequisite for effective public participation.
Development of an indoor air quality checklist for risk assessment of indoor air pollutants by semiquantitative score in nonindustrial workplaces
Syazwan AI, Rafee BM, Hafizan J, Azman AZF, Nizar AM, Izwyn Z, Muhaimin AA, Syafiq Yunos MA, Anita AR, Muhamad Hanafiah J, Shaharuddin MS, Ibthisham AM, Hasmadi Ismail M, Azhar MNM, Azizan HS, Zulfadhli I, Othman J
Risk Management and Healthcare Policy , 2012, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/RMHP.S26567
Abstract: pment of an indoor air quality checklist for risk assessment of indoor air pollutants by semiquantitative score in nonindustrial workplaces Original Research (3180) Total Article Views Authors: Syazwan AI, Rafee BM, Hafizan J, Azman AZF, Nizar AM, Izwyn Z, Muhaimin AA, Syafiq Yunos MA, Anita AR, Muhamad Hanafiah J, Shaharuddin MS, Ibthisham AM, Hasmadi Ismail M, Azhar MNM, Azizan HS, Zulfadhli I, Othman J Published Date April 2012 Volume 2012:5 Pages 17 - 23 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/RMHP.S26567 Received: 19 December 2011 Accepted: 17 January 2012 Published: 13 April 2012 AI Syazwan1, B Mohd Rafee1, Juahir Hafizan2, AZF Azman1, AM Nizar3, Z Izwyn4, AA Muhaimin5, MA Syafiq Yunos6, AR Anita1, J Muhamad Hanafiah1, MS Shaharuddin1, A Mohd Ibthisham7, Mohd Hasmadi Ismail8, MN Mohamad Azhar1, HS Azizan1, I Zulfadhli9, J Othman10 1Department of Community Health, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia; 2Department of Environmental Science, Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia; 3Pharmacology Unit, Department of Human Anatomy, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia; 4Department of Therapy and Rehabilitation, Faculty of Health Science and Biomedical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Johor, Malaysia; 5Department of Environmental Management, Faculty of Environmental Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia; 6Plant Assessment Technology (PAT), Industrial Technology Division (BTI), Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuklear Malaysia), Bangi, Kajang, Malaysia; 7Department of Mechanical Engineering, Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, UTM Skudai, Johor, Malaysia; 8Department of Forest Production, Faculty of Forestry, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia; 9Faculty of Built Environment and Architect, Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Skudai, Johor, Malaysia; 10Department of Counsellor Education and Counselling Psychology (DCECP), Faculty of Educational Studies, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia Background: To meet the current diversified health needs in workplaces, especially in nonindustrial workplaces in developing countries, an indoor air quality (IAQ) component of a participatory occupational safety and health survey should be included. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to evaluate and suggest a multidisciplinary, integrated IAQ checklist for evaluating the health risk of building occupants. This IAQ checklist proposed to support employers, workers, and assessors in understanding a wide range of important elements in the indoor air environment to promote awareness in nonindustrial workplaces. Methods: The general structure of and specific items in the IAQ checklist were discussed in a focus group meeting with IAQ assessors based upon the result of a literature review, previous industrial code of practice, and previous interviews with company employer
Remedial Tutorials for Differential Equations
Azizan Zainal Abidin
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2011,
Abstract: Many factors may contribute to students not making the grades of a course. More so daunting if the course(s) of concern are prerequisites to other higher-level courses. The compulsory core Differential Equations EBB1113 course is that hurdle for some first semester engineering undergraduates at Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS. These students do not fulfill the minimum passing grade and are required to repeat the entire course. Redoing it means having to attend lectures and tutorials all over again. What could be the best approach to tackle the situation so that these students do not repeat the same mistakes and fail again? The objective of this study is to discuss several steps taken up by the instructor with full support for change from the management that could provide some insights as to the efforts made to manage the challenges faced. The students face the tasks of overcoming factors of inferiority complex and disorientation, doing and repeating the same mistakes. The instructor faces the tasks of boosting
Electrocatalytic Reduction of Oxygen at Perovskite (BSCF)-MWCNT Composite Electrodes  [PDF]
Farhanini Yusoff, Norita Mohamed, Azizan Aziz, Sulaiman Ab Ghani
Materials Sciences and Applications (MSA) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/msa.2014.54025
Abstract:

A composite paste electrode based on Ba0.5Sr0.5Co0.8Fe0.2O3-δ (BSCF)—initially synthesized by solgel method—and multiwall carbon nanotube (MWCNT) as a cathode in fuel cells is developed. The composite pastes are prepared by the direct mixing of BSCF:MWCNT at 90:10, 80:20 and 70:30 (% w/W). These electrodes are then characterized by the x-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM), nitrogen adsorption-desorption isotherm, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and cyclic voltammetry (CV). The XRD and SEM confirm the inclusion and the uniform dispersal of the MWCNT within BSCF, respectively. The nitrogen adsorption isotherm study shows that the porosity of the composite paste electrode has been improved by two-fold from the BSCF electrode. The EIS and CV demonstrate that the higher ratios of MWCNT in the composites are critical in improving the electronic conductivity as well as the kinetics. It is also noticeable that the electrode has increased the catalysis of oxygen in 0.1 M KOH (pH 12.0). Cyclic voltammetric studies on the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) suggest that the incorporation of MWCNT is vital in improving the electrode (cathode) properties of a fuel cell.

