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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 461642 matches for " Ayim A Gifty "
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Microbial quality of chevon and mutton sold in Tamale Metropolis of Northern Ghana
Adzitey Frederick, Teye G Ayum, Ayim A Gifty, Addy Samuel
Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management , 2010,
Abstract: The microbial quality of 80 meat samples made up of 40 chevon and 40 mutton were collected from the Aboabo, Central-internal, Central-external, and Sakasaka meat shops in Tamale Metropolis and assessed in order to ascertain it safety. Chevon from Aboabo and mutton from the Central market-internal had the highest mean total aerobic bacterial count of 3.9 X 10 6 cfu/cm2 and 3.7 X 106 cfu/cm2 , respectively. The lowest total aerobic count in chevon was found in the Central-internal (6.0 X 105 cfu/cm2) and that of mutton was found in Sakasaka market meat shop (6.0 X 10 5 cfu/cm2). Bacteria isolated from the samples were Escherichia coli, Streptococcus species, Salmonella species , Enterococcus species, and Staphylococcus species, some of which harbor human pathogens of public health concern. The isolation of various bacteria in chevon and mutton sold in the Tamale Metropolis indicates that, lower standard of operating systems in the slaughtering, processing and sale of meats are adhered to. The Government of Ghana, Ministry of Health and Ministry of Food and Agriculture should enforce the laws that prohibit the illegal slaughtering of animals without veterinary inspection, unstandardized methods of handling animals, slaughtering and selling of meats on the open market. @JASEM J. Appl. Sci. Environ. Manage. December, 2010, Vol. 14 (4) 53 - 55
The challenges of developing an instrument to assess health provider motivation at primary care level in rural Burkina Faso, Ghana, and Tanzania
Helen Prytherch,Melkidezek T. Leshabari,Christiane Wiskow,Gifty A. Aninanya
Global Health Action , 2012, DOI: 10.3402/gha.v5i0.19120
Abstract: Background: The quality of health care depends on the competence and motivation of the health workers that provide it. In the West, several tools exist to measure worker motivation, and some have been applied to the health sector. However, none have been validated for use in sub-Saharan Africa. The complexity of such tools has also led to concerns about their application at primary care level. Objective: To develop a common instrument to monitor any changes in maternal and neonatal health (MNH) care provider motivation resulting from the introduction of pilot interventions in rural, primary level facilities in Ghana, Burkina Faso, and Tanzania. Design: Initially, a conceptual framework was developed. Based upon this, a literature review and preliminary qualitative research, an English-language instrument was developed and validated in an iterative process with experts from the three countries involved. The instrument was then piloted in Ghana. Reliability testing and exploratory factor analysis were used to produce a final, parsimonious version. Results and discussion: This paper describes the actual process of developing the instrument. Consequently, the concepts and items that did not perform well psychometrically at pre-test are first presented and discussed. The final version of the instrument, which comprises 42 items for self-assessment and eight for peer-assessment, is then shown. This is followed by a presentation and discussion of the findings from first use of the instrument with MNH providers from 12 rural, primary level facilities in each of the three countries. Conclusions: It is possible to undertake work of this nature at primary health care level, particularly if the instruments are kept as straightforward as possible and well introduced. However, their development requires very lengthy preparatory periods. The effort needed to adapt such instruments for use in different countries within the region of sub-Saharan Africa should not be underestimated.
Nutritional Content and Functional Properties of French Horn, False Horn and FHIA-21
E.A. Amankwah,I. Ayim,K.A. Dzisi,J. Barimah
American Journal of Food Technology , 2011,
Abstract: Comparative study of the nutritional composition of the green stages of fruits of FHIA-21 (tetraploid hybrid), French Horn and False Horn as well as the effect of steam blanching on some selected functional properties of their flours were determined by the Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology in Kumasi, Ghana. The standard AOAC methods were used to determine the nutritional composition. The results showed that the nutritional composition of the hybrid were different from that of French and False Horn. The hybrid had higher fat content (4.05%) than French (1.24%) and False Horn (3.47%). FHIA-21 also compared favorably with that of False and French horn in terms of moisture (69.50%), ash (2.45%), fibre (1.62%), potassium (1150 mg/100 g), sodium (43 mg/100 g) and iron (1.01 mg/100 g). Blanching significantly increased the solubility of FHIA-21 but decreased that of False Horn and French Horn; increased the swelling power of all three plantain varieties and decreased the water binding capacity among all three plantain varieties. Blanching also increased the pH of the flour of FHIA-21 but decreased that of French and False Horn and though insignificant (p>0.5) increased moisture uptake in all three plantain varieties.
