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Search Results: 1 - 10 of 3976 matches for " Axillary artery "
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The Pectoral Branch Arising from the Subscapular Artery: Case Report of a Rare Variation  [PDF]
Jae-Hee Park, Jae-Ho Lee, In-Jang Choi
Forensic Medicine and Anatomy Research (FMAR) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/fmar.2016.44008
Abstract: Variations in the upper limbs are common and are the main causes for iatrogenic injury during invasive procedures. A rare division of the axillary artery was found on the left side of a Korean cadaver during an educational dissection. The subscapular artery originated from the second part of the axillary artery. And then it gave off an aberrant branch to the pectoralis major muscle, as pectoral branch. The author describes this previously unreported case and discusses its prevalence and the clinical implications.
Revista Med , 2007,
Abstract: fractures of the proximal humerus account over 75% of all humeral fractures in patients older than the age of 40 1. after the age of 50, women have a much higher incidence of these fractures than men, due to a higher incidence of osteoporosis. if the patient is less than 50 years old, high-energy trauma is the most common etiology. however, if the patient is over the age of 50, low energy mechanisms are more common 1. although axillary artery injury occurs frequently with dislocations of the shoulder and fractures of the clavicle, such injury is not commonly associated with fractures of the proximal humerus 2-5. we present a patient with an axillary artery injury associated with a comminuted fracture of the proximal humerus.
Bilateral superficial brachial artery
T Sharma,RK Singla,K Sachdeva
Kathmandu University Medical Journal , 2009, DOI: 10.3126/kumj.v7i4.2768
Abstract: Variations of the upper limb arterial system are well documented. Accurate knowledge of the normal and variant arterial anatomy of the axillary artery is important for clinical procedures and vascular radiology. In this article, a rare bilateral variation of superficial brachial artery is being reported. The axillary artery on both sides divided in its third part into a superficial brachial artery passing superficial to the lateral root of median nerve and brachial artery proper. The former terminated in the cubital fossa by dividing into ulnar and radial arteries while the later descended deep to the medial root of median nerve and gave anterior and posterior circumflex humeral branches of axillary artery and profunda brachii of brachial artery. Then it terminated by giving twigs to muscles of arm. Earlier superficial brachial artery is reported with a prevalence rate varying from 0.2 - 25 % but a bilateral variation is extremely rare. Further its ontogeny and clinical implications are discussed in detail. Key words: Superficial brachial artery; brachial artery; Axillary artery ? DOI: 10.3126/kumj.v7i4.2768 Kathmandu University Medical Journal (2009) Vol.7, No.4 Issue 28, 426-428
Abnormal Branching of the Axillary Artery: Subscapular Common Trunk. A Case Report
Saralaya,'Vasudha; Joy,Theresa; Madhyastha,Sampath; Vadgaonkar,Rajanigandha; Saralaya,Shruti;
International Journal of Morphology , 2008, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95022008000400029
Abstract: an unusual unilateral variation in the branching pattern of axillary artery was observed in a 60 year oíd female embalmed cadáver. the axillary artery had only two branches arising from its proximal (first) part and no branches from its remaining distal (second & third) parts. the branches are superior thoracic (usual) and another large collateral (unusual) branch. this collateral branch is the origin of several important arteries as the circumflex scapular, thoracodorsal, posterior circumflex humeral, thoraco-acromial and lateral thoracic arteries. we propose to ?ame this artery as common subscapular trunk. the course of this collateral artery (common subscapular trunk) and its branches and also clinical significance of this variation are discussed in the paper.
Relaciones del Plexo Braquial con la Segunda Parte de la Arteria Axilar
Buarque de Gusm?o,Luiz Carlos; de Sousa Rodrigues,Célio Fernando; Vergetti Malta,Moana; Santos,Klebiana; Maia Loureiro,Luiz Victor; Luz Machado,Maria Helena; Coutinho Malheiros,ablo; Santana Santos,Shyrlene; Pereira Neto,Ulisses Vitor; Gomes Falc?o Almeida,Yara;
International Journal of Morphology , 2005, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95022005000200006
Abstract: 62 axillas, 32 on the right upper limb and 30 on the left one were analyzed aiming a more detailed study of the topographic relationship between the brachial plexus' (bp) cords and the second part of the axillary artery (aa). once the second part of the aa was determined (retropectoral part of the axilla) the authors observed that some of the bp's cords lost their identity during the length of the above-mentioned part of the axilla, so, the analysis of these cords and their relationship with the aa was effected on the beginning of the retropectoral region. it was verified that in 27,42% of the cases, pb's cords surrounded the 2nd part of the aa positioned according to their names - lateral cord (lc), medial cord (mc) and posterior cord (pc) - being this the most mentioned disposition in literature. in 16,13% of the cases, it was observed that mc and pc were disposed posteriorly to the aa, while lc was situated laterally to the artery. in 3,23 % of the cases, lc and mc were found anteriorly, and pc posteriorly to the aa; in the same percentage of cases, all the cords were situated laterally to the aa. only in 1,62%, mc and pc were situated according to their names, and the lc was anterior to the aa. the majority of cases in which the cords were present, they disposed themselves differently of what the analyzed literature shows
Artéria axilar na instala??o de circula??o extracorpórea: indica??es e resultados
Atik, Fernando A;Faber, Cristiano N;Corso, Ricardo B;Santos, Mateus de Souza;Michelette, Karina Pereira;Barros, Maria Regina;Caneo, Luiz Fernando;
Revista Brasileira de Cirurgia Cardiovascular , 2009, DOI: 10.1590/S0102-76382009000400023