Kynurenine and serotonin pathways: A review
HS Adegbusi
Bayero Journal of Pure and Applied Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: This paper seeks to elucidate the two-key pathways involving tryptophan matabolism, namely, kynurenine and serotonin pathways. In the kynurenine pathway (KP), the discussion considers the steps of the oxidative degradation of tryptophan to yield nicotinate mononucleotide, a precursors for the biosynthesis of nicotinate nucleotides ( NAD+ and NADP+), while serotonin pathway (SP) considers the biosynthesis of serotonin from tryptophan. Two different isoforms of tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH) are involved in SP: Tryptophan hydroxylase -1 (TPH1) catalysis SP in enterochromaffin cells of the gut, while Tryptophan hydroxylase-2 (TPH2) catalysis SP in the nerve cells of the central nervous system, the brain. Emphasis is given to the relevance of pyridoxal phosphate (PLP) in KP and also identified in the pathway of KP is the liberation of alanine as a biproduct, a basis for the gluconeogenecity of tryptophan. Serotonin, a major bioactive end-product of SP is a potent neurotransmitter, vasoconstrictor, regulation of intestinal motility and a player in cognitive function. Foods that give an increased ratio of tryptophan to phenylalanine and leucine such as nuts of walnut, plantains, bananas, dates, pineapples and tomatoes are good sources of serotonin. Research suggests a diet rich in carbohydrates and low protein is also a good source. Owning to the significance of some the major bioactive end-products, intermediates and byproducts of these pathways for the well-being and happiness of human beings, more research should be carried out therein not only to unravel some of the disorders they may be associated with but to also help in the development and production of; therapeutic drugs for psychiatric and sexual disorders, and intestinal antidote.
Considerations in selecting rapid-onset opioids for the management of breakthrough pain
Smith HS
Journal of Pain Research , 2013, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S40745
Abstract: nsiderations in selecting rapid-onset opioids for the management of breakthrough pain Review (492) Total Article Views Authors: Smith HS Published Date March 2013 Volume 2013:6 Pages 189 - 200 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S40745 Received: 26 November 2012 Accepted: 17 January 2013 Published: 06 March 2013 Howard S Smith Departments of Anesthesiology, Medicine, and Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Albany Medical College, Albany, NY, USA Abstract: Breakthrough pain (BTP) is a transitory pain that occurs despite the use of long-term, around-the-clock analgesia. It is highly prevalent in certain populations and places a significant burden on patients, their families, caregivers, and health-care systems. Despite its prevalence and impact, BTP is sometimes unrecognized and often undertreated. Various formulations of fentanyl – a rapid-onset opioid with short duration of action – are available for the management of BTP. The efficacy of formulations using transmucosal, transbuccal, sublingual, and intranasal administration routes has been demonstrated for BTP treatment in clinical trials. However, a lack of head-to-head trials evaluating their relative efficacy makes it challenging for physicians to reach informed decisions on the most efficacious intervention for individual patients. In the absence of clear data on the relative efficacy of fentanyl formulations, prescribing decisions need to be based on physician understanding and experience and product cost and availability, taking into account the individual patient's needs, the ability of the patient or caregivers to administer medication, and the patient's wishes. This review evaluates current pharmacologic methods of alleviating BTP and discusses factors that should be considered when selecting the most appropriate formulation for individual patients. With the range of fentanyl formulations available, it is now possible to successfully address BTP in the majority of patients.