The evaluation of selected ghanaian medicinal plants for cytotoxic activites
J A Ayim, M T Bayor, R M Phillips, S D Shnyder, C W Wright
Journal of Science and Technology (Ghana) , 2007,
Abstract: Cancer is still responsible for many deaths worldwide. Therefore, the need for an effective management, treatment and cure of cancer is undoubtedly crucial. In Ghana, several plants or herbal products are used by traditional healers for the management and/or the treatment of various cancers. However, the efficacies of these plant products as anticancer agents are often ill defined. In this study, the methanolic extracts of ten plant species were evaluated for cytotoxicity against three human cancer cell lines, DLD- 1, MCF-7 and M14, using the MTT assay. Extracts of Adenia lobata root, Clerodendrum capitatum leaves, Garcinia kola stem bark, Plumbago zeylanica leaves and Vernonia conferta root, showed relatively low cytotoxic activities while extracts of Ficus asperifolia leaves, Paullinia pinnata root and Thonningia sanguinea root exhibited moderate activity (IC50 values 40 – 55μg/ml against at least one of the three cell lines). Croton membranaceus root extract exhibited markedly higher cytotoxic activities, particularly against the DLD-1 and MCF-7 cells (IC50 = 16.0 and 17.4μg/ml respectively), while Zanthoxylum xanthoxyloides bark extract was 2-3 fold more active against DLD-1 cells (IC50 = 16μg/ml), than against the other cell lines. These results lend some support for the use of these species in traditional medicines for the treatment of cancer, especially for C. membranaceus and Z. xanthoxyloides. Journal of Science & Technology (Ghana) Vol. 27 (2) 2007: pp. 16-22
Accident Frequency and Supportive Perceptions: A Study in Ghana`s Work Environment
Seth Ayim Gyekye
The Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: Relevant research in the accident and safety literature has demonstrated the impact of organizational climate on industrial accidents and safety related behaviours. There is paucity regarding the examination of the relationship between accident frequency and supportive perceptions (POS). The current study thus empirically investigated this relationship. Additionally, it examined the relationship with job satisfaction and compliance with safe work practices. To arrive at the intended examination, participants were divided into two categories: low and high accident frequency groups. Differences of statistical significance regarding their assessments on POS, job satisfaction and safe work practices were identified by a one-tailed t-test analysis. Workers in the low accident category indicated higher supportive perceptions than their counterparts in the high accident category. Correspondingly, they expressed more job satisfaction and were more committed to safe work practices. The findings thus have implications for safety management policies and are discussed.
Adolescents’ Willingness and Intentions to Use Contraceptives in Rural Ghana  [PDF]
Sulemana Abubakari, Yeetey A. Enuameh, Emmanuel Mahama, Obed Ernest A. Nettey, George Adjei, Gifty Fosuaa Nuamah, Edward Apraku Anane, Robert Adda, Francis Dzabeng, Seeba Amenga-Etego, Charles Zandoh, Kwaku Poku Asante, Seth Owusu-Agyei
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.311029
Abstract: Efforts made to improve the availability and access to family planning services to adolescents in Ghana have not yielded the desired results. Adolescents in the Kintampo Health and Demographic Surveillance System area are no exception. This study explored contraceptive use intentions, preferences and their determinants among adolescents in rural Ghana. This was to contribute evidence towards achieving universal access to reproductive health. A cross-sectional study design was used to collect Sexual and Reproductive Health data in the Kintampo districts in 2011. A total of 1805 female adolescents were randomly sampled from a resident female adolescent population of 16,795. This study used intention and/or willingness of adolescents to use contraceptives as the outcome variable and the explanatory variables were demographic and socioeconomic factors. Descriptive and inferential statistical analyses were done. The findings indicated 54.3% of adolescents’ were willing to use contraceptives. Injectable was the most preferred contraceptive method among adolescents (48.6%); this was followed by the pill (29.6%) with the least being foam or jelly (0.2%). The most commonly cited reason for not intending to use contraception was adolescents’ opposition to family planning (31.5%) followed by a fear of side effects (25.8%). Age and education influenced adolescents’ willingness to use contraceptives in the future. Formal education of the young generation coupled with knowledge of contraceptive methods could yield positive outcomes for contraceptive use and ultimately reproductive health of the adolescent population in the near future.
Malaria Control Mechanisms for Effective Healthcare Delivery in Ghana: The Use of Geographical Information Systems (GIS)  [PDF]
Lenos Koku Ankrah, Desmond Ayim-Aboagye, Franklin N. Glozah
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2016.62008
Abstract: Malaria is a major health problem facing many tropical countries, including Ghana. The use of modern mechanisms to study environmental factors in malaria occurrence is imperative in malaria control efforts. The aim of this research is to investigate how malaria occurrence is influenced by environmental factors and how Geographical Information Systems (GIS) can be used as a mechanism for improving malaria control in healthcare delivery in Ghana. Environmental factors, elevation, daily temperature and daily rainfall were plotted against prevalence of M and S forms of mosquitoes using ArcGIS 10.1. Prevalence of Anopheles gambiae M was the highest at elevations of 0 m to 200 m and that of S was the highest at elevations between 200 m and 500 m. Prevalence of M was the highest at temperatures between 26.1°C - 27.6°C whilst that of S was the highest at temperatures of between 24.5°C and 26.0°C. Prevalence of M was the highest at rainfall between 10 mm and 35 mm and S was the highest at rainfall between 26 mm and 36 mm and beyond. M form was positively correlated with temperature and negatively with elevation and humidity. The S form was negatively associated with temperature and positively with elevation and rainfall. GIS models can combine with environmental data to estimate vector prevalence under environmental conditions and therefore its use is recommended in Ghana.