Abstract: objectives: to determine indications and results of axillary artery cannulation for cardiopulmonary bypass. methods: from january 2005 through december 2008, axillary artery cannulation was used in 48 patients. mean age was 62 ± 11 years and 33 (69%) patients were males. axillary artery was approached by infraclavicular incision and the cannula introduced in a 8 millimeter dacron side graft. results: indications were calcified aorta (n=18, 38%), aortic dissection (n=15, 31%), ascending and/or aortic arch aneurysm (n=11, 23%) and prior to reoperative median sternotomy (n=4, 8%). changes in intraoperative planning occurred most often in patients with calcified aorta (100% versus 10%, p<0.0001) than in patients with other indications, which follow their preoperative plan. cardiopulmonary bypass (deep hypothermic circulatory arrest in 55% and conventional in the remaining) was uneventfully conducted in all patients but one (success rate 98%) due to undiagnosed inominate artery stenosis. local complication was lymphatic drainage in three (6.2%) patients. conclusions: axillary artery is an alternative cannulation site in patients unsuitable to aortic cannulation. the type of indication may determine intraoperative changes in surgical planning
Unilateral Double Axillary and Double Brachial Arteries: Embryological Basis and Clinical Implications
Jayakumari,S; Rath,Gayatri; Arora,Jyoti;
International Journal of Morphology , 2006, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95022006000400027
Abstract: this report presents double axillary and double brachial arteries on the right side of an adult male cadaver. in this case, the right axillary artery bifurcated into axillary artery i and axillary artery ii posterior to the pectoralis minor muscle. both the axillary arteries with their branches traversed upto lower border of teres major muscle and continued further as seperate entities into the cubital fossa as brachial artery i and brachial artery ii respectively. the axillary artery i which continued as brachial artery i was superficial and tortuous in its course, while the axillary artery ii was slender and deeply situated. the thoraco-acromial, lateral thoracic and subscapular arteries took origin from axillary artery i. the superior thoracic artery was seen arising from the thoraco-acromial artery. the anterior and posterior circumflex humeral arteries arose from axillary artery ii.the profunda brachii artery was given off by the brachial artery ii, while at the level of intercondylar line, the ulnar artery was given off by brachial artery i. in the cubital fossa, the brachial artery divided into radial and common interosseous artery, while the brachial artery ii ended by anastomosis with brachial artery i. the ulnar, radial and common interosseous arteries continued as separate entities and exhibited a normal course and distribution in the forearm.the hypothesis for the embryological basis of persistence of double axillary and double brachical arteries may be useful for experimental embryology. the knowledge of such multiple arterial variations as in the present case is of immense significance during doppler scanning of blood vessels for clinical diagnosis and surgical management of diseases of superior extremity
Variation in Axillary Artery Branches (A Case Report)
Jahanshahi Mehrdad,Y. Sadeghi
Journal of Medical Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: he axillary artery, a continuation of the subclavian artery, begins at the first rib's outer border and ending normally at the inferior border of the Teres major muscle and continuing further distally as Brachial artery. The axillary artery has several branches that supplies axillary region. Several variations about the Axillary artery and it's branches were have been reported. In this case, from the second part of this artery, we found a common trunk between Lateral thoracic and Subscapular arteries. Other branches of subscapular also has been separated from this trunk.
Coexistence of an Axillary Arch Muscle (Latissimocondyloideus Muscle) with an Unusual Axillary Artery Branching: Case Report and Review
Soubhagya,R. Nayak; Latha,V. Prabhu; Ashwin,K; Madhan,Kumar S. J.; C. Ganesh,Kumar;
International Journal of Morphology , 2006, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95022006000300003
Abstract: the axilla is a relatively small pyramidal compartment between the thoracic wall and the arm, which contains muscles and vital neurovascular bundles. they are important for their clinical and morphological reasons. we report an anomalous latissimocondyloideus muscle and a rare variant of the axillary artery, which lies beneath the anomalous muscle. the anomaly is one of its kind. the morphology and the clinical significance of the muscle have been reviewed
Abnormal Branching Pattern of the Axillary Artery and its Clinical Significance
Ramesh Rao,T; Shetty,Prakashchandra; Suresh,R;
International Journal of Morphology , 2008, DOI: 10.4067/S0717-95022008000200022
Abstract: the increasing use of invasive diagnostic and interventional procedures in cardiovascular diseases makes it important that the type and frequency of vascular variations are well documented and understood. sound knowledge of neurovascular variations is important for surgeons who remove axillary lymph nodes, to anesthesiologists, and orthopedic surgeons, considering the frequency of procedures done in this region. an unusual variation in the branching pattern of axillary artery was observed on the left side of a 60 year old female cadaver. in the present case the course and distribution of the first and second part of the axillary artery were normal. but a rare case of unusual origin of subscapular, anterior and posterior circumflex humeral, profunda brachii artery and ulnar collateral arteries from a common trunk were found on the left side during routine dissection. this common trunk was found arising from the third part of the axillary artery and at its commencement it was found passing between the two roots of the median nerve. cases with this kind of variations should be examined or operated carefully during surgical or electrophysiological procedures.
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