Pregnancy complicated by morbidly adherent placenta in a patient with bilateral ovarian agenesis: a case report
Wong HS
International Journal of Women's Health , 2013, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJWH.S37380
Abstract: egnancy complicated by morbidly adherent placenta in a patient with bilateral ovarian agenesis: a case report Case report (500) Total Article Views Authors: Wong HS Published Date February 2013 Volume 2013:5 Pages 53 - 55 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/IJWH.S37380 Received: 27 August 2012 Accepted: 25 September 2012 Published: 05 February 2013 Hong Soo Wong Australian Women's Ultrasound Centre, Brisbane, Australia Abstract: The author presents a case of in vitro fertilization pregnancy complicated by morbidly adherent placenta in a patient with congenital bilateral ovarian agenesis. A 31-year-old woman with congenital bilateral ovarian agenesis who had undergone two previous dilatation and curettage procedures conceived following in vitro fertilization with a donor egg. Spontaneous labor occurred at 38 weeks and 5 days' gestation. The labor was augmented in the active phase and resulted in instrumental vaginal delivery. The third stage was complicated by hemorrhage and retained placenta. Morbidly adherent placenta was diagnosed on attempt at manual removal of the placenta, and the adherent part of the placenta was left in situ. This was removed uneventfully at 5 weeks following childbirth when there was no blood flow observed between the placenta and the myometrium on Doppler ultrasound examination. In conclusion, successful parturition is possible in patients with congenital bilateral ovarian agenesis. When morbidly adherent placenta is managed conservatively, the placenta may be safely removed if there is no vascularity between the placenta and the myometrium.
Surgical approach to the cerebellopontine angle and dissection of the temporal bone: a continuing medical education course at Hacettepe University
Surucu HS
Neuroanatomy , 2004,
Abstract: When two complex structures like cerebellum and pons build up anangle, the one formed is not simple like the ones formed by twointersecting lines in geometry, but one, difficult to understand even by thepeople who see and cut it every day. To get close to a tumor here, onewill have to cut the complex temporal bone but from which direction andhow? Answering to a question like this and many difficult others in oneday was the aim of this meeting. Diverging the attention to the surgicaltechniques and anatomy, rather than the indications of surgery made thisgoal accomplished successfully.There were 30 participants, of almost equal numbers of anatomists,otolaryngologists and neurosurgeons, by coincidence. Even this was givinga good clue about how the chosen field was in the center of clinical andbasic science cooperation. The plenary session started and chaired byRuhgun Basar. The first presentation by Nuran Yener was giving everydetail of clinical anatomy of the temporal bone. Following, Sarp Saracpresented mastoidectomy and facial nerve decompression techniques withbeautiful schematic slides and real operation movies. The movies werecleverly montaged focusing on the important moments and landmarks andcropping out the intervals in between. Otherwise the movies of these longoperations can be more difficult to watch than doing the operation.After a fifteen minute coffee break, the second session started with thebeautiful presentation of Levent Sennaroglu about labyrnthectomy andtranslabyrenthal approach to the cerebellopontine angle. He describedmedial, lateral and inferior approaches which are used for different purposes.The next presentation was about anatomy of the neurovascular structures ofthe cerebellopontine angle by Beliz Tascioglu. Her presentation was mostlyby real photographs and their explanory drawings at each slide. This typeof presentation supplied extreme good orientation to the surgeons besidesteaching the complex anatomy of the region.Ibrahim Ziyal presented the middle cranial and retrosigmoid approach ofthe neurosurgeons. He also demonstrated some operational movies andgave important clues to the surgeons. The discussion became interesting byparticipation of Dr Gokhan Akdemir and his experiences from his studieswith the famous surgeon Dr Mecit Sami.At the lunch everybody was fascinated with the presentations of the morningand waiting impatiently for the practical part which would be held in theanatomy dissection laboratory. The practicals were not less successful. Theanatomy laboratory has almost turned to an operation hall or even betterwith
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