Intermittent screening and treatment versus intermittent preventive treatment of malaria in pregnancy: user acceptability
Lucy A Smith, Caroline Jones, Rose O Adjei, Gifty D Antwi, Nana A Afrah, Brian Greenwood, Daniel Chandramohan, Harry Tagbor, Jayne Webster
Malaria Journal , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1475-2875-9-18
Abstract: Data were collected through twelve focus group discussions with women selected at random from the different arms of the RCT, exploring their experiences and perceptions about antenatal care and their involvement in the trial. Content analysis was used to identify relevant themes to structure the results.Five main themes emerged from participants' experiences of ANC and the RCT that would influence their acceptability of malaria prevention strategies during pregnancy: health benefits; drugs received; tests received; other services received; and health worker attitude. Their own health and that of their baby were strong motivations for attending ANC, and reported favourably as an outcome of being in the RCT. Women were not always clear on the biomedical function of drugs or blood tests but generally accepted them due to strong trust in the health staff. Home visits by staff and free ITNs as part of the trial were appreciated. Politeness and patience of health staff was a very strong positive factor.Overall, both intermittent screening and treatment and intermittent preventive treatment appeared equally acceptable to pregnant women as strategies for the control of malaria in pregnancy. The women were more concerned about quality of services received, in particular the polite and patient attitude of health staff, and positive health implications for themselves and their babies than about the nature of the intervention.Plasmodium falciparum infection in pregnancy is associated with an increased risk of maternal and foetal complications including maternal anaemia and low birth weight [1,2]. The WHO has recommended a package of interventions for preventing and controlling malaria infection in pregnancy (MiP) in endemic areas, which includes the early diagnosis and treatment of malaria, intermittent preventive treatment during pregnancy (IPT) using sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) and the use of insecticide-treated nets (ITNs) [3].Currently, SP-IPT has been rated as having t
Family Planning Awareness, Perceptions and Practice among Community Members in the Kintampo Districts of Ghana  [PDF]
Obed Ernest A. Nettey, Yeetey A. Enuameh, Emmanuel Mahama, Abubakari Sulemana, George Adjei, Stephaney Gyaase, Samuel Afari-Asiedu, Robert Adda, Abena Konadu Yawson, Gifty Fosuaa Nuamah, Edward Apraku Anane, Livesy Abokyi, Charles Zandoh, Martha Abdulai, Ellen Abrafi Boamah, Kwame Adjei, Seeba Amenga-Etego, Francis Dzabeng, Charlotte Tawiah-Agyeman, Frank Baiden, Kwaku Poku Asante, Seth Owusu-Agyei
Advances in Reproductive Sciences (ARSci) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/arsci.2015.31001
Abstract: Family planning is known to prevent maternal deaths, but some social norms, limited supplies and inconsistent use makes this difficult to achieve in most low- and middle-income countries. In spite of the high fertility levels in most sub-Saharan African countries and the potential economic benefits of family planning, its patronage remains very low in the sub-region. This study was with the objective of identifying the levels of awareness, utilization, access to and perceptions about family planning and contraception. A cross-sectional study design was used for the study, with data collected from multiple sources using both quantitative and qualitative approaches. Relevant findings included a marked disconnect between family planning/contraceptive knowledge and use. The pills and injectables were the most frequently used, but females in the study population poorly patronised emergency contraception. Supplies of most family planning methods were found to be health facility based, requiring clients to have to necessarily go there for services. Some respondents harboured perceptions that family planning was the responsibility of females alone and that it fuelled promiscuity among female users. Recommendations made include ensuring that health facilities had adequate staff and expertise to provide facility-based family planning services and also to disabuse the minds of community members of the negative perceptions towards family planning.
Designing of a letter sorting machine for the regional post offices in Ghana
Erwin Normanyo,Daniel Ayim,Adetunde Isaac
Journal of Engineering and Applied Sciences , 2009,
Abstract: The hitherto manual sorting of 1,200 letters per hour in the post offices is laborious, labour-intensive and time-consuming. This paper seeks to design a letter sorting machine (LSM) based on the conveyor belt transportation and letter sorting principle to replace the manual method of sorting letters. This machine is designed to make sorting of letters very effective and efficient thus, minimizing sorting into wrong destination bins and increasing the number of well-sorted letters per hour to over 30,000. A programmable logic controller (PLC) installed in-between the sensors and actuators effects programming flexibility by way of the control program in its memory. Optical character recognition (OCR) technology and barcode sorter (BCS) systems are employed to read handwritten and printed addresses as well as barcodes. Coding of the regions and a proposed addressing format is resolved thereby enhancing compatibility with the postal optical character reading system. This paper therefore seeks to design a letter sorting machine for the regional post offices in Ghana to increase effectiveness and efficiency of letter delivery.
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